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Hydraulic conductivity of fly ash: sewage sludge mixes for use in landfill cover liners
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0520-796X
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1442-1573
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2009 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 43, no 14, p. 3541-3547Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Secondary materials could help meeting the increasing demand of landfill cover liner materials. In this study, the effect of compaction energy, water content, ash ratio, freezing, drying and biological activity on the hydraulic conductivity of two fly ash - sewage sludge mixes was investigated using a 27-1 fractional factorial design. The aim was to identify the factors that influence hydraulic conductivity, to quantify their effects and to assess how a sufficiently low hydraulic conductivity can be achieved. The factors compaction energy and drying, as well as the factor interactions material×ash ratio and ash ratio×compaction energy affected hydraulic conductivity significantly (α = 0.05). Freezing on 5 freeze-thaw cycles did not affect hydraulic conductivity. Water content affected hydraulic conductivity only initially. The hydraulic conductivity data were modelled using multiple linear regression. The derived models were reliable as indicated by R2adjusted values between 0.75 and 0.86. Independent on the ash ratio and the material, hydraulic conductivity was predicted to be between 1.7 × 10-11 m s-1 and 8.9 × 10-10 m s-1 if the compaction energy was 2.4 J cm-3, the ash ratio between 20 and 75 % and drying did not occur. Thus, the investigated materials met the limit value for non-hazardous waste landfills of 10-9 m s-1.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 14, p. 3541-3547
National Category
Water Engineering Other Environmental Engineering Geochemistry
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering; Waste Science and Technology; Applied Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3028DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.04.052ISI: 000268993700020PubMedID: 19541338Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-67649947425Local ID: 0c8013e0-47d5-11de-93f6-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-3028DiVA, id: diva2:975883
Note
Validerad; 2009; 20090523 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Herrmann, IngaSvensson, MalinEcke, HolgerKumpiene, JurateMaurice, ChristianAndreas, LaleLagerkvist, Anders

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