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Organic hazardous substances in graywater from Swedish households
Luleå kommun.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
2006 (English)In: Journal of environmental engineering, ISSN 0733-9372, E-ISSN 1943-7870, Vol. 132, no 8, p. 901-908Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The concentrations of several selected organic hazardous substances were investigated in domestic graywater. In total, 41 of 81 organic hazardous substances were found in concentrations above the detection limits (nonylphenol and octylphenol ethoxylates, brominated flame-retardants, organotin compounds, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, phthalates, linear-alkyl benzene sulfonate, and triclosan). Moreover, total solids, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD7), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen, total phosphorus, potassium, and sulphur were investigated and presented for graywater. Another objective was to suggest potential household sources for a selected number of organic hazardous substances. The present and past investigations reveal households to be obvious contributors of organic hazardous substances to municipal wastewater, and that graywater is an important media in this transport. The spreading derives from diffuse household sources like everyday activities (laundry, cleaning, etc.), the wearing down of things such as pipe material and interior fittings, and from airborne deposition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 132, no 8, p. 901-908
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3299DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2006)132:8(901)ISI: 000239076000009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33746144734Local ID: 11beb6d0-6dae-11db-83c6-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-3299DiVA, id: diva2:976156
Note

Validerad; 2006; 20061106 (ysko)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Hanaeus, Jörgen

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  • apa
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Output format
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