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Source parameters of four strong earthquakes in Bulgaria and Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century
Departamento de Matemática Aplicada I, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.
Geophysical Institute Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G.
Seismology Division, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute.
2002 (English)In: Journal of Seismology, ISSN 1383-4649, E-ISSN 1573-157X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 99-123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using original seismograph records and bulletin data were-determined the origin time, location, seismic moment (M0) and magnitudes (MS and Mw) for the four earthquakes in the beginning of the 20th century. These are two strong earthquakes April 4, 1904 near Krupnik, Bulgaria (Mw = 6.8, MS = 7.2 respectively), the April 23 1909 earthquake near Benavente, Portugal (MS = 6.3), and the June 14, 1913 earthquake near Gorna Orjahovitza, Bulgaria (MS = 6.3). Twenty-nine traces from original records have been analysed, a large number of original station bulletins have been consulted and a consistent methodology for analysing these early 20th century instrumental information is presented. In spite of a thorough effort in re-assembling and quality control of the original data, large inaccuracies remain in the improved instrumental epicentre locations and origin times. The seismic moment estimates we obtained (2.3 1018 ≤ M0 ≤ 3.9 1019 Nm) are the first ever determined for these events. The magnitude estimates (6.3 ≤ MS ≤ 7.2 and 6.2 ≤ Mw ≤ 7.0) are robust and systematically lower than most of previous estimates for all earthquakes (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954; Christoskov and Grigorova, 1968; Karnik, 1969). For the largest Krupnik event our estimates agree with those of Abe and Noguchi (1983b) and Pacheco and Sykes (1992). The studied earthquakes all occur in moderately seismic active regions, therefore our results may have significant consequences for hazard estimates in those regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 6, no 1, p. 99-123
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3857DOI: 10.1023/A:1014249814998Local ID: 1b478ef9-b895-47e7-bf2a-90e582797a2fOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-3857DiVA, id: diva2:976719
Note
Upprättat; 2012; 20121005 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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