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The role of the wood mechanical industry in the Swedish forest industry cluster
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4526-9391
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
Linnæus University, Forestry and Wood Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2247-674X
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 352-359Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The forest and forest products form one of the most important basis for the transfer to a biobased economy in Sweden. About 75% of the area covered by forest in Sweden is used industrially to produce raw material for the wood-refining industries. Every year, this cluster uses 75 million m3 of roundwood and has an export value of € 12 billion. This review paper is devoted to the wood mechanical industry, i.e. the industry which turns the forest into sawn timber, packaging, construction wood, furniture and interior fittings. The sawmills consume about half of the volume of softwood which is felled, and about two thirds of the sawn timber goes to export without any further refining within the country. Nevertheless, in spite of the relatively low degree of refinement in the sawmill and the fact that the sawmills in general over time have a very low profitability, they are responsible for 70–80% of the forest owners' profits on the sale of timber. An increased upgrading of the sawn timber within the country is desirable from a national economic viewpoint – increased employment opportunities, increased export income etc. It should then in the first place be for products with a higher added value, such as furniture and fittings. Today, the refinement value is 15–20 times higher for products from joinery and furniture industries compared that of the sawn timber and the added value of the wood within the building industry is only about 1.5 times.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 29, no 4, p. 352-359
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4701DOI: 10.1080/02827581.2014.932005Local ID: 2af2d770-5d8d-43c8-8ebd-d2d04c5615a0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4701DiVA: diva2:977575
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140619 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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