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Process evaluation of discharge planning implementation in healthcare using normalization process theory
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5953-8970
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3861-7298
Number of Authors: 32016 (English)In: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, ISSN 1472-6947, E-ISSN 1472-6947, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundDischarge planning is a care process that aims to secure the transfer of care for the patient at transition from home to the hospital and back home. Information exchange and collaboration between care providers are essential, but deficits are common. A wide range of initiatives to improve the discharge planning process have been developed and implemented for the past three decades. However, there are still high rates of reported medical errors and adverse events related to failures in the discharge planning. Using theoretical frameworks such as Normalization Process Theory (NPT) can support evaluations of complex interventions and processes in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore the embedding and integration of the DPP from the perspective of registered nurses, district nurses and homecare organizers.MethodsThe study design was explorative, using the NPT as a framework to explore the embedding and integration of the DPP. Data consisted of written documentation from; workshops with staff, registered adverse events and system failures, web based survey and individual interviews with staff.ResultsUsing the NPT as a framework to explore the embedding and integration of discharge planning after 10 years in use showed that the staff had reached a consensus of opinion of what the process was (coherence) and how they evaluated the process (reflexive monitoring). However, they had not reached a consensus of opinion of who performed the process (cognitive participation) and how it was performed (collective action). This could be interpreted as the process had not become normalized in daily practice.ConclusionThe result shows necessity to observe the implementation of old practices to better understand the needs of new ones before developing and implementing new practices or supportive tools within healthcare to reach the aim of development and to accomplish sustainable implementation. The NPT offers a generalizable framework for analysis, which can explain and shape the implementation process of old practices, before further development of new practices or supportive tools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 16, no 1, article id 48
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4734DOI: 10.1186/s12911-016-0285-4ISI: 000374854500001PubMedID: 27121500Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84966291984Local ID: 2ba24294-a80d-42c2-8ea1-26aa869f0575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4734DiVA, id: diva2:977608
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160428 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Nordmark, SofiZingmark, KarinLindberg, Inger

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