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Sulphur isotopes in Lower Proterozoic iron and sulphide ores in northern Sweden
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Laboratory for Isotope Geology. Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm.
Luleå tekniska universitet.
1995 (English)In: Mineralium Deposita, ISSN 0026-4598, E-ISSN 1432-1866, Vol. 30, no 3-4, p. 275-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present investigation deals with sulphur isotope distribution in Lower Proterozoic iron and sulphide mineralizations in northern Sweden. The contrasting sulphur isotope patterns are indicative of different genesis. Some 267 sulphur isotope analyses of pyrite, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite, galena and bornite from 23 occurrences have been performed. Some deposits exhibit uniform compositions, although the mean δ34S values are clearly different, while other mineralizations have widely fluctuating values. The δ34S values in syngenetic, exhalative sedimentary skarn iron ores, quartz-banded iron ores and sulphide mineralizations of the 2.0-2.5 Ga old (Lapponian) Greenstone group show a large spread, supporting the existence of bacteriogenic sulphate reduction processes. The spread of the sulphur isotope values (δ34S = -8 to +25‰), and the non-equilibrium conditions, point to a biogenic rather than to an inorganic reduction of seawater sulphate. The isotopic composition of the sulphides in the epigenetic Lannavaara iron ores which were formed by a hydrothermal scapolite-tourmalme-related process, indicates a sulphur source similar to that of the Greenstone group. The δ34S values of Cu-(Au) sulphide mineralizations in the Malmberget region (e.g. Aitik), which were formed by a similar process and hosted by the volcanics-volcanoclastics of the 1.9 Ga old Porphyry group, are slightly below zero ‰, indicating a magmatic origin. The existence of different sulphur compositions for these mineralization types formed by a similar hydrothermal process, probably reflects the influence of the host rock, the solutions leaching pre-existing sulphides. In southern Norrbotten, epigenetic, Cu-Zn-Pb veintype mineralizations in metavolcanics and metasediments have δ34S values close to zero ‰ indicating a magmatic origin. The sulphur isotope data of the volcanogenic, massive sulphide ores of the Skellefte district, in particular the ores of the Adak dome, are close to zero ‰. The lead and sulphur isotopic features of the sulphides in northern Sweden show that the ore-forming processes were of a different nature on both sides of the Archean-Proterozoic border, implying differences in the crustal development. Lead isotopes show that lead was mobilized from specific sources on each side of the border. The sulphur of the sulphides in the Greenstone group in NE Sweden and Finland was introduced by sedimentary processes, whereas the sulphur of the sulphide occurrences towards the SW, mainly in the Porphyry group, is dominated by a magmatic sulphur component

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 30, no 3-4, p. 275-284
National Category
Geology
Research subject
Ore Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4766DOI: 10.1007/BF00196363ISI: A1995RK05400008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0029518777Local ID: 2c136da0-bc71-11dd-a7c4-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4766DiVA, id: diva2:977640
Note
Godkänd; 1995; 20081127 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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