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Tailoring porosities and electrochemical properties of composites composed of microfibrillated cellulose and polypyrrole
Uppsala University, Department of Engineering Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Uppsala University, Department of Engineering Science.
Uppsala University, Department of Chemistry, Angstrom Lab.
2014 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, no 17, p. 8489-8497Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Composites of polypyrrole and nanocellulose (PPy/nanocellulose) have a high potential as electrodes in energy-storage devices and as membranes for electrochemically controlled ion-exchange systems. In the present work, it is demonstrated that such composites with 42-72% porosity can be produced by using microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) prepared through enzymatic pretreatment or carboxymethylation, or by using different amounts of MFC in the composite synthesis. Together with previous work, this shows that the porosity of PPy/nanocellulose composites can be tailored from 30 to 98% with increments of similar to 10%. Employing the full porosity range of the composites, it is demonstrated that the electrochemical oxidation rate of the materials depends on their porosity due to limitations in the counter ion diffusion process. By tailoring the porosities of PPy/nanocellulose composites, the electrochemical properties can consequently be controlled. The latter provides new possibilities for the manufacturing of electrochemically controlled ion-extraction

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 17, p. 8489-8497
National Category
Bio Materials
Research subject
Wood and Bionanocomposites
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4775DOI: 10.1039/c3ra47588cLocal ID: 2c4763ef-8390-48f2-959d-5ccc192dbc88OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4775DiVA: diva2:977649
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140320 (johsod)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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