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Composite pellets: a potential raw material for iron-making
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2358-7719
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0278-1333
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
2014 (English)In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, E-ISSN 1869-344X, Vol. 85, no 3, p. 293-306Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coke constitutes the major portion of iron-making cost and its production causes severe environmental concerns. In addition, lower energy consumption, lower CO2 emission and waste recycling are driving the Iron and steel making industry to develop “coke free, zero waste or green processes”. In the present article, an overview of possible ways to recognize a reasonable improvement in iron and steel making industry is summarized. The present discussion is focusing on the following approaches: 1. Replacing expensive coke with relatively less expensive alternate fuels having carbon as well as significant amount of hydrogen such as coal, waste plastic and biomass materials.2. Producing agglomerates from cheaper raw materials (secondary resources) as well as improving their performance in BF.3.Making the process towards higher carbon utilization by shifting the wustite equilibrium towards lower CO/CO2 ratio by using high reactive coke or catalytic activated one.4.Recycling the unused CO in the top gas by removing CO2 from the gas stream.Much attention has been paid to carbon composite agglomerates (CCA) as a promising raw material for future iron making. Production, mechanical and chemical suitability, reduction behavior, etc. are being elaborated. In addition, other possible ways to utilize CCA in alternate iron-making process has been explored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 85, no 3, p. 293-306
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Process Metallurgy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5017DOI: 10.1002/srin.201300072ISI: 000332335300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84896892666Local ID: 3092fd1b-421c-4daf-a516-2db1a4784200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5017DiVA, id: diva2:977891
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20130814 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Ahmed, HeshamNurni, ViswanathanBjörkman, Bo

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