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Recovery of antimony compounds from alkaline sulphide leachates
Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering, University of Dar es Salaam.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5874-5473
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Mineral Processing, ISSN 0301-7516, E-ISSN 1879-3525, Vol. 152, p. 26-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In copper metallurgy, antimony impurity usually forms alloys and compounds with the transition metals to make up the basic building blocks of a speiss phase. This speiss phase is generally rich in copper and precious metals which are desirable to recycle and recover at the smelter. The presence of this impurity unfortunately creates a build-up of this metal in the copper circuit, leading to problems during copper refining processes. Therefore, a removal or reduction of the antimony impurity to an acceptable level is a necessary step before the speiss can be recycled at the smelter for the recovery of its valuable metals. A lead oxide slag, which was obtained after speiss had gone through a special pyrometallurgical process, was leached in alkaline sulphide solution to selectively dissolve its antimony content. Furthermore, the pregnant sulphide leachate was purified by precipitation and crystallization techniques to recover antimony as sodium thioantimonate and sodium hydroxyl antimonate using synthetic Na2S-NaOH-Sb2S3 solution. The leaching results indicate that the highest amount of antimony and arsenic extracted from the material after 24 h at 100oC and reagent concentration of 30 g/L NaOH + 30 g/L S2- was 83% and 90%, respectively. In the precipitation process, addition of hydrogen peroxide to the alkaline sulphide leachate prompts the precipitation of antimony as NaSb(OH)6. The result also implies that less than 100% of stoichiometric hydrogen peroxide is required to completely oxidize the total amounts of both Sb3+ and S2- in the solution to quantitatively precipitate more than 90% of the antimony in solution. The influence of catalytic agents and temperature on the process was not clearly reflected in this investigation due to the exothermic reaction with hydrogen peroxide. Moreover, addition of elemental sulphur to the sulphide leachate also influences the precipitation of antimony as sodium thioantimonate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 152, p. 26-35
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Process Metallurgy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5154DOI: 10.1016/j.minpro.2016.05.006ISI: 000378954200004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84969780233Local ID: 32e94f84-c623-4af9-84a0-243bd1dd1930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5154DiVA, id: diva2:978028
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20150817 (samawe)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, ÅkeAwe, Samuel Ayowole

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