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Organizational environment revisited: a conceptual review and integration
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8103-2519
2006 (English)In: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, E-ISSN 1558-0911, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 22-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Innumerable books and articles state that "the environment" is important to organizations and merits attention, as it is thought to influence organizations' actions as well as outcomes. Still, little agreement exists on what the environment is and how to apprehend it. This paper presents a review of four different perspectives in organization-environment research: the adaptive, the resource-dependence, the cognitive, and the population-ecology perspectives. All perspectives present assumptions about environmental structure, sources of environmental change, level of analysis, and so forth, but they also imply different meta-theoretical assumptions that constitute distinct frames of references. In this paper, the author suggests that the ideas in the realist paradigm in strategy research, the logic of appropriateness, and high general applicability and prescriptive value contribute to explaining the dominant position of the adaptive perspective. It is further argued that viewing "environment" from only one angle is too limited a conceptualization, and "environment" is suggested to be a feasible avenue for combining and integrating characteristics from different perspectives in order to overcome limitations with a single-frame approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 36, no 3, p. 22-49
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Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5341DOI: 10.2753/IMO0020-8825360302Local ID: 36a77690-669f-11dc-a0c3-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5341DiVA, id: diva2:978215
Note
Validerad; 2006; 20070919 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Frishammar, Johan

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