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Environmental Fiscal Reform in Namibia: A Potential Approach to Reduce Poverty?
Konjunkturinstitutet.
Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7206-6568
2012 (English)In: Journal of Environment and Development, ISSN 1070-4965, E-ISSN 1552-5465, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 219-243Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the likely effects of an environmental fiscal reform in Namibia are examined using a Computable General Equilibrium model. We find that a triple dividend—improving the environment, increasing employment, and reducing poverty at the same time—remains elusive. Subsidizing unskilled labor would give the most favorable result in terms of real GDP and employment, but the worst in terms of environmental effects. Transfers targeted toward poorer households have the best distributional and environmental impacts, but do not lead to increases in GDP or employment. Thus there is scope to create additional benefits for society through the various environmental fiscal reform options studied, but there is no option that clearly outperforms the others in all respects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 21, no 2, p. 219-243
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5486DOI: 10.1177/1070496512442506Local ID: 3996fbb9-6e2e-4505-8a10-fba362c08ef2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5486DiVA: diva2:978360
Projects
Human Cooperation to Manage Natural Resources, Environment for Development
Note
Upprättat; 2012; 20141201 (jessta)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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