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Wear volume and wear distribution of hydraulic motor cam rollers studied by a novel atomic force microscope technique
Uppsala universitet.
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Uppsala universitet.
1998 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 220, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The wear volume and wear distribution of chromium steel cam rollers in a high-torque hydraulic motor has been investigated. The cam roller is a part of a novel silicon nitride/chromium steel journal bearing system. An atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to obtain topographical images of the cam roller surfaces before and after use in a full-scale test of the hydraulic motor. The surfaces were marked with small Vickers indentations to make it possible to reposition the AFM to the same locations. To measure the microscopical wear and produce high resolution maps of the local distribution of wear, a recently developed method was utilised. The method is based on two techniques to treat digital topographical images. To map the distribution of wear, the image of the unworn surface is substracted by the image of the worn surface. To measure the wear volume, the bearing histogram is used to calculate a volume relative to a fixed depth. The calculated volume of the unworn surface is then subtracted by the volume of the worn surface. The ceramic/metal system displayed an extremely low wear rate. corresponding to a typical total mean wear depth of about 30 nm. The surface topography showed very limited changes with the minute wear mainly localised to the uppermost part of the surface ridges. The adopted method thus allowed a unique high resolution mapping and volumetric measurement of the initial stages of wear (1 mg lost out of 600 g) on a real machine element. This high resolution analysis is promising for improving tribological testing of real machine elements with long expected wear lives, by reducing the need for excessively accelerated tests or extremely long and costly test durations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 220, no 1, p. 1-8
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Research subject
Material Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5535DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1648(98)00218-XISI: 000076911100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0344766119Local ID: 3a9dfe60-fd52-11db-b816-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5535DiVA, id: diva2:978409
Note
Godkänd; 1998; 20070508 (cira)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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