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Heartwood diameter measurements in Pinus sylvestris sawlogs combining X-ray and three-dimensional scanning
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 182-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Quality sorting of sawlogs based on three-dimensional (3D) or X-ray scanning or a multivariate combination of variables from both methods may be used to decrease the production of off-grade products carrying unwanted combinations of dimension and grade. There is, however, potential for further improving the sorting accuracy if 3D and X-ray raw data are combined at an early stage using path length compensation. From the measured 3D shape, a good estimate of the length of each X-ray path through the log can be made, enabling the calculation of a log density profile from the measured X-ray attenuation. The effect of this technique on heartwood diameter measurements of 423 Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) logs was evaluated. By the addition of 3D data to the X-ray data it was possible to raise the predictability of the heartwood diameter from R 2=0.84 to 0.95 and to improve the root mean square error from 17 mm to 9.3 mm, primarily because of the enhanced contrast between heartwood and sapwood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 24, no 1, p. 182-188
Keywords [en]
Forestry, agricultural sciences and landscape planning - Wood fibre and forest products
Keywords [sv]
Skogs- och jordbruksvetenskap samt landskapsplanering - Träfiber- och virkeslära
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5792DOI: 10.1080/02827580902806585ISI: 000266033100009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-67649972768Local ID: 3fa95d80-4e83-11de-afea-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5792DiVA, id: diva2:978667
Note
Validerad; 2009; 20090601 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Skog, JohanOja, Johan

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