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Simulation-based investigation of unsteady flow in near-hub region of a Kaplan Turbine with experimental comparison
Vattenfall Research & Development.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7599-0895
Andritz Hydro Ltd, Computer and Software Engineering Department, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal.
Andritz Hydro Ltd.
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2015 (English)In: Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 1994-2060, E-ISSN 1997-003X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 139-156Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

his paper presents a detailed comparison of steady and unsteady turbulent flow simulation results in the U9 Kaplan turbine draft tube with experimental velocity and pressure measurements. The computational flow domain includes the guide vanes, the runner and the draft tube. A number of turbulence models were studied, including the standard k-eps, RNG k-eps, SST and SST-SAS models. Prediction of the flow behavior in the conical section of the draft tube directly below the runner cone is very sensitive to the prediction of the separation point on the runner cone. The results demonstrate a significant increase in precision of the flow modeling in the runner cone region by using unsteady flow simulations compare to stage simulation. The prediction of the flow in the runner cone region, however, remains delicate, and no turbulence model could accurately predict the complex phenomena observed experimentally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 9, no 1, p. 139-156
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5834DOI: 10.1080/19942060.2015.1004816ISI: 000361560800010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84945917696Local ID: 40555954-697e-4add-b420-b29b2fc416c3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5834DiVA, id: diva2:978710
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150314 (cervante)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Mulu, BerhanuCervantes, Michel

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