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Electrification co-operatives bring new light to rural Tanzania
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
Avdelningen Byggnadsteknik, Royal Institute of Technology.
Tanzania Electric Supply Company Ltd.
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2005 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 33, no 10, p. 1299-1307Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One possibility to accelerate the progress of rural electrification in developing countries could be to form independent electrification co-operatives that are allowed to generate and distribute electric power and set their own tariffs. This approach has been successfully tried in the village Urambo, located about 80 km west of Tabora in Tanzania. The co-operative was formed in 1993 and started regular operation in 1994 with 67 consumers. The co-operative received initial financial support for rehabilitation of a diesel power plant and some other investments. The national utility TANESCO has provided technical support and training for operators and an accountant. Despite a tariff more than 15 times higher than in the nearby town Tabora that is served by TANESCO, the number of consumers in Urambo has been growing and reached 241 in October 2002. About 70% of the supplied electricity in 2002 was used by households, 15% in businesses, 12% in institutions and public buildings and approximately 3% for street lighting. The reliability of the supply has improved from 80% in 1994, to 97% during 2002. The experiences must be considered as very promising. Several more electrification co-operatives have been formed in Tanzania and are looking for financing for the necessary initial investments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 33, no 10, p. 1299-1307
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6035DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2003.12.006ISI: 000228206800007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-11244249793Local ID: 43a8bfd0-cb26-11db-b3ed-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6035DiVA, id: diva2:978911
Note
Validerad; 2005; 20070202 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Kjellström, Björn

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