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The complexity of daily occupations in multiple sclerosis
Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, Sweden.
Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, Sweden.
2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 241-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this study were to describe which self-care, productivity, and leisure occupations individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) perceive as difficult to perform on admission to rehabilitation and the individuals' own perception of the importance of, performance of, and satisfaction with these occupations. Whether the reported self-care, productivity, and leisure occupations were related to sex, age, disease severity, and living arrangements was also investigated. Forty-seven men and women (mean age 49.4 years) were assessed with the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) on admission to rehabilitation. The individuals reported 366 occupations (median 8, range 3-15), which were categorized as self-care (51%), productivity (30%), and leisure (19%). Three COPM subcategories--household management (26%), personal care (21%), and functional mobility (20%)--accounted for two-thirds of the reported occupations. All prioritized occupations (n = 238; (median 5, range 2-7) had high ratings for importance and the ratings for performance and satisfaction were generally low. Men reported significantly more occupations related to self-care than women, but no significant difference between the sexes could be found for productivity and leisure. No significant differences between the occupational areas were found when age, disease severity, or/and living arrangements were included in the analysis. In conclusion, individuals with MS perceive difficulties with occupations related to all aspects of daily life. This underscores the need to use assessment tools that capture the complexity of daily occupations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 13, no 4, p. 241-8
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6143DOI: 10.1080/11038120600840200Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33750493264Local ID: 45888140-ba9c-11db-b560-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6143DiVA, id: diva2:979020
Note
Upprättat; 2006; 20070204 (lotfra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Lexell, Jan

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