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Bubble transport through constricted capillary tubes with application to resin transfer molding
1996 (English)In: Polymer Composites, ISSN 0272-8397, E-ISSN 1548-0569, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 770-779Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes and expounds a theoretical and experimental study of bubble motion through constricted capillary tubes. In the experiment, two liquidfilled capillaries are used. They have unequal radii and are glued together. Gas bubbles are injected into the larger capillary. Then the pressure required to force the bubbles through the constriction is measured for various liquids, bubble lengths, capillary radii and constriction geometry. It appears that the pressure directly follows Young's-Laplace law for capillary pressure. The results of the study are used to understand the bubble transport through fiber reinforcements, which generally takes place during the manufacturing of composites. The bubbles are carried if: (i) the pressure gradient is high enough, (ii) the surface tension of the liquid is low enough, (iii) the cross-sectional area of the channels in the reinforcement is sufficiently uniform. The theory reveals that the bubbles are more likely to be trapped on a small scale, i.e. within fiber bundles rather than on a large scale, i.e. between the bundles. It is also concluded that, if the bubbles are trapped at the resin flow front, a converging flow is better for the transport of the voids than a diverging flow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 17, no 6, p. 770-779
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6470DOI: 10.1002/pc.10669Local ID: 4b2334e0-a3dd-11db-8975-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6470DiVA: diva2:979355
Note
Upprättat; 1996; 20070114 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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