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Lubricant ageing effects on the friction characteristics of wet clutches
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8533-897X
2010 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, ISSN 1350-6501, E-ISSN 2041-305X, Vol. 224, no 7, p. 639-647Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The friction characteristics and performance of wet clutches have been investigated by several authors. Studies have also been made to understand the frictional performance during the service life of the clutch system. However, most lifetime studies have been conducted for systems with paper-based friction material so that systems using sintered bronze friction material remain largely unexplored. To study the friction performance of how these systems can vary over time, the friction characteristics for a clutch system using lubricants aged in three different ways were compared. The effects on friction characteristics resulting from oxidation of the lubricant, reduced additive concentration, and ageing under real operating conditions in a wet clutch test rig were studied. The oxidation effects on friction characteristics were examined using a modified waterless turbine oil oxidation stability test on a fully formulated lubricant. Five oxidation time periods from 48 to 408 h were investigated. For each period of oxidation, a friction performance test was run using a pin-on-disc machine. The ageing carried out in a wet clutch test rig is a standard test of a wet clutch systems manufacturer which is used in order to verify that an oil-friction disc combination will last the full service life of the specific application. This test gives a realistic ageing process similar to that in a wet clutch in a field test. Under boundary-lubricated conditions, additives are vital to the performance of wet clutches. Therefore, the effect of reducing the additive concentration in the oil was also studied, in the range of 10 to 100 per cent of the original additive package used in the fully formulated wet clutch lubricant. Results showed that a general friction increase can be observed for oxidation, additive reduction, and test rig ageing. It was also concluded that different methods of simulating the wet clutch ageing process differ and cannot be directly correlated with each other

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 224, no 7, p. 639-647
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6572DOI: 10.1243/13506501JET734ISI: 000279867000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77954481247Local ID: 4d0e1bf0-98bf-11df-8806-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6572DiVA, id: diva2:979458
Note
Validerad; 2010; 20100726 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Berglund, KimMarklund, PärLarsson, Roland

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Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)

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