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Some thoughts about bond energies, bond lengths, and force constants
Department of Theoretical Chemistry, Göteborg University.
Department of Theoretical Chemistry, Göteborg University.
Department of Theoretical Chemistry, Göteborg University.
2000 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Modeling, ISSN 1610-2940, E-ISSN 0948-5023, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 396-412Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The bond energy (BE) of a polyatomic molecule cannot be measured and, therefore, determination of BEs can only be done within a model using a set of assumptions. The bond strength is reflected by the intrinsic BE (IBE), which is related to the intrinsic atomization energy (IAE) and which represents the energy of dissociation under the provision that the degree of hybridization is maintained for all atoms of the molecule. IBE and BE differ in the case of CC and CH bonds by the promotion, the hybridization, and the charge reorganization energy of carbon. Since the latter terms differ from molecule to molecule, IBE and BE are not necessarily parallel and the use of BEs from thermochemical models can be misleading. The stretching force constant is a dynamical quantity and, therefore, it is related to the bond dissociation energy (BDE). Calculation and interpretation of stretching force constants for local internal coordinate modes are discussed and it is demonstrated that the best relationship between BDEs and stretching force constants is obtained within the model of adiabatic internal modes. The valence stretching force constants are less suitable since they are related to an artificial bond dissociation process with geometrical relaxation effects suppressed, which leads to an intrinsic BDE (IBDE). In the case of AX(n) molecules, symmetric coordinates can be used to get an appropriate stretching force constant that is related to the BE. However, in general stretching force constants determined for symmetry coordinates do not reflect the strength of a particular bond since the related dissociation processes are strongly influenced by the stability of the products formed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 6, no 4, p. 396-412
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6619DOI: 10.1007/PL00010739Local ID: 4dcd484f-e478-4a55-ae9c-879cbc7f5364OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6619DiVA: diva2:979505
Note
Upprättat; 2000; 20130312 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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