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Ecological restoration as objective, target, and tool in international biodiversity policy
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5391-9374
2015 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 20, no 4, article id 43Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ecological restoration has been mainstreamed in international biodiversity policies in the last five years. I analyze statements about restoration in three international policies: the Convention for Biodiversity Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and Aichi Biodiversity Targets, the Convention for Biodiversity Decision XI/16 on ecosystem restoration, and the European Union’s Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. I argue that restoration functions at three different levels in these policies: as an objective, as a target, and as a tool. Because restoration appears at all three levels, the policies encourage counting all restoration activity as meeting the objectives of the policy regardless of the activity’s actual effect on ecosystem services or biodiversity more broadly. Reaching a numerical target for a restored area may not necessarily support the overarching policy goals of maintaining Earth’s biodiversity and supporting ecosystem services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 20, no 4, article id 43
National Category
History of Technology
Research subject
History of Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6873DOI: 10.5751/ES-08149-200443ISI: 000367628900044Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84953278489Local ID: 53249839-a705-489c-94f2-1019dfa7bba8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6873DiVA, id: diva2:979759
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160115 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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