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Acidic sulphate leaching of chalcopyrite concentrates in presence of pyrite
Department of Mineral Processing, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran.
Department of Mineral Processing, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
2011 (English)In: Minerals Engineering, ISSN 0892-6875, E-ISSN 1872-9444, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 381-386Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Copper concentrates with mineralogy dominated by chalcopyrite have slow leaching kinetics at atmospheric pressure in sulphate media because of the formation of passivation layer on its surface during the leaching. To enhance the leaching rate of the copper concentrate, pyrite was added to act as a catalyst. Pyrite and copper sulphide minerals then form a galvanic cell which increases both the copper leaching rate and yield. Effect of parameters such as solution redox potential, temperature, initial acid concentration, solids content, total initial iron concentration and pyrite to copper sulphide minerals mass ratio were investigated. Mineralogical analyses by XRD were performed on selected leach residues and the feed materials. A copper recovery higher than 80% in 24 h was achieved at a redox potential of 410 mV vs Ag, AgCl, a temperature of 85 °C, 15 g/L of initial acid concentration, a solid content of 7.8% (w/v), a total initial iron concentration 5 g/L and pyrite to copper sulphide minerals mass ratio 2:1. XRD patterns on leach residues showed that candidates for surface passivation, i.e. jarosite and elemental sulphur, were formed at high total initial iron concentrations

Abstract [en]

Copper concentrates with mineralogy dominated by chalcopyrite have slow leaching kinetics at atmospheric pressure in sulphate media because of the formation of passivation layer on its surface during the leaching. To enhance the leaching rate of the copper concentrate, pyrite was added to act as a catalyst. Pyrite and copper sulphide minerals then form a galvanic cell which increases both the copper leaching rate and yield. Effect of parameters such as solution redox potential, temperature, initial acid concentration, solids content, total initial iron concentration and pyrite to copper sulphide minerals mass ratio were investigated. Mineralogical analyses by XRD were performed on selected leach residues and the feed materials. A copper recovery higher than 80% in 24 h was achieved at a redox potential of 410 mV vs Ag, AgCl, a temperature of 85 C, 15 g/L of initial acid concentration, a solid content of 7.8% (w/v), a total initial iron concentration 5 g/L and pyrite to copper sulphide minerals mass ratio 2:1. XRD patterns on leach residues showed that candidates for surface passivation, i.e. jarosite and elemental sulphur, were formed at high total initial iron concentrations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 24, no 5, p. 381-386
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Process Metallurgy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6981DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng.2010.11.008ISI: 000289661600002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79952623723Local ID: 54f838e4-cb25-4c20-8ad9-7187ce1f5ea5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6981DiVA, id: diva2:979867
Note
Validerad; 2011; 20110107 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, Åke

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