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Neuropsychological aspects on driving after brain lesion: simulator study and on-road driving
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Luleå tekniska universitet.
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1997 (English)In: Applied neuropsychology, ISSN 0908-4282, E-ISSN 1532-4826, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 220-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

29 patients with brain lesion and 29 matched controls completed a neuropsychological test battery to assess perceptual, cognitive, and executive functioning and were tested on driving performance in a simulator and actual road conditions. The patients were socially well recovered with a high rate of employment. Patients performed significantly worse than controls on the test battery, especially on executive and cognitive functions. Patients drove as well as controls in predictable situations in the advanced simulator used In unpredictable situations, patients demonstrated longer reaction time (RT) and safety margins, as well as difficulties in allocating processing resources to a secondary task. Patients showed significantly less attention, worse traffic behavior, and less risk awareness when driving in real traffic. 41% of the patients did not pass the driving test. The neuropsychological test battery was factor analyzed into 4 factors: executive capacity, cognitive capacity, automatic attentional capacity, and simple perceptual-motor capacity. The second factor was the most significant, with a simultaneous capacity test predicting driving performance with 78% confidence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 4, no 4, p. 220-230
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6989DOI: 10.1207/s15324826an0404_3Local ID: 5522eb10-2552-11dc-b6d3-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6989DiVA, id: diva2:979875
Note
Upprättat; 1997; 20070628 (biem)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Alm, Håkan

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