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Compression failure mechanism in small scale timber specimens
Swerea SICOMP AB, Mölndal.
Division of Structural Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0630-2037
2014 (English)In: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, E-ISSN 1879-0526, Vol. 50, p. 130-139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the failure mechanism of wood loaded in compression parallel to the grain has been shown to be an important parameter in the design of timber beams strengthened with fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP). In this paper, a constitutive relationship for wood under uniaxial compression load parallel to the grain was determined experimentally. Several parameters, such as silviculture, moisture content and radial position in the log in relation to the pith from where the specimen was sawn, were considered. Small clear-wood specimens were used. The strain localisation in the failure region (kinkband) was monitored using the digital image correlation method. The results show that silviculture and moisture content are two very important parameters which influence the compression failure mechanism. Furthermore, there is a significant difference in behaviour between specimens from the juvenile region of the log and specimens from mature wood. Based on experimental results, two numerical models were built, considering either a global or a local constitutive relationship. It was demonstrated that both numerical models yield accurate results and that, depending on the experimental equipment available, a constitutive relationship could be extracted and used as input in these numerical models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 50, p. 130-139
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
Research subject
Polymeric Composite Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-7133DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.09.018ISI: 000330489200015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885963508Local ID: 574656f3-7f1c-4333-b12f-56f67b0b51c0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-7133DiVA, id: diva2:980021
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20131014 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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