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Stove performance and emission characteristics in residential wood log and pellet combustion: Part 2: Wood stove
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
Energy Technology and Thermal Process Chemistry, Umeå University.
Analytical Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University.
Energy Technology and Thermal Process Chemistry, Umeå University.
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2011 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 315-323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The characteristics and quantities of a large number of gaseous and particulate emission components during combustion in a residential wood log stove with variations in fuel, appliance and operational conditions were determined experimentally. The measurement campaign included CO, NOx, organic gaseous carbon (OGC), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), total particulate matter (PMtot) as well as particle mass and number concentrations, size distributions and inorganic composition. CO varied in the range of 1100 to 7200 mg/MJfuel, while OGC varied from 210 to 3300 mg/MJfuel. Dominating VOCs were methane, followed by ethene, acetylene and benzene. Methane varied from 9 to 1600 mg/MJfuel. The non-methane volatile organic compound (NMVOC) emissions were in the range of 20-2300 mg/MJfuel. The PAHtot emissions varied from 0.8 to 220 mg/MJfuel, in most cases dominated by phenantrene, fluoranthene and pyrene. PMtot were in all cases dominated by fine particles and varied in the range 38-350 mg/MJfuel. The mass median particle diameters and the peak mobility diameters of the fine particles varied in the range 200-320 nm and 220-330 nm respectively and number concentrations in the range of 1-4×1013 particles/MJfuel. Air starved conditions, at high firing intensity, gave the highest emissions, especially for hydrocarbons. This type of conditions is seldom considered, though it may occur occasionally. The emissions from Swedish wood stoves, comparing a Swedish field study, are covered fairly well with the applied methodology, but other field studies reports considerably higher emissions especially for diluted particle sampling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 25, no 1, p. 315-323
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-7231DOI: 10.1021/ef1007787Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-78751678512Local ID: 58f8adc0-b1df-11df-a707-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-7231DiVA, id: diva2:980120
Note

Validerad; 2011; Bibliografisk uppgift: Mätningarna har genomförts inom ramen för BHM (Biobränsle Hälsa Miljö) projektet.; 20100827 (esbpet)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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