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Prevention of slip and fall accidents: risk factors, methods and suggestions for prevention
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6975-8344
2000 (English)In: Physical Therapy Reviews, ISSN 1083-3196, E-ISSN 1743-288X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 175-182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Slips and falls are major causes of accidents and injuries at work, in public areas and at home. Studies have shown that the more risk factors an individual is exposed to, the higher risk for slips and falls. The aim of this paper is to describe risk factors for slips and falls, methods that can be used in prevention, and ideas on how physiotherapists can work with prevention of slip and fall accidents. A review of the literature has been done, searching for relevant literature published in English between 1985 and 2000, from the Medline catalogue. The result showed many different risk factors for slip and fall accidents: (a) transfer situations; (b) reduced postural control, i.e. disturbed balance together with reduced muscle strength in the lower extremity; (c) reduced mobility in the hips and feet; (d) dizziness and vestibular asymmetries; and (e) medication. The following diseases may increase the risk for slip and fall accidents: stroke, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, depression, Parkinson's disease, diabetes and dementia. Preventive interventions have been described but more are needed. A standardized fall anamnesis has been described including patients' earlier fall accidents and relevant risk factors present. Walking ability, balance, medicine consumption can be registered. Preventive programmes concerning risk factors for slips and falls, physical activities for daily use, and preventive aids have been developed and can be recommended for use by patients visiting primary health care and occupational health care. Studies have shown that physical training can increase the number of activities in daily life, reduce the use of technical aids, increase balance and walking ability, which all reduce the risk for slip and fall accidents

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 5, no 3, p. 175-182
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8528Local ID: 70a7e420-641a-11db-8cbe-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-8528DiVA, id: diva2:981466
Note
Validerad; 2000; 20061003 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Gard, Gunvor

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