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CHP or Biofuel Production in Europe?
International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6923-7650
Mälardalen University.
International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
Number of Authors: 42012 (English)In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 20, p. 40-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the opportunity to invest in combined heat and power (CHP) plants and second-generation biofuel production plants in Europe is investigated. To determine the number and type of production plants, a mixed integer linear model is used, based on minimization of the total cost of the whole supply chain. Different policy scenarios are studied with varying values of carbon cost and biofuel support. The study focuses on the type of technology to invest in and the CO2 emission substitution potential, at constant energy prices. The CHP plants and the biofuel production plants are competing for the same feedstock (forest biomass), which is available in limited quantities. The results show that CHP plants are preferred over biofuel production plants at high carbon costs (over 50 EUR/tCO2) and low biofuel support (below 10 EUR/GJ), whereas more biofuel production plants would be set up at high biofuel support (over 15 EUR/GJ), irrespective of the carbon cost. Regarding the CO2 emission substitution potential, the highest potential can be reached at a high carbon cost and low biofuel support. It is concluded that there is a potential conflict of interest between policies promoting increased use of biofuels, and policies aiming at decreased CO2 emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, p. 40-49
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9060DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2012.03.006Local ID: 79f3dd4c-d45b-43a9-b910-681b3d85e8c6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9060DiVA, id: diva2:981998
Note

Upprättat; 2012; 20131218 (eliwet)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Leduc, SylvainWetterlund, Elisabeth

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  • apa
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