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Impregnation of Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) wood by hydrophobic oil and dispersion patterns in different tissues
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Vindeln Experimental Forests, Svartberget Field Station.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Department of Silviculture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
2006 (English)In: Forestry (London), ISSN 0015-752X, E-ISSN 1464-3626, Vol. 79, no 1 (Spec), p. 123-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wood from Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) is biologically degraded in exposed conditions. It also has anatomical features that make it difficult to impregnate with preservatives by currently available industrial processes. In the study reported here, we used the new Linotech process to impregnate Norway spruce wood with hydrophobic linseed oil and then quantified its uptake and dispersal in anatomically distinct wood tissues. We also investigated the effects of the wood moisture content on the results of the impregnation. Samples (500 x 25 x 25 mm) were taken from 15 trees in a coniferous forest in northern Sweden (64° 10' N, 160-320 m a.s.l.). The parameters for the Linotech process were 2-3 h treatment time at 0.8-1.4 MPa and 60-14°C. To determine the level of uptake, the linseed oil was extracted from the impregnated wood using methyl-tertiarybutyl-ether. The uptake was quantitatively analysed by comparing X-ray microdensitometry values obtained following impregnation both before and after oil removal. In earlywood, initial moisture content had an obvious effect on the impregnation result. Six times more oil was taken up when the moisture content was greater than ∼150 per cent than when it was less than 30 per cent. Theoretical calculations, based on density levels, suggest that the water-filled porosity of the wood (water volume divided by porosity volume) was positively correlated with the linseed oil uptake, and more strongly correlated in earlywood than in latewood. There were also significant differences in uptake between different wood tissues; heartwood/mature wood and heartwood/juvenile wood showed 10-20 per cent weight increases due to linseed oil uptake, compared with 30-50 per cent in sapwood/mature wood. Examination by scanning electron microscopy confirmed these uptake patterns. The moisture content after impregnation was about 5 per cent, irrespective of the Linotech process parameters, tissue type and initial moisture content. In conclusion, the impregnation process used here results in high levels of well-dispersed linseed oil uptake and should facilitate drying

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 79, no 1 (Spec), p. 123-134
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
Research subject
Polymeric Composite Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9397DOI: 10.1093/forestry/cpi064ISI: 000234966600008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-31744440028Local ID: 8036f980-b5ec-11df-a707-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9397DiVA, id: diva2:982335
Note

Validerad; 2006; 20100901 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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