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Toxicity tolerance of Fusarium oxysporum towards inhibitory compounds formed during pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials
2011 (English)In: Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology (1986), ISSN 0268-2575, E-ISSN 1097-4660, Vol. 86, no 2, p. 223-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: During the pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials, molecules such as carboxylic acids, furan derivatives and phenolic compounds, which inhibit the growth and ethanol fermentation by bacteria, fungi and yeasts, are produced. The present work determines the tolerance levels of the C5, C6 fermenting fungus Fusarium oxysporum, towards individual model inhibitory compounds on aerobic growth, on lignocellulolytic activities and on fermentative performance.RESULTS During the growth stage, maximum biomass production was more affected than the specific growth rate by the presence of inhibitors. The presence of high concentrations of inhibitors resulted, in most cases, in prolongation of the lag phase. The fermentative performance of F. oxysporum was significantly inhibited by carboxylic acids, while the lignocellulolytic activities were affected to a lesser extent.CONCLUSION: The toxicity tolerance of fF. oxysporum was high enough for aerobic growth in the presence of significant concentrations of inhibitors, which in most cases were higher than those generated from various treatments of lignocellulosic materials, while its fermentative performance was relatively more affected by the presence of inhibitors. The decrease of ethanol production in the presence of weak organic acids could be the main obstacle to the application of F. oxysporum in large-scale bioconversion processes of hydrolysates containing inhibitors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 86, no 2, p. 223-230
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-10414DOI: 10.1002/jctb.2499Local ID: 9384cb9f-17d9-45a0-ac26-e91371ea276aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-10414DiVA, id: diva2:983359
Note
Upprättat; 2011; 20130215 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Christakopoulos, Paul

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