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A comparison between three different methods of measuring knot parameters in Picea abies
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
1997 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 311-315Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Both foresters and sawmillers are interested in the knot structure of trees; in particular, position and number of knots, knot diameter, knot length and dead knot border. For research purposes, it is possible today to carry out non-destructive measurements using computer tomography (CT) and image analysis. The aim of this study was to measure knot parameters on Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) using a non-destructive method developed for Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), and to compare the results of this method with the results of two different destructive methods. In order to do this, two Norway spruce stems were scanned by CT. Then five logs from one stem were cut into flitches 20 mm thick and the defects on the sawn surfaces were scanned manually. The other stem was cut just above every whorl and then each knot was split through its centre and the knot parameters were measured manually. The study showed that the CT method compares well with the destructive methods. It is a reasonably fast, non-destructive method which measures position and diameter of knots and detects larger knots with acceptable accuracy. The study also showed that a large number of smaller knots were not found by the CT method and that the CT method measured knot length and dead knot border with low accuracy. This means that the CT method has to be adjusted to Norway spruce in order to improve its ability to measure knot length and dead knot border and to detect smaller knots.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 12, no 3, p. 311-315
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-10478DOI: 10.1080/02827589709355415ISI: A1997XW67200011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0030700282Local ID: 94bb2070-08c3-11de-9f31-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-10478DiVA, id: diva2:983423
Note
Godkänd; 1997; 20090304 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Oja, Johan

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