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Contamination of stormwater by wastewater: A review of detection methods
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3591-3689
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9541-3542
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9938-8217
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 152, p. 241-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Even in separate sewer systems, wastewater may find its way into the receiving waters through stormwater sewers. The main reasons for this are cross-connections, illicit connections, overflows and leakages through broken sewers. Such discharges may affect receiving water quality and increase risks to public health and aquatic organisms. Detecting wastewater contamination and locating its points of ingress into storm sewer systems can be a challenging task, which should be addressed using proper methods and indicator parameters. A number of detection methods have already been proposed in this area, yet there is a lack of a general overview of such methods. This literature review summarizes and evaluates the methods used for detecting wastewater in stormwater, including those recently developed. The advantages, weaknesses and limitations of individual methods are discussed. It is concluded that while no single method can as yet produce results in a precise, fast and inexpensive way, the use of human waste specific chemical and microbiological markers, and their innovative sampling, offer the way forward. Guidance for selecting the most effective combinations of detection methods, under specific conditions, is also provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 152, p. 241-250
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-10485DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.01.050ISI: 000350519400028PubMedID: 25662485Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84922983550Local ID: 94d6956e-3585-4759-b466-c7288b2641c6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-10485DiVA, id: diva2:983430
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150205 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Panasiuk, OleksandrHedström, AnnelieMarsalek, JiriAshley, RichardViklander, Maria

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