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Formation of hydrogen peroxide by sphalerite
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Mineral Processing, ISSN 0301-7516, E-ISSN 1879-3525, Vol. 125, p. 78-85Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Formation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), an oxidizing agent stronger than oxygen, by sphalerite ((Zn, Fe) S) was examined during its grinding process. It was observed that sphalerite generated H2O2 in pulp liquid during wet grinding and also when the freshly ground solids placed in water immediately after dry grinding. The generation of H2O2 in either wet or dry grinding was thought to be due to a reaction between sphalerite and water where the mineral surface is catalytically active to produce OH• free radicals by breaking down the water molecule. Effect of pH on the formation of H2O2 by sphalerite was shown that the acidic pH generated more H2O2. Mixtures of pyrite, chalcopyrite and galena with sphalerite on the formation of H2O2 were also probed. It was shown that the concentration of H2O2 increases with increasing pyrite or chalcopyrite fraction in pyrite–sphalerite, chalcopyrite–sphalerite mixtures but with an increase in galena proportion, the concentration of H2O2 decreased in galena–sphalerite mixture. The oxidation or dissolution of one mineral than the other in a mixture can be explained better with the extent of H2O2 formation in the pulp liquid than galvanic interactions. It is clear of the greater role of H2O2 in the oxidation of sulphides or aiding the extensively reported galvanic interactions since the amount of H2O2 generated with a specific mineral followed the rest potential series. This study highlights the necessity of further investigations into the role of H2O2 in electrochemical and/or galvanic interaction mechanisms between pyrite, chalcopyrite and galena with sphalerite.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 125, p. 78-85
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Mineral Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11272DOI: 10.1016/j.minpro.2013.09.010ISI: 000329144500010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84886827062Local ID: a3465862-d038-47d3-a8c5-875a76f8b59bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-11272DiVA, id: diva2:984221
Note
Validerad; 2013; 20130506 (alijav)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Javadi, AlirezaKota, Hanumantha Rao

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