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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Enander, Mats
    Olsson, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ranhagen, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Fallstudierapport: Iggesunds bruk. Efterbehandlingen. Arbetsrapport1993Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Enander, Mats
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Olsson, Hans
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Ranhagen, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Förstudie av massabalshanteringen vid Iggesunds kartongbruk: arbetsrapport1996Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Elina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Eriksson, Anette
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Valhallen: Konceptuell utformning av en multianläggning i Torsby med analys av tak- och fasadmaterial ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Arnehed, Sebastian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Cykling och gående vid större vägar: Resultat av enkät2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en del i projektet ”Cykling och gående vid större vägar” och avser den enkät som genomförts för att studera resvanor, trygghet, säkerhet samt framkomlighet längs större vägar med fokus på gående och cyklister hos boende längs eller vid de aktuella platserna. Syftet med enkätundersökningen är att belysa hur fotgängare och cyklister upplever framkomligheten, säkerheten samt tryggheten längs de utvalda platserna i undersökningen. Syftet är även att om möjligt dra generella slutsatser om effekten av olika fysiska åtgärder som genomförts för att underlätta för gående och cyklister. Sammanlagt har tio vägsträckor och platser valts ut för enkätundersökningen. Platserna är lokaliserade från Luleå i norr till Ystad i söder. Urvalet har skett med åtanken att ge en representativ översikt över olika lösningar för att antingen färdas längs med eller korsa en större väg, till fots eller med cykel, med målet att ha en spridning över landet med olika klimat.Urvalet av respondenter har skett genom en geografisk avgränsning kopplad till de aktuella sträckorna och platserna. Till varje hushåll skickades två enkäter som två vuxna eller ungdomar i åldrarna 15 - 17 år ombads att fylla i. Enkäten skickades till 2535 hushåll och totalt svarade 1145 personer på enkäten ( svarsfrekvens 22,6 % per antaget antal respondenter, och 44,2 % per hushåll).Respondenterna utrycker generellt en oro för sin säkerhet och trygghet. De som är mest nöjda är de som bor vid och färdas längs en väg där separeringen sker med räcke, vilket var förväntat. De som är mest oroliga är de som bor vid en väg där separeringen sker genom målad kantlinje, vilket inte var förväntat. De är något mer oroliga än de som bor vid väg utan åtgärder för GC-trafik annat än bred vägren. I fortsatta arbete bör det därför undersökas hur fordonsflödet och hastigheterna påverkar respondenternas trygghet, dvs om det egentligen är de aspekterna man är orolig för och att åtgärderna inte har räckt till för att kompensera för hastigheterna. Det bör även undersökas om målningen inte efterlevs av fordonsförarna, samt hastighetsefterlevnad, vilket respondenternas svar indikerar.Vad gäller tillfällena när man korsar vägen är respondenterna som bor vid väg utan åtgärd förvånande nog mer trygg när de korsar vägen, än de som korsar vägen genom öppning i refug eller mitträcke. Även i detta fall bör fortsatta arbete därför undersöka hur fordonsflödet och hastigheterna påverkar respondenternas trygghet, dvs om det egentligen är de aspekterna man är orolig för och att åtgärderna inte har räckt till för att kompensera för hastigheterna. Det bör även undersökas hur fordonsförarna efterlever hastigheterna på platsen samt hur interaktionen mellan fordonsförare och oskyddade trafikanter går till på platserna.Det finns således anledning att fortsätta studera effekterna av de olika åtgärderna som har använts i vägmiljöer för att öka de oskyddade trafikanternas trygghet och rörlighet eftersom respondenterna tydligt uttrycker oro för trafikolycka, trots att olika åtgärder har använts för att öka tryggheten.

  • 5.
    Arnehed, Sebastian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Underlag till trafikstrategi för Kiruna kommun: för hållbart resande, stadsomvandling och kallt klimat2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Aktuellt dokument är ett första steg i att formulera och ta fram en uppdragsbeskrivning gällande en trafikstrategi för Kiruna kommun. Dokumentet beskriver de huvudsakliga delarna för såväl processen med att utarbeta en trafikstrategi som det faktiska innehållet. Kiruna kommun har hittills inte varit delaktiga i denna del av processen, men är formellt ansvariga i ett fortsatt arbete.

  • 6.
    Berggård, Glenn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Fotgängare vintertid - effekter av halkskydd2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vintertid reducerar fotgängare sina förflyttningar vid halt väglag. Fallolyckor är vanligt förekommande på snö och is. I laboratoriestudier har 33 olika halkskydd för fotgängare testats och kvaliteter hos olika typer av skydd studerats. Testmetodik har utvecklats och bra och dåliga kvaliteter hos halkskydd har kunnat identifieras på olika typer av hala ytor som: grus på is, sand på is, ren is, snö på is samt salt på is. I en fältstudiestudie vårvintern 2008 har effekterna av användning av tre principiellt olika typer av bra halkskydd undersökts: hälskydd, helfotsskydd respektive fotbladsskydd. Tre olika grupper av försökspersoner i yrkesverksam ålder med likartade köns- och åldersfördelning deltog frivilligt. En grupp försågs med halkskydd. Försökspersonerna registrerade sin exponering mm i förflyttningsdagböcker. Vid upplevd halkincident/fall registrerades förhållandena vid incident/falltillfället på separat blankett. Effekten på exponering som fotgängare och förekomsten av halkincidenter/fall har analyserats. Gruppen som använde halkskydd hade högre exponering och mindre förekomst av halkincidenter/fall jämfört med gruppen som inte använde halkskydd. Halkskydd kan därigenom antas förbättra möjligheten att vistas ute vintertid på is och snö samt minska risken att halka och falla.

  • 7.
    Berglund, Lotta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Tossavainen, Mia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Health on thin ice: methods of giving voice to Swedish citizens in urban planning and design to promote health in a cold climate2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the northern, sub-arctic, regions of the world the climate is cold a substantial part of the year which affecting people's health as low temperatures and darkness stress the body. At the same time the cold climate offers opportunities that can be utilized in an innovative manner, both technically and aesthetically, to develop the winter environment to be attractive and health promoting in outdoor activities.The aim of the study was to develop a methodology for giving voice to citizens to be used in the process of urban planning and design for good health in a cold climate. The qualitative investigations of citizen’s experiences of health promoting aspects included two workshops focused on the following questions; What are your experiences of health and well-being in a cold climate? How can this city be planned to promote health during the winter season? The 53 participants came from two cities in the northern part of Sweden. At Workshop 1 small groups of citizens (5-8) were asked to make a collective collage cutting and pasting images from magazines without talking to each other while soft music was playing in the background.When finished the silence was broken and the participants presented their contributions. At Workshop 2 small groups of citizens (5-8) were given maps of the city with different paths for walking tours aimed to pinpoint areas for improvement. After the walk the group presented their ideas for each other and a number of innovative ideas surfaced.Including citizens in the process of urban planning is not only a good source of ideas and information useful in the planning process but may be an opportunity to strengthen health literacy and healthy behavior. This study may serve as an example of an empowerment - based method including citizens in the process of urban planning and design.

  • 8.
    Börestam, Harald
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Norell, Mathilda
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Samordning mellan arkitekt och vvs-projektör i programskede: En undersökning, ett förslag till arbetsmetod och ett gestaltningsexperiment.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has high statutory standards for inside climate and thermic comfort in buildings. Because of technical advances these requirements can be met, but at a cost. Increasingly effective HVAC and plumbing systems are linked to a larger volume claim for units, pipes and ducts. As the systems grow the design aspect moves in a contrary direction. A direction where the role of the architect has changed to become a consulting part (Östnäs 1984). These diverging developments has triggered a knowledge gap between technical engineers and architects. 54% of respondents on this study claim that this gap causes problems, and 35% claim that it often contributes negatively to the end result in the form of having to resort to last minute solutions.

    This master thesis aims to investigate if the coordination between architects and HVAC & plumbing engineers can be improved by bridging the knowledge gap. The study is limited to only encompass the coordination between these two groups and leaves out remaining disciplines and parties. The focus of this study is directed to the early stages in the building design process.

    The hypothesis suggests that there exists a need for further coordination regarding installations design. This has been tested through a quantitative survey consisting of a web form with a total of 99 respondents. This data was then statistically analyzed in the form of hypothesis testing, which concluded there exists a general need for improved coordination. Furthermore, hypothesis test I showed that there is also need for a change regarding which disciplines should be involved in early stages of projects.

    The most common coordination problems were identified by a quantitative study consisting of interviews with eleven projectors and two branch experts. The two most coveted aspects were the volumetric size of room containing ventilation machinery and the placing of vertical shafts. Where vertical spaces caused greatest consequences. The reason for these problems, according to many, being an acute lack of interdisciplinary knowledge or experience from the architect. On the other hand, architects claim this is due to changes being made in latter stages of projects by other disciplines or the client. The majority claim that a solution is to bring in the HVAC & plumbing engineer in an earlier stage.

    Following this a workshop including five professionals was carried out to draft up a solution. It established that if the HVAC & plumbing engineer is brought in at an earlier stage it allows for the right conditions to be set. Suggestions regarding creative start up meetings were introduced. Participants agreed that the best way to mediate knowledge about installations is to educate through both interdisciplinary projects at universities, and also through courses or site visits for architects.

    To meet the identified needs a solution was constructed from collected data. This solution took the form of a checklist to help guide how meetings between the architect and HVAC & plumbing engineer should be carried out in early stages. The checklist clarifies responsibility and expectations for both parts.

    This solution was then tested through a simulated design project. The project consists of an apartment building property for Notstället 5 & 6 in Eskilstuna municipality. A solution for the installations is presented.

    The checklists ability to meet the identified needs were concluded to suffice but an additional tool for bridging the knowledge gap further would be beneficial. The use of this solution did not cause any significant negative consequences on the architectural qualities, but created value by discovering new innovative solutions, in addition to preventing unplanned surprises from arising.

    As a research topic this project has sparked interest in the branch. Insights from this study concludes that interdisciplinary communication and knowledge transfer between disciplines in general is an interesting topic to study.

  • 9.
    Carmona, Matthew
    et al.
    The Bartlett School of Planning, University College London.
    Punter, John V.
    Department of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University.
    Chapman, David
    The Bartlett School of Planning, University College London.
    From Design Policy to Design Quality: The treatment of design in community strategies, local development frameworks and action plans2002Book (Other academic)
  • 10. Carmona, Matthew
    et al.
    Tiesdell, Steve
    Heath, Tim
    Oc, Taner
    Public Places – Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public Places Urban Spaces 2e is a thorough introduction to the principles of urban design theory and practice. Authored by experts in the fields of urban design and planning, it is designed specifically for the 2500 postgraduate students on Urban Design courses in the UK, and 1500 students on undergraduate courses in the same subject. The second edition of this tried and trusted textbook has been updated with relevant case studies to show students how principles have been put into practice. The book is now in full colour and a larger format, so students and lecturers get a much stronger visual package and easy to use layout, enabling them to more easily practically apply principles of urban design to their projects. Sustainability is the driving factor in urban regeneration and new urban development, and the new edition is focused on best sustainable design and practice

  • 11.
    Catalini, Anna
    et al.
    College of Arts, University of Lincoln.
    Nour, ZeinabFaculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University.Versaci, AntonellaFaculty of Engineering and Architecture, University “Kore” of Enna.Hawkes, DeanCambridge, UK.Bougdah, HocineCanterbury School of Architecture, University for the Creative Arts.Sotoca, AdolfLuleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.Ghoneem, MahmoudArchitecture Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University.Trapani, FerdinandoUrban Planning, Architecture, Palermo University.
    Cities' Identity Through Architecture and Arts: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Cities' Identity through Architecture and Arts (CITAA 2017), Cariro, Egypt,  May 11-13, 20172018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every city has its unique and valuable identity, this identity is revealed through its physical and visual form, it is seen through the eyes of its residents and users. The city develops over time, and its identity evolves with it. Reflecting the rapid and constant changes the city is subjected to, Architecture and Arts, is the embodiment of the cultural, historical, and economical characteristics of the city. This conference is dedicated for the investigation of the different new approaches developed in Architecture and Contemporary arts. It will focus on the basis of urban life and identities.

    It will discuss the examples and tendencies in dealing with urban identities as well as the transformation of cities and urban cultures mentioned in terms of their form, identity, and their current art. Contemporary art, when subjected to experiments, continues to be produced in various directions, to be consumed and to put forward new ideas. Art continuously renews itself -from new materials to different means of communication, from interactive works to computer games, from new approaches to perceptional paradigms and problems of city and nature of the millennium.

  • 12.
    Cettner, Annicka
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ashley, Richard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Stormwater management and urban planning: lessons from 40 years of innovation2013In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 786-801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban planning is widely advocated as an important way to encourage the more sustainable management of urban stormwater using alternatives to piped systems. This paper explores the way in which Swedish water professionals have opportunities to influence stormwater planning and the barriers that limit their participation in this process. Empirical evidence has been obtained from in-depth semi-structured interviews with urban water professionals from nine Swedish municipalities. The paper shows that there is a perception of the legal requirements related to the provision of drainage services that inhibits the utilisation of non-piped solutions. There are also reservations about a dichotomy that inhibits actions - is stormwater an issue for the planning department or for the water department? It is concluded that water professionals have unique opportunities to integrate stormwater management approaches within wider urban planning practice and hence are able to encourage the use of alternative systems that are more sustainable than using traditional pipes or sewers.

  • 13.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    By Design, from design guidance to built form2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the planning policy era of By Design: Urban design in the planning system: towards better practice through the lens of Planning Policy Guidance 1 (PPG1): General Policy and Principles and Planning Policy Guidance 3: Housing. The paper explores the objectives of urban design, as set out in By Design against PPG1’s objective to promote higher standards of urban design and PPG3’s objective to revise housing densities. Research takes a systematic approach to reviewing the evidence base available for the production of By Design and analyses density targets and urban design objectives against generic housing types of the day and four housing led development schemes delivered during the policy period. The paper argues that on density grounds, only two of the researched generic housing types delivered the density targets prescribed by PPG3, requiring the development industry to bring forward new models of development. The case study analysis establishes that the industry was able to adapt to the objectives of By Design with selected developments delivering the urban design objectives set out in By Design and density standards of PPG3. The paper concludes by arguing that whilst ‘By Design’ was extinguished as policy in 2012, its design objectives are still valid and may be relevant to new emerging dimensions related well-being as part of; Ease of movement and seasonal climate change as part of; Quality of the public realm.  

  • 14.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Cities in time, temporary urbanism and the future of the city2019In: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 158-163Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Chapman, David
    Glasgow School of Art.
    ‘Compacte-stadsbeleid’ is dead: long live the Dutch compact city2002In: MacJournal, ISSN 1355-3046, no 5, p. 48-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Neoliberal Urbanism and its Contestations, Crossing Theoretical BoundariesJenny Ku¨ nkel and Margit MayerPalgrave Macmillan, 248 pp. ISBN 978-0-2302-7183-82014In: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 567-568Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Chapman, David
    Bartlett School of Planning University College London .
    Patterning the Dutch Compact City2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A major challenge to town planners in Britain is to help fulfil current and future housing need in a sustainable manner and avoid excessive development land take.

    This thesis therefore establishes what future development models are currently under debate and undertakes extensive research into Governments preferred option the 'Compact City'. Research focuses on empirical data for sustainable development and arguments for/against a policy of urban intensification.

    On conclusion that research alone fails to provide a sufficient basis for promoting a policy of 'Compact Cities', research emphasis was placed on the Dutch planning system, which has promoted such a policy for over a quarter of a century. Dutch experience was used to answer many unresolved arguments surrounding the 'Compact City' and an investigation was undertaken into how the Dutch have made this policy successful.

    In light of the fact that Dutch experience has shown that high quality urban housing is fundamental to attracting residents back to cities, an investigation of current UK generic housing models was undertaken and these were tested against sustainable density research and UK/Dutch design advice. On comparison it was established that many failed both tests and it was established that additional housing types could be required under a policy of 'Compact Cities'. An alternative development brief for additional housing models was therefore developed and this brief was investigated through the design of three alternative housing types.

    In final conclusion it was proposed that the Dutch treatment of density could provide a model for future planning in England and their design principles could aid the creation of alternative urban housing types.

  • 18.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The Modern City Revisited Thomas Deckker (ed.)2003In: Urban Design Quarterly, ISSN 0266-6480, no 85, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The potential of ephemeral interventions1997In: Mac Journal, ISSN 1355-3046, p. 35-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The street, a quintessential social public space2018In: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 163-164Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    All across the world the form of the built environment is playing a crucial role as enabler or inhibitor for urban outdoor activity such as soft mobility. Urban form can make it more attractive for people to be mobile outdoors and playing a role in the public life, or it can put people off venturing outside. For winter cities, a question for urban design is how we can design environments that are attractive for outdoor activity in the winter season as well as summer and additionally how will climate change influence these aspects.

    The reason for studying this is the importance of understanding how, in relation to urban form, weather, seasonal variations, and climate change influences human outdoor activity. In this study the focus on outdoor activity is problematised around the concern that people spend a low percentage of their time outdoors in winter conditions. For society, the problem is that this trend and the related low levels of physical activity are associated with a range of health issues.

    To study this the main question for this research is what attracts and hinders soft mobility during the winter season and how can this knowledge underpin new considerations about urban design for connectivity in winter cities? To address this, the research methods focused on document studies, surveys, mental mapping, photo elicitation and semi-structured discussions.

    The study works at three scientific levels. Firstly, it seeks to understand the interrelationship between the built environment and people’s outdoor activity in winter. Secondly, it attempts to understand how connectivity for soft mobility in winter is being affected by weather and climate change. Thirdly, it seeks new ways of thinking about how the urban form can be designed to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter.

    The discussion and conclusions focused on the argument that in winter settlements, the winter season can alter spatial patterns and settlement organisation. Here it was argued that in these settlements the winter season can be an aspect of urban morphology and can be part of the process of shaping the public realm and its connectivity for soft mobility in winter.

  • 22.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Urban Designer: Myth or Reality?2015In: Plan: tidskrift för planering av landsbygd och tätorte, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 42-47Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    York New City Beautiful: Toward an Economic Vision2010Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Toward an Integrated Model for Soft-Mobility2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 19, article id 3669Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key urban design challenge is to create built environments that encourage outdoor activityall year round. This study explores a new model for soft-mobility that places the interaction betweenthe urban form, the seasonal climate and climate change, and the individual at the center of people’ssoft-mobility choices, or in more general, their modal choice. The research methods used werecomparative studies of documents, surveys, mental mapping, and photo elicitation. These studieswere undertaken to research people’s outdoor activity in the built environment during the winterseason of a cold climate settlement. The results were analyzed against the three-dimensions of themodel. In the discussion it is argued that in places with significant climate variation, the interactionbetween the urban form, the season, and the individual together influence soft-mobility choices. Inturn, these interactions influence people’s level of outdoor activity and the individual health benefitssuch activity can aord. In conclusion, it is highlighted that all three dimensions of the model are in aconstant state of change and evolution, especially in relation to planning and development processesand climate change.

  • 25.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 10, article id 1820Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores connectivity for soft mobility in the winter season. Working with residents from the sub-arctic city of Luleå, Sweden, the research examines how the interaction between the built environment and winter season affects people’s use of the outdoor environment. The research questions for this study are, 1) how do residents perceive the effects of winter on an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways? and 2) what enablers and barriers impact resident soft mobility choices and use of the public realm in winter? Methods used were mental mapping and photo elicitation exercises. These were used to gain a better understanding of people’s perception of soft mobility in winter. The results were analysed to identify how soft mobility is influenced by the winter season. The discussion highlights that at the neighbourhood scale, residents perceive that the winter alters an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways. It was also seen to reduce ease of understanding of the public realm and townscape. In conclusion, it is argued that new and re-tooled town planning strategies, such as extending blue/ green infrastructure planning to include white space could help better enable all year outdoor activity in winter cities.

  • 26.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Climatic barriers to soft-mobility in winter: Lulea, Sweden as case study2017In: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 35, p. 574-580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban form can moderate the effects of weather on human movement. As such, the interrelationship between built environment, weather and human movement is a critical component of urban design. This paper explores the impacts of weather on non-motorised human movement (soft-mobility). Throughout we look at soft-mobility from the citizen’s perspective and highlight the barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

    The aim of this study was to test the traditional pallet of winter city urban design considerations. Those of solar-access, wind and snow management and explore other weather and terrain conditions that act as barriers to soft-mobility in winter. This study is based on survey responses from 344 citizens in the sub-arctic area of Sweden. Outcomes from the research highlight that rain, icy surfaces and darkness are today’s most significant barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

    Results from this study link changing barriers to soft-mobility in winter with climate change. The paper concludes that future urban design and planning for winter cities needs to consider a wider pallet of weather conditions, especially rain.

  • 27.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Updating winter: the importance of climate-sensitive urban design for winter settlements2018In: Arctic Yearbook, ISSN 2298–2418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores winter settlement urban design principles to begin to identify climate related conditions that are affecting soft mobility (walking and cycling) in these communities.

    Winter communities have evolved lifestyles and means that fit with working and living with local conditions and seasonal variations. With climate change, however, comes evolving weather’s that these communities need to adapt too. These changes may present new risks and unexpected challenges to outdoor soft mobility in the community.

    Public policy highlights physical inactivity as a major health concern. For these communities, winter has always limited outdoor soft-mobility. Here, we understand that in winter outdoor activity can be reduced by weather and fear of accidents.

    People’s understanding of the barriers and enablers to soft mobility are also often based on experience and ability to detect environmental clues. To help winter communities maximise the opportunities for outdoor soft mobility and the wellbeing benefits this can bring, built environments need to be designed with an understanding of climate change. 

    This study explores barriers and enablers to soft mobility in winter and discusses them in light of climate change and human wellbeing. It is argued that established principles of urban design may require re-evaluation if we want to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter. Increases in physical activity could help reduce costs and pressures on health services by creating safer and more walkable communities. The paper concludes by suggesting that communities should focus on more context based winter urban design principles that account for ongoing climate change.

  • 28. Cordi, Ilja
    et al.
    Leden, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ranhagen, Ulf
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    FoU-plan trafikteknik: inriktningsplan för FoU inom integrerad fysisk samhällsplanering och trafiksäkerhet1999Report (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Cowan, Rob
    et al.
    Urban design skills.
    Adams, Scott
    Urban design skills.
    Chapman, David
    Urban design skills.
    Qualityreviewer: Appraising the design quality of development proposals2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preface Foreword Planning for quality How to use Qualityreviewer Part A: Qualityreviewer Understand the place Understand the proposal Understand the implementation Make the decision Qualityreviewer at a glance Part B: Thinking about design and quality Using diagrams Six sets of design qualities Part C: Quality reviewer in the planning process Pre-application discussions Effective design statements Outline and full planning applications Beyond assessment Appendices

  • 30.
    Cowan, Rob
    et al.
    Urban design skills.
    Chapman, David
    Urban design skills.
    Adams, Scott
    Urban design skills.
    Huxford, Robert
    Urban Design Group and Esther Kurland of Urban Design London.
    Capacitycheck: Urban design skills appraisal2008Book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Cowan, Rob
    et al.
    Urban Initiatives.
    Hill, Daniel
    Urban Initiatives.
    Campbell, Kelvin
    Start with the park: Creating sustainable urban green spaces in areas of housing growth and renewal2005Book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Dagnäs, Klara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Tillgänglighetens påverkan på kulturvärden i statliga byggnadsminnen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great determination towards an increased accessibility in today’s society.  This creates some problems, when the building in question is a historic building of cultural significance, due to legislations and protective regulations. This thesis is executed as research for The National Property Board Sweden (SFV), who deals with these kinds of difficulties daily.

    The objective of this theses was to explore the influence of accessibility adaptation on cultural values in historic buildings from the 19th century, with a focus on doorways. The aim is also to identify possible faults and weaknesses that could cause a loss in cultural values.

    The study is based on a literature review and observations of eight doorways in the historical buildings Gamla Riksarkivet, Kungliga Operan, Linneanum and Uppsala Universitetshus. For each doorway actions and procedures have been identified and categorized based on the affected cultural values using two different evaluation models.

    The visual changes are, according to the result, the most frequent reason behind the affected cultural values that has been studied. The increase in social reforms and legislation about accessibility are the result of a changing society that has altered its preceptions of disabilities. This could be traced back as one of the major reasons that might be behind the loss of cultural values. Accessible environments are important, we should however consider that the cultural heritage is poorly accessible for a reason.

    It has been discovered that the studied archive files and documents have a lack of information, what actions and procedures the building had endured are vague. The amount of details explaining the procedures and justification of the actions are also limited, especially in the permit applications from SFV and its resolve from RAÄ.

    In order to facilitate the issue of how the legislation for accessibility and cultural values should ​​be interpreted, policy documents of how the laws should relate to each other are required.

  • 33.
    Dahlblom, Sverker
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Prestandabaserad Parametrisk Arkitektur: - en fallstudie i utformning av lamellhus2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Early in the design process, the architect must take several important decisions that directly affect the end result. Construction costs, energy efficiency, sustainability as well as architectural qualities are likely to fail if the work is based on a design that has fundamental flaws. One way to handle this issue is to create a computer tool that provides the architect indications of how design affects the performance of the building.

    To investigate this possibility, a model that parametrically generates building designs and calculates their performance has been developed. Performance assessment is conducted within three main criteria: construction cost, energy consumption and daylight. The result of this work is then validated by an assessment of usability and its potential as a tool in the design process.

    It proved possible to develop such a model. The level of detail in the generated designs are not adequate to provide results of the building's final performance with reasonable confidence. However, as a basis for comparison between different design proposals functionality is good and the respondents in the construction industry expressed an interest in the work.

  • 34.
    Del Curto, Davide
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Joppolo, Cesare Maria
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Luciani, Andrea
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Valisi, Luca Pietro
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Energy efficiency and preservation of 20th century architecture: The case of the Urbino University Colleges2018In: Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018., 2018, p. 182-190Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper follows the discussion on the energy efficiency of heritage buildings by dealing with the task of preserving 20th century buildings and making them more sustainable. It is confirmed that a thorough analysis of each case is needed, since the cultural value of modern heritage risks being overwhelmed by the effort to improve its energy efficiency. The Urbino University Colleges are a masterpiece of the 20th century. They were designed by architect Giancarlo de Carlo, built between 1962 and 1983 and still host 1000 students. A conservation plan was outlined in 2016 with the aim of developing the long-term and sustainable preservation of such a huge complex. A specific goal in terms of sustainability was lowering the heating costs to save funds for conservation activities. The efforts were thus to balance building conservation, energy efficiency and users’ comfort. A thermal analysis, an energy retrofit design, a test on a pilot site, a comparison between before and after, are the tools that have been used to achieve this objective. Results provide some operational indications to merge conservation and sustainability in a 20th century heritage building.

  • 35.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Global changes require renewed strategies. Do planners need new approaches or better understanding of their original role?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many stress that the role of planners will change under the new global situation. But what is the ’old role’ of planners which is expected to change? And will the ’new role’ be truly different from this ’old role’? The key messages of Torremolinos Charter, Agenda 21, New Charter of Athens, Territorial Agenda and other documents concentrate around few repeating concepts: complexity, balance, integration, inter-disciplinarity, cooperation, participation, education, involvement of politics, long-term orientation, creativity and strategy. Should planners change these ideals?One of the most frequent and influential words today is strategy. Even though strategy can be defined in many ways and there are many different forms of strategic planning around the world, its original meaning often remains hidden. There is no doubt that concept of strategy has a military background. Therefore, this article focuses on two main topics. First, it presents the five ancient principles for victory which can be transferred into the five principles for balanced development of territories as Continuity, Sustainability, Context, Leaders and Conditions for implementation. Second, it seeks interconnections between these principles and the role of strategic spatial planners. It discusses the role of planners particularly in connection to two principles: Leaders and Context. Since strategic spatial planners deal with coordination of expert teams having relevant influence on development processes, they belong to the principle of Leaders. Since they have all the relevant data, analyses and expertise, their role is to be honest while evaluating the situation and unmasking the real Context to others. Dishonesty, misinterpretations and preference of politics to professional esteem inevitably lead to wrong decisions.Accepting this premise, education of planners needs revision in two basic points. First, is should increase abilities to identify context of time, place and causality. Instead of making a ’list of facts’, the context should be measured and calculated to be as objective as possible. Second, the education should increase soft inter-personal skills to be able to handle leadership, present the context, negotiate the reasonable further steps, lead multi-professional teams, manage conflicts and self-develop. Being first-line leader is equally or even more important than being planning expert.Of course, new discourses and practices influencing methods, tools and performance in spatial development are needed. However, the new global situation calls for rediscovering and coming back to the original core role of planners: honest, brave and responsible expertise. The article presents an anonymous case study of how this ’new role’ changed the planned development project.

  • 36.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Knowledge cities2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Reframing planning theory in terms of five categories of questions2016In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 145-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how planning is influenced by five categories of questions (what, who, when/where, how and why) and the interactions between them. Planning theories differ in their answers to these questions but all of them are primarily built around an assumed connection between the questions of ‘what’ and ‘how’. This orthodox assumption of a ‘what-how’ connection is shown to be responsible for the failure of planning theories in practice and their inability to address issues of power. The article illustrates that both ends and means (‘what’ and ‘how’) are predefined by answers to three fundamental questions (‘who’, ‘when/where’ and ‘why’) and that there is no direct connection between ‘what’ and ‘how’ in practice.

  • 38.
    Dobrucka, Lucia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Strategic governance and planning as fractal2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some years ago I experienced a project aiming to develop strategic documents in a city which was considered progressive. The project following communicative planning practice was considered successful and yet the documents weren’t implemented. My observations about discrepancies between planning and overall results clustered around few categories: continuity/consistency, aims, leaders and context/conditions. Since my observations were based on intuition rather than empirical data, I compared them with findings in Flyvbjerg’s influential book Rationality and Power (1998) offering 15 years of evidence. The categories were approved; moreover, the book uncovered some interactions and inter-dependencies between them which were not in line with communicative planning theory. Looking for explanation for my results, I consulted Chinese strategist Sun Tzu offering probably the most comprehensive understanding of forces hidden behind success or failure of decisions and activities. Interpretations of his manuscript (e.g. Sawyer, 1996; Lord, 2000; Yuen, 2008) reveal few universal principles applicable in governance and planning. I have this hypothesis: Strategic governance is a fractal having a self-repeating pattern which might help to understand complexity of cities. This pattern is qualitative, remaining the above key categories and their interactions. However, this hypothesis cannot be proved by empirical data at this stage. Therefore, this article sketches strategic governance as a fractal based on my own experience and illustrates its projection into planning. It shows how the hypothesis could bridge an increasing contrast between complexity of governance and simplicity of concepts required by communicative planning involving non-professional stakeholders and distributed decision-making practice.

  • 39. Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Aktivitet: Populärvetenskapliga föreläsningar: Vinterstäder: design med sol och vind i krävande klimat2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    För att skapa attraktivitet och komfort bör utformning av städer göras medhänsyn till lokalt klimat. Sol, vind och snö har stor inverkan på hur vi upplevervåra städer och dess gator. Hur kan man bygga gator och torg i nordiska städerför att öka utomhuslivet vintertid?

  • 40.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Improvements in addressing climate factors in urban planning and design2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban settlements located in subarctic regions have particular characteristics due to their climate. Climate and weather conditions influence people’s attendance in public spaces, their travel habits and recreational activities. In the subarctic regions, this influence is more visible due to greater seasonal differences. Urban design that deals with the generation and change of urban form can influence the impact of climate factors. Such interventions can be especially influential in the subarctic regions.This thesis focuses on addressing climate factors in urban design and transportation in the subarctic regions of Sweden. On one hand, it focuses on problems of incorporating climate factors into urban design, and on the other hand, it investigates travel patterns in relation to subarctic climate. The problems of urban design in subarctic regions were investigated by conducting a literature review and interviews with the planners from some of the Swedish northern municipalities. To study travel patterns in relation to cold climate, two travel surveys were conducted in Kiruna, a town located in the Northern Sweden. These issues are analysed and discussed in a covering essay and three attached papers. The interviews with planners show that climate considerations have a low impact on urban planning practices in these regions. The absence of a positive attitude towards cold climate, lack of knowledge and analytical techniques to be used in design, and weak relation between knowledge of climate factors and urban design practice are some of the major problems. Further, the interviews highlighted that dealing with snow in urban spaces (snow removal, better use of snow) is a crucial issue for these municipalities. The travel surveys in Kiruna demonstrated that car trips made a large proportion of all trips made in Kiruna while a very small part of trips were made by bicycle and public transport. The proportions of trips made by different transport modes (modal share) did not vary significantly in accordance to seasonal change, except in the share of bicycle trips, which dropped sharply during winter. Slipperiness, very low temperature, and wind have been the most negatively perceived climate factors when walking and cycling. Sunlight has been perceived positively. The distance travelled was shown to be correlated with the distance to the work place, but independent of the distance of the neighbourhood to the centre of Kiruna. Based on the analyses, improvements are suggested in three areas: institutions, design, and research. Institutional issues focus on how climate factors are handled in the municipal planning system. There is need for attitude shift, legitimacy and defining clearer goals in comprehensive plans. Design calls for active using of climate analysis and considering winter maintenance in developing design schemes. Research refers to collaborations between urban designers and experts from other fields, e.g. urban climatology, to develop knowledge applicable in planning and design.The potential of urban form in improving conditions for walking and cycling is significant. However, urban form seems to have limited potential for reducing the number of car trips in Kiruna with respect to long severe winters and current work distribution. The limitations of physical measures in affecting travel patterns can be partly improved by soft policy measures.

  • 41.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Outdoor Comfort in Cold Climates: Integrating Microclimate Factors in Urban Design2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing urban spaces that provide outdoor comfort is an important but challenging goal in subarctic climates. An approach to urban design that is sensitive to subarctic climatic conditions is essential, but this requires effective incorporation of urban climate knowledge into urban design, which presently is impeded by several barriers. The aim of this thesis is to contribute to the knowledge of climate-sensitive urban design with a focus on outdoor comfort in cold climates. This thesis consists of a cover essay and three papers, which together address three questions: (1) What are the barriers to integrating climate factors into urban design in subarctic climates? (2) How do urban design practitioners address outdoor comfort in design process? (3) How can wind and solar considerations be integrated into the design of urban spaces? In accordance with the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of this research, a mixed method approach was adopted, including a literature review, two interview-based studies and microclimate analysis of an urban design proposal.The study objectives were pursued in three stages corresponding to the research questions. The first stage consisted of interviews with local planners, which aimed to identify key barriers hindering the incorporation of climatic factors in urban planning in subarctic regions. Key findings include the identification of barriers related to design based, attitudinal, organisational, conceptual and technical issues. The design based issues relate to contextual difficulties for comfort design in cold climates, namely snow and low sun elevation. Attitudinal and organisational barriers include the neglect of opportunities for and challenges associated with urban liveability in cold climates, failure to exploit local knowledge and lack of engagement among local planners and politicians. Conceptual barriers relate to a lack of climate knowledge among practitioners and technical barriers relate to methods and the principles to be used in design, particularly wind comfort and snow in urban environments. The second stage centred on urban design practice, by investigating the role of comfort in the development of an urban design project in a subarctic climate. The findings of this stage showed that urban design practitioners predominantly rely on simple climate design principles and rarely use analytical tools in design. In terms of knowledge sources for urban designers, existing urban environments, work by other architects, the architects’ own experience and everyday life experiences are influential sources of understanding and inspiration. In the third stage a method to integrate outdoor comfort assessment into design is outlined and applied on a case study in a subarctic climate. The method encompasses wind comfort analysis and microclimate assessment based on solar access and wind velocity. It produces two types of result: quantitative and visual. The quantitative results include area ratios of different combinations of wind and solar conditions. Visual results are maps showing the spatial distributions of different microclimate combinations in a studied urban space, either proposed or existing. The method has proved useful for assessing relative differences in thermal comfort.Study stages highlight issues that are crucial for improving environmental comfort in subarctic climates: (1) provision of sheltering from the wind 2) maximising solar access and, (3) managing snow in the outdoor environment. In addressing these urban design issues, experimental design based research has the potential for creating and testing new design concepts. Practitioners’ reliance on simple climate design principles is also discussed. This research highlights that a more balanced application of climate design principles and analytical methods for addressing microclimate issues is required. Suggestions are also proposed to create a shift in the way outdoor comfort is addressed in practice, including clear goal definition, theory building and improving communications between research and practice.Key words: urban design, urban microclimate, outdoor comfort, subarctic climate, climate-sensitive, Kiruna

  • 42.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Principer för Utformning av Utemiljö i Kallt Klimat med Hänsyn till Sol- och Vindförhållanden2014Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Vind och skuggstudier: nya Kiruna2016Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate2018In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in climate-sensitive urban design has grown in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are various difficulties associated with such an approach. One of these is the lack of simple comfort assessment tools. This paper presents a method for microclimate assessment that is composed of a wind comfort analysis and a microclimate assessment based on measuring a combination of solar access and wind velocity. The study includes analysis of a proposed urban project situated in Kiruna, a Swedish town located in the subarctic region of the country. The results from the simulations were then overlaid to produce combined microclimate maps for three specific dates: winter solstice, spring equinox and summer solstice. The maps illustrate relative microclimate differences between areas in the proposed project based on combinations of wind/lee and sun/shadow conditions. The outcomes showed that only a small proportion of the area studied had favourable microclimate conditions at the winter solstice and spring equinox. The thermal comfort Index OUT_SET* was calculated for the summer solstice in the study area. Comparisons between the spatial distribution of OUT_SET* values and the microclimate assessment map showed a large degree of correlation. The method is intended to be a simple and representative evaluation of microclimate

  • 45.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Winter climate and non motorised travel modes – a case study in Kiruna Sweden: Results from a travel survey in North of Sweden2011In: Resilience in urban design: conference proceedings : 4th International Urban Design Conference 21st to 23rd September 2011, Nerang: AST Management , 2011, p. 259-265Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The problems of addressing microclimate factors in urban planning of the subarctic regions2015In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 415-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban life in the towns of the subarctic regions is affected by the severity of the local climate, which must be taken into account in urban planning. Previous studies show that the use of climate knowledge in urban planning is hindered by different constraints. In this study we focus specifically on the problems of incorporating microclimate factors into the urban planning practices in northern Sweden. We rely on a literature study and focus on interviews as our study methods. Some of the major problems identified are the lack of design knowledge relevant to a cold climate, lack of user-friendly tools to analyze microclimate, overlooking the potential uses of local climate, and lack of support from politicians. The problems related to knowledge development and the lack of tools for microclimate analysis are discussed further. In terms of knowledge issues, the planners’ awareness of climate objectives achievable at different planning scales needs to be improved. There should be further research into the effect of urban form on the use of snow and on snow-removal activities. Tools for microclimate analysis should become more user friendly for planners. More importantly, planners need methods that combine different microclimate analyses and offer a complete assessment of a given design scheme.

  • 47.
    Edström, Frank
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nyman, Jonas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Building in rural Tanzania: Proposal for a self-sufficient orphanage2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Aktivitet: Green Futures2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Energisystemet är också en fråga om planutformning: teoretiska och empiriska studier av energisystemets rumsliga artefakter i fysisk planering2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska energisystemet är under omställning för att på sikt låta förnybar energi svara för hela energitillförseln. Med detta följer fler anläggningar och en större diversitet mellan olika energislag. Kommunernas roll i detta är uppenbar. Inte minst i den fysiska planeringen som anger riktlinjer för samtida och framtida användning av mark och vatten. Den lokala planeringen har två huvudsakliga möjligheter att uppmärksamma energisystemets förändring. Det ena är att påverka omställningen genom att hantera produktion, distribution och användning av förnybara energikällor. Det andra är att uppmärksamma energisystemets påverkan på människa, mark och vatten. De energikällor som avses ersättas är mycket yteffektiva, det vill säga de har ett litet yt- och volymbehov i relation till producerad mängd el (företrädesvis). De förnybara energikällorna däremot har, i relation, en låg grad av yteffektivitet vilket innebär att det framtida energisystemet i flera fall kan komma att avsevärt prägla den lokala mark- och vattenanvändningen. Energisystemet är och har traditionellt setts som ett tekniskt, ekonomiskt, ekologiskt och på senare tid också som ett sociotekniskt infrastruktursystem. Men för att hantera förändrade rumsliga förutsättningar för energisystemet i den fysiska planeringen så konstrueras i avhandlingen ett synsätt där energisystemet ses som ett rumsligt infrastruktursystem. Dess delar, rumsliga artefakter, beskrivs som, och kategoriseras, utifrån indelningen av anläggningar, nätverk och brukare. För att studera hur energisystemet hanteras som ett rumsligt system genomfördes två empiriska studier, en deskriptiv och en explorativ fallstudie. De avser att belysa den befintliga och den möjliga planeringsberedskapen för energisystemet i översiktsplanen (ÖP), respektive i en specifik planeringsuppgift. Den andra studien fokuserade på hur energisystemet hanteras om en metodik för planutformningsprocessen används. Metodiken har en huvudsaklig rationell struktur, men med deliberativa ansatser. De empiriska studierna genomfördes för sex olika kommuner fördelade på två län, ett i norra och ett i södra Sverige. Resultaten visar generellt att det är storskaliga anläggningar och stor- och medelstora nätverk som ur ett rumsligt perspektiv är integrerade i kommunernas ÖP. Det handlar främst om anläggningar och nätverk som är av nationellt intresse för elproduktion samt fjärrvärmeverk och utbyggnad av fjärrvärmenät för lokal uppvärmning. Den geografiskt lägesbundna informationen är dock i samtliga fall så pass övergripande redovisad att det är svårt att genomföra någon bedömning av den befintliga och framtida påverkan på människa, mark och vatten. Mina slutsatser av arbetet med en rationell metodik för planutformningsprocessen är lika de som kommer av studien av ÖP. Detta kan sammanfattas som att metodiken inte medför att energisystemets rumsliga artefakter blir automatiskt integrerade i den fysiska planeringen. Den samlande diskussionen utifrån de empiriska resultaten antyder att energifrågor på lokal nivå framför allt är fokuserad på bebyggelsens energianvändning och -hushållning och inte så mycket på energisystemets sammansättning av egna rumsliga artefakter. Diskussionen resonerar också kring det att energi inte ses som ett rumsligt system i planeringen, utan oftare som ett tekniskt, ekonomiskt eller ekologiskt system att ta hänsyn till i planutformningen. Dessutom belyser diskussionen att energi till stor del är en fråga av nationellt sektoriellt intresse som kan bli överordnat en tydlig lokal anknytning mellan fysisk planering och energisystemets utformning.

  • 50.
    Ekelund, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Projekt: 2 grader, 2 meter2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Konstnärlig gestaltning av fjärrvärmeledning i Ulricehamn

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