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  • 1.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Hallencreutz, Jacob
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Langstrand, Jostein
    Linköpings universitet.
    Vanhatalo, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Alive and kicking – but will Quality Management be around tomorrow?: A Swedish academia perspective2012In: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, E-ISSN 1338-984X, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to describe how Quality Management (QM) is perceived today by scholars at three Swedish universities, and into what QM is expected to develop into in twenty years. Data were collected through structured workshops using affinity diagrams with scholars teaching and performing research in the QM field. The results show that QM currently is perceived as consisting of a set of core of principles, methods and tools. The future outlook includes three possible development directions for QM are seen: [1] searching for a “discipline X” where QM can contribute while keeping its toolbox, [2] focus on a core based on the traditional quality technology toolbox with methods and tools, and [3] a risk that QM, as it is today, may seize to exist and be diffused into other disciplines.

  • 2.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation.
    Hallencreutz, Jacob
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Langstrand, Jostein
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Avdelningen för Kvalitetsteknik.
    Vanhatalo, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Alive and kicking–but will Quality Management be around tomorrow?: A Swedish academia perspective2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is a lack of a recognized conception of quality management (QM) comprises of, as well as a clear roadmap of where QM is heading. The purpose of this article is to investigate how QM is perceived today by scholars at three Swedish universities, but also how and into what QM is expected to develop into in twenty years.Methodology: Data have been collected through three structured workshops using affinity diagrams with scholars teaching and performing research in the QM field affiliated with three different Swedish universities.Findings: The results indicate that current QM is perceived similarly among the universities today, although the taxonomy differs slightly. QM is described as a fairly wide discipline consisting of a set of core of principles that in turn guide which methods and tools that currently by many are perceived as the core of the discipline. The outlook for the future differs more where three possible development directions for QM are seen: [1] searching for a “discipline X” where QM can contribute while keeping its toolbox, [2] focus on a core based on the traditional quality technology toolbox with methods and tools, and [3] a risk that QM, as it is today, may seize to exist and be diffused into other disciplines. Originality/value: This article contributes with a viewpoint on QM today and its future development from the academicians’ perspective.

  • 3.
    Frostenson, Magnus
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Helin, Sven
    Handelshögskolan, Örebro universitet.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: Grunder, praktik och funktion.2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken ger en introduktion till hållbarhetsredovisning. Boken hjälper dig att förstå bakgrunden till hållbarhetsredovisning, hur man upprättar en hållbarhetsredovisning och vilken funktion den fyller.

  • 4.
    Frostenson, Magnus
    et al.
    Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University.
    Helin, Sven
    School of Business, Örebro University.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    The internal significance of codes of conduct in retail companies2012In: Business Ethics. A European Review, ISSN 0962-8770, E-ISSN 1467-8608, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 263-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the significance of codes of conduct (CoCs) in the internal work context of two retail companies. A stepwise approach is used. First, the paper identifies in what way employees use and refer to CoCs internally. Second, the function and relevance of CoCs inside the two companies are identified. Third, the paper explains why CoCs tend to function in the identified ways. In both cases, the CoCs are clearly decoupled in the sense that they do not concern the immediate work context of the employees. Counter-intuitively, this facilitates the process of establishing the CoCs. Even though the CoCs are not directly relevant for the employees, they are accepted and embraced with regard to contents, focus and function. Above all, the CoCs seem to confirm and even strengthen employee identity. On the basis of these observations, it is suggested that CoCs should not only be valued in light of their direct organisational consequences or lack of such consequences. The issue is not just whether CoCs are decoupled or not. Rather, it is argued that researchers should consider more closely a two-level analysis that takes into account not only the concrete application of CoCs but also their function and meaning. An implication of this is that what might appear as a decoupled code cannot be dismissed as irrelevant to the ‘core’ business processes of the organisation.

  • 5.
    Helin, Sven
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Frostenson, Magnus
    Örebro universitet.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i svensk detaljhandel: Roll, relevant och nytta.2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En alltmer central del av företagens arbete med och kommunikation av socialt ansvar(Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR) har kommit att handla om hållbarhetsredovisning; dess roll, relevans och möjligheter. Detta projekt har därför fokuserat på hur svenska detaljhandelsföretag använder sig av hållbarhetsredovisning och hur det kan relateras till företagens interna organisatoriska hållbarhetsprocesser.

  • 6.
    Helin, Sven
    et al.
    School of Business, Örebro University.
    Jensen, Tommy
    School of Business, Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    “Like a battalion of tanks”: A critical analysis of stakeholder management2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 209-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the literature on the political role and responsibilities of corporations. Following Deetz's (1995) critical reading of stakeholder management and a critical methodology, the paper analyses how a large Swedish corporation manages conflicting stakeholder interests and rationales in a multi-stakeholder context. Throughout the case analysis, it is suggested that the corporation reinforces what Deetz (1995) refers to as an information mode, thus effectively hindering it from reaching a communication mode in which more genuine stakeholder dialogues are performed.

  • 7.
    Jensen, Tommy
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Fallstudier2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fallstudier är fantastiska. De visar på exemplets makt och får oss att ifrågasätta etablerade idéer och sätt att göra saker. Fallstudieforskningens utbredning är också en framgångssaga. I boken beskrivs den resan ur ett historiskt perspektiv. Genomgången utmynnar i en presentation av den rådande fallstudiepraxisen, och därmed får läsaren en konkret guide till hur en fallstudie kan planeras, genomföras och kommuniceras.

  • 8.
    Jensen, Tommy
    et al.
    Business Administration, Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    In defence of stakeholder pragmatism2013In: Journal of Business Ethics, ISSN 0167-4544, E-ISSN 1573-0697, Vol. 114, no 2, p. 225-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to defend and develop a stakeholder pragmatism advanced in some of the work by Edward Freeman and colleagues. By positioning stakeholder pragmatism more in line with the democratic and ethical base in American pragmatism (as developed by William James, John Dewey and Richard Rorty), the article sets forth a fallibilistic stakeholder pragmatism that seeks to be more useful to companies by expanding the ways in which value is and can be created in a contingent world. A dialogue between a defence company and peace and arbitration society is used to illustrate the main plot of this article

  • 9.
    Jensen, Tommy
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Umeå universitet, School of Business, Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Normal Deviants and Erving Goffman: Extending the Literature on Organizational Stigma2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 125-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper highlights two problematic tendencies in the burgeoning literature on organizational stigma.The first tendency is conceptual, where stigma is treated at the organizational level, thereby neglecting social encounters at the micro-level. As a way of remedying this, we enroll the seminal writings of Erving Goffman to situate organizational stigma in the interaction order.The second tendency is empirical, where the inclusion of actors performing stigma management is limited to managerial and organizational actors, thus neglecting many of those faced with managing orga- nizational stigma.We report from an explorative study of ordinary wage laborers in the Swedish arms and pornography industries situated toward the bottom of their organizations and referred to as ‘normal deviants’.The paper shows how and why the organizational stigma literature could be more sensitive and inclusive toward whom, how, when, and where organizational stigma is managed.

  • 10.
    Jensen, Tommy
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Organisation och ansvar: Om hur organisatoriska processer hindrar ansvarstagande2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är starkt kritisk till en organisationsforskning och en samhällsdebatt som hellre diskuterar organisationers legitimitet och förtroende än ansvar. När allt kommer omkring behöver varken legitimitet eller förtroende ha någonting med ansvar att göra. Det kan snarare vara så att legitima och etablerade organisatoriska processer hindrar - eller till och med motverkar - ansvarstagande. I boken lyfts dessa processer fram, tillsammans med förslag på hur man kan hantera dem och upptäcka vägar framåt.

  • 11.
    Jensen, Tommy
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Umeå universitet.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Helin, Sven
    School of Business, Örebro University, Handelshögskolan, Örebro universitet.
    One Code to Rule Them All: Management Control and Individual Responsibility in Contexts2015In: Business and Professional Ethics Journal, ISSN 0277-2027, E-ISSN 2153-7828, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 259-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about how multiple contexts influence employees’ and managers’ enactments of a standardized corporate code of ethics. An earlier local Swedish case study of how a code is enacted is extended to include enactments during business trips to Ottawa (Canada), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and New Delhi (India). The paper shows that although the code is possible to enact as remote and insignificant (‘not relevant to me’) in the local study, when travelling to different contexts it is enacted as intrusive (affecting core operations) and fluid (highlighting seeming contradictions). The paper highlights the consequences of these enact- ments in terms of management control and individual responsibility) and suggests ways for better understanding how a code is expected to perform, meant to work and keep on working.

  • 12.
    Kastensson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Developing lightweight concepts in the automotive industry: taking on the environmental challenge with the SåNätt project2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 66, p. 337-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the all-encompassing environmental challenge facing the automotive industry the weight of the car is one essential factor that has an effect on CO2 emissions for both conventional cars and for Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Even though automakers understand and have largely mastered the technical difficulties involved with alternatives to the all-steel body, the mainstream industry has nevertheless for the most part retained it. The purpose of this paper is to explore the SåNätt lightweight project as a concrete example of how two Swedish automakers (Saab and Volvo) have approached the lightweight challenge, but also to conceptualize the project in terms of what hinders and enables environmental innovations in the automotive industry. The result of the study indicates fundamentally different approaches between the automakers. While Saab focused on radical development of new concepts aiming to build a supplier structure for collaboration, Volvo focused on incremental development emphasizing short-term implementation. The empirical data also reveals a tendency for Volvo to be more deeply committed to its infrastructure for body manufacturing (the production of the all-steel body), thus hindering more radical changes. The paper concludes by highlighting a paradox emerging from the case, questioning whether established actors in the automotive industry can effectively deal with the environmental challenge.

  • 13.
    Kastensson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Managing Product Innovation in the Automotive Industry: in light of the environmental challenge2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A company’s ability to introduce new products is a key success factor for sustaining a competitive advantage. Increasing environmental concerns are an even stronger incentive to innovate. Environmental regulations will exert immense pressure on manufacturing industries, which will increase in the future, enabling a more sustainable world for coming generations. Facing the automotive industry, an aggravating circumstance is, however, that the industry is deeply affected by the paradigm grounded in mass production, a dominant design and incremental development. A common view in the innovation literature is that large, established firms usually experience difficulty fostering radical innovations. Taking on the environmental challenge, it is argued that companies lack the methods, tools and processes to scan markets and to find opportunities beyond their existing businesses. Further challenges fostering radical innovations are the conflicting demands to explore new opportunities in parallel with daily business. The aim of this thesis is to explore the prerequisites embracing innovations in terms of what hinders and enables the development and implementation of new technologies in future products. The research question is answered through qualitative studies at Saab Automobile, Volvo Cars and the lightweight project SåNätt. I also draw upon my experience working in the automotive industry for many years. The empirical studies revealed different approaches to develop radical innovations. While one of the companies focused on radical development of new concepts aiming to build a supplier structure for collaboration, the other company’s focus was on incremental development of technical solutions to be implemented in a shorter time horizon. However both companies were stuck in the paradigm where the first focused on more explorative projects and through significant interest in technology and a more informal way of working, they managed to bypass several parts in the paradigm. The other company was managing the projects through a formal process governed by strategic plans and a strong implementation focus and was more deeply committed to its infrastructure for body manufacturing thus hindering more radical changes. The thesis shows that some inertias in the paradigm can indeed be challenged, but it also shows that in order to succeed in an environmentally driven transition, the paradigm dominating the automotive industry has to be questioned.

  • 14.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Projekt: Normkritisk innovation för inkludering av minoritetsägda leverantörer i myndigheters inköpsprogram2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Amini, Mehdi
    University of Memphis.
    Salehi-Sangari, Esmail
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Environmentally and socially responsible buyer supplier relationship management2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Amini, Mehdi
    University of Memphis.
    Salehi-Sangari, Esmail
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan, KTH.
    Environmentally and socially responsible buyer supplier relationship management2015In: Ideas in Marketing: Finding the New and Polishing the Old : Proceedings of the 2013 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference / [ed] Krzysztof Kubacki, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, p. 445-446Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stakeholders expect corporations to improve their sustainability performance through observing environmental and social demands, and corporations respond to these requirements through applying corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR can be achieved by designing a sustainable supply chain in cooperation with companies along the supply chain. The stakeholder pressure on corporations to become sustainable transfers across the supply chain to suppliers. Buying firms manage the relationship with suppliers through supply management. Then, supplying managers’ attention to customer’s sustainability demands and reflecting such demands in their supply can improve the sustainability performance of the suppliers. This improvement in performance of suppliers emanates in supplied products and services and it gives buying firm a comparative advantage against competitors. Accordingly, sustainable supply management and buyer-supplier cooperation on achieving sustainability can address the sustainability concerns of the current business world. However, very few existing studies have considered the impact of sustainable supply management on improving sustainability performance of the buying firm. The current study goes beyond improving the sustainability performance of the buying firm. Specifically, the present research illustrates how sustainable supply management and buyer-suppliers cooperation can boost sustainability performance of the suppliers

  • 17.
    Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    School of Business and Economics at Linnaeus University.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Emerging trends in sustainability research: A look back as we begin to look forward2015In: International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development (IJESD), ISSN 1474-6778, E-ISSN 1478-7466, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 154-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research is a content analysis of 1502 peer-reviewed articles on sustainability. The aim is to investigate emerging themes and trends in this area of research and move towards recommendations for researchers to consider when developing their work in sustainability research. By exploring and tracking sustainability literature in the business and management disciplines over a 20-years period, patterns emerge that could provide a better understanding of the trends within authorship, research topic, and the themes and concepts being studied. One interesting contribution of this study is introducing the concept of the “4Ps of sustainability research,” which emerges by reviewing this area over time. The results suggest that the evolution of sustainability research can be summarized in organizations and firms moving from Principles and Policy towards Practice and Performance during over 20 years of sustainability efforts. This paper also discusses the creation of sustainability value and evolution of businesses to sustainability knowledge centers. It adds to the related literature, by proposing a new way of categorizing sustainability research over time, and introducing a framework for theory building in this area of research.

  • 18.
    Malmgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Expanding the scope of climate change mitigation practices in energy-intensive industry2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Malmgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Organizing for climate change mitigation in the energy-intensive industry2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Lind, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sustainability communication in the mining industry: a pre-study2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is based on a pre‐study aiming to provide an overview of what andhow the largest mining companies, internationally and in Sweden, communicate in terms of sustainability on their websites. The report presents a broad understanding of what large mining companies ‘say’ when it comes to sustainability. Conceptually, the study draws on writings in the areas of organizational communication, institutional theory and sustainability accounting. Methodologically, the study is based on qualitative textual analyses, to some extent aided by the text analytic tool Leximancer. The main findings of the study are that while most companies communicate all relevant sustainability issues and all the global leaders publish sustainability reports with the Global Reporting Initiative level A+, all companies distinctively communicate sustainability in unique ways. In this report, these similarities and differences in sustainability communication are retold in four main tensions and four main stories.

  • 21.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linnaeus University.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    The Online Norm of Reciprocity2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    et al.
    Linneaus University.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linneaus University.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linneaus University.
    Consumer Behavior Research: A Synthesis of the Recent Literature2016In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes 12 years of recent scholarly research on consumer behavior published in the five leading international journals in this field. Analyzing academic contributions to a specific area of research provides valuable insights into how it has evolved over a defined period. The approach was to briefly discuss content analysis and its application in scholarly literature review studies. The methodology used here involves the classification of topics to evaluate key trends in consumer behavior literature. It includes a ranking of topics published, typology of the published articles, the research classification in terms of methodologies, and analysis techniques. The most cited articles in the field and within each journal are also examined. The comprehensive literature review of consumer behavior research undertaken in this article could advance the discipline of consumer behavior research by elucidating the evolution of consumer behavior literature in the studied period.

  • 23.
    Qureshi, Asif
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Maurice, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Öhlander, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Co-disposal of lignite fly ash and coal mine waste rock for neutralisation of AMDManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The WRs from a lignite producing coal field and FA produced from a power plant incinerating lignite from this field have been investigated in this study with objectives including the effect of WR particle size, co-disposal of FA (cover and mixture) and WRs on AMD and leachate quality and potential for secondary mineralisation using PHREEQC. The effect of particle size has been clearly observed where smaller particle sizes (2mm) produced low pH (~2) leachates with elevated concentrations of the sulphide related elements (such as Fe, SO42-, Al, Zn, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn and Ni) compared to 5mm (pH~3) and 10mm (pH~3.7) particles, indicating that sulphide oxidation has been pronounced in smaller particles. Co-disposal of FA as mixture readily provides acid buffering minerals, resulting in better pH (~3–6) and leachate quality from the beginning, except initial flush-out on the first rinse. However, acidity produced by secondary mineralisation contributes towards the acidification of the system, causing stabilisation of pH at around 4.5−5. In contrast, the pH of the leachates from the FA cover scenario gradually increases from strongly acidic (pH~2) to mildly acidic (WR1: pH~5 and WR2: pH~4) and circumneutral (WR3: pH~7) along with decrease in EC and elemental leaching. Gradually increasing pH can be attributed to the cover effect, which reduces oxygen ingress, thus sulphide oxidation, causing pH to elevate. Since pH~4–5 is sufficient for the secondary Fe- and Al-mineral precipitation, the FA cover performs very well to achieve that until the conclusion of the column leaching experiment. However, due to slower reactivity of the system, leaching in the beginning cannot restricted. The co-disposal of FA as cover and/or mixture possess potential for neutralisation of AMD and improving leachate quality significantly. However, both systems need to be up-scaled and investigated for AMD neutralisation, leachate quality, kinetic modelling and geotechnical properties.

  • 24.
    Qureshi, Asif
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Maurice, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Öhlander, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Effects of the co-disposal of lignite fly ash and coal mine waste rocks on AMD and leachate qualityManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignite fly ash (FA) and waste rocks (WRs) were mixed in three different ratios (1:1, 1:3 and 1:5) and studied to compare the effects of adding FA on AMD generation from coal mining WRs, leachability of elements and the potential occurrence of secondary minerals. FA mixed with WRs showed significant differences in pH levels compared to previous research. The 1:1 mixture performed best of all the three mixtures in terms of pH and leachability of elements, mainly due to the higher proportion of FA in the mixture. The pH in the 1:1 mixtures varied between 3.3 – 5.1 compared to other mixtures (2.3­ – 3.5). Iron and SO42- leached considerably less from the 1:1 mixture compared to the others, indicating that the oxidation of sulphides was weaker in this mixture. Aluminium leached to a high degree from all mixtures, with concentrations varying from mg L-1–g L-1. The reason behind this increase is probably the addition of FA which, due to acidic conditions and the composition of the FA, increases the availability of Al. For the same reason, high concentrations of Mn and Zn were also measured. Geochemical modelling indicates that the 1:1 mixture performs better in terms of precipitation of Al3+ minerals, whereas Fe3+ minerals precipitated more in mixtures containing less FA. These results suggest that, with time, the pores could possibly be filled with these secondary minerals and sulphate salts (followed by a decrease in sulphide oxidation), improving the pore water pH and decreasing the leachability of elements. Since grain size plays a crucial role in the reactivity of sulphides, there is a risk that the results from the leaching tests may have been influenced by crushing and milling of the WR samples.

  • 25.
    Qureshi, Asif
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering. Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan.
    Maurice, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Öhlander, Björn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Effects of the co-disposal of lignite fly ash and coal mine waste rocks on AMD and leachate quality2019In: Environmental science and pollution research international, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 4104-4115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lignite fly ash (FA) and waste rocks (WRs) were mixed in three different ratios (1:1, 1:3 and 1:5) and studied to compare the effects of adding FA on acid mine drainage generation from coal mining WRs, leachability of elements and the potential occurrence of the secondary minerals. FA mixed with WRs showed significant differences in pH levels compared to previous research. The 1:1 mixture performed best of all the three mixtures in terms of pH and leachability of elements, mainly due to the higher proportion of FA in the mixture. The pH in the 1:1 mixtures varied between 3.3 and 5.1 compared to other mixtures (2.3–3.5). Iron and SO42− leached considerably less from the 1:1 mixture compared to the others, indicating that the oxidation of sulphides was weaker in this mixture. Aluminium leached to a high degree from all mixtures, with concentrations varying from mg L−1 to g L−1. The reason behind this increase is probably the addition of FA which, due to acidic conditions and the composition of the FA, increases the availability of Al. For the same reason, high concentrations of Mn and Zn were also measured. Geochemical modelling indicates that the 1:1 mixture performs better in terms of precipitation of Al3+ minerals, whereas Fe3+ minerals precipitated more in mixtures containing less FA. These results suggest that, with time, the pores could possibly be filled with these secondary minerals and sulphate salts (followed by a decrease in sulphide oxidation), improving the pore water pH and decreasing the leachability of elements. Since grain size plays a crucial role in the reactivity of sulphides, there is a risk that the results from the leaching tests may have been influenced by crushing and milling of the WR samples.

  • 26.
    Ranängen, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Advancing CSR in the mining industry: A stakeholder and management system approach2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is often defined as the integration of social and environmental concerns in a company’s operations and in its interactions with stakeholders on a voluntary basis. It is commonly accepted that extractive industries are at the cutting edge when it comes topractising CSR and that CSR is especially important in the mining sector. CSR needs to be implemented at every level of an organization if it is to have any meaningful impact. In this respect, scholars call for research on the practical rather than the policy level of CSR and for research viewed from an internalrather than an external standpoint. Established management systems are claimed to be useful for CSR practice and frameworks are based on various standards. The benefits of integrating all the aspects of CSR into one sustainability management system (SMS) are often highlighted. However, critical researchersbelieve that SMS would benefit from an externally focused stakeholder-driven and value-based approach, and that instead of ‘doing things right’ the focus should be on ‘doing the right things’, in that companies are often confronted with a range of stakeholders. In line with the call for practical research, thisthesis focuses on stakeholder management within the context of management system thinking. The purpose of this thesis is to explore how the extractive industry in general and companies in the metal and mining industry in particular practise CSR and how this management can be developed. The case study method was chosen as the research strategy and two single case studies in the mining industry were designed. The research began with a literature review and the collection of case study data consisting of documentation, interviews and interactive workshops. The most comprehensive and applied CSR practice is found in the oil industry. The forestry sector mainly seems to practise CSR through environmental issues, while mining companies focus primarily on community involvement and development and environmental issues.Both the case companies have comprehensive policy frameworks in place for CSR and well implemented work systems for labour practices and the environment. This indicates that certified management systems are effective tools for CSR. However, other important CSR issues, such as fair operating practices and community involvement and development, fall outside the scopeof the adopted management system. Therefore, management systems need to be supplemented in order to integrate sustainable development more fully. Both case studies show that ISO 26000 is useful for evaluating and improving a company’s CSR practice. Case study II demonstrates that stakeholder theory iseasily practised and contributes to the development of CSR practice, at least in the planning phase of the PDCA methodology, i.e. the identification of stakeholders and stakes, the estimation of ‘who and what really counts’ and the development of effective strategies to best manage stakeholders. The path from theory to practice also generates interesting discussions when a company looksat stakeholders from different perspectives.

  • 27.
    Ranängen, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Corporate Social Responsibility practice in the mining industry2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has frequently been discussed throughout the years. However, in the 1990s criticism of multinational companies and their production in developing countries resulted in new and more demanding requirements from society. Research within CSR has increased over time but scholars are now demanding research efforts on the practical rather that the policy level of CSR and in this thesis CSR practice is defined as the “ongoing, regular, daily activities of the organization”.It is commonly accepted that extractive industries are in the forefront of practicing CSR and CSR is significantly important in the mining sector. The research purpose is to explore how the extractive industry in general, and the mining industry in particular, is practicing CSR. A comprehensive literature review gave an overview of how CSR is put into practice in the extractive industry and two case studies gave more profound knowledge of the practical level of CSR in the mining industry. The ISO 26000 standard has been used as a framework consistently throughout the research process.The case studies gave information about the practical level of CSR in the mining industry and interesting similarities have been found. Both case companies have comprehensive policy frameworks on CSR. They also have standardized management systems according to OHSAS 18001 for occupational health and safety and ISO 14001 for the environment in order to fulfill legal requirements. When standardized management system standards, like ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, and ISO 50001 for energy, have been implemented, the requirements within these areas in ISO 26000 are fulfilled. In other words, there is an overlap between the content in ISO 26000 and other system standards. A structured way of working towards continual improvements is missing for the core subjects: community involvement and development; and fair operating practices. It is also within these subjects that the majority of the potential improvements for enhancing CSR performance have been identified. Stakeholder management is an important part of CSR theory. If all core subjects are integrated into a sustainability management system that has adopted the structured way of working toward continual improvements, the system can be used as a basis for stakeholder management. The study has identified two areas of special interest for further research: stakeholder management related to standardized management systems and community involvement and development.

  • 28.
    Ranängen, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Making stakeholder management theories useful in a Swedish mining company2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Ranängen, Helena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Stakeholder management in reality: Moving from conceptual frameworks to operational strategies and interactions2015In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 3, p. 21-33Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Established management systems are believed to be useful for CSR practise and in this context the benefits of integrating all aspects of CSR into one sustainability management system (SMS) are often highlighted. Stakeholder management is a managerial framework for dealing with CSR by interacting with stakeholders in order to create value. Although efforts have been made to integrate stakeholder management and SMS, the resulting frameworks are almost always conceptual and seldom describe how stakeholder management can be performed.This is an important empirical addition, in that it describes how a company reacts to and adopts stakeholder management theory. The focus is on the practical rather than theoretical implications. The paper provides practitioners with a stakeholder management theory that can be purposefully applied within a management system approach and offers a way of working that categorizes, systematizes and makes stakeholder management more effective. A case study based on interactive workshops shows how the planning phase in the PDCA (Plan, Do, Check, Act) methodology, i.e. the identification of stakes and the development of effective strategies to best manage stakeholders, can be performed. The stakes and strategies thus constitute the primary base on which SMS is built. The study shows how these stakes and strategies can be translated into objectives, targets, programmes, procedures and practises for the implementation of CSR in ongoing everyday activities. It also demonstrates that theory can easily be practised and can generate interesting discussions when a company is forced to look at stakeholders from different perspectives.

  • 30.
    Ranängen, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Exploring the path from management systems to stakeholder management in Swedish mining industry2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 84, p. 128-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    is often conceptually suggested that frameworks for the practice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) that take all the needs of a company’s stakeholders into consideration can emanate from management systems based on international standards. This study addresses the research question of whether the adoption of established management systems is useful for putting stakeholder management into practice. It takes the form of an in-depth case study of a Swedish mining and metals company and employs an analytical framework based on the ISO 26000 CSR standard. The company in question has well-integrated and implemented work systems regarding both labor practices and the environment. This indicates that certified management systems are effective tools for CSR and can be used rather effectively as a means of stakeholder management in practice. However, analysis also shows that such management systems contribute neither to the use of more renewable energy resources nor to a systematic reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In addition, important CSR issues, such as fair operating practices and community involvement and development, fall outside the scope of the adopted management system.

  • 31.
    Ranängen, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Exploring the practical implementation of corporate social responsibility in the mining industry2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ranängen, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Revisiting the ‘how’ of corporate social responsibility in extractive industries and forestry: present situation, industry differences and knowledge gaps2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 84, p. 299-312Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extractive industries such as mining and oil, as well as the forestry industry, are in the forefront concerning Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The research body concerning CSR in these industries is substantial. The purpose of this study is to review the part of the research in this field that primarily focuses on the ‘how’ issues of CSR in order to provide valuable information concerning which subareas of CSR that have been addressed and the characteristics of those areas. The identified research concerning extractive industries is focused mainly on CSR practices in Africa, Oceania and South America. Even if research concerning forestry to a large extent includes European activities there seem to be a lack of knowledge regarding CSR development in Europe. Several differences and similarities have been identified in how the industry sectors are practicing CSR. Forestry seems to be practicing CSR mainly through environmental issues and mining companies are focusing primarily on community involvement and development as well as environment issues. The most comprehensive and applied CSR practice is found in the oil industry. Despite the fact that most of the literature claimed to address the practical side of CSR, it still remains unknown how some CSR issues are practiced in real company life

  • 33.
    Ranängen, Helena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Bergström, Andrea
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    The merits of ISO 26000 for CSR development in the mining industry: a case study in the Zambian Copperbelt2014In: Social Responsibility Journal, ISSN 1747-1117, E-ISSN 1758-857X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 500-515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to design a case study to explore how a mining and construction company, located in the Zambian Copperbelt, practices corporate social responsibility (CSR), which has a vital role to play in the mining industry because of its importance in a range of areas including: the local economy, avoiding a negative impact on the environment and society and occupational safety. This is especially true in the developing parts of the world. Numerous initiatives, guidelines and tools have been made available for CSR practice but very little is known about the usefulness of the new CSR-standard International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 26000. Design/methodology/approach– A case study was designed to explore how a mining and construction company, located in the Zambian Copperbelt, practices CSR within the health area and to discuss the possible merits of ISO 26000 for CSR development in the mining industry in the developing world. Findings– Our findings show that, despite the fact that ISO 26000 is primarily a series of guidelines, it can be used to evaluate and improve a company’s CSR practice even if that company is already considered as a frontrunner within CSR. The standard can give valuable advice when designing community development programs and allocating the use of charity donations. Further, our study has shown that traditional management systems based on occupational health and safety standard 18001 and ISO 14001 can rather effectively support actions and expectations in ISO 26000. Research limitations/implications– The research context is Zambia, so there might be limitations when applying the results to other cultural and geographical settings. Practical implications– The paper is a useful source of information about the practical implementation of CSR within the health area. Originality/value– Much of the literature within the field of practical implementation of CSR is focusing on the philanthropic activities. This paper brings more information about practical implementation of CSR in core corporate business.

  • 34.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Att arbeta för ett stigmatiserat företag2012In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 9-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Anställda med yrken som i sig inte är stigmatiserade men som arbetar för stigmatiserade organisationer är en negligerad grupp människor i arbetslivsforskningen. Dessa personer tvingas ofta att hantera det stigma som organisationen spiller över på dem, framför allt i relationer med ytligt bekanta. En respondent på ett krigsmaterielföretag säger: ”Jag har varit med om att folk har vänt ryggen mot mig, när jag berättar var jag jobbar”. I dessa möten blir jobbet, som ofta är en viktig del av en persons sociala identitet, något som måste hanteras med försiktighet. Artikeln handlar om hur dessa personer resonerar kring och i praktiken hanterar denna stigmatransfer. Den bygger på Erving Goffmans arbeten om stigma, på tidigare forskning om stigmatiserade yrken och på intervjuer med anställda vid ett krigsmaterielföretag och två företag i den pornografiska branschen.

  • 35.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Preferences of young news consumers: A conjoint analysis2015In: Ideas in Marketing: Finding the New and Polishing the Old : Proceedings of the 2013 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference / [ed] Krzysztof Kubacki, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, p. 595-598Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As more people choose to obtain their news online, most notably young people, it became of interest to look at the changing habits of online news consumers. Using conjoint analysis of Swedish college students, this paper aims to answer the question, which news attributes within various news categories are most preferred by today’s online news consumers? Results indicate that accuracy and source credibility are the most important attributes across many news categories, followed by immediacy. Interestingly, interactivity was, overall, the least preferred attribute for young, online news consumers in one of the most Internet-connected countries in the world

  • 36.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Foster, Tim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Preferences of young news consumers: A conjoint analysis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Linnaeus University.
    Stakeholders Engagement and Readability of Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting: A Study of Most Sustainable Firms2015In: Proceedings of the 40th Annual Macromarketing Conference, Chicago, Illinois: Marketing as Provisioning Technology : Integrating Perspectives on Solutions for Sustainability, Prosperity, and Social Justice / [ed] Clifford Shultz II; Raymond Benton; Olga Kravets, Macromarketing Society Inc., 2015, p. 684-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The social and environmental responsibility of business has become a major issue in recent years and communicating messages about such initiatives are likely to evoke strong and often positive reactions among stakeholders of every firm. Companies can generate favorable attitudes among their stakeholders by engaging them in CSR activities and eventually strengthen stakeholder-company relationships. As a result, there is a need for companies to communicate their CSR activities more effectively to stakeholders using different media. This paper considers the content of one type of such communications, the CSR report. Trough a content analysis, it looks at how five of top sustainable organizations address their stakeholders in their CSR reports. The readability of such reports for stakeholders will also be evaluated. The results suggest that only a selected number of stakeholders are addressed in the studied CSR reports and these reports found to be not readable enough for the intended audience.

  • 38.
    Siva, Vanajah
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Bergquist, Bjarne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    The Support of Quality Management for Sustainable Development: A Literature Review2016In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 138, no 2, p. 148-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality Management is considered to be suitable as support forthe integration of sustainability considerations in areas such as productdevelopment. The purpose of this paper is to review research in whichQuality Management methods, tools or practices have been used inconjunction with sustainable development initiatives. We have identifiedfour themes that synthesize the research on Quality Management and itssupport to approaches for sustainable development: (1) supportingsustainability through integration of management systems, (2) QualityManagement as support to the implementation of Environmental ManagementSystems and to the management of sustainability, (3) supportingintegration of sustainability considerations in daily work, and (4)supporting stakeholder management and customer focus. By far the mostresearch has been conducted within the first two themes. This paper alsocontributes with proposals for future research, such as the need to movebeyond existing standards and management systems to enable more radicalimprovements, and the need for empirical evidence of the effect ofintegrated management systems on environmental performance. We alsohighlight the point that Quality Management practices and tools must bedeveloped and adapted in order to support sustainability considerations.

  • 39.
    Sturesson, Annie
    et al.
    Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative in Uganda: Who will take the lead when the government falters?2015In: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 33-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Uganda is expected to join the group of African oil producing countries in 2018. The Government of Uganda (GoU) has high hopes for the sector and expects oil to transform the country from a low-income into a competitive upper middle-income country by 2040. However, despite these claims, the GoU’s management of the sector is already being criticized, specifically over corruption and tax disputes with oil companies. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiativ (EITI) has, during the last decade, gained increased recognition as a standard for promoting transparency and revenue disclosure for resource-rich countries. In the 2008 National Oil and Gas Policy (NOGP), the GoU expressed its intention to adopt the standard. The objective of this paper is to analyze why the GoU, seven years later, has still not made any progress with an EITI process. Furthermore, it assesses the leverage and motivation for non-government stakeholders (development partners, civil society and oil companies) to take the lead on the EITI and compensate for the lack of political will.

  • 40.
    Söderberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Hammer, M.
    Kvarnström, M.
    Magnussen, K.
    Mustonen, T.
    Määenpää, M.
    Køie Poulsen, M.
    Roth, E.
    Sörensen, J.
    Tunón, H.
    Vävare, S.
    Options for governance,institutional arrangements andprivate and public decision-making across scales and sectors2018In: Biodiversity and ecosystem services in Nordic coastal ecosystems: an IPBES-like assessment. Volume 1. The general overview / [ed] Belgrano, A, Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerråd, 2018, , p. 200p. 161-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Nordic region, the drivers and pressures affecting them, interactions and effects on people and society, and options for governance. The main report consists of two volumes. Volume 1 The general overview (this report) and Volume 2 The geographical case studies. This study has been inspired by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services (IPBES). It departs from case studies (Volume 2, the geographical case studies) from ten geographical areas in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) and the autonomous areas of Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Åland. The aim was to describe status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Nordic region, including the drivers and pressures affecting these ecosystems, the effects on people and society and options for governance. The Nordic study is structured as closely as possible to the framework for the regional assessments currently being finalized within IPBES. The report highlights environmental differences and similarities in the Nordic coastal areas, like the inhabitants´ relation to nature and the environment as well as similarities in social and policy instruments between the Nordic countries. This study provides background material for decision-making and it is shown that Nordic cooperation is of great importance for sustainable coastal management and should be strengthened in future work.

  • 41.
    Vidal, Brenda
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kärrman, E.
    RISE Research Institute of Sweden, Urban Water management.
    Hedström, Annelie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Herrmann, Inga
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    An environmental approach to compare on-site sanitation systems2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    A critical review of industrial management approaches for climate change mitigation2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Energiledning i energiintensiv industri: En syntes av ett forskningsprojekt2017Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Exploring the influence of organisational chacteristics on benefits of environmental management systems2010In: Proceedings of 13th QMOD Conference on Quality and Service Sciences ICQSS / [ed] Ralf Woll; Michael Brusch, Cottbus: Brandenburg University of Technology , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of organizational characteristics on the environmental benefits of environmental management system (EMS) adoption. Methodology/Approach - This study is a meta-study based on secondary analysis of data and findings published in more than 80 previous studies. As a meta-study it is a type of review but an attempt is made to identify patterns and relations not sought by the original authors.Findings - The results of this study indicate that the benefits of EMS seem to be independent of the drivers for adoption. Not only large organisations but also smaller ones benefit from EMS. EMS implementation in smaller organisations is associated with significant barriers, but improvement occurs because these organisations often look at environmental issues for the first time when adopting an EMS. EMS appears to be a functional tool not only in the industrial sector, but also in those more service-oriented organizations that have the most complex environmental impact. No significant differences in benefits from EMS have been found in different cultural settings. Research limitations/implications – Since the analysis is based on findings in previous studies, it is not possible to influence the data. The findings have to be validated with empirical studies preferable in the form of larger surveys. Originality/Value of paper – Adoption of EMS constitutes one of the most important elements of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate sustainability in recent years. Most of the previous studies on the effects of environmental management systems (EMS) treat all organisations as one homogenous group and do not examine the benefits of EMS implementation in relation to the differences in organisational characteristics. However, it is plausible that the benefits do indeed depend on different organisational characteristics. During a review of EMS evaluation studies and other relevant literature, four characteristics have been identified that can be assumed to affect the outcome of EMS implementation; drivers for EMS adoption, organisation size, business sector and cultural setting. In addition to these organisational characteristics, other attributes most probably also affect the results of EMS adoption, but these characteristics where chosen since they, in contrast to other characteristics, could be identified in already published studies and therefore constitute a suitable point of departure for research penetrating deeper into the possible environmental benefits of EMS.

  • 45.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    ISO 14001 Adoption and Environmental Performance: The Case of Manufacturing in Sweden2018In: ISO 9001, ISO 14001, and New Management Standards / [ed] Iñaki Heras-Saizarbitoria, Springer, 2018, p. 39-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental management systems based on the international standard ISO 14001 have become widespread in companies globally during the last two decades. This chapter aims to contribute knowledge as to which companies are most likely to adopt ISO 14001, environmental frontrunners or poor performers in need of effective approaches. In addition, the chapter aims to assess the impact of ISO 14001 on concrete environmental performance. The context in focus in this study is manufacturing companies in Sweden. The study focuses on changes in performance over a period of 12 years and includes both ISO 14001-certified companies and non-certified companies. The analysis has been carried out using statistical methods for five different environmental areas: air emissions, water emissions, resource use, energy use and waste. In none of these environmental areas have we been able to find any significant differences between certified and non-certified companies regarding performance improvement prior to ISO 14001-certification or the corresponding period in non-certified companies. Certain positive concrete effects as a result of the ISO 14001 adoption have been found but, in general, the standard seems to have limited effect on the improvement of corporate environmental performance. There are many examples in the literature that ISO 14001 has been successful under certain circumstances but at the same time it seems that ISO 14001-certification does not appear to be a guarantee of neither superior environmental performance nor concrete environmental improvements.

  • 46.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    ISO 14001 adoption and industrial waste generation: the case of Swedish manufacturing firms2015In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 107-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adoption of environmental management systems (EMSs) based on ISO 14001 has constituted one of the most important developments in sustainable industry management in recent years. Previous research on the impact of EMSs has relied heavily on corporate representatives’ subjective perception of benefits. Moreover, studies tend to focus on the systems’ impact on firms’ overall environmental performance, not distinguishing between the differences in different environmental aspects. This study aims to contribute knowledge about the influence of certified EMSs on industrial waste generation based on objective industrial waste data derived from mandatory annual environmental reports. The study focuses on changes in waste generation over a period of 12 years and includes both ISO 14001-certified firms (66 firms) and non-certified firms (50 firms). Consideration is given to the improvement efforts in the firms before EMS adoption. Analysis has been carried out using statistical methods for three different industrial waste parameters: hazardous waste, waste to landfill and the total amounts of waste. The results indicate that the certified EMSs have no statistically significant effect on any of the three waste parameters.

  • 47.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    ISO 14001 certification in manufacturing firms: a tool for those in need or an indication of greenness?2013In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 43, p. 37-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adoption of environmental management systems constitutes one of the most important elements of corporate sustainability in recent years. The purpose of this study is to contribute knowledge as to which firms are most likely to adopt an environmental management system, those which are in greatest need of effective approaches or those which are already environmental frontrunners. A comparison between the improvement in environmental performance over a six-year period prior to ISO 14001 certification and the corresponding improvement in firms choosing not to adopt a system was performed. Environmental data was analyzed by using t-tests for six different areas: air emissions, water emissions, resource use, energy use, waste and overall environmental performance. In none of these environmental areas have we been able to find any statistically significant differences between certified and non-certified firms at 95% confidence level regarding the change in environmental performance prior to ISO 14001-certification or the corresponding period in non-certified firms. Our results indicate that it is equally likely that firms showing less or no improvement choose to implement and certify an environmental management system as it is for firms showing more improvement to do so.

  • 48.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    ISO 14001 certification in Swedish firms: a tool for the needy or a symptom of greenness?2011In: Proceedings QMOD Conference on Quality and Service Sciences 2011: from learnability, innovability and sustainability : book of full papers / [ed] Carmen Jaca; Ricardo Mateo; Elizabeth Viles; Javier Santos, Pamplona: Servicios de Publicaciones Universidad de Navarra , 2011, p. 1949-1961Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    The effects of environmental management system on Swedish manufacturing firms' environmental performance2010In: Proceedings of Corporate Responsibility Research Conference 2010 / [ed] Tobias Hahn, Marseille: Euromed Management School , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The corporate environmental management tool that has undoubtedly become the most popular in recent years is environmental management systems (EMS), which often are based on the international standard ISO 14001. With few exceptions, studies on effects of EMS are relying on firm representatives’ perceived benefits, which is problematic since firm representatives often have reason to give a positive image of their employer. This study therefore aims to contribute knowledge about the environmental effects of environmental management system based on more objective environmental data. The study focuses on changes in performance over a period of 12 years and includes both firms with an EMS (66 firms) and firms without systems (50 firms). Consideration is given to the improvement efforts in the firms before EMS adoption. Analysis has been carried out using statistical methods, e.g. t-test, for six different areas: air emissions, water emissions, resource use, energy use, waste and overall environmental performance. The analysis shows that there was no statistically significant difference concerning the change in the rate of improvement between certified and non-certified firms in any of the six areas.

  • 50.
    Zobel, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    The impact of ISO 14001 on corporate environmental performance: a study of Swedish manufacturing firms2016In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 587-606Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The debate concerning the environmental effectiveness of environmental management systems (EMS) based on ISO 14001 is still open and scholars have called for further studies that can explain the contrasting evidence in previous research. As a response, this study aims to contribute knowledge about the effects of ISO 14001-based EMS by presenting fact-based environmental data. The study focuses on changes in performance over a period of 12 years and includes both firms with an EMS (66 firms) and firms without one (50 firms). Consideration is given to the improvement efforts in the firms before EMS adoption making it possible to neutralize any selection effects where better environmental performance precedes ISO 14001 adoption. Analysis has been carried out using statistical methods for six different environmental areas. No statistically significant differences between certified and non-certified firms concerning the change in the rate of improvement could be found in any of the six areas. However, it can be suspected that EMS adoption has positive effects on energy use and waste production whereas the non-adopting firms seem to perform better concerning air emissions. These mixed results mirrors previous research, which is rather worrying considering the worldwide popularity of EMS based on ISO 14001 in industry.

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