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  • 1.
    Ahlgren, Linda
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjölander, Christina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att identifiera samt främja meningsfulla aktiviteter hos personer som är 80 år och äldre.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe occupational therapists' experiences of identifying and promoting meaningful activities with people aged 80 years and over, with homecare. Method: The authors chose a qualitative approach to describe the subjective experiences of the occupational therapists. Eight semi- structured interviews were conducted and analyzed on the basis of qualitative content analysis. Result: The data resulted in three categories, one with two subcategories these were: Identification of individual needs for meaningful activities, Work promoting against meaningful activities with subcategories: Problems occupational therapists meet with the elderly as well as supportive resources to maintain meaningful activities,as well as the category of Occupational Therapists' lack of and the wish for resources to work towards meaningful activities. Conclusion: The study shows that occupational therapists in the field of home care focus on starting from the patient's individual life story and they see a danger with generalizing when working with patients aged 80 years and over. Occupational therapists' experiences also showed that minor efforts and the social network of relatives and friends are important for the patients to be able to carry out meaningful activities. The participants in the study showed a great commitment to their work while expressing a wish to do more for the patients.

  • 2.
    Ahlmark, Daniel Innala
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.
    Prellwitz, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Hyyppä, Kalevi
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.
    An Initial Field Trial of a Haptic Navigation System for Persons with a Visual Impairment2015In: Journal of Assistive Technologies, ISSN 1754-9450, E-ISSN 2042-8723, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 199-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to describe conceptions of feasibility of a haptic navigation system for persons with a visual impairment (VI). Design/methodology/approach– Six persons with a VI who were white cane users were tasked with traversing a predetermined route in a corridor environment using the haptic navigation system. To see whether white cane experience translated to using the system, the participants received no prior training. The procedures were video-recorded, and the participants were interviewed about their conceptions of using the system. The interviews were analyzed using content analysis, where inductively generated codes that emerged from the data were clustered together and formulated into categories. Findings– The participants quickly figured out how to use the system, and soon adopted their own usage technique. Despite this, locating objects was difficult. The interviews highlighted the desire to be able to feel at a distance, with several scenarios presented to illustrate current problems. The participants noted that their previous white cane experience helped, but that it nevertheless would take a lot of practice to master using this system. The potential for the device to increase security in unfamiliar environments was mentioned. Practical problems with the prototype were also discussed, notably the lack of auditory feedback. Originality/value– One novel aspect of this field trial is the way it was carried out. Prior training was intentionally not provided, which means that the findings reflect immediate user experiences. The findings confirm the value of being able to perceive things beyond the range of the white cane; at the same time, the participants expressed concerns about that ability. Another key feature is that the prototype should be seen as a navigation aid rather than an obstacle avoidance device, despite the interaction similarities with the white cane. As such, the intent is not to replace the white cane as a primary means of detecting obstacles.

  • 3.
    Ahlmark, Daniel Innala
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.
    Prellwitz, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Röding, Jenny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Hyyppä, Kalevi
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.
    Virtuell vit käpp för den seende rullstolen2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Anderberg, Rosie
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Bäckman, Viktoria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Smartphone inom rehabilitering för personer med förvärvad hjärnskada: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe how the smartphone is used as a compensatory aid in rehabilitation and the importance it can have for people with acquired brain injury.

    Method: To answer the purpose, a literature study was carried out which included qualitative and quantitative research based on eight studies.

    Result: The smartphone has many advantages as a compensatory aid and it shows important for people with acquired brain injury in their daily life in many ways. Significant effects could be measured which led to more activities being initiated and completed at the right time, thus many of the basic problems with acquired brain injury are addressed, such as problems with memory, planning, initiation and organization. The smartphone was also preferred by the users in front of other devices.

    Conclusion: The study shows great advantages in implementing the smartphone as part of the rehabilitation of acquired brain injury. Furthermore, the study shows that the smartphone is the part of people's lives regardless of if they suffer from acquired brain damage or not. There is a need for further research within the subject since there are few studies that shed light on smartphone's as compensatory aid at present.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Burström, Martin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Upplevd aktivitetsbalans hos anhöriga till personer med depression2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe how relatives of people with depression experience their occupational balance and which strategies promotes occupational balance. The study adopted a qualitative inductive approach in order to focus on the participants' descriptions. A purposeful selection took place based on criteria. Six participants were included in the study. Data were generated through semistructured open-ended interviews and were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in one overall theme “When the worry and uncertainty are a part of life” and three categories “Routines and strategies for balancing everyday life","Being able to recover and own time for well-being", and "Worries about the future, strategies and its impact on everyday life". The study results showed how the participants' experience of concern and uncertainty characterized their everyday lives and influenced their occupational balance. Participants were affected by always having to be available, creating rigorous routines and developing strategies to make everyday activities work. Even factors and activities in everyday life that affected their own health as well as concerns for the future, characterized participants everyday life. The outcome of this study can contribute to increased knowledge of how relatives experience everyday life and its difficulties in maintaining a good occupational balance. Furthermore, the strategies they used to promote balance in everyday life can also be beneficial for occupational therapists in their work to support relatives of people with depression.

  • 6. Andersson, Marit
    et al.
    Larsson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Bränholm, Inga-Britt
    Umeå universitet.
    Arbetsterapeutisk utredning och åtgärd vid kort- och långtidssjukskrivning: en försöksverksamhet1993Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Angbratt, Disa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Föräldrastrategier för att stödja en hållbar vardag för barn med ADHD2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The everyday life for children with ADHD is affected by problems regarding inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Parenting a child with ADHD consists of increasing demands in everyday life, which gives greater risks for poor mental health amongst parents. When working with a child with ADHD the occupational therapist work with the whole family, often focusing on interventions in the home environment. The aim of this study was to investigate strategies described by parents of children with ADHD to create a sustainable everyday life. A qualitative approach was used and data from 6 blogs about parenting children with ADHD, was analysed through a qualitative content analysis. The result was compiled into three main categories, Taking care of one self as a parent, Children’s needs and adjustments in everyday life and A new family life as a team. In the result it was shown that parents used strategies in an active way to manage their own well- being, to create structure to support their children, to reduce the amount of conflicts and to strengthen their children's self-esteem. An overall theme emerged The journey towards a new parenthood, that showed the process the parents went through via personal growth, awareness in parenting style and new expectations on family life. The result shown in the study emphasizes a perceptive parenthood to support their children, factors confirmed in previous studies. The result also wishes to highlight the parents own personal health as an important aspect. A sustainable everyday life was both an individual project for the parent, as a joint project for the family as a whole.


  • 8.
    Anton, Lindgren
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Idrott- och hälsa lärares erfarenheter av att arbeta med funktionsnedsättningar i den ordinära grundskolan, belyst utifrån ett delaktighetsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Delaktighet i skolans utbildning är något som alla elever har rätt att ta del av. Strävan ska vara att anpassa skillnader i elevernas förutsättning att tillgodogöra sig utbildningen. Elever med funktionsnedsättningar är påvisat mer inskränkta eller begränsade av delaktighet, vilket visar sig i skolans miljö. Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande studie var att beskriva lärarnas erfarenheter av att arbeta med elever som har funktionsnedsättning, i ämnet idrott och hälsa Metod: studiens design var kvalitativ. Sex intervjuer genomfördes med lärare i grundskolan inom skolämnet idrott och hälsa som samtliga hade erfarenhet av arbeta med elever som har funktionsnedsättning. Det insamlade datamaterialet analyserades med stöd och inspiration av en induktiv innehållsanalys och resulterade i fyra kategorier: ”En tillåtande undervisningsmiljö främjar delaktighet”,” Strategier för en främjad delaktighet”, ”Förstärkt kompetens kan främja elever med funktionsnedsättning till delaktighet”, ”Organisatoriska resurser i arbetet gentemot att främja delaktighet i skolan”. Resultat: Lärarna påvisar hängivelse till att inkludera elever med funktionsnedsättning. De rapporterar samtidigt begränsningar i deras kompetens, kännedom, skolans miljö och verktyg som kan resultera i att elever med funktionsnedsättning frånses behovet av anpassning, eller exkluderas. Konklusion: Lärare inom idrott och hälsa i grundskolan upplever att deras görande och skolan som organisation har ett starkt samband till hur elever med funktionsnedsättning får möjlighet till delaktighet. Studien kan användas i syfte att medvetandegöra att mer stöd i skolan behövs för att samtliga elever ska delta i skolämnet idrott och hälsa.

  • 9.
    Bagatell, Nancy
    et al.
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
    Womack, Jennifer L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Human capacity for action as core content in occupational scienceeducation2016In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 514-518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incentives for teaching occupational science may vary from advancementof the discipline to providing philosophical grounding for the profession ofoccupational therapy. Regardless of the aim, the essential content of thesubject matter – occupational science – has been largely unexplored. Inseeking to refine concepts of occupation that emerged from scholarshipin occupational therapy and yet distance the conversation from anapplied perspective, occupational scientists have focused heavily on theform, function and meaning of occupation as well as socioculturalfactors effecting occupational engagement. This focus has largelydivorced the content from the exploration of the embodied experienceof and the human capacity for action. This paper seeks to challenge thatdivision by considering human capacity for action as integral tounderstanding occupation, and knowledge of body structure andfunction as key to understanding human capacity for action. We offer anexample of a course where human capacity for action is foregrounded,enabling students to more clearly understand the relationship betweenoccupation, embodied action, and body structures and functions.

  • 10.
    Barchéus, Ida-Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Möjligheter och utmaningar i vardagliga aktiviteter för personer med läkemedelsassisterande behandling vid opiatberoende2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe involvement in everyday activities for people with opioid replacement therapy. To answer the purpose, an empirical qualitative design was chosen that is appropriate for capturing a person's own thoughts, feelings, experiences, experiences and opinions and the world in which he lives with the person's own words. Data were collected through interviews with people who have opioid replacement therapy. The collected data consisted of six interviews analyzed based on a latent qualitative content analysis. Analysis of data resulted in an overall theme; Living in life does not survive life and four categories; A struggle to adapt to something new and find structure in everyday life. To dare to believe in his ability. To get professional support along the way. The importance of the social environment for breaking old life. The result showed that involvement in everyday activities is a major challenge and a struggle that depends both on the support people receive from care and social services in their change process, their confidence in their own ability and how to succeed in creating a new identity and how the social environment around them look. Conclusions that can be deduced from the results of the study can give implications for people who have opioid replacement therapy to help build new life in addition to receiving medication. It is a struggle to adapt and create a new identity and in that work, occupational therapy can perform an important role.

  • 11.
    Batmanghelich, Catherine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    En litteraturstudie om aktiviteters betydelse för upplevd hälsa bland äldre immigranter: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: A literature study on the meaning of activities for experienced health among elderly immigrants.

    Method: Data collection was carried out through a systematic literature search in the databases Cinahl, PubMed, Psycinfo and Medline. The inclusion criteria and the review of the articles resulted in eight articles with quantitative assumptions finally being included.

    Results: From the compilation of the literature study four categories were identified. These four categories were: The importance of age for perceived activity and health in connection with migration, the importance of social support for the conduct of activities and the experience of health, the importance of acculturation for the activity and the experience of good health, and the work and the importance of education for activity and health.

    Summary: The outcome indicates that the health of older immigrants is an area that occupational therapists should pay attention to. There is a need for research that illustrates how occupational therapists can offer intervention to this group.

     

  • 12.
    Bergfeldt, Ingrid
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Svedin, Linn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Upplevd aktivitetsbalans hos yrkesarbetande föräldrar med barn i åldern 6-10år2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur yrkesarbetande föräldrar med barn i åldrarna 6-10 år upplever sin aktivitetsbalans.

    Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med 14 yrkesarbetande föräldrar. Intervjuerna genomfördes med en deltagare åt gången. De transkriberade intervjuerna analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys vilken slutligen resulterade i fyra kategorier.  

    Resultat: Resultatet visade de fyra kategorierna: “Att få livspusslet att gå ihop” som beskriver de svårigheter deltagarna har att få rätt mängd och rätt variation mellan aktiviteterna. “Stressande arbetssituation” beskriver deltagarnas upplevelse av hur deras aktivitetsbalans påverkas av arbetet. “Egna aktiviteter som kraftkälla” beskriver deltagarnas upplevelse av att få tid till egna aktiviteter. Samt “Rekreation ger återhämtning” som beskriver vad deltagarna upplever som återhämtning och hur det påverkar övriga aktiviteter.

    Slutsats: Slutsatsen är att deltagarna inte upplever aktivitetsbalans i vardagen. Detta beror på att lönearbetet tar en stor del av den vakna tiden och att barnen och deras välbefinnande prioriteras. Deltagarnas upplevelse är att de har balans när vardagen flyter på utan störande moment och aktiviteterna harmonierar samt att vara lugn och ostressad själv.

  • 13.
    Berglund, Erica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Nyblivna pensionärers upplevelse av hälsa och aktivitetsbalans i vardagslivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Vid pensioneringen har personen lämnat sitt arbete som kan ha varit den största aktiviteten i vardagen. Det blir en omställning som kan leda till både förändrad hälsa och inverka på aktivitetsbalansen. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur nyblivna pensionärer upplever sin hälsa och aktivitetsbalans i vardagen. Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med 12 nyblivna pensionärer. Intervjuerna genomfördes gemensamt av författarna med en deltagare åt gången. De transkriberade intervjuerna analyserades i två domäner med kvalitativ innehållsanalys vilket resulterade i totalt fem kategorier. Resultat: Översiktligt visade resultatet att övergången till pensioneringen i huvudsak var positiv men det fanns även en saknad efter tidigare arbetskamrater och strukturen de hade när de arbetade. Resultatet visade två domäner med kategorier. Domänen Hälsa med kategorierna: Kroppens styrka och Positiv och negativ energi. Det centrala inom domänen Hälsa visar att fysisk kapacitet och att ha energi till att utföra meningsfulla aktiviteter ger en god hälsa. Socialt nätverk, sjukdomar och väder är aspekter som påverkar hälsan. Domänen Aktivitetsbalans beskrevs inom kategorierna: Självbestämmande utan tidspress, Variationer i aktivitet och Stressorer som påverkar.  Det övergripande inom domänen Aktivitetsbalans visar att deltagarna uppfattar sig ha aktivitetsbalans när de har en självbestämmande vardag utan tidspress. Slutsats: Slutsatsen är att deltagarna upplever hälsa och aktivitetsbalans i vardagen när de har energi och fysisk kapacitet för att kunna utföra självbestämmande och meningsfulla aktiviteter utan tidspress. Med kunskap från aktuell studie och mer forskning kan arbetsterapeuter med en ökad förståelse vägleda individer i övergången till pension och ge stöd till att implementera meningsfulla aktiviteter.

  • 14.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Aktivitet: Aktivitetsmönster och dess relation till upplevd tillfredsställelse med livet i allmänhet2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Aktivitet: Distriktsarbetsterapeuters etiska dilemma vid hemrehabilitering1997Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Health-Promoting Personal Projects of Old Persons in Northern Sweden2016In: 1st CONTEC-ENOTHE Congress: National University of Ireland, Galway 15-19 June 2016, 2016, p. 203-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Occupational Value Experienced in Personal Projects Relevant to Old Persons' Health and Well-Being2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Temporal patterns of daily occupations and personal projects relevant for older persons’ subjective health: a health promotive perspective2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement in daily occupations has been shown to positively influence subjective health of older persons, but there is little knowledge of how such daily occupations should be temporally structured. This thesis is guided by two concepts to explore the temporal structure of daily occupations. Firstly, the concept temporal patterns of daily occupations are used to focus internal relationships and temporal order of daily occupations during 24-hour sequences. Secondly, the concept personal projects are used to focus sets of intentionally performed occupations structured to reach short- or long-term goals of a year. The overall aim of this thesis was to develop knowledge and understanding of temporal patterns of daily occupations and personal projects relevant for older persons’ health and well-being. This thesis includes four studies, according to a multi method sequential design. Participants in all four studies were recruited from retirement organizations in two municipalities in northern Sweden and all of them are living in their private urban or rural homes. For Study I and II, data of daily occupations and of health and well-being were collected from 151 older adults using open time-diaries completed for one week and two health questionnaires. A time-geographic method was used to analyze data from the time-diaries and descriptive and analytic statistics are applied for further analysis including the additional data from the two health questionnaires. The aim of Study I was to expand the knowledge regarding temporal patterns of daily occupations and to explore and describe older Swedish adults´ daily occupations from such a temporal pattern and time-use perspective. In Study I the temporal pattern of daily occupations of older persons was identified as real time-use and added time-use during 24-hour sequences. The pattern of real time-use showed i)a daily routine of six intervals ii) characteristic profiles illustrating number of participants in categorized occupations and iii) a pattern of merged categories of occupations. The pattern of added time-use for frequencies and durations of the 24-hour sequence showed a hierarchical structure with the highest frequencies and durations shown for care for oneself occupations followed by reflection and recreation, home-keeping, procure and prepare food, and transportation occupations (Study I). The aim of Study II was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low health among older adults in northern Sweden. The temporal pattern of daily occupations of older persons, identified as real time-use and added time-use during 24-hour sequences, showed similar patterns for groups of older persons reporting high and low health. Persons of high health reported higher frequencies and longer durations for home-keeping, procure and prepare food, and transportation occupations and lower frequencies and shorter durations for care for oneself and reflection and recreation occupations compared to the low health group (Study II). For Study III and IV, data of personal projects relevant for health and well-being were collected by interviews with 11 older persons selected from the high health subgroup in Study II. Data was analyzed by content analysis. The aim of Study III was to explore personal projects described by older persons in northern Sweden relevant to health and well-being during the forthcoming year. A coherent project system was developed. This system was structured as five core projects representing fourteen personal projects each including two to five sequential occupations, relevant to subjective health during the forthcoming year. The project system was anchored by the core projects: keeping the family together; enjoying one’s life at home; being close to nature; cultivating oneself; and promoting conditions for healthy ageing (Study III). In Study IV variations in occupational value were interpreted from older people´s personal projects relevant for health and well-being the forthcoming year. Variations in occupational value were identified from expressions in the 14 personal projects. Value dimensions of concrete and symbolic value were identified as the most frequently expressed and self-rewarding value as the least frequently expressed. Variations in occupational value within each personal project were shown as profiles of occupational value constructing the core projects. Profiles of occupational value of the core project cultivating one-self were dominated by concrete value while the remaining core projects were dominated by symbolic value (Study IV). Conclusions: This thesis contributes with knowledge of temporal patters of daily occupations described as real and added time-use during 24-hour sequences and the characteristics of such pattern showed for high health. Furthermore, it highlights a structure for a coherent project system relevant for occupational health during a year and the imbedded occupational value. This knowledge of the older persons’ structure and experiences of occupations may be used for promoting occupational health in different contexts. Keywords: elderly, temporal routines, structure of occupations, real time-use, added time-use, time-geographic method, core projects, personal projects, occupational value, health and well-being.

  • 19.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Temporal Patterns of Daily Occupations Related to Older Adults' Health in Northern Sweden2015In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 127-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low subjective health among older adults in Northern Sweden. A cross-sectional design imprinted by time-geographic methodology was used and participants 70 years and older were purposively selected and divided into groups of high and low health using the SoC-29 and SF-36 questionnaires. Daily occupations data were registered and analysed using VISUAL Time-PAcTS and related to health conditions using SPSS. The results showed that the participants in the high- and low-health groups showed similar patterns of participation in occupations during the 24-hour sequences describing their daily routines. Some differences in patterns of frequency and duration of occupations were shown between health groups during the 24-hour sequences as well as within six intervals. The low-health group showed higher frequencies and longer durations for “care for oneself” and “reflection and recreation” occupations and lower for “house-keeping” and “procure and prepare food” occupations compared to the high-health groups. There were few significant differences between the high- and low-health groups' mean durations for occupations. The results of this study could contribute to the support and assistance of occupations of older adults in society.

  • 20.
    Björklund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Gard, Gunvor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Temporal Patterns of Daily Occupations among Older Adults in Northern Sweden2014In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 143-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sought to expand knowledge regarding patterns of daily occupations and, specifically, to explore and describe the daily occupations of Swedish people aged over 70 years by investigating sequences, contexts and time-use. A cross-sectional design with a time-geographic approach was used. Open time diaries from 151 participants were collected and analysed using the software VISUAL-TimePAcTS. The results were illustrated as a routine of six pooled intervals during 24-hour sequences. The intervals comprised different lengths of time and each interval was dominated by different occupations. Night was dominated by ‘care for oneself’; morning by ‘house-keeping’ and ‘reflection and recreation’; lunch-time by care for oneself; afternoon by ‘reflection and recreation’; dinner/tea-time by ‘care for oneself’, and evening by ‘reflection and recreation’. The results were also illustrated as characteristic profiles of occupations visualised by the number of participants in each occupation during 24-hour sequences. Occupations were mainly supported by the home environment. Summed time-use showed the highest proportions in ‘care for oneself’ and ‘reflection and recreation’ occupations. To what extent health and well-being experiences of patterns of daily occupations might be related to challenges and fulfilment of basic occupational needs requires further investigation

  • 21.
    Blauwet, Cheri A.
    et al.
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Derman, Wayne
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; Institute for Sport and Exercise Medicine, Division of Orthopaedics, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; and International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre, South Africa.
    Idrisova, Guzel
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; and Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sport and Health, St. Petersburg, Russia; National Paralympic Committee of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
    Kissick, James
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; and Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Carleton University Sport Medicine Clinic, Ottawa, Canada.
    Stomphorst, Jaap
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; and Sports Medicine Department, Isala Klinieken, Zwolle, The Netherlands.
    Wosornu, Yetsa Tuakli
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
    Vliet, Peter van der
    Medical Committee and Medical and Scientific Department, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn.
    Webborn, Nick
    Medical Committee, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn, Germany; and School of Sport and Service Management, University of Brighton, East Sussex, United Kingdom.
    The Road to Rio: Medical and Scientific Perspectives on the 2016 Paralympic Games2016In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 8, no 8, p. 798-801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In August and September of this year, the world will turn its attention to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, for the 2016 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games. Of interest to physiatrists, the Paralympic Games will take place from September 7 to 18, with an estimated total of 4 billion viewers. In the United States, for the first time in history, the Summer Games will be broadcast over a total of 66 hours on NBCUniversal. The Paralympic Games represent the pinnacle of elite sport for athletes with disabilities while also changing perceptions around the importance of grassroots sport and physical activity opportunities for the disability community more broadly.It is no secret that the planning and preparation for the Rio Games has brought with it a number of challenges—the Zika virus, water quality, construction delays, and the oft-tenuous state of the Brazilian political system, to name a few. In some respects, these challenges are important as they stimulate discourse about the future of the Olympic and Paralympic Movement. In Paralympic sport, some of our current and most salient challenges are rooted in principles of sports medicine and science, as outlined herein. Because it is imperative to uphold the highest standards of athlete health and safety at the Games, this presents an unparalleled opportunity for the voice of physiatrists to come to the fore. As experts in disability and functional performance, neurologic and musculoskeletal rehabilitation, and sports medicine, we uniquely are suited to make an important and timely impact on Paralympic sport. Here, we provide a snapshot of what to watch out for in Rio.

  • 22.
    Bontje, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University.
    Asaba, Eric
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University.
    Josephsson, Staffan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab. Karolinska institute, Neurobiology Care Sciences and Society, Division of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska institutet, Sektionen för arbetsterapi.
    Balancing struggles with desired results in everyday activities: strategies for elderly persons with physical disabilities2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 154-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of elderly persons with disabilities needing support with everyday activities increasing in Japan and around the world. Yet, engagement in everyday activities can support the quality of their daily life. Despite research focusing on reported meanings of people's actions, there is still limited knowledge on how engagement in everyday activity is enacted along with the meanings of persons’ actions. The aim of the present study was to identify meanings of persons’ actions within everyday activities of elderly Japanese with physical disabilities. Five elderly persons with physical disabilities living in the community participated in this study. Data were gathered by 10 participant observations of everyday activities supplemented with 13 unstructured interviews. Narrative analysis was used to identify meanings of persons’ actions. The analysis identified an overall plot termed ‘balancing struggles with desired results’. This plot illustrated that participants’ and other involved individuals balanced problematic situations with finding situations that accommodated their needs. Meanings of these actions were further identified as three complementary strategies. Two of three strategies aimed to mitigate given problems, one by ‘acting on a plan to achieve one's goals’, the other by ‘taking a step in a preferred direction by capitalising on emerging opportunities’. The third strategy focused on avoiding undesirable experiences by ‘modifying problematic situations’. In conclusion, these findings call for care and rehabilitation providers’ sensitivity to shifting foci of what matters in daily life's situations as well as aligning with persons’ skills, resources and perspectives. Accordingly, the judicious and flexible use of these complementary strategies can enhance elderly persons’ quality of daily living through everyday activities.

  • 23.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University Hospital, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital.
    Flansbjer, Ulla-Britt
    Lunds universitet, Lund University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Determinants of falls and fear of falling in ambulatory persons with late effects of polio2017In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 455-463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundFalls and fear of falling (FOF) are common in persons with late effects of polio but there is limited knowledge of associated factors.ObjectiveTo determine how knee muscle strength, dynamic balance and gait performance (adjusted for gender, age and BMI) are associated with falls and FOF in persons with late effects of polio.DesignA cross-sectional study.SettingA university hospital outpatient clinic.ParticipantsEighty-one ambulatory persons with verified late effects of polio (43 men; mean age 67 years).Main Outcome MeasurementsNumber of falls the past year, Falls Efficacy Scale –International (FES-I) to assess FOF, a Biodex dynamometer to measure knee muscle strength, the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test to assess dynamic balance and the Six Minute Walk test (6MWT) to assess gait performance. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for falls (categorical data) and linear regression analyses for FOF (continuous data) as dependent variables.ResultsFifty-nine % reported at least one fall during the past year and 79% experienced FOF. Reduced knee muscle strength in the more affected limb and gait performance were determinants of falls. An increase of 10 Nm in knee flexor and knee extensor strength reduced the OR between 0.70 and 0.83 (P=.01), and an increase of 100 meter in 6MWT reduced the OR to 0.41 (P=.001). All factors were determinants of FOF; reduced knee muscle strength in the more and less affected limbs explained 17% to 25% of the variance in FOF, dynamic balance 30% and gait performance 41%. Gender, age and BMI only marginally influenced the results.ConclusionsReduced gait performance, knee muscle strength and dynamic balance are to a varying degree determinants of falls and FOF in ambulatory persons with late effects of polio. Future studies need to evaluate if rehabilitation programs targeting these factors can reduce falls and FOF in this population. 

  • 24.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University Hospital, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital.
    Flansbjer, Ulla-Britt
    Lunds universitet, Lund University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Muscle Weakness and Perceived Disability of Upper Limbs in Persons With Late Effects of Polio2016In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 8, no 9, p. 825-832Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Muscle weakness in one or both upper limbs is common in persons with previous polio, but there is very limited knowledge how it influences daily life. Objective: To assess muscle weakness and self-perceived disability of the upper limbs in persons with late effects of polio and evaluate their association. Design: Cross-sectional study. Settings: University hospital outpatient clinic. Participants: Twenty-eight persons (mean age 67, SD 16 years) with late effects of polio in their upper limbs. Main Outcome Measures: A fixed dynamometer (Biodex System 3 PRO dynamometer (Biodex Medical Systems Inc., Shirley, NY) was used to measure isometric shoulder abduction and elbow flexion, as well as isokinetic concentric elbow flexion and extension. A hand-held dynamometer (Grippit, Hägersten, Sweden) was used to measure isometric grip strength. The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire was used to assess self-perceived disability of the upper limbs. The relationships between the measures were analyzed with the Spearman rank correlation coefficients (rho). Results: The participants were 20%-31% weaker in their more-affected upper limb compared with their less-affected limb. The DASH score was on average 33.5 (SD 18.6), indicating a mild-to-moderate disability of their upper limbs. Changing a lightbulb overhead, carrying a heavy object, and performing recreational activities that required muscle force with the arms were perceived as most difficult. The correlations (rho) between the muscle strength measurements and DASH scores ranged from -0.46 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] -0.10 to -0.71) to -0.61 (95% CI -0.31 to -0.80) for the more affected upper limb, and from -0.54 (95% CI -0.21 to -0.76) to -0.68 (95% CI -0.41 to -0.84) for the less affected upper limb (P < .05-.01). Conclusions: Persons with previous polio and muscle weakness in their upper limbs perceive difficulties to use their arms in daily life, especially when performing activities above their head and strenuous household or leisure activities. The fair-to-moderate correlations of muscle strength with self-perceived disability imply that the weakness can only partially explain the perceived disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand. Other factors are therefore important to consider in the rehabilitation of persons with late effects of polio and upper limb disability. © 2016 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

  • 25.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    flansbjer, Ulla-Britt
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Self-reported walking ability in persons with chronic stroke and the relationship with gait performance tests2012In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 4, no 10, p. 734-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To assess self-reported walking ability in individuals with chronic stroke and to determine the relationship with gait performance tests. Design: Descriptive analysis of a convenience sample. Setting: A university hospital rehabilitation medicine clinic. Participants: Fifty ambulatory community-dwelling poststroke individuals (mean age, 64 years [range, 44-74 years] and mean time since stroke onset 42 months [range, 6-101 months]). Main Outcome Measures: The Walking Impact Scale (the Walk-12) to assess self-reported walking ability, and the Timed "Up & Go" test, 10-m Comfortable Gait Speed and Fast Gait Speed tests, and 6-Minute Walk Test to assess gait performance. Results: A majority of the participants (94%) reported limitations in their walking ability. The most common limitations were related to standing or walking, walking speed and distance, effort, and gait quality aspects. The ability to run was reported as most affected, whereas the need for support indoors or outdoors was least affected. Significant correlations (. P < .01) were found between the Walk-12 and the 4 gait performance tests (ρ = -0.60 to 0.60). Conclusions: Persons with chronic stroke perceive limitations in their walking ability. The relationship between the Walk-12 and the 4 gait performance tests indicates that self-reports and quantitative assessments are associated. Because the Walk-12 reflects broader dimensions than the gait performance tests, it can be a complementary tool when walking ability in persons with chronic stroke is evaluated.

  • 26.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital.
    Lexell, Jan
    Effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle-resistance training after stroke2012In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 4, no 11, p. 901-907Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability. The physical and cognitive impairments after an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke often lead to activity limitations and participation restrictions. Many persons after stroke have a sedentary lifestyle, are physically inactive, and have a low fitness level. Physical fitness training is known to be beneficial for persons with a number of comorbid conditions or risk factors for stroke. Although exercise and physical activity are considered valuable, the evidence of their benefits after stroke is still insufficient. In this review, we summarize published randomized controlled trials regarding the effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle-resistance training after stroke on physical function, activity, participation, life satisfaction, and mood. We discuss various barriers that can impede the ability to perform exercise, and the importance of reducing these barriers to increase physical fitness levels after the completion of usual stroke rehabilitation, thereby enhancing leisure, well-being, and participation in society

  • 27.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Lundgren-Nilsson, Åsa
    Rehabilitation Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University.
    Construct Validity of a New Rating Scale for Self-Reported Impairments in Persons With Late Effects of Polio2013In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate the construct validity of a new rating scale for self-reported impairments in persons with late effects of polio. Design: Psychometric analysis of data on self-perceived impairments in persons with prior polio. Participants: Two hundred and seventy-three persons with prior polio (119 men and 154 women; mean age, 63.5 years). Method: Rasch analysis of a 13-item rating scale with 5 response categories, in which the participants rated how much they have been bothered by various post-polio-related impairments during the past 2 weeks. Results: The initial analysis showed disordered categories, misfit with some of the items, multidimensionality, and local dependency. After adjustment of the categories, which resulted in a 4-category rating scale, fit to the model was achieved, but the scale still showed signs of multidimensionality. Analyses of local dependency revealed correlations among some of the items, which resulted in a 5 testlet solution, which gave fit to the model and unidimensionality. Conclusion: After adjustment of the categories and local dependency, this new rating scale, Self-Reported Impairments in Persons With Late Effects of Polio, can be considered as unidimensional. The good psychometric properties implies that the Self-Reported Impairments in Persons With Late Effects of Polio scale could be a useful rating scale that would increase our understanding of the impairments that persons with late effects of polio can experience. With further refinements, this scale may assist in the planning and evaluation of appropriate rehabilitation interventions.

  • 28.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Experiences of falls and strategies to manage the consequences of falls in persons with late effects of polio: a qualitative study2017In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 49, no 8, p. 652-658Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    To explore how persons with late effects of polio experience falls and what strategies they use to manage the consequences of falls.

    DESIGN:

    A qualitative study with face-to-face interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation.

    PARTICIPANTS:

    Fourteen ambulatory persons (7 women; mean age 70 years) with late effects of polio.

    RESULTS:

    Analysis resulted in one main theme, "Everyday life is a challenge to avoid the consequences of falls", and 3 categories with 7 subcategories. Participants perceived that falls were unpredictable and could occur anywhere. Even slightly uneven surfaces could cause a fall, and increased impairments following late effects of polio led to reduced movement control and an inability to adjust balance quickly. Physical injuries were described after the falls, as well as emotional and psychological reactions, such as embarrassment, frustration and fear of falling. Assistive devices, careful planning and strategic thinking were strategies to prevent falls, together with adaptation and social comparisons to mitigate the emotional reactions.

    CONCLUSION:

    Experiences of falls greatly affect persons with late effects of polio in daily life. To reduce falls and fall-related consequences both problem-focused and emotion-focused strategies are used. In order to increase daily functioning, these findings should be included in a multifaceted falls management programme.

  • 29.
    Bränholm, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Rehabiliteringsmedicin.
    Andersson, Marit
    Piteå älvdals sjukhus.
    Larsson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Långtidssjukskrivning förändrar livet1995In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 92, no 23, p. 2421-2124Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bränholm, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för Rehabiliteringsmedicin.
    Andersson, Marita
    Hortlax vårdcentral.
    Larsson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Arbetsterapeutisk bedömning vid kort- och långtidssjukskrivning1994In: Rehab Arcticus, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 6-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Bäckström, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Berggård, Glenn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Gedda, Oskar
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Persson, Anders J
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Prellwitz, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Weber, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Det uppkopplade samhället och högre utbildning2014In: NU 2014: Umeå 8-10 oktober : abstracts, Umeå: Umeå universitet. Pedagogiska institutionen , 2014, p. 123-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Calner, Tommy
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Experiences of physiotherapy treatment of persons with persistent musculoskeletal painManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore and describe experiences of physiotherapy treatment of people with persistent musculoskeletal pain. Eleven participants with persistent musculoskeletal pain from the back, neck, or shoulders were included in the study. Data were collected by interviews using a semi-structured interview guide and were analysed with qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in one main category “Towards acceptance and management of pain” which was formulated and built up by the four categories “Establishing and maintaining alliance”, “Being active, taking initiative and facing challenge”, “Appreciating guidance, incentive and a sounding board” and “Acquired knowledge and developed awareness”. The main category and the categories describe how the participants used knowledge, awareness, movements and exercises learned from the physiotherapy treatment to develop strategies to manage pain and the process of acceptance. A trustful alliance with the physiotherapist and a continuous dialogue was important. The participants were actively involved in the process when exercises, activities and other treatment modalities were individualized. This was rewarding but also an effort and a challenge. The physiotherapist’s initiatives and actions were considered important as incentive and support.

  • 33.
    Calner, Tommy
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    “I know what I want but I’m not sure how to get it”: Expectations of physiotherapy treatment of persons with persistent pain2016In: Manual Therapy, ISSN 1356-689X, E-ISSN 1532-2769, Vol. 25, p. e142-e143Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Calner, Tommy
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    I know what I want but I’m not sure how to get it: expectations of physiotherapy treatment of persons with persistent pain2017In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 198-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Expectations of physiotherapy treatment of patients with persistent pain have been shown to influence treatment outcome and patient satisfaction, yet this is mostly explored and described in retrospective. The aim of the study was to explore and describe the expectations people with persistent pain have prior to physiotherapy treatment. Ten participants with persistent musculoskeletal pain from the back, neck, or shoulders were included in the study. Data were collected by interviews using a semi-structured interview guide and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in one main category: “The multifaceted picture of expectations” and four categories: 1) Standing in the doorway: curious and uncertain; 2) Looking for respect, confirmation and knowledge; 3) Expecting treatment, regular training, and follow up; and 4) Having dreams, being realistic, or feeling resigned. The main category and the categories describe a multifaceted picture of the participants’ expectations, gradually developed and eventually encompassing several aspects: good dialog and communication, the need to be confirmed as individuals, and getting an explanation for the pain. The results also show that the participants expected tailored training with frequent follow-ups and their expectations of outcome ranged from hope of the best possible results to realistic or resigned regarding pain relief and activity levels.

  • 35.
    Calner, Tommy
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Medical Science.
    Physiotherapy treatment experiences of persons with persistent musculoskeletal pain: A qualitative study2019In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore and describe the physiotherapy treatment experiences of persons with persistent musculoskeletal pain. Eleven participants with persistent musculoskeletal pain in the back, neck, or shoulders were included in the study. Data was collected via semi-structured interviews and were analysed with qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in the theme "Towards acceptance and management of pain", comprising four sub-themes: 1) Establishing and maintaining a therapeutic alliance; 2) Being active, taking initiative and facing challenges; 3) Appreciating guidance, incentive and having a sounding board; and 4) Acquired knowledge and new body awareness change behaviours. The theme and sub-themes describe how the participants used increased knowledge, awareness, movements and exercises learned from the physiotherapy treatment to develop strategies for managing pain and the process of acceptance. A trusting relationship and continual dialogue with the physiotherapist was considered to be important. The participants were actively involved in the process as exercises, activities and other treatment modalities were individualized. This was rewarding but also challenging and required effort on their part. The physiotherapist's initiatives and actions were an important incentive and means of support.

  • 36.
    Carabante, Jenni Riekkola
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Rutberg, Stina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Lilja, Margareta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Spousal caregivers' experiences of participation in everyday life when using respite care2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Carlsson, Cassia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Tillgänglighet på särskolors lekplatser – erfarenheter från personal2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to describe the staff's experience of accessibility at special school’s playgrounds. In response to the purpose, interviews were conducted on special schools in four municipalities in Stockholm County Council. Materials were analyzed and the following three categories emerged: "Lack on several levels", "The playground can contribute to social interaction" and "A heavy work to support at the playground". The analysis revealed that accessibility to the school's playground is inadequate and that tools in the playground is not adapted. It was also found that staff have difficulty in leaving children alone in the playground because most children need support and guidance to play in the playground. Furthermore, it emerged that the staff needed to help the children at the play equipment, which was a physically demanding work and led to the staff sometimes opting activities. Interaction between the children is good because staff are available all the time and that there is good cooperation between the staff.

  • 38.
    Carlén, Lina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Bengtsson, Josefine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Aktivitetsbalans hos föräldrar till barn med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning, NPF2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Occupational balance is a subjective experience that includes the right amount and the right variation between activities. Having a child with NDD can have effects on how the family's everyday routines are organized and affect the parents' choice and planning of activities. Aim: Exploring occupational balance in parents to children with neurodevelopmental disorder, NDD, ages 6-12 years. Method: A quantitative survey was conducted. The web survey was designed according to the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) and each question at the ordinal scale level was supplemented with a free text response. When analyzing data, a quantitative processing and a qualitative content analysis were applied. The study had 194 parents participating. Result: Parents estimated their occupational balance predominantly low. The result also showed that there was a significant difference between the parents' work situation and the number of children with NDD. However, the result showed no significant difference if the parents were cohabiting / married or single. In the study's content analysis three categories were identified: Restructuring of everyday life, Parent's contact with social support and The changed role as a parent. Conclusion: The parents have a consistently low occupational balance. To address the parents' need for support, occupational therapists should proceed a holistic perspective on the family in the work with children with NDD.

  • 39.
    Cséplö, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Lindblom, Fanny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av samarbete med närstående i rehabiliteringen av personer med stroke2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore and describe occupational therapists' experiences of collaboration with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of people with stroke. The study adopted a qualitative inductive approach in order to focus on the participants' descriptions. A purposeful selection took place based on criteria. Ten participants were included in the study. Data were collected through semistructured open-ended interviews and were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in four main categories: Meeting the family caregiver in a changed life situation; Identify rehabilitation interventions that promotes a continued engagement in activities; Managing challenges; Resources to recreate a satisfying everyday life. The study results showed that occupational therapists' collaboration with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of people with stroke primarily focused on the occupations for the person with stroke. Family caregivers occupations were considered to a certain extent in the rehabilitation process, however occupational therapy interventions for their occupations were limited and mainly included counseling. Furthermore, from a rehabilitation perspective, the result showed that family caregivers involvement creates the conditions for continuous rehabilitation and achieving good results while high expectations, crisis and cultural differences are challenging. The result of this study can contribute to increased knowledge of how occupational therapists collaborate with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of people with stroke and may be useful in the development of rehabilitation interventions in a family-centered approach within occupational therapy.

  • 40.
    Danielsson, Tone
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    LEGO® terapi - en arbetsterapeutisk intervention?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Derman, Wayne
    et al.
    Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University. International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre.
    Runciman, Phoebe
    Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University. International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre.
    Schwellnus, Martin
    International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre. Sport, Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Institute (SEMLI) and Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria.
    Jordaan, Esme
    Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council, Parow.
    Blauwet, Cheri
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.
    Webborn, Nick
    Centre for Sport and Exercise Science and Medicine (SESAME), University of Brighton, Eastbourne.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation. Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden. Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    Van de Vliet, Peter
    Medical and Scientific Department, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn.
    Tuakli-Wosornu, Yetsa
    Yale School of Public Health, Department of Chronic Disease and Epidemiology, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University, Connecticut, USA.
    Kissick, James
    Carleton University Sport Medicine Clinic, Department of Family Medicine, Ottawa, Canada.
    Stomphorst, Jaap
    Department of Sport Medicine, Isala Klinieken, Zwolle.
    High precompetition injury rate dominates the injury profile at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days2018In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 24-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    To describe the incidence of injury in the precompetition and competition periods of the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games.

    METHODS:

    A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.4% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support.

    RESULTS:

    A total of 510 injuries were reported during the 14-day Games period, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 10.0 injuries per 1000 athlete days (12.1% of all athletes surveyed). The highest IRs were reported for football 5-a-side (22.5), judo (15.5) and football 7-a-side (15.3) compared with other sports (p<0.05). Precompetition injuries were significantly higher than in the competition period (risk ratio: 1.40, p<0.05), and acute traumatic injuries were the most common injuries at the Games (IR of 5.5). The shoulder was the most common anatomical area affected by injury (IR of 1.8).

    CONCLUSION:

    The data from this study indicate that (1) IRs were lower than those reported for the London 2012 Summer Paralympic Games, (2) the sports of football 5-a-side, judo and football 7-a-side were independent risk factors for injury, (3) precompetition injuries had a higher IR than competition period injuries, (4) injuries to the shoulder were the most common. These results would allow for comparative data to be collected at future editions of the Games and can be used to inform injury prevention programmes.

  • 42.
    Derman, Wayne
    et al.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University. International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre.
    Schwellnus, Martin P.
    International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre. Sport, Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Institute (SEMLI) and Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria.
    Jordaan, Esme
    Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Cape Town. Statistics and Population Studies Department, University of the Western Cape.
    Runciman, Phoebe
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University. International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre.
    Blauwet, Cheri
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston.
    Webborn, Nick
    Centre for Sport and Exercise Science and Medicine (SESAME), University of Brighton, Eastbourne.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation. Department of Health Sciences, Lund University. Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    Van de Vliet, Peter
    Medical and Scientific Department, International Paralympic Committee, Bonn.
    Tuakli-Wosornu, Yetsa
    Yale School of Public Health, Department of Chronic Disease and Epidemiology, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University, Connecticut.
    Kissick, James
    Carleton University Sport Medicine Clinic, Department of Family Medicine, Ottawa, Canada.
    Stomphorst, Jaap
    Department of Sport Medicine, Isala Klinieken, Zwolle.
    Sport, sex and age increase risk of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days2018In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 17-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games.

    METHODS:

    A total of 3657 athletes from 78 countries, representing 83.5% of all athletes at the Games, were monitored on the web-based injury and illness surveillance system (WEB-IISS) over 51 198 athlete days during the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. Illness data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support through the WEB-IISS electronic data capturing systems.

    RESULTS:

    The total number of illnesses was 511, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 10.0 per 1000 athlete days (12.4%). The highest IRs were reported for wheelchair fencing (14.9), para swimming (12.6) and wheelchair basketball (12.5) (p<0.05). Female athletes and older athletes (35-75 years) were also at higher risk of illness (both p<0.01). Illnesses in the respiratory, skin and subcutaneous and digestive systems were the most common (IRs of 3.3, 1.8 and 1.3, respectively).

    CONCLUSION:

    (1) The rate of illness was lower than that reported for the London 2012 Summer Paralympic Games; (2) the sports with the highest risk were wheelchair fencing, para swimming and wheelchair basketball; (3) female and older athletes (35-75 years) were at increased risk of illness; and (4) the respiratory system, skin and subcutaneous system and digestive system were most affected by illness. These results allow for comparison at future Games.

  • 43.
    Edlund, Louise
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Widlund, Alexandra
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Person- och miljöfaktorers inverkan på utövandet av parasport: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe experiences of how personal and environmental factors can enable or prevent participation in parasport among people with disabilities. Method: Literature review was selected as the design. The data collection was done by a literature search of relevant keywords in the databases PubMed, CINAHL and SportDiscus. The literature search was supplemented with a manual search in the reference lists of the included studies. The literature search resulted in fourteen studies which were all quality examined and of sufficient good quality. In the analysis the Person- Environment-Occupation Model was used as a grid to find similarities and differences in the results. Results: Two categories: Personal and Environmental, both with the subcategories: Facilitators and Barriers. Facilitating personal factors were associated with several positive experiences, such as a sense of joy, identity and improved health. Facilitating environmental factors were linked to the support of family and friends, a sense of team affiliation and social support. The factors of personal barriers were the experience of a decreasing state of health and being affected by secondary medical complications. The factors of environmental barriers were most commonly in the physical environment and a lack of social support. Conclusion: The literature review has given a review of facilitators and barriers when participating in parasport and contributed with knowledge about how parasport could be part of an occupational therapist’s work to promote health.

  • 44.
    Edström, Annika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Betydelsen av spiritualitet: - en litteraturöversikt inom arbetsterapeutisk forskning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to provide an overview of the concept spirituality by summarizing and describing the state of scientific knowledge in occupational therapy research. As method the study was designed as a literature review. The study included 12 scientific articles that were both qualitative and theoretical. Articles were searched in databases of library in Luleå University of Technology. In addition a manual search was conducted. The results show four major categories with subcategories. The main categories were: Spirituality gives meaning and purpose, Spirituality gives support and assistance, Spirituality as a force to activities and Spirituality as a foundation to emotions. The result shows that spirituality interacts with both the inner feeling within a human being and the external performance of an activity. Spirituality is important regardless of whether a belief system exists or not. The conclusion of the study shows that spirituality is important for humans. It is important to involve spirituality in a client meeting for the occupational therapists because spirituality is an important part of holism and humanism and separately is fundamental ideals for occupational.  

  • 45.
    Ek, Anna
    et al.
    Psychiatric Clinic, Norrbotten County Council, Luleå.
    Isaksson, Gunilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    How adults with ADHD get engaged in and perform everyday activities2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 282-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: An increasing number of adults with ADHD face problems with everyday activities, and occupational therapists play an important role regarding interventions for this particular group. However, there is a knowledge gap within occupational therapy regarding how adults with ADHD experience engagement in everyday activities. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of engagement in, and describe how adults with ADHD performed everyday activities. Methods: Twelve people with ADHD between the ages of 21 and 38 were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Data were analysed based on a qualitative content analysis. Results: The results showed how engagement in and performance of everyday activities depended on inspiration, facilitating support, and feelings of togetherness with other people. Conclusions: These results show how adults with ADHD can find strategies to become more independent in their performance of everyday activities. Furthermore, this study suggests how occupational therapists can increase opportunities for adults with ADHD to engage in different activities, make choices, and find meaning in everyday activities.

  • 46.
    Ekfeldt, Sanna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Elmqvist, Linn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsterapeuters kliniska resonemang vid användandet av terapihund2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical reasoning of occupational therapists in the use of therapy dogs. The authors conducted a qualitative study. The participants were eight occupational therapists who worked in different areas of activity. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in three categories: the occupational therapist's reasoning on which clients had a need to meet a therapy dog, the occupational therapist's reasoning regarding the planning of the client's therapy with therapy dog ​​and the occupational therapist's reasoning regarding the therapy dog's impact on clients. The result showed that occupational therapists often resonated similarly to those who had a need to meet a therapy dog. One common denominator was that everyone had to prioritize among the clients. Furthermore, occupational therapists described how they reasoned about planning the client's treatment, for example how often clients should meet therapy dogs. Resources were a common factor that determined this but also the clients and the institution. Several occupational therapists described that the therapy dog ​​facilitated their work because it was seen as a motivator to the clients. The result of this study can be used by occupational therapists who want to work or works with therapy dogs and gain an understanding of the clinical reasoning in the use of therapy dogs.

  • 47.
    Eklund, Johanna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Eliasson, Petra
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenhet av att använda bedömningsinstrument2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe occupational therapists’experience of using assessment tools. Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative data collection method where ten occupational therapists were interviewed. During the interviews, a semi-structured interview guide was used. When analyzing the collected data, a qualitative analysis was used. Result: Based on the analysis, four categories emerge that describe the occupational therapists' experience of using assessment tools. The categories Time and Knowledge, Clients'Different Needs, Structure and Clinical Experience, and Assessment Tools and the Incompatibility of the Journal Systems show a result that indicates a high workload within the profession. This study reveals a new finding that describes how occupational therapists also exclude assessment tools, since they do not see the assessment toolsas compatible with the medical record system, which contributes to the fact that occupational therapists experience great difficulties in documenting their assessments in a structured and time-efficient manner. Conclusion: From the results presented in the study, it is concluded that occupational therapists today need more time allocated in their work to enable the use of assessment tools. This is to be able to increase theirknowledge of assessment tools, but also to be able to administer them in the intended way, mainly regarding the documentation and medical record keeping

  • 48.
    Ekstrand, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    Lund University Hospital, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital.
    Grip strength is a representative measure of muscle weakness in the upper extremity after stroke2016In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, ISSN 1074-9357, E-ISSN 1945-5119, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 400-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness is the most common impairment in the upper extremity after stroke, leading to a reduced ability to use the arm and the hand in daily activities. Grip strength is easier to measure than precise, but more time-consuming, isokinetic and isometric arm muscle strength measurements. It would therefore be advantageous in a clinical setting if grip strength could be used as a proxy for muscle strength in the entire upper extremity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between grip strength and isometric and isokinetic arm muscle strength in persons with chronic stroke. METHODS: Forty-five persons with mild-to-moderate paresis in the upper extremity, at least 6 months post-stroke participated. Isometric grip strength was measured with a computerized grip dynamometer and arm strength (isometric shoulder abduction and elbow flexion as well as isokinetic elbow extension and flexion) with an isokinetic dynamometer. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to determine the association between the muscle strength measurements. RESULTS: There were significant correlations (p < .0001) between grip strength and all arm strength measurements in both the more affected (r = 0.77-0.82) and the less affected upper extremity (r = 0.65-0.82). CONCLUSION: This cross-sectional study showed that grip strength is strongly associated with muscle strength in the arm in persons in the chronic phase after stroke. As grip strength is easy to measure and less time-consuming than arm muscle strength measurements, this implies that grip strength can be a representative measure of muscle weakness of the entire upper extremity in the chronic phase after stroke.

  • 49.
    Ekstrand, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    Lund University Hospital, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Lunds universitet, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital.
    Test-Retest Reliability and Convergent Validity of Three Manual Dexterity Measures in Persons With Chronic Stroke2016In: PM&R, ISSN 1934-1482, E-ISSN 1934-1563, Vol. 8, no 10, p. 935-943Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Decreased manual dexterity is common in persons after stroke. Different measures are used to assess manual dexterity, but a lack of knowledge exists about their reliability and how they are related. Objective: To evaluate the test-retest reliability and convergent validity of 3 manual dexterity measures after stroke. Design: A test-retest design. Setting: University Hospital. Participants: Forty-five persons (mean age 65 years) with mild-to-moderate impairments in the upper extremity at least 6 months after stroke. Main Outcome Measures: Manual dexterity was assessed on 2 occasions, 1 week apart using the Box and Block Test (BBT), the Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT), and the modified Sollerman Hand Function Test (mSHFT). The reliability of the BBT and NHPT was evaluated with the intraclass correlation coefficient together with systematic and random measurement errors. Reliability of the mSHFT was evaluated with the Kappa coefficient and the Svensson rank-invariant method (percent agreement and systematic and random disagreements). Convergent validity of the total scores was evaluated with the Spearman rank correlation coefficients (rho). Results: The intraclass correlation coefficient for the BBT and the NHPT ranged from 0.83 to 0.99. Significant systematic measurement errors were found for both tests and hands. The Kappa coefficient for the total sum score of the mSHFT was 0.95 for the more affected hand and 0.59 for the less affected hand. One of the 3 items showed systematic disagreements for both hands. The convergent validity (rho) for the more affected hand ranged from 0.41 (BBT versus mSHFT) to -0.68 (NHPT versus mSHFT). Conclusion: The test-retest reliability of the BBT, NHPT and mSHFT was high but all measures showed learning effects. The relationships between the 3 measures indicate that they partly complement one another. The BBT may be preferred for persons with moderate impairments of the upper extremity and the NHPT and the mSHFT for persons with milder impairments. As the mSHFT has the advantage of reflecting activities in daily life it may be a suitable alternative to the NHPT.

  • 50.
    Ekstrand, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Lexell, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation. Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Brogårdh, Christina
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Test-retest reliability of the life satisfaction questionnaire lisat-11 and association between items in individuals with chronic stroke2018In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 50, no 8, p. 713-718Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-11) and the association between items in individuals with chronic stroke. Design: Test-retest design. Subjects: Forty-five individuals (mean age 65 years) with mild to moderate disability at least 6 months post-stroke. Methods: LiSat-11, which includes 1 global item "Life as a whole" and 10 domain-specific items, was rated on 2 occasions, one week apart. Test-retest reliability was evaluated by kappa statistics, the percent agreement (PA) and the Svensson rank-invariant method. The association between items was evaluated with the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (rho). Results: The kappa coefficients showed good to excellent agreement (0.59-0.97) and the PA <= 1 point was high (> 89%) for all items. According to the Svensson method, a small systematic disagreement was found for "Partner relationship". The other items showed no systematic or random disagreements. All domain-specific items, except one ("Sexual life") were significantly correlated with "Life as a whole" (rhos 0.29-0.80). Conclusion: LiSat-11 is considered reliable and can be recommended for assessing life satisfaction after stroke. The association between items indicates that LiSat-11 measures various aspects that can impact on an individual's life satisfaction.

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