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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Hamon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Velayat park: En plats för gränsöverskridande möten mellan människor med olika socioekonomisk status2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tehran, the capital of Iran has undergone major urbanization in the last century, which has caused uncontrollable urban growth. Poor regulation and control of this growth has given rise to environmental problems including high air and water pollution. In turn, this has led to urban growth towards the mountains in the north, where the environment is better. However, this pressure to develop in the north has increased segregation of the city and created a clear social division of class between the northern and southern parts of the City.

    In light of this, and in the context of Tehran as an extremely dense city with limited green space, the City sees a possibility in transforming an unused military airport in the southern districts of the city into a new urban park.

    This master thesis explores how to reclaim the 270Ha former airfield and develop it as an urban park with strengthened links to surrounding neighbourhoods.

    The work aims to gain an understanding of how large vacant areas can become successful public areas and green places in the community. The work is based on urban theory and site analysis and brings forward design proposals for the park.

    Analysis work is divided into an investigative and exploratory stage. The investigative part includes literature studies, data collection and mapping of the city’s urban morphological development, taking into account physical and socio-economic processes. The exploratory part consisted of inventories, site studies and interviews in Tehran, as well as integration analysis with space syntax to explore accessibility and connections in the new park.

    Throughout the study shows how and why the city has evolved and highlights a connection between living in the southern districts, which are low-income areas, with also having poor access to public and recreation areas.

    This analysis forms the foundations for the design proposal, visualizations and programs presented about how the area can be designed as a new urban city park.

    In conclusion, the study highlights that in order to be able to develop new places or renew existing area’s, consideration must be given to urban morphological development. This includes the socio-economic and socio-ecological process. It further concludes, that a ecological viewpoint together with a understanding of the physical environment, the urban landscape identity and the need of people in the context needs to be brought together to plan and create parks and urban spaces

  • 2.
    Adam, Jonsson
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mathematical Science.
    On permutations and equity among generationsIn: Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the literature on intergenerational justice, there is a widely held view that in order to live up to the utilitarian ideal of equal regard for all individuals, including those who have not yet been born, we must impose infinite permutation invariance conditions known as axioms of extended anonymity. I argue that such conditions do not bear relevance to the utilitarian ideal. I do so by showing that all examples that have been used to motivate extended anonymity axioms can be accounted for with an alternative principle that is supported independently.

  • 3.
    Ahmadi, Bahareh
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Låt hjärnan vara med!: Ett arbete om vikten av koncentration vid övning och framförande2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet är att undersöka hur jag med hjälp av den kognitiva neurovetenskapens forskning om hjärnans koncentrations- och uppmärksamhetsförmåga, kan förbättra och effektivisera min instudering och framförandet som pianist av tre verk med tre skilda speltekniska krav från tre olika tidsepoker. Jag har strävat efter att hitta metoder för att kontrollera min koncentration och uppmärksamhet bättre vid övning och framförande. Vidare vill jag genom bredden av repertoaren, skapa en mall som kan hjälpa mig och framtida musiker förbättra spelet genom kontrollerad koncentration vid övning och framförande.

    I det här arbetet har jag valt tre verk som är skrivna av kompositörerna J.S. Bach, W. A Mozart och F. Chopin. Verken är Preludium och fuga i Bess-dur BWV 866, Sonat nr 4 i Ess-dur och Ballade nr 3 i Ass-dur. Dessa är verk som pianister vid ett eller annat tillfälle spelar och tacklar de eviga svårigheterna som är att behärska polyfonin, artikulationen och flexibiliteten i sitt spel. Jag har skrivit om arbetsminnet roll för koncentrationen och inspirerats och strävat efter att hitta en mall för att kontrollera min koncentration och applicera mallen på verkens svårigheter och vad min lärare föreslagit att jag förbättrar i mitt spel.

    Mitt arbete har resulterat i att jag utifrån en mall på olika sätt har applicerat forskningen om hjärnans arbetsminne och dess roll för koncentrationen till att hjälpa mig i musicerandet, hur mallen har sett ut för att kontrollera koncentrationen, hur jag har applicerat och arbetat utifrån den i min instudering och framförande och därigenom har kunnat förbättra mitt spel. 

  • 4.
    Aho, Seppo
    et al.
    University of Lapland.
    Ananyina, Anastasia N.
    Petrozavodsk State University.
    Espiritu, Aileen
    Barents Institute, Kirkenes.
    Gelter, Hans
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Gerashchenko, Ludmila
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Kiselev, Alexey
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå university.
    Mulina, Tatiana
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Pavlova, Ella N.
    Petrozavodsk State University.
    Ryzhkova, Inna
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Shestova, Yulia
    Murmansk State Humanities University.
    Silinskaya, Tatiana
    Agency for Tourism and International Cooperation of the Arkhangelsk Region.
    Skupchenko, Julia
    Syktyvkar State University.
    Viken, Arvid
    Tromsø University.
    Tourism in the Barents Region2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 2, N-Y / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 395-400Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Alerby, Eva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Arndt, Sonja
    Faculty of Education, University of Waikato.
    Westman, Susanne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Philosophical reimaginings of educational places and policy: Through the metaphor of a wardrobe2017In: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to challenge the physical and conceptual boundaries of educational places and spaces with the use of metaphor: the story of Professor Kirke’s magic wardrobe in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the first book in The Chronicles of Narnia by CF Lewis (1950). By explicating and theorising the concerns that arise, we provoke diverse ways of thinking about the complexities of shifting, expanding, constantly evolving educational spaces and places. In our theorisations, we draw on the philosophy of the life-world through Maurice Merleau-Ponty, on a post-structural approach through Julia Kristeva’s work, and on the new-materialist perspective of Gilles Deleuze. As these three philosophical perspectives draw upon different basic assumptions about humans and the world, they also illuminate different aspects of a variety of phenomena and concepts, which we elaborate on in this paper to reach a more comprehensive understanding of educational spaces and places. Our argument arises from philosophical engagements with the story of the Pevensie siblings’ transformation – and transportation – to Narnia through the wardrobe, with notions of educational openings and opportunities, to explore possibilities for reimagining the conceptions and realities of places and spaces in education. To conclude, citizens of today, including children, students, teachers, politicians and researchers, need to discuss basic assumptions for education and policy to reimagine the entangled complexities of educational spaces and places.

  • 6.
    Ali, Jones
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Alisson, Hussein
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Gestaltningsprogram Murjek: Ett förslag på anpassning av småskaliga tågstationer avseende turism, funktion och tillgänglighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trafikverket plans to soon upgrade theplatform of Murjek station, a small-scale trainstation that constitute Jokkmokkmunicipality's only railway station alongMalmbanan and has clear links to touristdestinations. In connection with this, amapping of touristic aspects for smaller trainstations related to tourism shall be made andan associated design program for Murjekstation area will be developed.This method in this report consists of doing asystematic literature review, interviews andfield studies, which served as the base for themapping that has been done. The goal of thisreport is to, through the touristic aspects andthe design program, answer the followingscientific questions:How can a design proposal for a small-scaletrain station linked to tourism look like?● What features are important to create anaccessible and functional train station?● What parameters are important for a smallscaletrain station seen from a touristicperspective?How should Murjek station and thesurrounding station area be designed in orderto promote tourism development in asustainable way?● How can touristic experience values be metthrough the design of the station area?● What touristic aspects should be met in thedesign of Murjek station?Through following the method ofåtgärdsvalsstudier, the station area has beeninventoried and a summarized view of theshortcomings in the area has been compiled.Furthermore, measures of action based on theinterviews and theory have been developedand evaluated which has culminated in thetouristic aspects. These, along with the theoryfor the design of train stations, were the basisfor the design program.The compiled touristic aspects cover the areasof design, information, culture, art,functionality, and social aspects and aredesigned to be applicable to all small-scalestations linked to tourism. The design programis divided into three parts: the station area,the station building and the platform. All threeareas have been renovated and adapted to bemore accessible and functional based onexisting guidelines and to meet the touristicaspects developed.The design program embodies the practicalapplication of the touristic aspects and theexisting guidelines for functionality,accessibility, and design. This result is meantas a source of inspiration for other small-scalestations and demonstrates the possibility tocombine all of these elements into anattractive travel center that is well suited forall types of travelers, including persons withdisabilities and tourists.The report is geographically limited to Murjekand its vicinity and is limited to theparameters tourism, accessibility, andfunctional adaptation.

  • 7.
    Allan, Jon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Emil och Ida i Lönneberga2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En tecknad film skapad av Pennfilm med Per Åhlin, Alicja Björk och Lasse Persson som regissörer. Filmen består av tre historier av Astrid Lindgren med karaktärerna Emil och Ida i Lönneberga. Astrids egen röst används. 

    Filmen är producerad av Filmlance International AB och fick 8 miljoner i produktionsstöd från Svenska Filminstitutet. Den distribueras av SF Film och finns tillgänglig på flera plattformar. Första gången var biopremiär 25 december 2013. Den senaste plattformen var visning i SVT med påföljande tid tillgänglig i SVT Play under hösten 2016. Både tecknandet och inspelningen av musiken gjordes på ett äldre traditionellt sätt. D.v.s. alla bildrutor har tecknats för hand. Musiken har spelats in i akustisk studio under Georg Riedels ledning med hjälp musiker och musiktekniker. Till den större delen har musikernas insatser skett tillsammans och utan pålägg. Därefter har musiktekniker och Georg Riedel mixat materialet för filmmediet. 

    Georg Riedel - musik

    Jon Allan - ljudproducent/ljudtekniker

    Filmlance International AB - producent

    Pennfilm - teckning av film

    SF film - distributör

  • 8.
    Allan, Jon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Evaluation of Live Loudness Meters2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Discrepancies in loudness (i.e. sensation of audio intensity) has been of great concern within the broadcast community. For television broadcast, disparities in audio levels have been rated the number one cause to annoyance by the audience. Another problem area within the broadcast and music industry is the loudness war. The phenomenon is about the strive to produce audio content to be at least as loud or louder to any other audio content that it can easily be compared with. This mindset, when deciding for audio level treatment, inevitably leads to an increase in loudness over time, and also, as a technical consequence, a decrease of utilized dynamics. The effects of the loudness war is present in both terrestrial radio transmissions as well as in music production and in music distribution platforms.

    The two problems, discrepancies in loudness and the loudness war, both emanate from the same source; regulations of audio levels and the design of measurement gear have not been amended to cope with modern production techniques. At the time when the work on this thesis started, the ruling technical recommendations for audio level alignment were based on peak measurement. This measured entity has poor correspondence to loudness. To counter the above described problems, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has developed new recommendations for audio alignment, EBU R 128 and ITU-R BS.1770. The new definitions for loudness measurement constitutes simplified models on the human perception of audio intensity. When using the new recommendations in production, the problems have been shown to diminish.

    For an engineer in a live broadcast scenario, measurement equipment also need to be updated in real-time to illustrate a time-variant loudness of the signal. EBU and ITU also has regulated how this type of measurement gear should behave. EBU Tech 3341 and ITU-R BS.1771 define properties for live loudness meters. These recommendations has since the time of publication been implemented in measurement equipment from manufacturers and become available in production facilities.

    This thesis investigates the conceptions that have led up to the present recommendations for live loudness meters. It maps out the (at the time) present ways to evaluate the same. Emanating from this knowledge, a new methodology to evaluate loudness meters is proposed that combines qualities from former methods to achieve an alternative balance between ecological validity and control in the experiment design. The methodology includes a procedure to capture data from engineers’ actions and the resulting audio levels from simulated broadcast scenarios. The methodology also incorporates a way to process this type of data into different parameters to be more accessible for interpretation. It presents an approach to model the data, by the use of linear mixed models, to describe different effects in the parameters as the result of the meters’ characteristics. In addition, a review on publications that examine the engineers’ own requests for beneficial qualities in a loudness meter has been condensed and revised into a set of meter criteria that specifically is designed to be applied on the outcome of the mixed models. The outcome of the complete evaluation yields statements on meter quality that are different and complementary to formerly proposed methods for meter evaluation.

    The methodology has been applied in two different studies, which also are accounted for in the thesis. The conclusions from these studies has led to an increased understanding of how to design live loudness meters to be satisfactory tools to the engineer. Examples of findings are: the effect of the speed of the meter, as being controlled by one or several time constants, on the readability of the meter and the dispersion in output levels – some tested candidates, with higher speed than the present recommended ones, has been shown to be adequate as tools; the three-second integration time has been shown to generate a smaller dispersion in output levels than the 400 ms integration time; the effect of the gate in BS.1771 on the resulting output levels– the gate generally leading to an increase in output levels. The acquired knowledge may be used to improve the present recommendations for audio level alignment, from EBU and ITU.

  • 9.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Audio level alignment: Evaluation method and performance of EBU R 128 by analyzing fader movements2013In: 134th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2013: Rome; Italy; 4 May 2013 - 7 May 2013, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2013, p. 724-735Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method is proposed for evaluating audio meters in terms of how the engineer acts with the fader as dependent on the meter and corresponding recommendation at hand. The proposed method is used to evaluate different meter implementations, three conforming to the recommendation EBU R 128 and one conforming to EBU Tech 3205-E. In an experiment, engineers participated in a simulated live broadcast show and the resulting fader movements were recorded. The movements were analyzed in terms of different characteristics: Mean fader level, Fader variability and Fader movement. Significant effects were found showing that engineers do act differently depending on the meter and recommendation at hand. The method was found useful and may complement other methods to give more perspectives when evaluating audio meters

  • 10.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Evaluating Live Loudness Meters from Engineers' Actions and Resulting Output Levels2018In: Journal of The Audio Engineering Society, ISSN 0004-7554, Vol. 66, no 7-8, p. 556-577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Loudness discrepancies in television and radio frequently produce listener annoyance. Variations in loudness can be traced to the use of quasi-PPM based audio level meters in conjunction with different amounts of compression dynamics. A satisfactory live loudness meter should assist the engineer to: (a) achieve the recommended target level for a program, (b) compensate for content-dependent delimited offsets in loudness, and (c) compensate for fast changes in loudness. This paper investigates how the ballistic properties of live loudness meters affect the engineers’ actions with fader position and the resulting output levels. In order to explore the quality of loudness meters, the researchers simulated a live broadcast show with mixing engineers who had different degrees of experience. The resulting output levels were analyzed and interpreted using a linear mixing model. The results showed that the meters with the slower integration times produced less dispersion of output levels for parts of the program. Varying integration times of the meters did not cause a significant difference in the reaction time.

  • 11.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Evaluation criteria for live loudness meters2015In: 137th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2014: Los Angeles, California, USA 9-12 October 2014., Red Hook: Curran Associates, Inc., 2015, p. 866-878Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to discrepancies in loudness levels in broadcast, the recommendations of the International Telecommunication Union and the European Broadcasting Union state that audio levels should be regulated based on loudness measurement. These recommendations differ regarding the definition of meter ballistics for live loudness meters, and this paper seeks to identify possible additional information, needed to attain a higher conformity between the recommendations. This work suggests that the qualities we seek in a live loudness meter could be more differentiated for different time scales (i.e. Momentary and Short-term that is defined by two different integration times), and therefore also should be evaluated by different evaluation criteria.

  • 12.
    Allan, Jon
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Evaluation of loudness meters using parameterization of fader movements2014In: Audio Engineering Society Convention 135, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2014, p. 652-662Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EBU recommendation R 128 regarding loudness normalization, is now generally accepted and countries in Europe are adopting the new recommendation. There is now need to know more about how and when to use the different meter modes, Momentary and Short term, proposed in R 128, as well as to understand how different implementations of R 128 in audio level meters affect the engineers' actions. A method is tentatively proposed for evaluating the performance of audio level meters in live broadcasts. The method was used to evaluate different meter implementations, three of them conforming to the recommendation from EBU, R 128. In an experiment, engineers adjusted audio levels in a simulated live broadcast show and the resulting fader movements were recorded. The movements were parameterized into "Fader movement", "Adjustment time", "Overshoot", etc. Results show that the proposed parameters produced significant differences caused by the meters and that the experience of the engineer operating the fader is a significant factor

  • 13.
    Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Reimerson, Elsa
    Umeå Universitet.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå Universitet.
    Constrasting nature, contrasting rights: Concluding remarks2017In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2017, p. 216-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Alveteg, Ellen
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Dra stråken till sin spets: En undersökning av extended techniques för viola genom instudering av Viola Spaces av Garth Knox2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Efter att ha gått en kurs i fri improvisation där jag fick utforska min violas möjligheter till att producera ljud, väcktes en nyfikenhet hos mig kring utökade speltekniker som kan förekomma i nutida konstmusik, så kallade extended techniques. Jag fick tips om etydsamlingen Viola Spaces av Garth Knox där olika extended techniques presenteras och bestämde mig för att studera in fyra av dem. De etyderna jag valde behandlar olika stråktekniker, nämligen sul ponticello, sul tasto, tremolo och olika sätt att dra stråken på.

    Under arbetets gång redogör jag för de svårigheter jag stötte på under min inlärningsprocess av etyderna samt hur jag gick till väga för att lösa dem. Arbetet redovisas dels genom videoinspelningar som jag gjorde i samband med mina övningstillfällen och dels genom material från de anteckningar jag förde under processen. Jag tar också upp tolkningsfrågor av notationen och reflekterar kring instruktionerna om hur musiken ska framföras.

    Arbetet har resulterat i att jag känner mig bättre förberedd på att spela nutida konstmusik än vad jag gjorde tidigare. Jag har också utökat min kunskap om olika stråktekniker.

     

  • 15.
    Amartinesei, Andrei
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Fokus på treklanger: En studie i jazz-improvisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jazzimprovisation är ett moment i min övning som jag till och från upplever som omöjligt att behärska. Särskilt svårgreppat kan det kännas då alla lärare jag haft mer eller mindre antytt att konsten att improvisera är ett oändligt uppdrag. Den generella uppfattningen verkar vara att man aldrig blir färdig, helt enkelt.

    Mitt mål var att i alla fall att höja nivån och min stilkännedom inom grenen genom att noggrant studera något som alltid dyker upp när man diskuterar jazzimprovisation (och all annan musik också för den delen). Nämligen treklanger.

    Jag har utformat ett övningsschema som består av egna förslag på hur man kan närma sig treklangerna för att skapa en vokabulär som är gångbar inom just jazzen. Jag har också fått med mig en del gitarrteoretiska/tekniska moment som garanterat kommer att gynna mitt spel i framtiden. Exempel på sådana är nya fingersättningar samt en bättre förståelse för melodisk riktning i form av överlagringar och måltoner.

  • 16.
    Anderson, Agnes
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    En funktionell tradition?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because Swedish teachers rely heavily on teaching materials in the form of grammar education, the content and structure thereof should be important for which knowledge is taught. The purpose of the present study is to analyse and problematise how teaching materials for the college preparatory course Swedish 2 structure the sections dealing with grammar. The empirical material of the study consists of five teaching materials for the upper secondary school subject Swedish 2, which were analysed on the basis of qualitative text analyses. The results of the study showed that the teaching materials are characterised by either a functional grammar, where the grammar is seen as a normative tool for writing, or as a static and unproblematised conceptual knowledge. Furthermore, it is also shown that many of the study's teaching materials have shortcomings and are far from always completely in line with the curriculum’s objectives. There is also a significant difference between the school grammar presented in the study's teaching materials and the one that linguistics advocates. This suggests that it is highly central to question the legitimacy of the teaching materials. Finally, it is concluded that the teaching materials should be removed from the traditional grammar description so that teachers can choose teaching materials whose grammar sections are similar to linguistics.

  • 17.
    Anderson, Agnes
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Skogen berör alla: Maktrelationer inom skogsbruket i Jokkmokks kommun 1980-19902017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Forestry has a long history in Sweden and came during the 20th century to end up in a series of conflicts with the interest groups advocating the immaterial values of the forest. The purpose of this discourse analysis is to describe the power relationships that were prevalent during the 1980s forestry in the municipality of Jokkmokk. This study primarily focuses on highlighting the voices during the 1980s forestry in the municipality of Jokkmokk who were silenced by groups that prioritize the material values of the forest. How the colonized have acted and reacted will also be discussed. This study shows that the municipality of Jokkmokk became overly exploited in the 1980s which came to create the power relationships between forest interest groups. Felling affected both reindeer herding and the local population and it is possible to speak of the 1980s as a continued post-colonial era where a colonial discourse is prevalent. The survey also shows that it was possible to resist but that the votes in favor of the forest's immaterial values were easily neglected.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Berggren, Jeanna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Barn i socio-emotionella svårigheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att skapa en djupare förståelse för pedagogers förhållningssätt i mötet med barn i socio-emotionella svårigheter. Studien undersöker vilken betydelse pedagogerna anser att barns socio-emotionella utvecklingen har samt vilka strategier de använder för att möta och underlätta för barn i socio-emotionella svårigheter. Vi använder en kvalitativ metod för att besvara våra forskningsfrågor samt intervju som datainsamlingsmetod.

    Resultatet i studien visar att informanterna som deltagit uttrycker ett liknande förhållningssätt och bemötande i mötet med barn i socio-emotionella svårigheter. Likaså använder de snarlika strategier för att främja och underlätta för dessa barn. Deras utgångspunkt är att varje enskilt barn ska mötas utifrån sina egna behov och förutsättningar. Informanterna placerar inte heller svårigheterna hos det enskilda barnet, utan istället är det verksamheten som måste anpassas och förändras. 

  • 19.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    "Det är normerna vi tampas med!": Hbtq-certifieringens inverkan på svenskundervisning i mellanstadiet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to study four primary school teachers and how they work with LGBTQ-perspectives. Four schools, of which two are LGBTQ-certified by RFSL, are included in this study. The study reveals a lack of knowledge regarding LBTQ issues in three out of the four teachers. Norm critical practices are not continuously applied by the teachers in their work, with the exception of one who does apply them. None of the teachers had come in to contact with LGBTQ through their own education. The conclusion I have drawn from my work on this article is that an improvement of competence concerning LGBTQ related issues among personnel working in school environments is required. LGBTQ-certification does not seem to come with a lasting effect; follow-ups and continuous work are required to change the strong norms that are currently present in society. As Skolverket clearly advocates for the inclusion of all students, regardless of gender, cross-gender identity or expression, ethnic background, religion or other faith, disability, sexual orientation, or age, the requirements of competency improvement regarding the application of norm critical practices should come through guidance from above to assure quick results.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Hjelm, Josefin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Två förskolors arbete med förskolans mångkulturella uppdrag2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka två förskolors arbete i relation till förskolans mångkulturella uppdrag samt vilka arbetsformer som används. För att undersöka detta har kvalitativa gruppintervjuer utförts på två olika förskolor. Den ena förskolan har många flerspråkiga barn medan den andra förskolan har ett fåtal flerspråkiga barn. Resultaten av studien visar på att det finns en skillnad i hur förskolorna arbetar med det mångkulturella uppdraget. I förskolan där många av barnen är flerspråkiga arbetar de dagligen med mångkultur medan det i förskolan där det finns ett fåtal barn som är flerspråkiga endast arbetar med svenska traditioner vid högtider. Vilka arbetsformer som används i arbetet ser också olika ut beroende på hur förskolorna ser på det mångkulturella uppdraget. Studien har utgått ifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv där förskolornas mångkulturella arbete analyserats utifrån såväl ett sociokulturellt som ett interkulturellt perspektiv. 

  • 21.
    Andersson, Stina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Metoder att minnas musik: Ett arbete som jämför olika inlärningssätt vid utantillspel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet är att undersöka olika tillvägagångssätt för mig att memorera musik. Jag har arbetat med en klarinettkonsert innehållande tre satser och övat in varje sats med hjälp av olika metoder för att sedan jämföra resultatet. Jag har även gjort en enkätundersökning där jag intervjuar yrkesverksamma musiker som bidragit med tips och insikter om utantillspel. Under arbetets gång reflekterar jag över vilka för- och nackdelar de olika inlärningssätten har och vilka problem jag har stött på i min övning. Stor fokus läggs också på hörselns betydelse för musicerande och inlärning i förhållande till motorikens. Arbetets klingande resultat består i två inspelningar av de tre satserna. Den första inspelningen är gjord i slutskedet av min inlärningsprocess för att dokumentera hur bra jag lyckades lära mig de olika satserna. Den andra inspelningen är gjord efter en fyra veckor lång paus för att kontrollera vilken av satserna jag mindes bäst. Mitt arbete har gjort mig mer medveten om min egen inlärningsprocess. Jag har fått nya verktyg för att öva in musik, både utantill och med noter och fått ökad insikt i hur mitt minne fungerar.

  • 22.
    Andersson Söderberg, Erica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    När världen kom till byn: En studie av ett förändringsarbete i en förskola på landsbygden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är genomförd på en utvald förskola ute på landsbygden och resultatet kan därför skilja sig om studien skulle utföras vid andra förskolor. Syftet var att synliggöra förskollärarnas förändrade profession i en förändrad verksamhet där de för första gången tagit emot barn som kommit till Sverige med sina föräldrar eller släkt, på grund av flykt från sitt hemland. För studien användes en kvalitativ fallstudie som metod och datainsamlingen genomfördes med en semistrukturerad intervjuform som gjorde det möjligt att lägga till och ta bort frågor som passade in i den rådande situationen under intervjusamtalet. Intervjuerna spelades in för att sedan transkriberas och sorteras in i olika kategorier som svarade på studiens syfte och frågeställningarna. Resultatet av studien visade att förskollärarna initialt haft en känsla av rädsla och svårigheter för det okända men det fanns även en tydlig nyfikenhet och vilja att utvecklas. Förskollärarna förmedlade att arbetet med barn från andra länder och deras föräldrar är berikande och utvecklande, både för deras yrkesroll men även för den personliga utvecklingen.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Terese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Att tilldelas en position: - en studie om hur barn positioneras i förskolan utifrån kön och genus2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Andersson, Victor
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Bröms, Dennis
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Reform, refine, reforest: Designing ergonomic equipment for manual reforestation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reforestation is typically performed by manually planting seedlings of desired trees by a small team of workers. The workers, referred to as planters, has a very physically demanding job that requires navigating through tough terrain and carrying varying loads in different positions throughout a full work day. This master thesis project is performed for SCA, Sweden’s largest private owner of forest land, and the reforestation equipment manufacturer BCC. A part of SCA’s work is a new project cal- led ZERO, which aims to improve the working environment and safety for all af liated workers of the company. Many planters use old equipment that is not satisfying the ZERO-project demands thus leading to the importance of improving the planters’ equipment.

    The objective of this master thesis project is to improve the way manual reforestation with the usage of seedling trays is performed, with focus on improving the user’s work environment through im- proved ergonomics and ef ciency. The equipment is designed under the brand Pottiputki, owned by BCC, which is dominating the Swedish market for manual reforestation equipment. The nal result was expected to be a conceptual 3D model, focusing on communicating its functions rather than be- ing nalised for manufacturing.

    The design process that was used in this project is an iterative design cycle of ve steps and was heavily focused on implementing user-centred design thinking. The cycle was repeated for every in- cluded component in the equipment to achieve a reliable result. Using information gathering such as interviews, surveys and testing of equipment the user needs have been mapped on which the ideation process is based. With access to a workshop and several useful materials the project is centred around the creation of prototypes and letting users test these said prototypes.

    A deeper study of the current state showed that the current equipment is very unergonomic and for the planter to keep a high productivity the equipment is used in ways that reduce the ergonomic pro- perties even further. From the performed context analysis, an overwhelming majority of users are displeased with the current equipment and many users are speci cally complaining on insuf cient ergonomic properties. To solve these problems a reforestation harness and planting tube has been developed with higher comfort that reduce demanding and clumsy actions and improving usability. When used together with each other the harness and tube combines a main idea which is to distribute the strenuous workload more evenly across the body to avoid strain-related problems for the user.

    The improvement in ergonomics and ef ciency have been proved in various user tests. No new way of increasing productivity apart from the improved working environment was found to be a valid addition for the equipment. In order to increase productivity, SCA is recommended to make sure that the planting task is performed systematically. Furthermore the growing system using seedling trays is a limiting factor for productivity improvement out on the clear-cuts and is recommended to be reviewed. 

  • 25.
    Andrikopoulos, Georgios
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.
    Kominiak, Dariusz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.
    Unander-Scharin, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Music and dance.
    Towards the Development of a Novel Upper-Body Pneumatic Humanoid: Design and Implementation2016In: 2016 European Control Conference, ECC 2016, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 395-400, article id 7810317Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the conceptual design of a 14 Degree-of-Freedom (DOF) upper-body pneumatic humanoid is presented. The movement capabilities of this novel robotic setup are achieved via Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs), a form of actuation possessing crucial attributes for the development of biologically-inspired robots. To evaluate the feasibility of the humanoid’s design properties, a 5-DOF robotic arm is developed and experimentally tested, while being studied from the scope of implementing a robotic structure capable of producing smooth and human-like motion responses, while maintaining the inherent compliance provided by the PAM technology.

  • 26.
    Augustsson, Carin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Öberg, Sara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    “Om barn ska behandlas rättvist måste de behandlas olika.” Inkludering av barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan: - En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares uppfattningar om hur förskolan anpassas för barn i behov av särskilt stöd.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att belysa förskollärares uppfattningar om hur förskolan anpassas för barn i behov av särskilt stöd och om detta stöd främjar inkludering i verksamheten. Studien baseras på följande frågeställningar: Hur uppmärksammas och utreds behov av stödinsatser hos barn i behov av särskilt stöd, enligt förskollärare? Vilka möjligheter kan det praktiska arbetet skapa för att inkludera barn i behov av särskilt stöd och ge dem det stöd de behöver, enligt förskollärare? Hur beskriver förskollärare att de följer upp stödinsatser som ges? Studien bygger på en kvalitativ forskningsansats och utgår ifrån systemteori och sociokulturellt perspektiv. Vi har genomfört sex kvalitativa intervjuer vid två olika förskolor i en kommun i norra Sverige. Resultatet i vår studie visar att förskollärarna har ett liknande arbetssätt i utredningen av stödinsatser för barn av särskilt stöd. Samtliga förskollärare beskriver vikten av att ha ett nära samarbete med specialpedagog, samt vårdnadshavarna. I resultatet framgår det att förskollärarna anser att arbetet med barn i behov av särskilt stöd ska gynna hela barngruppen. De stödinsatser som görs för barnet ska enligt förskollärarna delas in i delmål för att möjliggöra barnets utveckling och lärande. För att inkludera barn som är i behov av särskilt stöd, blir slutsatsen att förskollärare behöver utgå ifrån en gemensam barnsyn samt förhållningssätt.

  • 27.
    Backman, Ylva
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Filosofi med barn och olika kunskapsformer2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Strömberg, Caroline
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Mental well-being and philosophy for persons with acquired brain injuries2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to previous reports, mental well-being is conducive to increased pro-social behavior and achievement in several domains. Previous studies have also indicated that P4C has a positive impact on mental well-being. In this paper, we discuss how philosophical dialogues affect the mental well-being of persons with acquired brain injuries (ABI), a group for which increases in mental and social well-being as well as performance are especially important. The paper is based on a small-scale study carried out by the researchers in the ongoing research project Education for Participation – Philosophizing back a ”new” life after acquired brain injury (funded by the Swedish Research Council). The research group has attempted to assess effects of two single group small-scale interventions (a weak experimental pre-test post-test design with the two experimental groups as control groups before the intervention started) that were made in the northern part of Sweden. The two groups participated in twelve philosophical dialogues each during a period of fifteen weeks from January 2015 to May 2015. In addition to the persons with ABI, staff participated in the philosophical dialogues in both groups. Besides cognition and communication measurements, the research group measured subjective well-being, which is targeted in this paper. Individual in-depth semi-structured interviews were carried out with all of the participants with ABI based on the following two subjective well-being measurements: (i) the Cantril Ladder, and (ii) The Satisfaction With Life Scale. To utilize the Cantril Ladder, we partly adapted it for the study population and translated it to Swedish. We used the recommended non-verbal ladder device ranging from 0–10, where the top was described as the best life, and the bottom the worst life, as the interviewee defined it. Each interviewee was asked questions about how he/she defined the best and the worst possible future life in terms of happiness and unhappiness, where he/she thinks he/she stands on the ladder today, where he/she stood five years ago, where he/she stood before the ABI, and where he/she will stand in the future. The Satisfaction With Life Scale ranges form 1–7 and contains the following five items: 1) ”In most ways my life is close to my ideal.”, 2) ”The conditions of my life are excellent.”, 3) ”I am satisfied with my life.”, 4) ”So far I have gotten the important things I want in life.”, and 5) ”If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing.”. (We used a Swedish translation of the questions.) The data collection was finished in June 2015. In this paper, we present some preliminary results. In short, the processed data (to date) indicate that the philosophical dialogues were accompanied by an increase in subjective well-being among the participants with ABI, which makes the case stronger for P4C/PWC as an educational method applicable also in special needs education.

  • 29.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Strömberg, Caroline
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Research methods for the Swedish research project Education for Participation : Philosophizing back a ‘new’ life after acquired brain injury2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Persson, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Vetenskapliga tankeverktyg: till grund för akademiska studier2012 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I princip alla vetenskapliga studier vid universitet och högskola kräver kunskaper och färdigheter inom kritiskt tänkande, etik, kunskapsteori, vetenskapsteori, metodteori och vetenskapligt skrivande. Denna bok ger en introduktion till dessa områden.Författarna vägleder läsaren till att upptäcka det intressanta, begripliga och samtidigt problemfyllda med frågor som: Vad är kunskap? Vad skiljer vetenskap från annat? Hur samlar man in data? Hur ska man förhålla sig till källor? Vilka metoder leder till tillförlitliga slutsatser? Var går gränsen för vad man får göra inom forskning? Hur argumenterar och skriver man vetenskapligt?Genom hela boken finns övningar, exempel och förslag till vidare läsning. På bokens webbplats finns ytterligare material för att underlätta och fördjupa lärandet av bokens innehåll. Vetenskapliga tankeverktyg – till grund för akademiska studier vänder sig till studenter inom alla akademiska områden. Den kan användas vid introducerande moment i utbildningar eller som resurs vid skrivande av rapporter, uppsatser och examensarbeten.

  • 31.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Strömberg, Caroline
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Gardelli, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Research Methods in the Swedish project Education for Participation: Philosophizing back a ‘New’ Life After Acquired Brain Injury2018In: Parecidos de familia: Propuestas actuales en Filosofía para Niños / [ed] García, F; Duthie, E. & Robles, R., Madrid: Anaya , 2018, p. 482-490Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Annually, more than ten million people in all age groups in the world experience an acquired brain injury (‘ABI’), which is a brain injury caused after birth by external forces (e.g. motor vehicle accidents) or certain internal factors (e.g. stroke). Brain injury survivors are often left with long-term impairments in cognitive, social, or emotional functioning. Despite a promising outset, research on the effectiveness of philosophical dialogues as an educational method for persons with ABI to increase their cognitive, social, and emotional functioning has, to our knowledge, been virtually non-existent. The present research project targets this and uses a pretest-posttest and mixed-method triangulation design and attempts to measure effects of two small-scale interventions carried out in the northern part of Sweden. In this text, the project’s research design, data production, and data processing are described. 

  • 32.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Teodor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Strömberg, Caroline
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    PhilosoFilm: On the combination of film and philosophical dialogue2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Haglund, Liza
    Södertörns Högskola.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Persson, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Philosophy with children: moral argumentation and the role of pictures2012In: Education for complex thinking through philosophical inquiry. Models, advances, and proposals for the new millennium.: Proceedings of the 14th ICPIC Conference / [ed] Marina Santi; Stefano Oliverio, Padova: Liguori , 2012, p. 131-140Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Haglund, Liza
    Södertörns Högskola.
    Persson, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Ethics in school: from moral development to children's conceptions of justice2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A main issue in Swedish school debate is the question of how to teach the student a common value system based on democracy and western humanism. The debate is rather intense, to say the least. Not only is the premise that there exists one value system that we share a target for critique, but there is also the question of what value education is or could be. There is, as well, quite a body of research on children's moral development, where many take as their departure the work of Kohlberg. However, there has been little or no attention on how the individual learner conceptualizes and makes meaning out of ethical issues. That is, descriptions of processes. In this paper we will present what we take to be urgent questions that need to be investigated against the background of prior research and practical work at Södra teatern in Stockholm, Sweden. For eight years in a row, Södra teatern has had as a main project to lead a practice on the subject of philosophy with children. Several groups of youths in the age of nine to eighteen have regularly met to discuss philosophical thoughts and problems, which in a democratic manner are settled for discussion by the participants. Today this philosophical practice has spread to the north of Sweden. In Backman's final exam within the teacher education she has explored the development of children's (7‐8 years old) ability to argue for different ethical positions, both verbally and in writing and painting. This practice has been inspired by the tradition at Södra teatern, but customized to fit a regular school class in Luleå, with very little experience of philosophical discussion. In the very short period of five weeks Backman has been able to see quite significant changes in the children's ability to argue for their ethical positions. The study was initiated by examining some argumentative abilities of the pupils, for instance the ability of expressing an argument for an ethical position in writing. In the final part of the study, the same ability was examined in very similar circumstances, and the augment of expressed arguments in writing was significant. Another consideration that was raised as a consequence of the study regards the pupil's conceptualizing of ethical issues. In some conversations about the notion of justice it became clear that children interpreted the term very differently. This is not very surprising but important to pay further attention to. As mentioned earlier, there has been very little attention on how individual children conceptualize ethical issues. In this paper we argue that more interest should be put on investigating these issues in more depth, and we will do this by an outlining of a research application.

  • 35.
    Banck Linderoth, Astrid
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    I stunden: En studie i att musikaliskt variera och improvisera i romanssång2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här arbetet undersöker hur man kan arbeta med improvisation i klassisk musik. Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka vilka tekniker som kan användas för att förändra rytm och tonhöjd i sångerna Meeres Stille av Franz Schubert och Den enda stunden av Ture Rangström och vilken effekt användandet av dessa tekniker i sångerna, har på utövarens uttryck.

    Arbetet utmynnade i att ett antal övningar för att öva improvisation togs fram och utvecklades, samt att det gjordes inspelningar av när dessa utfördes. Som slutprodukt gjordes även en inspelning av sångerna med improvisationer. Det görs också en jämförelse av hur arbetet och resultatet skiljer sig åt mellan de båda sångerna samt reflektioner över vad skillnaderna kan bero på. Jag tycker att jag genom arbetet har fått större förståelse för kompositionerna jag valt att arbeta med. I och med att jag förändrat och utvecklat den ursprungliga melodin i kompositionerna upplever jag även att jag blivit mer engagerad i min interpretation och kommit närmare musiken.

  • 36.
    Barsk, Ellen
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    EN MENINGSSKAPANDE PROCESS?: En studie om hur iscensättningen av skrivundervisningen underlättar elevers meningsskapande genom bild som språklig uttrycksform2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens globala informations- och kommunikationssamhälle ställs det krav på att individer

    ska ha förmågan att kunna använda olika redskap för att kommunicera och därmed skapa

    sociala relationer. Inom svenskämnesdidaktisk forskning har olika språkliga uttrycksformer i

    relation till meningsskapande fått en större uppmärksamhet och förankring. Det som däremot

    saknas är hur lärare designar den skrift- och bildspråkliga lärmiljön för att underlätta

    meningsskapande. Syftet med följande undersökning var följaktligen att studera och

    problematisera hur lärare iscensätter skrivundervisningen för att underlätta elevers

    meningsskapande genom bild som språklig uttrycksform. För att bemöta undersökningens

    syfte och frågeställningar utgjordes det empiriska materialet av deltagande observationer och

    semistrukturerade intervjuer, inom en etnografisk inspirerad forskningsansats. Målgruppen

    för undersökningen var legitimerade grundskollärare som för tidpunkten undersökningen

    genomfördes arbetade i årskurs 1-3. Resultatet pekade på en huvudpunkt – att många lärare

    ger utrymme för olika språkliga uttrycksformer i undervisningen för att underlätta elevers

    meningsskapande, trots att deras uttalanden kring språksynen pekade åt ett annat håll. Vidare

    styrkte resultatet att genomförandet av den nuvarande skolreformen Lgr11 inte fått den

    stadiga implementeringen hos många av grundskollärarna som styrdokumentet strävat efter.

    Undersökningen bidrar därmed med ny kunskap och inblick i hur lärare förhåller sig till

    undervisningens design för att underlätta meningsskapande, i ett samhälle som ställer allt

    högre krav på människans förmåga att kommunicera.

  • 37.
    Begnert, Fabian
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Difference between the EBU R-128 meter recommendation and human subjective loudness perception2012In: 131st Audio Engineering Society convention 2011: New York, New York, USA, 20 - 23 October 2011, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, Vol. 1, p. 40-49Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast loudness span of broadcast sound can be reduced by the use of loudness meters. In an ideal case, the measured and the perceived loudness would be equal. A loudness meter fulfilling the EBU R-128 recommendation was investigated for its correspondence with perceived loudness. Several sound stimuli with large loudness differences representing five different types of broadcast program material were normalized to have equal meter measured loudness level. Subjects listened to pairwise presentations of the normalized stimuli, which they subsequently set to have equal perceived loudness. The settings were recorded and analyzed. The results show that the normalization yields both equal as well as different perceived loudness between program types. The maximum difference was ±2.8 dB

  • 38.
    Bell, David
    et al.
    Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå.
    Hjältén, Joakim
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Department of Wildlife, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Nilsson, Christer
    Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, Landscape Ecology Group, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University.
    Jørgensen, Dolly
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Therese
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Studies.
    Forest restoration to attract a putative umbrella species, the white-backed woodpecker, benefited saproxylic beetles2015In: Ecosphere, ISSN 2150-8925, E-ISSN 2150-8925, Vol. 6, no 12, article id 278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Umbrella species are often spatially demanding and have limited ability to adapt to environmental changes induced by human land-use. This makes them vulnerable to human encroachment. In Sweden, broadleaved trees are disadvantaged by forestry, and commercially managed forests are often deprived of dead wood. This has led to a situation where previously widespread top predators in saproxylic food webs, such as the white-backed woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos), have become species of conservation concern. The white-backed woodpecker is generally considered an umbrella species, and it has been linked to forests with large volumes of dead wood from broadleaved trees. In recent years, forest stands have been restored for the white-backed woodpecker, but post-treatment evaluations have rarely included other species that also occur in broad-leaved forests (co-occurring species). Many co-occurring species are saproxylic beetles. In this study, we collected saproxylic beetles and environmental data in restored and commercially managed forests to evaluate if habitat restoration for the white-backed woodpecker also benefited other species with similar habitat associations. We found that volumes of coarse woody debris were higher in restored than in commercially managed forests, and that a majority of man-made snags and downed logs were created from birch trees (Betula spp.). Most spruce trees (Picea abies) were extracted during forest restoration, and this opened up the forest canopy, and created stands dominated by broadleaved trees.Many saproxylic beetles were more common in restored forests, and there were significant differences in species composition between treatments. These differences were largely explained by species traits. Effects of sunexposure were particularly important, but many beneficiary species were also linked to dead wood from broadleaved trees. Red-listed saproxylic beetles showed a similar pattern with more species and individuals in restored sites. The white-backed woodpecker is still critically endangered in Sweden, but important prey species are already responding to forest restoration at the stand level. We recognize that landscape-level improvements will be required to bring the white-backed woodpecker back, but also that the umbrella species concept can provide a useful framework for successful forest restoration as many co-occurring saproxylic beetle species seemingly benefitted from restoration for the white-backed woodpecker

  • 39. Benyamine, Isak
    et al.
    Haglund, LizaPersson, AndersLuleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Att slippa tänka själv: Filosofiska samtal som undersökande gemenskaper i skolan2014Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Berell, Christoffer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
    Överlämningar från årskurs 3 till 4: En intervjustudie om låg- och mellanstadielärares erfarenheter kring överlämningar i ämnet engelska2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality2005In: Proceedings 2005: July 10 - 13, 2005, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Nagib Callaos, Orlando, Fla: IIIS , 2005, Vol. 1, p. 216-221Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased use of audio applications capable of conveying enhanced spatial quality puts focus on how such a quality should be evaluated. Different approaches to evaluation of perceived quality are briefly discussed and a new technique is introduced. In a series of experiment, attributes were elicited from subjects, tested and subsequently used for derivation of evaluation scales that were feasible for subjective evaluation of the spatial quality of certain multichannel stimuli. The findings of these experiments led to the development of a novel method for evaluation of spatial audio in surround sound systems. Parts of the method were subsequently implemented in the OPAQUE software prototype designed to facilitate the elicitation process. The prototype was successfully tested in a pilot experiment. The experiments show that attribute scales derived from subjects' personal constructs are functional for evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality. Finally, conclusions on the importance of spatial quality evaluation of new applications are made.

  • 42.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality2006In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 10-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased use of audio applications capable of conveying enhanced spatial quality puts focus on how such a quality should be evaluated. Different approaches to evaluation of perceived quality are briefly discussed and a new technique is introduced. In a series of experiment, attributes were elicited from subjects, tested and subsequently used for derivation of evaluation scales that were feasible for subjective evaluation of the spatial quality of certain multichannel stimuli. The findings of these experiments led to the development of a novel method for evaluation of spatial audio in surround sound systems. Parts of the method were subsequently implemented in the OPAQUE software prototype designed to facilitate the elicitation process. The prototype was successfully tested in a pilot experiment. The experiments show that attribute scales derived from subjects' personal constructs are functional for evaluation of perceived spatial audio quality. Finally, conclusions on the importance of spatial quality evaluation of new applications are made.

  • 43.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Lyssningstester: ett experimentellt sätt att fånga en upplevelse2012In: På tal om musikproduktion: elva bidrag till ett nytt kunskapsområde, Göteborg: Bo Ejeby förlag, 2012, p. 197-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    OPAQUE: a tool for the elicitation and grading of audio quality attributes2005In: AES 118th Convention: Preprints, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2005, Vol. nr 6480Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The evaluation of different aspects of audio quality can be realised by means of attribute scales. Studies have shown that the attributes selected are of great importance for the evaluation result. Consequently, the process whereby these attributes are generated has to be given careful consideration. It was previously shown that elements from the repertory grid technique facilitated the elicitation and grading of quality attributes, which resulted in a new audio quality evaluation method. The result from this work has now been implemented as a software prototype aimed to support listening tests. This paper reports on the results from a pilot experiment involving the OPAQUE software

  • 45.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Software-aided elicitiation and grading of audio quality attributes2006In: Proceedings: International Audio Convention / VDT / [ed] Günther Theile, Bergisch-Gladbach: Verband Deutscher Tonmeister , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Audio quality evaluation can be accomplished by means of attribute scales and selection of the attributes is of great importance for the evaluation result. Hence, the process generating these attributes has to be given careful consideration. Previous research has shown that elements from the repertory grid technique facilitated the elicitation and grading of quality attributes. To simplify such an attribute generation process, a software-aided solution was utilised. The software was tested in an experiment where listeners considered differently processed audio samples. The results show that attributes relevant for describing the quality differences of the audio samples were generated.

  • 46.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Systematic evaluation of perceived spatial quality in surround sound systems2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to elaborate a method for the evaluation of perceived spatial quality in surround systems with emphasis on how to find and validate relevant attribute scales originating from verbal elicitation of personal constructs. The main question raised in this work was: Could a method utilising elicited personal constructs be used for finding a set of attributes with sufficient common meaning, thus enabling a group of experienced listeners to make significant judgements of spatial quality in surround sound systems? To investigate this, a method comprising a number of steps was employed. Initially, an elicitation experiment employing elements of the Repertory Grid Technique was performed. In the experiment, verbal data in the form of personal constructs were elicited from experienced listeners considering sounds reproduced through loudspeakers. Each listener rated the sounds on his/her personal constructs. The ratings and the constructs were structured by means of multivariate techniques and Verbal Protocol Analysis to find principal structures in the data set. These structures were examined for their meaning and they were subsequently used for deriving attributes on which scales were defined. The scales were verified in a validation experiment where a new group of experienced listeners considered a number of sound stimuli, which were rated on the attribute scales. The ratings were analysed for statistically significant differences between the stimuli. A new experiment was performed using a 5-channel surround sound system, on a new set of stimuli, in which refined attributes from the previous experiment supplemented by attributes from a new elicitation were utilised. The results showed that Personal constructs could be elicited from listeners in the context of reproduced audio A common perceptual pattern existed, expressed as attributes A list of attributes could be successfully derived Attribute scales derived from personal constructs enabled a group of listeners to make statistically significant judgements of spatial quality on reproduced sounds. It is concluded that a method utilising elicited personal constructs can be used for finding a set of attributes with sufficient common meaning, thus enabling a group of experienced listeners to make significant judgements of spatial quality in surround sound systems.

  • 47.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    The contrasting and conflicting definitions of envelopment2009In: 126th Audio Engineering Society convention 2009: Munich, Germany, 7 - 10 May 2009, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2009, Vol. 2, article id 7808Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spatial audio, the term envelopment is not unambiguously defined and the different de facto definitions both overlap and contradict one another. This unclarity may pose a problem where the sensation of being surrounded by sound is subject for investigation and analysis. This paper reviews the different concepts of envelopment in order to point to where possible problems may occur. A tentative suggestion for a terminology that can serve the different contexts of enveloping sounds is also given.

  • 48.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Allan, Jon
    Effect of minimizing spatial separation and melodic variations in simultaneously presented two-syllable words2008In: Audio Engineering Society Convention 124th: Audio Engineering Society Convention Papers, Curran Associates, Inc., 2008, article id 7409Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study will examine two important factors for the conception Auditory Streaming defined by Bregman, pitch and localization. By removing one or two of these factors as possible identifiers to separate sound sources, the importance of each of them and the effect of reducing both of them will be studied. Stimuli with combinations of two-syllable words will be presented simultaneously in speakers to subjects and the number of correct identifications will be measured. In one category of stimuli speech melody will be removed and replaced with a monotonous pitch, equal for all words. One category will have all words presented from one speaker only. A significant effect was found for pitch as a factor for successful segregation of words. Conclusions will be related to earlier studies and common theories, the Cocktail party effect among others.

  • 49.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Bustad, Christofer
    Sveriges Radio.
    Jonsson, Lars
    Sveriges Radio.
    Mossberg, Lars
    Sveriges Radio.
    Nyberg, Dan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Perceived audio quality of realistic FM and DAB+ radio broadcasting systems2013In: A E S, ISSN 1549-4950, Vol. 61, no 10, p. 755-777Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The perceived audio quality of a digital broadcasting system such as DAB+ is dependent on what type of coding and bit rates are applied. Due to bandwidth constraints, audio quality is prone to be in conflict with other service demands such as the number of channels and the transfer of ancillary data. Compared to DAB+, several other audio services have superior bit rates that challenge the audio quality of DAB+. This paper reviews audio-quality criteria and investigates how the perceived audio quality of different broadcasting systems complies with the criteria. Two studies were conducted: Test 1 where DAB+ codecs were tested at bit rates between 96 and 192 kbit/s and Test 2 where DAB+ systems between 48 and 192 kbit/s as well as FM systems were tested. The systems in Test 2 were designed to as far as possible model a realistic broadcasting signal chain including commonly used dynamic processors. The studies were realized through two listening experiments using the ITU-R recommendations BS.1116 and BS.1534 (MUSHRA) followed by a closing interview. The results showed that the currently highest available subchannel bit rate for DAB+ (192 kbit/s) was insufficient for attaining perceptually transparent quality for critical items, whereas it enabled a quality comparable to or in some instances better than a modern FM system. Extrapolation of data indicates that critical items may need to be coded at even higher bit rates to reach perceptually transparent quality. From the interviews, auditory features important for the subjects’ assessment of quality were observed. This study concludes that when making decisions on broadcasting systems, it is important to have well-founded and clearly defined criteria for minimum acceptable quality and/or perceptually transparent quality.

  • 50.
    Berg, Jan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
    Ekman, Håkan
    Difference between musicians and sound engineers in estimation of egocentric source distance in a concert hall stereophonic recording2006In: The Future of Audio Technology - Surround and Beyond: Proceedings of the AES 28th International Conference, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2006, Vol. Paper Number: 8-2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In sound recording, an important dimension is the perceived distance to the sound sources. This study investigates if there is a difference between sound engineers and musicians when they consider the perceived distance to sound sources recorded in a concert hall and reproduced by means of a two-channel stereo system. Also which distance is preferred is investigated for different instruments. The result shows that sound engineers perceive a greater distance to sources and that they prefer more close microphone distance than musicians.

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