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  • 1.
    Ager, Bengt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Skogsarbetets humanisering och rationalisering från 1900 och framåt2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten belyser skogsarbetets förändring i storskogsbruket under perioden 1900 – 2013 under inflytande av rationalisering och humanisering som förändringsprocesser. Utgångsläget var ett ytterst slitsamt, riskabelt och lågbetalt säsongsarbete i kyla och snö, med bortaliggning i undermåliga kojor.

    I periodens början fullbordades en spontan rationalisering som inletts i slutet av 1800-talet och som bestod av att effektivare handredskap – olika typer av sågar, barkspadar och hanteringsdon - ersatte yxan som universalredskap. Organiserad rationalisering av skogsarbetet kom igång först i slutet på 30-talet. Den hämtade då sin inspiration från industrin som vid det laget hade anpassat amerikanen F W Taylors rationaliseringskoncept till den svenska arbetsmarknaden och kulturen. Arbetsstudier blev grund för effektivisering av det manuella skogsarbetet och för en rättvisare lön. Men skogsbruket kom sedan att finna egna vägar, som ledde till en världsunik teknisk och organisatorisk utveckling med början på 1950-talet och kulmen kring 1990. Under de senaste två årtiondena har rationaliseringen i skogsbruket anslutit sig till ”mainstream” i näringslivets utveckling, som styrs allt mera av dels den globaliserade marknadens mekanismer samt dels ”Lean”, ett hopkok av amerikanska och japanska organisationskoncept, och med ”outsourcing” som främsta verktyg. Under perioden 1940-2005 utvecklades produktiviteten kraftigt, med särskilt stora språng 1960-75 och 1990-2005. Efter 2005 skedde en stagnation.

    Humaniseringen av skogsarbetet inleddes med provinsialläkaren Hasslers larm 1907. Starten blev trög men skogsarbetarnas boende och mathållning kom att förbättras på många håll fram till 1930-talets slut. Då blev humanisering en integrerad del av den systematiska rationaliseringen, vilket innebar radikala förbättringar av det manuella skogsarbetet. När mekaniseringen tog fart under 50- och 60-talet kom människan i produktionssystemet bort ett tag, vilket ledde till omtag på humaniseringsprocessen. Ergonomin utvecklades som redskap och som vetenskap. Från slutet av 70-talet till slutet av 90-talet blev humaniseringen, stödd av flera aktörer, åter en integrerad del av rationaliseringen, nu underbyggd av det ”sociotekniska” organisationskoncept som utvecklats av engelska och norska arbetsforskare. Arbetets organisation kom i fokus. Den totala humankvaliteten kulminerade åren kring 1990. Skogsarbetet nådde då en höjdpunkt vad gäller mångsidighet, kontaktrikedom, variation, självbestämmande, ansvar och uppmärksamhet. Sedan inleddes en viss avhumanisering. Humaniseringsaktörerna försvagades eller försvann. Marknadens ”osynliga hand” tog alltmera över utvecklingen. Humankvaliteten försämrades på en rad punkter som i huvudsak kan hänföras till organisationsmiljön – färre personliga kontakter, längre arbetsresor, sämre skiftformer, kortare framförhållning och sämre kvalitet i planeringen samt sänkt relativ lönenivå. Försämringarna kompenseras delvis av att maskinernas förarmiljö och driftssäkerhet förbättrats avsevärt, men generellt har skogsarbetet förlorat i attraktivitet. Historiken summeras utförligt i kapitel 11.

    I kapitlet 12 om framtidens arbetsliv nationellt och i skogsbruket hävdar författaren att det behövs ett tidsanpassat humaniseringskoncept av samma dignitet som det på 60-talet lanserade sociotekniska konceptet. En skiss på ett sådant ”socioekonomiskt” koncept presenteras, inklusive en begreppsapparat som gör anspråk på att vara innovativ, samt en rad åtgärdsförslag. Därvid beaktas lärdomar från det förgångna.

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  • 2.
    Alajärvi, Ludwig
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts.
    Vad är det som går och går men aldrig kommer fram?: En miljöhistorisk kartläggning om efterbehandlingen av Nautanens gruvområde 2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay was to understand why the old mining site in Nautanen continues to pollute the enviroment in the immediate area. Based on the actor-network theory, different actors have had different interests in Nautanen. All actors have been studied neutrally and the starting point has been that there is an ontological equality between the actors – no actor is stronger than the other. Different materials have been processed through a qualitative case study method. The study showed that the post-treatment trials were not fully carried out. This was because two actors, Gällivare municipality and the landowner Sveaskog, were unable to agree on the future responsibility for Nautanen. Thus, it resulted in the project coming to an end and the pollution continuing to pollute. Analyzing the results highlights different evidence for different conclusions about wich actor is the stronger actor and is responsible for why Nautanen continues to pollute. Is it Gällivare municipality or Sveaskog? Is it the law or the state?

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  • 3.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Sami land rights: Recent developments in swedish case law2022In: European Yearbook of Minority Issues / [ed] Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark; Florian Bieber; Arie Bloed; Bill Bowring; Ilze Brands Kehris; Zsuzsa Csergo; Magdalena Dembinska; Rainer Hofmann; Jennifer Jackson Preece; Tove H. Malloy; Joseph Marko; Roberta Medda-Windischer; John Packer; Francesco Palermo; Petra Roter; Eduardo Ruiz Vieytez; Peter Rutland; Sherrill Stroschein; Markku Suksi; Alexandra Xanthaki, Brill Nijhoff, 2022, 19, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 221-238Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Indigenous Sami people traditionally live in what is now Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Russia. A crucial matter for Indigenous peoples, including the Sami living in Sweden, is that of the recognition of their land rights and access to their traditional lands. This article’s aim is to present and analyse recent case law developments in Sweden that relate to the recognition and protection of Sami land rights, specifically the Girjas and Talma cases, through legal-scientific and textual analyses and relevant legal literature. Both cases concern Sami reindeer herding rights in Sweden and the Swedish state as defendant. These cases raise complex legal issues and historical circumstances, demonstrating the need for the Swedish state to treat Sami land rights as equal to other civil rights in Swedish society, in line with international human rights law.

  • 4.
    Almström, Inger
    Luleå University of Technology.
    My Uncle’s Polish Horse: [Polski koń mojego wuja]2020In: Zoophilologica, ISSN 2719-2687, no 6, p. 489-499Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Anderson, Agnes
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Skogen berör alla: Maktrelationer inom skogsbruket i Jokkmokks kommun 1980-19902017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Forestry has a long history in Sweden and came during the 20th century to end up in a series of conflicts with the interest groups advocating the immaterial values of the forest. The purpose of this discourse analysis is to describe the power relationships that were prevalent during the 1980s forestry in the municipality of Jokkmokk. This study primarily focuses on highlighting the voices during the 1980s forestry in the municipality of Jokkmokk who were silenced by groups that prioritize the material values of the forest. How the colonized have acted and reacted will also be discussed. This study shows that the municipality of Jokkmokk became overly exploited in the 1980s which came to create the power relationships between forest interest groups. Felling affected both reindeer herding and the local population and it is possible to speak of the 1980s as a continued post-colonial era where a colonial discourse is prevalent. The survey also shows that it was possible to resist but that the votes in favor of the forest's immaterial values were easily neglected.

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  • 6.
    Andersson Geiger, Felipe
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts.
    En Gymnasieskola för alla?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, a hypothesis, based on new theories in education and preventing current school problems,will be critically tested. In this testing, I will use two types of analytical methods. Through a qualitativeanalysis of the curricula, LGY70, LPF94 and GY11, this paper examines the views of knowledge,goals and school requirements reflected in them. Through a quantitative analysis of school statistics,obtained from the National Agency for Education and Swedish Statistics bureau, the effect of eachcurriculum on the proportion and number of students with a high school diploma, and equality betweenmale and female students' exam frequency, are examined. My hypothesis is: LGY 70, with amore classic view of knowledge, have been more efficient in these respects. In the analysis of thecurricula, other researchers' theories and analyses of the same curriculum are examined for comparativepurposes. The theoretical hypothesis background is based on modern research in cognitive science,brain research, linguistics, and the history of ideas. In theory, one objects to what the authorscall, a postmodernist paradigm within the school and the view of knowledge. The authors believe thata classical school of knowledge is more favourable for students' education and the solution to thecurrent school problems. The purpose of the essay is not to criticize the theory behind the hypothesis,i.e. the scientific theories, e.g. brain research or postmodernism. Nor does it criticize ideas in, pedagogy,socioeconomics, gender studies, et al. The study confirms the hypothesis, which also possiblyexplains that the curricula's view of knowledge affects school results and gender equality in schools.Besides, there is then also support that a classic form of knowledge, education and school is preferable.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Jesper
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Rasdefinition i förändring: En kvalitativ textanalys av svenska uppslagsverks framställning av folk (ras) i Afrika, Asien och Orienten, under perioden 1845-20202020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of encyclopedias has since their entry in Sweden, played a central role in communicating and defining knowledge to society. This essay examines the representation of peoples (race) in Africa, Asia and the Orient in encyclopedias between 1845-2020. The essay aims to explain and show how several selected concepts have changed in the encyclopedias’ descriptions over time in Sweden. The results show that the encyclopedias were highly influenced by racial biology and scientific racism the further back in time the encyclopedias were issued. People from Africa, Asia and the Orient were described with external characteristics and at times associated with different psychic characteristics. Through the representation of appearance, at times presented as different and foreign, one can see a construction between “we” and “the others”. The encyclopedias also made descriptions of people with generalizing derogatory concepts that were imbued by racism and dogmatic views on the different. Descriptions of peoples appearance and character traits were something that gradually disappeared over time.

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  • 8.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Centre for Tourism and Leisure Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Rodon, Thierry
    Department of Political Science, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.
    The making and re-making of high modernist towns in the Circumpolar North2022In: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 12, article id 101191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore the fate of high modernist architecture and settlement planning in the North, through the lens of mining towns in Sweden and Quebec. After WW2, cities across the world were subject to a wave of restructuring in accordance with high modernist ideals. The circumpolar north became the subject of some of the most radical examples, often described as utopian. In the Swedish Arctic, a renowned architect Ralph Erskine played a leading role. He combined functionalist principles, with ideas of creating settlements protecting inhabitants from harsh Arctic conditions, in harmony with the environment. Erskine...s ideas were implemented to a different extent in Kiruna and Svappavaara in north Sweden in the 1960's and in Fermont, Quebec, in the early 1970's. Our aim is to understand the challenges of creating industrial settlements in the Arctic, with the capacity to attract employees that are needed for resource extraction and other industries. While Erskine's architecture in Svappavaara and Kiruna will be demolished, the wall shaped town in Fermont is still intact and expanding. By comparing and highlighting differences, we call attention to the threat of demolition of legacies of an era that has yet to be defined as cultural heritage.

  • 9.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Andreas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå Sweden.
    Viklund, Roine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Competing pathways to sustainability? Exploring conflicts over mine establishments in the Swedish mountain region2018In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 218, p. 402-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural resource (NR) exploitation often gives rise to conflict. While most actors intend to manage collectively used places and their NRs sustainably, they may disagree about what this entails. This article accordingly explores the origin of NR conflicts by analysing them in terms of competing pathways to sustainability. By comparing conflicts over mine establishments in three places in northern Sweden, we specifically explore the role of place-based perceptions and experiences.

    The results indicate that the investigated conflicts go far beyond the question of metals and mines. The differences between pathways supporting mine establishment and those opposing it refer to fundamental ideas about human–nature relationships and sustainable development (SD). The study suggests that place-related parameters affect local interpretations of SD and mobilisation in ways that explain why resistance and conflict exist in some places but not others. A broader understanding of a particular conflict and its specific place-based trajectory may help uncover complex underlying reasons. However, our comparative analysis also demonstrates that mining conflicts in different places share certain characteristics. Consequently, a site-specific focus ought to be combined with attempts to compare, or map, conflicts at a larger scale to improve our understanding of when and how conflicts evolve. By addressing the underlying causes and origins of contestation, this study generates knowledge needed to address NR management conflicts effectively and legitimately.

  • 10.
    Bennerhag, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Hagström Yamamoto, Sara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Towards a Broader Understanding of the Emergence of Iron Technology in Prehistoric Arctic Fennoscandia2023In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 265-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article critically examines interpretations of Old World ferrous metallurgical developments with reference to their consequences for Arctic Fennoscandian iron research. The traditional paradigm of technological innovations recurrently links the emergence of iron technology to increasing social complexity and a sedentary agricultural lifestyle, typically downplaying ‘peripheral’ areas such as Arctic Fennoscandia and its hunter-gatherer communities. Even in postcolonial research of recent years, the archaeometallurgical record of Arctic Fennoscandia is interpreted and organized within the traditional frameworks on the time, course, and cultural context of the introduction of iron technology in Europe, where Arctic Fennoscandia is not considered to have any noteworthy role. However, current archaeological research with new data in Arctic Fennoscandia disputes prevailing ideas in European iron research and shows substantial evidence that iron technology was an integrated part of hunter-gatherer subsistence already during the Early Iron Age (c. 200 BC). Archaeometallurgical analyses reveal advanced knowledge in all the operational sequences of iron technology, including bloomery steel production and the mastering of advanced smithing techniques. Therefore, we urge dispensing with traditional ideas and call for an increased interest in the underlying mechanisms for the transfer of iron.

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  • 11.
    Borgström, Cajsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts.
    4 kvinnor på 100 män: Sveagruvan ur ett genusperspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 12.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    et al.
    Sveriges genusforskarförbund.
    Farahani, Fataneh
    Sveriges genusforskarförbund.
    Wilén Johansson, Evelina
    Sveriges genusforskarförbund.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Samverkan och solidaritet i nya former2021In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 42, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bryder, Tom
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Brief Guide to the History, Locus and Focus of Swedish Political-Science1980In: PS, ISSN 0030-8269, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 89-91Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Brännström, Selma
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Tickande klockor och kniviga mål: Historielärares syn på källkritik i undervisningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Källkritiken tycks vara ett svårorienterat undervisningsinnehåll för historielärare på gymnasiet enligt resultatet av denna uppsats. Syftet var att ta reda på hur lärare reflekterar kring källkritik som undervisningsinnehåll och genom intervjuer med sju lärare har många insikter kommit till ytan. Intervjuerna visar bland annat att lärarna tycker att det är svårt att rymma källkritiken i ett pressat tidsschema och att läroplanens mål är svåra att uppnå. En prioriteringsordning där historiskt stoff ställs före källkritiken syns i många av lärarnas redogörelser och eleverna har enligt flertalet lärare svårt att applicera källkritik och uppnå höga betyg i kunskapskravet. En anledning till deras svårigheter tycks enligt vissa lärare vara deras bristande historiska förkunskaper, och intresset verkar också vara av betydelse. Många lärare efterfrågar tips på bättre uppgifter för att komma åt dessa problem och tycker att det är svårt att formulera givande uppgifter på egen hand.

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  • 15.
    Bäcklund, Tove
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts.
    Vem berättar om Laver?: Aktörers perspektiv på gruvdriften i Laver2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 16.
    Ciesielska, Danuta
    et al.
    Instytut Historii Nauki PAN im. Ludwika i Aleksandra Birkenmajerów, Pałac Staszica w Warszawie, Warszawa, Poland.
    Maligranda, Lech
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mathematical Science. Instytut Matematyki, Politechnika Poznańska ul. Piotrowo 3A, Poznań, Poland.
    Zwierzyńska, Joanna
    Instytut Historii Nauki PAN im. Ludwika i Aleksandra Birkenmajerów, Pałac Staszica w Warszawie, Warszawa, Poland.
    W świątyni nauki, mekce matematyków: Studia i badania naukowe polskich matematyków, fizyków i astronomów na Uniwersytecie w Getyndze 1884-19332022 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The book is the first comprehensive one based on archival materials description of studies and research internships of Poles who matriculated on University of Göttingen in 1884-1933 and undertook studies in exact sciences. The first chapter of the work is a methodological introduction, the second chapter presents the development of exact sciences at the university in Göttingen from its foundation to the expulsion of scientists by the Nazi governments in 1933. The third chapter was devoted to general problems related to studies in Göttingen. In chapters four and five - in chronological order - presented are Poles who completed research internships at the University of Göttingen, and people who obtained a doctorate in philosophy in mathematics, mathematical statistics and physics here, or who took a doctoral exam in these disciplines. A short summary of the research is the sixth chapter discussing the role of former Gettingenian students in the Second Polish Republic in the interwar period. An important part of the publication is the penultimate chapter containing short biographies of nearly eighty Polish women who matriculated at the University of Göttingen. The biographies were supplemented with archival information collected during the inquiries in Göttingen, as well as in many Polish and foreign archives and libraries. A few notes are the first biographical information on these characters. The advantages of the monograph are rich documentation and illustrative material obtained from Polish and foreign archives. The publication is aimed primarily at academics and students interested in the history of mathematics, physics, astronomy and mathematical statistics. It may also interest people interested in the history of university education, including Polish-German scientific contacts in the period 1870-1939, and historians of philosophy, logic and chemistry.

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  • 17.
    Dagnäs, Klara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Tillgänglighetens påverkan på kulturvärden i statliga byggnadsminnen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great determination towards an increased accessibility in today’s society.  This creates some problems, when the building in question is a historic building of cultural significance, due to legislations and protective regulations. This thesis is executed as research for The National Property Board Sweden (SFV), who deals with these kinds of difficulties daily.

    The objective of this theses was to explore the influence of accessibility adaptation on cultural values in historic buildings from the 19th century, with a focus on doorways. The aim is also to identify possible faults and weaknesses that could cause a loss in cultural values.

    The study is based on a literature review and observations of eight doorways in the historical buildings Gamla Riksarkivet, Kungliga Operan, Linneanum and Uppsala Universitetshus. For each doorway actions and procedures have been identified and categorized based on the affected cultural values using two different evaluation models.

    The visual changes are, according to the result, the most frequent reason behind the affected cultural values that has been studied. The increase in social reforms and legislation about accessibility are the result of a changing society that has altered its preceptions of disabilities. This could be traced back as one of the major reasons that might be behind the loss of cultural values. Accessible environments are important, we should however consider that the cultural heritage is poorly accessible for a reason.

    It has been discovered that the studied archive files and documents have a lack of information, what actions and procedures the building had endured are vague. The amount of details explaining the procedures and justification of the actions are also limited, especially in the permit applications from SFV and its resolve from RAÄ.

    In order to facilitate the issue of how the legislation for accessibility and cultural values should ​​be interpreted, policy documents of how the laws should relate to each other are required.

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  • 18.
    Danielsson, Denise
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Ja visst gör det ont när församlingen brister: En fallstudie av Luleå Baptistförsamling 1905-19152016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 19.
    Ek, Emma
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Kvinnorna tar plats: En uppsats om kvinnorna i Luleå stadsfullmäktige 1910-1919 och deras bakgrund2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies the women that sat in Luleå Stadsfullmäktige between 1910 and 1919 and the bills, questions and the applications they sent in and worked with. The essay is a qualitative survey with a descriptive approach since it tries to describe and tell what these women worked with and what questions they were especially involved in. The survey is to demarcated to 1910 -1919 because 1910 was the first year that a woman could be elected to Stadsfullmäktuge and this opened new doors for what women could participate in within muncipality politics. The survey ends 1919 because the material was so extenstive and because women’s suffrage had occured. The survey found what questions the women worked with. For exampel sobriety, potato cultivation and women’s salary. 

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  • 20.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Bergqvist, Olof2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 88-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Change in the Church Town: House design and social function2020Book (Other academic)
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  • 22.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Clothing fashion variations for festive periods and everyday life2021Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 23.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Conceptions of ethnicity and nature conservation in reindeer herding areas in Sweden and Finland2016In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 25-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ethnopolitical mobilisation in the North Calotte area2017In: The Barents and the Baltic Sea Region: Contacts, Influences and Social Change / [ed] Kari Alenius, Matti Enbuske, Oulu: The Historical Association of Northern Finland , 2017, Vol. 77, p. 83-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Tornedalians in northern Sweden  and  the  Kvens  in  northern  Norway  are  two large Finnish speaking national minorities. The Tornedalians was part of the continuous Finnish culture stretching from southern Finland up to the northernmost part of the Gulf of Bothnia. They were integrated in the Swedish kingdom from the 14th century but in 1809, at the time Sweden lost Finland to Russia, they were left on the Swedish side as a small and marginalised minority. In northern Norway a large immigration of Finnish speakers from Sweden and Finland took place in the 18th     and 19th century. They were, according to Norwegian tradition, called Kvens and regarded as immigrants who, as time went on, received Norwegian citizenship.

    The Tornedalians and Kvens share a common Finnish cultural heritage within   the transnational area of northernmost Scandinavia called the North Calotte.1 Both minorities were exposed to a harsh assimilation policy from the latter half of the 19th century within each nation state. During most of the 20th century they remained loyal to the majority culture of the state, but in the 1980s a strong political mobilisation and ethnic revitalisation took place, launching new political and cultural organisations. They now emphasized their Finnish cultural heritage and claimed aid from the state for the maintenance of their minority cultures.

    In the 1990s the political mobilisation was taken even further when part of the Tornedalians in Sweden, and the Kvens in Norway, claimed that they all belonged to a historically ancient Finnish speaking people called Kvens, who was mentioned in historical sources from the Viking Age. This new kind of transnational identity policy was deliberately directed against the Sámi people, who at that time received an official status as indigenous people in Norway, Sweden and Finland. Since the Sámi people claims land rights and political autonomy out of their history from immemorial   time, both history and myth has come to be in focus for the Kven movement in their transnational political mobilisation, in order to proof their legitimacy as an ancient indigenous people.

    The aim of the article is to investigate how the power relation between the Tornedalian minority and the Swedish state changed from the 1930s to the 1990s, and how the expression of ethnic and national identification changed as part of the

     

     

    1 The North Calotte region was created in the late 1950s, as a specific northern dimension of the Northern Countries [Norden]. It comprised the counties of Norway, Sweden and Finland that were tangent to the Arctic Circle.

     

     

     

    political mobilisation of the minority. The method for investigating the changed power relations is to analyse the way Tornedalian claims on the state changed and the way new types of political organisation contributed to this. The use of history in the public is an important part of this. Expressions of ethnic and national identification  in relation to political mobilisation will be investigated through  the  reading  of  some Tornedalian periodicals and journals during the period of investigation. Some comparison is done with the Kven movement in northern Norway.

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  • 25.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Grape, Pehr Olof2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 279-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    History2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 295-303Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Introduction2016In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Social Sciences.
    Klädmodets variationer i helg och vardag2020Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Från att en kyrka byggdes fram tills i dag har människorna samlats till gudstjänst i Gammelstad. Vid vistelsen i kyrkstugan tog man på sig sina bästa kläder. I Klädmodets variationer berättar historikern Lars Elenius om hur människorna i lulebygden klädde sig till vardags och till fest. Under självhushållningens tid vävde man själv tyget som man sydde kläder av. Ull var det självklara material man hade på gården, men man odlade också hampa. Linet importerade man däremot.

    I klädernas formspråk och val av material signalerades också status och makt. Under ståndssamhällets tid var den sociala skiktningen starkt cementerad. Det fanns en föreställning om att adelsmannen, prästen och bonden tillhörde skilda grupper, där de lägre stånden skulle underordna sig de högre. Inget stånd fick överskrida sin plats i den sociala hierarkin genom att förhäva sig. Därför blev sidentyger och andra exklusiva tyger förbjudna att användas offentligt av de lägre stånden under 1600- och 1700-talet. De som överträdde förbudet fick sitta i fängelse ett antal dagar på vatten och bröd eller böta.

    Industrialiseringen tillsammans med den billiga bomullen revolutionerade klädseln. Rallarna som byggde järnvägen till Malmfälten och till Luleå hade ingen möjlighet att sy upp kläder. De beställde efter från postorderföretag eller köpte kontant av handlare. Kvinnor i mejerier och på sjukhus började klä sig i vita kläder. Till Luleå stad flyttade företagare, bokhållare, hattmakare, hushållerskor och andra. Det borgerliga modet spred sig till kyrkstugorna i Gammelstad, till bönderna i byarna och arbetarna i städerna. I klädmodets förändring ser vi också samhället förändring.

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  • 29.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Kyrkstadens förändring: husens former och deras sociala funktion2020 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Runt den medeltida kyrkan i Gammelstad växte tidigt fram en kyrkstad av små kyrkstugor som användes av bönderna under kyrkhelger och andra högtider. Kyrkplatsen var under medeltiden tätt omgiven av vatten vilket bidrog till att kyrkstugorna byggdes mycket tätt. Under medeltiden fanns därför topografiska likheter mellan kyrkstaden i Gammelstad och Gamla stan i Stockholm. I kyrkstugornas utformning ser vi den sekellånga dragkampen mellan individ och kollektiv. Var och en har alltid hittat sin egen estetiska lösning för sin kyrkstuga inom ramen för den gemensamma traditionen. Ett genomgående stildrag hos kyrkstugorna är de vita ytterdörrarna med sin påverkan från nyklassicismen. Där kan man spåra påverkan från kung Gustav III som efter sina resor i Italien starkt påverkade arkitekturen i Sverige. Under några decennier i början av 1600-talet fick staden Luleå stadsprivilegier på östra delen av kyrkplatsen. Det påverkade på ett genomgripande sätt den homogena medeltida kyrkstaden. För att ge plats åt nya rutmönstrade stadskvarter tvångsförflyttades de kyrkstugor som stod i vägen. Stora kringbyggda gårdar med bodar och ladugårdar tog deras plats. När staden flyttades till Luleås nuvarande plats flyttades också många av byggnaderna. De tomter som borgarna hade kvar lade grunden för det vi idag kallar kyrkbyn, medan kyrkans mark med kyrkstugorna kallas kyrkstaden. Förhållandet mellan de två har påverkat hur kyrkstaden utvecklades. Medan kyrkbyn moderniserats har kyrkstaden behållit sin medeltida karaktär.

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    Kyrkstadens förändring
  • 30.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Læstadius, Lars Levi2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 407-408Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Meeting between peoples: The Multicultural World Heritage of Gammelstad2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sámi presence in Gammelstad and the lower river valley is reconstructed through court records, household strategies examinations and matrimonial records. As recently as the mid-19th century, many in the population could speak Sámi, Finnish or Swedish. We can also trace the collective memory regarding Sámi settlements in villages such as Rutvik, Alvik and Måttsund. There are place names there such as Lappgärdan as a topographical reminder of Sámi who lived there. The book also sheds new light on the early Finnish-speaking population in the coastal area. From the history of the 20th th century there are accounts of how Finnish war children in all haste had to leave Finland that was in the throes of a war with the Soviet Union. The first war children arrived in 1942 and were boarded out to families. Some of them remained even after the war.

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  • 32.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Minoritetsspråken i nationalistisk växelverkan: samiska och finska som kyrkospråk och medborgarspråk2016In: Gränsöverskridande kyrkohistoria: de språkliga minoriteterna på Nordkalotten / [ed] Daniel Lindmark, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2016, p. 13-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Multiculturalism, migration and minorities in Finland during the three centuries2017In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 137, no 4, p. 727-730Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Möten mellan olika folk: den mångkulturella kyrkstaden i Gammelstad2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom domstolsprotokoll, husförhörslängder och giftermålslängder för att rekonstrueras den samiska närvaron i Gammelstad och den nedre älvdalen. Ännu i mitten av 1800-talet talade många i befolkningen samiska, finska eller svenska. Vi får också följa det kollektiva minnet efter samiska bosättningar i byar som Rutvik, Alvik och Måttsund. Där finns platser som kallas Lappgärdan som minnen i landskapet efter samer som bott där. I boken sätts också den tidiga finskspråkiga befolkningen i kustområdet i ny belysning. Från 1900-talets historia beskrivs hur finska krigsbarn tumultartat fick lämna ett Finland i fullt krig med Sovjetunionen. De första krigsbarnen anlände 1942 och utplacerades i familjer. En del av dem blev också kvar efter kriget.

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  • 35.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Nationella minoriteters symboliska nationsbyggande: Föreställningen om Kvänland och Sápmi som nya former av etnopolitik bland finskspråkiga och samiskspråkiga minoriteter2018In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 138, no 3, p. 480-509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The symbolic nation-building of national minorities Sápmi and Kvänland as new forms of ethno-politics among Sámi and Finnish speaking minorities.

    In the 1970s and 1990s two transnational ethnic homelands, Sápmi and Kvenland, were created in northern Scandinavia as symbolic nations with their own flags, memorial days and anthems. In this respect they resemble other ”nations without states” found around the world. These two examples from northern Fenno-Scandinavia can inform theories of transnational nationbuilding. They demonstrate how history and myths have been used in competition between Sámi and Finnish speakers to the right to be regarded as indigenous peoples. The two ethnic groups are now politically organised at both national and transnational level, and the Sámi also at global level.

    With the global strengthening of indigenous rights, Sámi-speaking groups introduced Sápmi as a transnational homeland for the Sámi people in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia in the 1970s. After the official recognition of Sámi as an indigenous people, and the launch of Sámi parliaments in the Nordic countries in the 1990s, Finnish speaking minorities organised across national borders to ensure that they, too, would be recognised as an indigenous people. They deliberately used the Norwegian ethnonym Kven to depict a united transnational people of Finnish-speakers in Sweden, Norwayand Finland. Kven is the word for Finnish-speaking migrants in northern Norway, which has been in use from the 17th century at least. But it is also a term used by Norwegian Vikings in the 9th century in reference to an ancient people or ethnic group resident in the Gulf of Bothnia area.

    The relation between the concepts of state, nation, ethnicity and nationalism have been investigated in theories of ”nations without states”. The Fenno-Scandinavian examples demonstrate how ethnicity and nation are problematic concepts to use for nations created across state borders. Because the nation-state is the political form of modernity, it has forced minorities to use the nation as a model when formulating ethno-political demands. Increasingly ethno-policy has been formulated in a global and in new democratic contexts providing for enlarged minority rights. Ethnic forms of organization have therefore changed. Ethnicity has more and more become the means for pursuing political demands in ethnic form, influenced by new international rules and regulations for identity policy. The interplay between ethnic, national and transnational identifications therefore differ from the earlier national identity to which they run parallel.

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  • 36.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sapmi2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 2, N-Y / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 305-309Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Snell, William2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 2, N-Y / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 329-330Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Stiftsledningen och minoritetspolitiken2016In: De historiska relationerna mellan Svenska kyrkan och samerna: en vetenskaplig antologi Bd. 2 / [ed] Daniel Lindmark & Olle Sundström, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2016, p. 469-518Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    The dissolution of ancient Kvenland and the transformation of the Kvens as an ethnic group of people. On changing ethnic categorizations in communicative and collective memories2019In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 117-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to trace how the ethnonym Kven and the interrelated imagination of Kvenland changed over time in Nordic political discourse from the Viking Age to the mid-eighteenth century. In the negotiations over fixed borders between Sweden, Denmark and Russia, recognition of ethnic groups played an important political role in legitimating the territorial claims of the states. It brought the history of ethnic groups to the table and in the process made visible ethnonyms and names for provinces used previously. The continuity of the ethnonyms is investigated as a chronological chain of communicative and collective memory. The ethnonym and the territory of Kvenland were used by the Norwegians to maintain an ethnic boundary with the Finnish speakers in the upper Bothnian area. The names Kven and Kvenland were never used in Sweden. The investigation shows that the Kvens constituted a group of Finnish speaking people existing in continuity from the Viking Age. Their core territory was situated in the upper Gulf of Bothnia area. When this was integrated into the Swedish kingdom the inhabitants were designated Finns by the Swedes. The Finnish speakers in Tornedalen, thus, kept their linguistic and cultural continuity but lost their western Scandinavian ethnonym Kven.

  • 40.
    Elenius, Lars
    Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Were the “Kainulaiset” in the Kalix River valley Finnish or Swedish-speakers?: A reinterpretation of ethnonyms in Finland and the Gulf of Bothnia area from the Viking Age and onwards2018In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, no 2, p. 1-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Norwegian ethnonym Kven and the Finnish ethnonym Kainulainen occurred at latest in the first millennium AD. A tacit truth held today is that the ethnonyms represent the same ancient Finnish-speaking group, only named differently by Norwegians and Finns. The aim of the article is to find out whether the ethnonyms have been used to designate different groups of people. The Finnish-speakers in the nearby Tornedalen has called the lower part of the Kalix River in northernmost Sweden the Kainuu River and the upper part Kaalas River after the original Sámi name of the river. According to theories on ethnicity they called the lower part the Kainuu River [Fin. Kainuunväylä] because they wanted to mark out the Swedish speakers of different ethnicity, who they called Kainulaiset. The latter mainly settled the lower part of the river in the Middle Ages and Finnish-speakers the upper part. The article reveals that the Sámi variety Gainolâš was used by the Sámi for depicting dominant majority populations of different ethnicity, especially Scandinavians, but sometimes also Finns. It also argues that Finnish settlers in southern Finland and the northernmost Gulf of Bothnia used Kainulainen for depicting Swedish settlers when the two language groups first encountered.

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    Where the "Kainulaiset" in the Kalix River valley Finnish or Swedish speakers
  • 41.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Allard, ChristinaLuleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.Sandström, CamillaDepartment of Political Science, Umeå University.
    Indigenous rights in modern landscapes: Nordic conservation regimes in global context2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the diverse use of Indigenous customary rights in modern landscapes from a multidisciplinary perspective. Divided into two parts, the first deals explicitly with Sámi customary rights in relation to nature conservation in the Nordic countries and Russia from a legal and historical perspective. The authors investigate how longstanding Sámi customary territorial rights have been reassessed in the context of new kinds of legislation regarding Indigenous people. They also look at the ideas behind the historical models of nature conservation. The second part deals with the ideas and implementation of new kinds of postcolonial models of nature conservation. The case of the Sámi is compared with other Indigenous people internationally with cases from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and India. The work investigates how the governance of protected areas has been influenced by the principles of equality and positive discrimination, and how it has affected the possibilities of establishing adaptive co-management arrangements for specific areas. How the legal situation of Indigenous peoples has been recognised in an international context is also investigated. The volume provides a multidisciplinary analysis of how the customary livelihood of Indigenous people has adapted to modern industrialised landscapes and also how postcolonial approaches have contributed to global changes of Indigenous rights and nature conservation models

  • 42.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Allard, ChristinaLuleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.Sandström, CamillaDepartment of political science, Umeå Universitet.
    Indigenous Rights in Moders Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the diverse use of Indigenous customary rights in modern landscapes from a multidisciplinary perspective. Divided into two parts, the first deals explicitly with Sámi customary rights in relation to nature conservation in the Nordic countries and Russia from a legal and historical perspective. The authors investigate how longstanding Sámi customary territorial rights have been reassessed in the context of new kinds of legislation regarding Indigenous people. They also look at the ideas behind the historical models of nature conservation. The second part deals with the ideas and implementation of new kinds of postcolonial models of nature conservation. The case of the Sámi is compared with other Indigenous people internationally with cases from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and India. The work investigates how the governance of protected areas has been influenced by the principles of equality and positive discrimination, and how it has affected the possibilities of establishing adaptive co-management arrangements for specific areas. How the legal situation of Indigenous peoples has been recognised in an international context is also investigated. The volume provides a multidisciplinary analysis of how the customary livelihood of Indigenous people has adapted to modern industrialised landscapes and also how postcolonial approaches have contributed to global changes of Indigenous rights and nature conservation models.

  • 43.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Vakhtin, Nikolai B.
    Department of Anthropology, European University, S:t Petersburg.
    Minorities and minority-related issues2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 495-507Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Vasilevskaya, Natalia V.
    Department of Natrual Science, Murmansk Arctic State University.
    Nature protection2016In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 2, N-Y / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 33-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Öberg, Thomas
    Staden som steg ur havet: landhöjningen och landskapets förändring2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Landhöjningen efter istiden har påverkat det landskap som omger kyrkstaden i Gammelstad, som är ett världsarv. Fram till början av 1800-talet trodde forskarna att den sjunkande havsytan berodde på att Bibelns syndaflod drog sig tillbaka. Till dem hörde bl.a. Carl von Linne och Anders Celsius. Upptäckten av istiden gjorde att landskapet runt Gammelstad och Luleå kunde avläsas på ett nytt sätt. Landhöjningen påverkade det nuvarande världsarvet på ett påtagligt sätt. Staden flyttades från den medeltida kyrkplatsen 1649. Bönderna fick ny åkermark. Den uppgrundade Gammelstadsviken är i dag ett naturreservat som ingår i Natura 2000.

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  • 46.
    Elenius, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Öberg, Thomas
    The Town That rose from the Sea: uplift and changing landscape2020Book (Other academic)
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  • 47.
    Ellem, Bradon
    et al.
    University of Sydney, Australia.
    Sandström, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Persson, Curt
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Neoliberal trajectories in mining: Comparing Malmfälten and the Pilbara2020In: European journal of industrial relations, ISSN 0959-6801, E-ISSN 1461-7129, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 297-312Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare the iron ore sectors and mining regions of Malmfälten in Sweden and the Pilbara in Australia. Both are physically isolated and the product is economically vital, but we find differences in industrial relations which accord with what would be expected in coordinated and liberal market economies. A closer examination, attentive to history and geography and in which changes in institutional form and function are highlighted, reveals, however, that these differences are more apparent than real, and that there is a common neoliberal trajectory. This analysis also suggests that changes in these sites at times drive transformations in national industrial relations.

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  • 48.
    Englund, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Uppförandet av Pontusbadet: En studie av folkhemsbygget i Luleå2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of Pontusbadet as a welfare-institution in Luleå and the methods of this survey are a combination of hermeneutics and comparative analysis. In the late 1940s public bathing was a much-discussed topic both on the national and the local level because it was legislated as part of the municipal and social policies. Hence an architectural competition was arranged in Luleå to construct a public bathhouse in the early 1950s. Thereby the authorities main motives were to improve the hygiene of the city`s growing population but also a part of a more extensive project of improving the general swimming ability in the Swedish society. Architecturally the construction combined ideas of hygiene, leisure and pleasant public areas because it was a product of social engineering. Thus, Pontusbadet fulfilled both rational and symbolic motives.

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  • 49.
    Engqvist Persson, Marie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts.
    Historiemedvetande i historieläroböcker: Värden och historiemedvetande i skildringar av det demokratiska genombrottet i Sverige2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 50.
    Espling, Emma
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts.
    Vårt hem, bygderna i Norrbotten: Hembygdsrörelsens dåtid, nutid och framtid i Norrbotten2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats kommer undersöka närmare på hur hembygdsrörelsen etablerades i Norrbotten och hur hembygdsföreningarna i Norrbotten utvecklats från sent 1800-tal till 2022. Uppsatsen kommer även behandla människorna bakom rörelsen och Norrbottens hembygdsföreningars fokus och mål. Utöver detta är några av de centrala frågorna som lyfts fokuserade på om geografin har någon påverkan på hembygdsföreningarna i Norrbotten, det vill säga har en stads geografiska position någon påverkan på föreningens storlek eller hur det förvaltas? Denna uppsats kommer titta närmare på två hembygdsföreningar i Norrbotten, valet av dessa är dels deras tidiga start, dels deras differens i deras geografiska beläggning. Alla undersökningar som genomförs för denna uppsats kommer utgå från historiebruk som teori och som metod används muntlig historia, källkritisk granskning och arkivstudier. Resultatet av undersökningen är att hembygdsrörelsen hade en relativt tidig start i Norrbotten och bedrivs av eldsjälar och merparten pensionärer samt att geografin hade en stor påverkan på hembygdsföreningarna. 

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