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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Hamon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Velayat park: En plats för gränsöverskridande möten mellan människor med olika socioekonomisk status2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tehran, the capital of Iran has undergone major urbanization in the last century, which has caused uncontrollable urban growth. Poor regulation and control of this growth has given rise to environmental problems including high air and water pollution. In turn, this has led to urban growth towards the mountains in the north, where the environment is better. However, this pressure to develop in the north has increased segregation of the city and created a clear social division of class between the northern and southern parts of the City.

    In light of this, and in the context of Tehran as an extremely dense city with limited green space, the City sees a possibility in transforming an unused military airport in the southern districts of the city into a new urban park.

    This master thesis explores how to reclaim the 270Ha former airfield and develop it as an urban park with strengthened links to surrounding neighbourhoods.

    The work aims to gain an understanding of how large vacant areas can become successful public areas and green places in the community. The work is based on urban theory and site analysis and brings forward design proposals for the park.

    Analysis work is divided into an investigative and exploratory stage. The investigative part includes literature studies, data collection and mapping of the city’s urban morphological development, taking into account physical and socio-economic processes. The exploratory part consisted of inventories, site studies and interviews in Tehran, as well as integration analysis with space syntax to explore accessibility and connections in the new park.

    Throughout the study shows how and why the city has evolved and highlights a connection between living in the southern districts, which are low-income areas, with also having poor access to public and recreation areas.

    This analysis forms the foundations for the design proposal, visualizations and programs presented about how the area can be designed as a new urban city park.

    In conclusion, the study highlights that in order to be able to develop new places or renew existing area’s, consideration must be given to urban morphological development. This includes the socio-economic and socio-ecological process. It further concludes, that a ecological viewpoint together with a understanding of the physical environment, the urban landscape identity and the need of people in the context needs to be brought together to plan and create parks and urban spaces

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  • 2.
    Ali, Jones
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Alisson, Hussein
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Gestaltningsprogram Murjek: Ett förslag på anpassning av småskaliga tågstationer avseende turism, funktion och tillgänglighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trafikverket plans to soon upgrade theplatform of Murjek station, a small-scale trainstation that constitute Jokkmokkmunicipality's only railway station alongMalmbanan and has clear links to touristdestinations. In connection with this, amapping of touristic aspects for smaller trainstations related to tourism shall be made andan associated design program for Murjekstation area will be developed.This method in this report consists of doing asystematic literature review, interviews andfield studies, which served as the base for themapping that has been done. The goal of thisreport is to, through the touristic aspects andthe design program, answer the followingscientific questions:How can a design proposal for a small-scaletrain station linked to tourism look like?● What features are important to create anaccessible and functional train station?● What parameters are important for a smallscaletrain station seen from a touristicperspective?How should Murjek station and thesurrounding station area be designed in orderto promote tourism development in asustainable way?● How can touristic experience values be metthrough the design of the station area?● What touristic aspects should be met in thedesign of Murjek station?Through following the method ofåtgärdsvalsstudier, the station area has beeninventoried and a summarized view of theshortcomings in the area has been compiled.Furthermore, measures of action based on theinterviews and theory have been developedand evaluated which has culminated in thetouristic aspects. These, along with the theoryfor the design of train stations, were the basisfor the design program.The compiled touristic aspects cover the areasof design, information, culture, art,functionality, and social aspects and aredesigned to be applicable to all small-scalestations linked to tourism. The design programis divided into three parts: the station area,the station building and the platform. All threeareas have been renovated and adapted to bemore accessible and functional based onexisting guidelines and to meet the touristicaspects developed.The design program embodies the practicalapplication of the touristic aspects and theexisting guidelines for functionality,accessibility, and design. This result is meantas a source of inspiration for other small-scalestations and demonstrates the possibility tocombine all of these elements into anattractive travel center that is well suited forall types of travelers, including persons withdisabilities and tourists.The report is geographically limited to Murjekand its vicinity and is limited to theparameters tourism, accessibility, andfunctional adaptation.

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  • 3.
    Andersson, Josefine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hur kan en befintlig centrumnära galleria omformas för att bidra till en mer attraktiv och hållbar stad?: En studie av Odenhuset i Trollhättan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During 1960 and 1970, several Domus department stores opened in the city centres of Sweden. By car, both local and long distance visitors could visit the Domus department store. As the external shopping centres and electronic commerce appeared, the number of visitors to the city malls (previously Domus department stores) has decreased. Nowadays, it is common for trade business to be forced to close the business because of the competition from external shopping centres and electronic commerce. This results in the fact that empty rooms nowadays are commonly found in city mall buildings. With the empty spaces, the city mall buildings have a limited range of goods and services. Less visitors to the city mall buildings result in less visitors to the place next to the city mall building, but also less visitors to the entire city centre.The purpose of this master thesis is to contribute with increased knowledge of how the existing city mall buildings can be redesigned as an idea and in its design. This because it is necessary to meet today’s challenges how the city mall buildings can contribute to a better sustainable and an attractive urban environment. The aim of this master thesis is to find a new design and function for Odenhuset in Trollhättan. The result should also be able to apply for similar existing city malls in central urban environments.The study was conducted by using the method called Research by Design. The method contains the three phases: pre-studies, design process and design analysis. Through Research by Design, it is possible to create a design proposal for the new function of the building where the proposal is based on scientific pre-studies. The first phase pre-studies includes site visits and literature studies. The city mall buildings that were visited for thestudy are either in the leading edge of Mixed Use or does the visited city mall building has many empty premises in the building.The conclusion of this master thesis is to find a new function for a centreclose city mall building, it is essential to accept the trade development. How trade has developed and changed is based on what human needs has looked like. Since external shopping malls and electronic commerce meetpeople nowadays needs better than the city malls does, the competition for customers has arisen. The result of the design proposal is therefore flexible and adaptable in order to make the city mall buildings once againbe able to meet new and future human needs. The design proposal and the new function of the city mall building should conveniently include different activities available for everyone. To combine different activities creates a wider range for the place. A wider range makes better conditions for the building to get more visitors and movement around the place.The design proposal gives space in the city mall building for activities thatmakes people’s everyday lives work better.

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  • 4.
    Catalini, Anna
    et al.
    College of Arts, University of Lincoln.
    Nour, ZeinabFaculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University.Versaci, AntonellaFaculty of Engineering and Architecture, University “Kore” of Enna.Hawkes, DeanCambridge, UK.Bougdah, HocineCanterbury School of Architecture, University for the Creative Arts.Sotoca, AdolfLuleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.Ghoneem, MahmoudArchitecture Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University.Trapani, FerdinandoUrban Planning, Architecture, Palermo University.
    Cities' Identity Through Architecture and Arts: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Cities' Identity through Architecture and Arts (CITAA 2017), Cariro, Egypt,  May 11-13, 20172018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every city has its unique and valuable identity, this identity is revealed through its physical and visual form, it is seen through the eyes of its residents and users. The city develops over time, and its identity evolves with it. Reflecting the rapid and constant changes the city is subjected to, Architecture and Arts, is the embodiment of the cultural, historical, and economical characteristics of the city. This conference is dedicated for the investigation of the different new approaches developed in Architecture and Contemporary arts. It will focus on the basis of urban life and identities.

    It will discuss the examples and tendencies in dealing with urban identities as well as the transformation of cities and urban cultures mentioned in terms of their form, identity, and their current art. Contemporary art, when subjected to experiments, continues to be produced in various directions, to be consumed and to put forward new ideas. Art continuously renews itself -from new materials to different means of communication, from interactive works to computer games, from new approaches to perceptional paradigms and problems of city and nature of the millennium.

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  • 5.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Is climate a modifier and shape-giver in urban morphology?2021In: Urban morphology, ISSN 1027-4278, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 93-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Dagnäs, Klara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Tillgänglighetens påverkan på kulturvärden i statliga byggnadsminnen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great determination towards an increased accessibility in today’s society.  This creates some problems, when the building in question is a historic building of cultural significance, due to legislations and protective regulations. This thesis is executed as research for The National Property Board Sweden (SFV), who deals with these kinds of difficulties daily.

    The objective of this theses was to explore the influence of accessibility adaptation on cultural values in historic buildings from the 19th century, with a focus on doorways. The aim is also to identify possible faults and weaknesses that could cause a loss in cultural values.

    The study is based on a literature review and observations of eight doorways in the historical buildings Gamla Riksarkivet, Kungliga Operan, Linneanum and Uppsala Universitetshus. For each doorway actions and procedures have been identified and categorized based on the affected cultural values using two different evaluation models.

    The visual changes are, according to the result, the most frequent reason behind the affected cultural values that has been studied. The increase in social reforms and legislation about accessibility are the result of a changing society that has altered its preceptions of disabilities. This could be traced back as one of the major reasons that might be behind the loss of cultural values. Accessible environments are important, we should however consider that the cultural heritage is poorly accessible for a reason.

    It has been discovered that the studied archive files and documents have a lack of information, what actions and procedures the building had endured are vague. The amount of details explaining the procedures and justification of the actions are also limited, especially in the permit applications from SFV and its resolve from RAÄ.

    In order to facilitate the issue of how the legislation for accessibility and cultural values should ​​be interpreted, policy documents of how the laws should relate to each other are required.

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  • 7.
    Darebro, Hanna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Optimering av byggnaders energiprestanda : en fallstudie: Baserat på köpt energi, primärenergi och utsläpp av växthusgaser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 8.
    Eronen, Minna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Humans and Technology.
    Aesthetic atmospheres and their affordances in urban squares2023In: Journal of Place Management and Development, ISSN 1753-8335, E-ISSN 1753-8343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to explore aesthetic atmospheres and their affordances in urban squares to advance knowledge on the research and design of attractive living environments.

    Design/methodology/approach: Descriptions of pleasant and unpleasant experiences of urban squares were collected using qualitative questionnaires with open-ended questions. The theoretical framework and the lens of aesthetic affordances were applied to pinpoint and understand the connections between the place attributes and experiences.

    Findings: This study found four distinct aesthetic atmospheres formed by perceived synergies of both the material and immaterial aspects of the environment. It was also found that the atmospheres may shift. A model that shows the aesthetic atmospheres and their potential affordances as layered and emerging is presented.

    Research limitations/implications: Everyday aesthetics considered as affordances open new research perspectives for the understanding of what generates attractive living environments – or not.

    Practical implications: Aesthetics affordances may provide the design professionals and alike means on how to design places that engender specific aesthetic atmosphere.

    Social implications: Gathering and discussing commonplace aesthetic experiences in everyday life may enhance democratic participation in place development among people with different levels of design expertise.

    Originality/value: This study combines theories of place with a novel concept of aesthetic affordances to identify distinct aesthetic atmospheres. A holistic overview structure of how the various constituents of aesthetic atmospheres relate to each other provides new ways of studying and understanding urban aesthetic atmospheres.

  • 9.
    Flaquer, Berta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Urbanization as Socionatures' Reproduction: from Territories of Extraction2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Through an engagement with the strand of critical urban theory, this dissertation brings the reworkings of Henri Lefebvre’s notion of ‘planetary urbanisation’ into a new synthesis with further inputs from urban political ecology and feminism—towards developing an ecofeminist lens to urbanization. Guided by the hypothesis “urbanization has been historically sustained through the patriarchal domination of women and nature’s reproduction,” the thesis seeks to critically explore how urbanization processes have historically and multiscalarly recurrently transformed the spatial configurations of reproduction from territories of extraction. It does so by engaging with the long durée historical problematique of the malm territory of extraction, as situated from Swedish Sápmi and through an intersectional ecofeminist approach. From the mid-1500s—Indigenous Sámi, Natures, and the bodies of especially women—have been violently subordinated through patriarchal-colonial-capitalist urbanization processes. Across scales and time, the so-called production has been designed by and for the BWMAh* as extraction. Through the malm territory—within and beyond Sweden—this has taken the form of iron ore mining, but also historically in linkage with other forms (i.e. fur and leather, large-scale reindeer, fishing, agriculture, forestry, coal, hydropower, research and development, tourism, data centres, fertilizers, space industry, dredging, fossil-free steel, or fossil- free hydrogen). Backgrounded and at the basis, however, extraction has been sustained through the violent domination of nature and women’s reproduction, as through the witch-hunts in different forms historically and still ongoing, femicides, the creation of the ideals of ‘the good woman,’ the myth of ‘the strong Sámi women,’ successive scientific revolutions, race biology, genetics, industrial colonialism, or the new green colonialism. Under the current ‘green everything’ transition where once again capital’s project is rearticulating and preparing for the next wave of accumulation underway—through an ever-backgrounded and deeper preceding crisis of reproduction—, it is ever more relevant to question the spatiality of the reproduction processes and the ways in which earlier rearticulations have dominated the reproduction of life in new forms.

    The malm territory is then synchronically and diachronically mapped yet foregrounding the processes of subordination of nature and women—across scales and time—building up the ‘palimpsests of extraction.’ It uses Corboz’s metaphor of ‘the territory as palimpsest’ and expands its conception as a mapping method beyond cartography, to explore in which ways reproduction relations have been masked and not represented historically. The dissertation then goes on to argue that the existing literature on planetary urbanisation has been giving ontological priority to production, and this has precluded an analysis of the actual reproduction relations that have been at the root sustaining life however subordinated in the complete urbanization of society. By advancing an ecofeminist materialist lens to urbanization that reads—representationally and spatially—grasping the complex specificities through the key moments of rearticulation of patriarchal-colonial-capitalist urbanization—temporally and multiscalarly—in the long durée history of the malm territory yet foregrounding the forms of subordination of nature and women, I focus on the linkages that can be drawn between the relations of domination and alternatively collectively transformed.

    * BWMAh: Bourgeois White Male Adult heterosexual

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  • 10.
    Florén, Tina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Integrerad arkitektur: en metodutveckling2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 11.
    Forsberg, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Aesthetical Perspectives in Street Lighting: A Study of Future Potentials in LED Lighting2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As of today, around 19% of all electricity that is produced around the world goes toward lighting roads and cities. The light is also produced in a wasteful manner, creating disturbances in nature as well as for people. Recent developments in light emitting diodes offers remedy to these problems but the technology needs a proper revision of street lighting’s purposes. Light emitting diodes use a fraction of the energy needed for previous lighting methods. They offer unique implementation opportunities in physical construction as well as being highly controllable which makes them highly adaptable. The thesis looks at how aesthetics can be used to optimally introduce the upcoming worldwide installation of the new technology. Its unique characteristics were looked at and used to create a Korean styled luminaire and an interactive street lighting system in two separate design processes. The results of the developments were firstly, a modular luminaire which combines Korean architectural aesthetics with a cost effective construction. The second result was an interactive urban street lighting system which suggests a dimmable lighting that through an adaptable computer control responds to pedestrians’ presences. This is a master’s thesis (D7014A) is a project in product design at the education of industrial design engineering at Luleå University of Technology and is worth 30 credits. The project spanned 20 weeks during the spring semester of 2016. The project was conducted in collaboration with Pukyong National University’s industrial design department, in Busan, South Korea.

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  • 12.
    Frisell Cramfelt, Linn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Uppsala stadsomvandling: Omvandlingsprojekts effekt på stadsmiljön ur ett urbanmorfologiskt perspektiv2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this master thesis has been to investigate how large redevelopment projects affect the character of an urban environment. This has been carried out through a case study of Uppsala, a city in one of the most expansive growth areas in Europe. It also belongs to one of the government's prioritized areas in the investment in sustainable districts and cities. Additional factors that have been investigated has been to study the cumulative effects of planned and ongoing projects on Uppsala's urban environment and whether these changes are compatible with the municipality's governing documents.

    Urban morphological theory has been used to investigate how the city has grown historically, primarily from the 19th century and onwards. It has also been used to find focus areas for more in-depth urban morphological analyzes. The theory has been complemented with a document study of relevant documents regarding Uppsala, such as general plans and the municipality's inner-city strategy and architectural policy.

    Three areas were selected for finer-mesh analyzes based on the document study and the lower-resolution analysis of Uppsala's central parts. Two of these areas are historically industrial areas at different stages of transformation and the third is a central area close to many important city functions. Components such as blocks, properties, buildings, streets, street spaces and open spaces were examined. Together with current plans and programs, conclusions were drawn regarding the future character and structure of the specific areas. An investigation was then carried out as to whether the investigated areas' plans were compatible with the municipality's governing documents and how the transformation of these areas affects Uppsala's urban environment as a whole.

    The focus areas were largely in line with the municipality's inner-city strategy. The biggest discrepancies were found between the area Främre Boländerna and the municipality's architectural policy regarding concepts such as context, scale and existing values. The projects' cumulative effects on Uppsala's urban environment were concluded to lead to increased homogeneity in street spaces, increased implementation of the grid street plan, taller building volumes and the replacement of buildings from the 1950s to the 1970s in favor of new buildings. The obtained result regarding how the character of an urban environment is affected by large-scale conversion projects is that the existing character is often at risk of being lost. This due to few elements of urban form being preserved as they seldom are compatible with the intention of the transformation or the current urban planning trend.

    To become better at preserving the urban environment and the character of areas, more holistic analyzes based on urban morphological theory are recommended. In this way, a place's unique features can be identified and be further developed instead of being transformed based primarily on the current urban trend. 

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    Uppsala stadsomvandling
  • 13.
    Geijer, Mia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sjöholm, JennieLuleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift Nr. 802021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Gros, Ellinor
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Amasonen: A Design Proposal for a Mixed-Use Building with Integrated Solar Cells2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the growing energy consumption in the world today, the decreasing amount of fossil fuels and their negative impact on the environment, developments and greater use of renewable energy resources is crucial. One of the promising environmentally friendly energy resources is solar power. The technology for producing electricity from the use of solar cells is continuously developing and is growing on the market.

    The objective of this master thesis is to illustrate how solar panels can be integrated into a building’s design, and what value this gives to the building. The purpose is also to give an indication of whether an integrated solar panel installation is profitable, and what is required for more building developers to invest in solar power.

    A study on solar cells was conducted to gain knowledge of the different types of solar cells and systems and their possible integration into buildings. The study also included research on why solar cell installations are not more common today. Case Studies were also conducted on projects with integrated solar cells. This was done to gain an understanding of how solar panels can be used as design elements. The study was done as a systematic literature study through a qualitative method.

    City and site analyses were carried out as a first step in the design process. The analyses focused on the movements, green spaces, climates, functions and architectural character of the city and site. The analyses were done to attain an impression of the environment the building would be placed in, and its requisites. These analyses were followed by volume and solar studies to come up with a building design that would fulfill the requirements of the client, while creating good areas for placement of the solar panels.

    The master thesis resulted in a design proposal for a mixed-use building with integrated solar cells. The resulting two buildings are located in the outskirts of the city center of Linköping. The buildings are designed to interact with the surrounding buildings and the remaining city, while at the same time bringing something new and exciting to the mix. The buildings’ placement and height were decided by the combination of the movement of the sun over the plot, so as to create good areas for the solar panels, and the requisites of the site. The integrated solar panels are placed on the roofs and facades of the buildings. The possibilities of semitransparent solar cells in windows and glass railings is also examined. The solar panels on the roof consist of solar roof tiles and are placed on the east side of the north building’s roof and the west side of the south building’s roof. These tiles have matching roof tiles without solar cells inside, on the other side of the roofs, meaning that no difference can be seen between the two sides. The façade panels are placed to cover the entire protruding stairwells of the buildings. Panels are also placed on remaining parts of the south-east and south-west facing facades but are here placed in a pattern as though they are trickling down the walls. The panels are placed to avoid shade as shading of the panels reduces their effect. The solar cells are smooth, black, thin-film solar cells and the panels have matching glass panes that are placed were the design opted for panels, but the placement was not good out of a solar irradiation perspective.

    The results of the rough calculations on the project’s solar panel installation’s profitability shows that the investment would have a payback time of approximately 15 years. This, when counting in a government support of 1.2 million kroners and the reduced cost for the building cover material that the solar panels replace. The solar panels in the design proposal are not in standard sizes. Would they have been so the investment cost would have been lower and the payback time, according to the rough calculations, would be around 10 years. The produced electricity constitutes around 60 percent of the operational electricity for the buildings. If semitransparent solar cells are included the value goes up to 80 percent. Although the produced electricity does not cover the complete electricity needs of the buildings, it still reduces the amount of bought electricity. Electricity that would most likely not come from a renewable source. The conclusion is, therefore, that an integrated solar cell installation is economically profitable. The solar panels contribute both the aesthetics of the building and building functions, as well as electricity from a renewable source. Investing in a solar cell installation also sets a good example and will lead to more investors taking a chance on solar power.

    Getting more building developers to invest in solar cells systems can be done by increasing the, today lacking, knowledge of solar energy and solar cells, the process for designing and installing a solar cell system, as well as the laws regarding solar power and solar power investments. Another obstacle for solar power is the high costs of the installations. The prices on solar cells are, however, continuously dropping, because of the development in technology and the manufacturing process, as well as the growing number of manufacturers. To increase the speed of this process more building developers should invest in solar cells, as a higher demand will lead to more manufacturers, which will then lead to reduced prices. The government can also help by offering research support and for example tax subventions to make an investment in solar power seem more worthwhile.

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  • 15.
    Gustafsson, Erica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Ett attraktivt och offentligt passivhus - gestaltning av kulturhus i Örnsköldsvik centrum2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The municipality of Örnsköldsvik has for a long time planned to establish a culture house in the centrum area. An investigation was started during the spring 2017 to develop local programs and analysis of needs with the keywords; attractive, width and tip, the building should also breathe sustainable construction. These factors were one of the reasons why the interest was raised to investigate how an attractive and public passive house can be designed. The study focuses to develop conceptual architectural drawings and recommended building techniques for passive house.

    During the investigation have a quantity of places in Örnsköldsvik been appointed as potential for the planned culture house, the property Örnsköldsvik 8:27 was one of them. The location is centrally placed in the urban city of Örnsköldsvik, with walking distance to the travel center, the big square, trade and green areas. The urban analysis provides opportunities for the building to connect to existing paths, utilize the south and create social and attractive environments.

    In the theoretical studies of sustainable construction and passive houses, it is stated that building in the future is going to be on stricter terms, focus on human needs and quality of life, as well resource management should be adapted to circular flows. In the case of passive houses should the passive solar radiation be optimized trough the orientation of the building to south and the building form has an airtight construction. Solutions in the form of energy efficient windows, entrance doors and ventilation with heat recovery are important components for a complete passive house. Four reference projects are studied, two of them are public passive houses and two are culture houses, these provide good examples of how it can be realized.

    Attractiveness is difficult to define in terms of building design and thus a semantic environmental description is carried out to get an idea of what attractiveness is for a group of people in Örnsköldsvik. The survey shows that the building should be open, light, friendly and safe, as well giving an impression of neutrality between the word pairs masculine/feminine and homogeneous/chaotic.

    The result shows that there is potential to constructing an attractive passive house as a public building, as long continuous quality controls and god design during the construction process are taking place. However, it became evident that the culture house is a complex building that requires consideration for all premises to meet the need for the building, to remain the functional and attractive meeting place for all people. 

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  • 16.
    Gyurkovich, Mateusz
    et al.
    Institute of Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture, Cracow Uni versity of Technology, Poland.
    Sotoca, Adolfo
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Quality of Social Space in Selected Contemporary Multifamily Housing Complexes in Poland's Three Biggest Cities2019In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Institute of Physics (IOP), 2019, Vol. 471, no 8, article id 092009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The investment boom in multi-family residential buildings observable in Polish metropolises at the turn of the 20th century seems to have slowed down. Due to the growing difficulty in obtaining and repaying mortgages, potential customers have become more demanding. Users' needs come first once again, including the need to dwell in beautiful surroundings. Developers implementing projects of multi-family housing estates in different scales more and more often pay attention not only to the floor area, but also to the aesthetics of new buildings. Many housing estates put into use in Poland in recent years are as good in this respect as their contemporary western counterparts. Quality of workmanship and finishing standards of buildings and their immediate surroundings increase, too. This study covers examples of new housing investments, regarded as prestigious, from Poland's three biggest cities (Warsaw, Cracow, Lodz), implemented in 10 recent years. The goal was to verify by means of a comparative analysis whether their architectural quality has changed compared to previous years. Does it mean that beautiful residential architecture comes into being? Is it a common phenomenon? Is life comfortable in beautiful, prestigious housing estates? Do they form real, efficient habitats, or only bedroom communities, or are they another type of investment? What are the relations of contemporary multi-family estates with the urban tissue in light of the growing spatial chaos in Poland's biggest cities? According to the study results, in recent years Poland saw more and more multi-family housing estates, attractive in their contemporary form, furnished with well-tended and carefully arranged social – predominantly green – spaces. Alas, due to a limited number of services they are usually closed enclaves, often fenced. Frequently they lack sufficient services necessary for proper functioning of the housing environment: trade, education (nursery and primary schools), healthcare, basing on the existing overloaded city infrastructure. Therefore, their contribution to building of sustainable spatial structures is limited, not to mention such obvious drawbacks as lack of continuity of the public domain in the form of public greenery systems, pedestrian routes, or squares. Responsibility for this situation goes not only to designers and investors of such complexes, but mostly to local authorities, whose goal should be to maintain spatial order in cities. These are still, however, single islands on the sea of mediocre dense residential architecture. Growing transport-related problems result from scarcity of appropriate road infrastructure and limited municipal investments in public transport and education / sports services, which do not balance the increase of developers' residential investments. One of the basic causes of this situation is the aforementioned crisis of spatial planning, observable in the three cities included in the study.

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  • 17.
    Hansson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Att överbrygga en barriär - för ökad rumslig och social integration och tillfälliga åtgärder som motor i stadsbyggande: Fallstudie: Enköpingsvägen genom Sundbyberg2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 18.
    Hidman, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Attractiveness in Urban design2018In: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, E-ISSN 1893-5281, Vol. 3, p. 7-28Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Hidman, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Attractiveness in Urban Design: A study of the production of attractive places2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research project investigates the production of attractive places, through theory form and everyday life. The research study was originally sprung from practical questions regarding the extensive use of the term attractiveness in urban planning and design. What is the term intended to address? How is the term understood in local contexts? How is the term transformed to built environments? The term is rarely scrutinized and criticized and the understanding of the term, its meaning and implications is diverse. Starting from critical urban theory, the research project critically scrutinizes the term and contrasts it with local citizens perspectives of attractive towns. The research project proceeds from the idea of that places are produced not only by planning and urban design professionals, but also by people living in and visiting a place (Lefebvre, 1991). The research question addressed is How is the term attractiveness in built environments understood and designed in the perspectives of architects/urban designers and local citizens, and how can the term be explained to inform future planning of attractive urban environments?

    The research design consists of four sub-studies to investigate planning and local perspectives of attractiveness, its presentations and urban forms. The research design was set up in Kiruna and Gällivare, two mining towns in the sparsely populated Swedish north. These towns are undertaking major urban transformations due to the mining activities. Both municipalities explain the transformation processes as opportunities to become more attractive for people to settle as permanent residents. The term was investigated through discourse and qualitative content analysis, whilst the local citizen perspective was investigated through urban living labs.

    The conclusion was that the urban planning and design sphere of place production defines the term attractiveness according to their challenges. The term addresses the contemporary situation of place competition where places compete about labour, companies and capital on a global market (Harvey, 1989; Brenner et al. 2014). A discourse of attractiveness can be formulated to focus on three interest areas: urban economics, social wellbeing, and urban townscapes. The term can further be explained as an approach of reinventing places as attractive through urbanization and agglomeration.

    The local citizens idea of attractiveness is produced through societal challenges, local opportunities as well as practical experiences. The production of attractiveness is affected partly by everyday experiences and partly by assimilated knowledge about the place and society, from among others media reporting and official urban planning documents. As produced through knowledge, pedagogical processes also affect the idea of attractiveness. Physically, the attractive town is described as a place someone has cared of designing, including a legible town plan, locally distinct character, clear borders between built up areas and nature, and coherent connections between neighbourhoods.

    Some reflections drawn from the studies. In order to create truly attractive places, the term attractiveness should be inclusive to perspectives of local citizens. There are, among others, an ethical concern and a potential in this statement. The ethical consideration is that the term attractiveness has different meanings by different communities and individuals; the use of the term is persuasive with the potential to hide agendas seen as attractive according to only some viewpoints. On the other hand there is a potential in acknowledging attractiveness as being produced by everyone practicing place; it opens possibilities for a more diverse and inclusive term with richer ideas of attractive places.

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  • 20.
    Hidman, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Attractiveness in Urban design practiceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Hidman, Erik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Segerstedt, Eugenia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Living Labs and production of space: Reflexive analysis of action based urban living labs2017In: Book of Abstracts of the International Conference on Changing Cities III: Spatial, Design, Landscape & Socio-economic Dimensions / [ed] Aspa Gospodini, Grafima Publications , 2017, p. 295-295Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Hjortstam, Elvira
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Att skapa kontakt till naturen genom arkitektur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människan har under det senaste århundradet i allt större utsträckning tappat kontakten till naturen. Vad som en gång i tiden var vårt hem och en naturlig del i vårt dagliga liv, har för allt fler människor kommit att bli något de måste göra ett aktivt val för att upple- va. Natur och civilisation har kommit att ses som motsatser till varandra. (Van der Ryn, 2013) Våra levnadsytor upplevs ofta som statiska, fyrkantiga och oföränderliga över tid. Vad skulle ske om skaparna av den bebyggda miljön istället tittade bakåt på människans ursprungshabitat i ett försök att lära sig om nyckelelement för en boendeutformning?

    Denna kandidatuppsatts syftar till att undersöka hur arkitektur kan förhålla sig till denna problematik med syfte att öka välmående för användarna. Uppsatsen inleds med en kort diskussion kring uppståndelsen av distanseringen till naturen samt de fördelar och nack- delar som finns i att motverka denna trend.

    I uppsatsens teoretiska analys framkommer olika befintliga angreppsmetoder till hur arkitekturen kan lära sig av naturen som människans ursprungliga boning. De negativa effekterna kring distansering från en naturlig miljö visar sig vara möjliga att reducera både genom ökad direkt kontakt med naturen men även genom att tillämpa naturligt före- kommande attribut i olika abstraktionsnivåer i arkitektonisk utformning. Den teoretiska analysen visar på olika tillvägagångssätt för att tillämpa detta.

    Två arkitekter som är kända för sina kreationers relation till naturen är Sverre Fehn och Frank Lloyd Wright. Deras tillvägagångssätt och arkitektoniska attribut studeras i två fall- studier av verken Villa Busk och Fallingwater.

    Avslutningsvis följer ett konceptuellt designförslag beläget på kronanaområdet i Luleå med mål att tillämpa delar av de framtagna nyckelelementen ur den skriftliga analysen. Förslaget är utformat på en generell nivå och anses inte vara en slutvärdig produkt, utan snarare ett experimentellt praktiskt tillämpande av lärda slutsatser.

  • 23.
    Hultqvist, Sara
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Jämställd stad?: Perspektiv på stadsplanering och genus2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete är utformat som ett pedagogiskt kompendium inom ämnet jämställd stadsplanering. Målgruppen är studenter i utbildningen Civilingenjör Arkitektur inriktning Stadsplanering på Luleå tekniska universitet eller liknande utbildningar. Syftet med arbetet är att ta reda på vilka olika aspekter som finns inom ämnet och vad som kan göras för att dessa ska implementeras i planeringsarbetet. I kompendiet presenteras de olika aspekterna i varsitt kapitel där störst vikt ligger vid att formulera problemet men även vissa förslag på åtgärder ges. De olika aspekter som identifierades var trygghet, den fysiska utformningen, transporter, medborgardialog och aktiviteter i staden. Det finns även med ett avsnitt om genusteori och kvinnors situation i staden genom historien. 

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  • 24.
    Klasson, Nathalie
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Källgård, Jenny
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    En förskola med en planprincip med ett större gemensamt utnyttjat torg: – en konceptuell utformning där god rumslig upplevelse står i fokus2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Preschools in Sweden have previously been designed with separate and identical departments where all activities take place. Today, there is a different approach when designing preschools. They are now shaped with small units for different age groups, along with common spaces for play, creation, science, music and meals. In this work, a conceptual design of a preschool for 144 children is carried out in Sävast, part of the municipality of Boden, on the basis of an alreadydeveloped local program and a given site. The purpose isto form a preschool in one level with larger common used squares and explore how good spatiality is created in the squares. At the same time, the indoor environmental comfort is taken into consideration with regard to both the childrenand the educators.

    The work is initiated by a literature study in which architectural qualities, child needs and development is taken into account regarding preschools with a common used square. The study of literature is followed by three case studies at preschools in Luleå and Umeå, where both site visits and interviews are conducted. Thereafter, the results of the study of literatureand the case studies are synthesized using the ProblemSeeking method, which has a purpose of identifying needsand solutions. This results in a synthesis consisting of sixqualities which meet the most identified needs for childrenand educators. This in turn underlies the developing ofthe design concept. The synthesis leads to the following six qualities: Open plan, Challenging and varying, Levels and nests, Colour, material and textures, Light and transparentsurfaces and Creating activity spatiality’s in a bigger space.

    After a site analysis, flow and connection sketches and volume studies the result is a red-colored preschool withvarying roofs. The preschool contains a larger and smallersquare which together with the restaurant creates a circulation around a courtyard. The squares results in an open space with oblique interior walls, varying ceilings, and protruding and irregular windows. Smaller spaces in the squares are mainly created using various types of non permanent furnishings, where both transparent and opaque materials with differenttextures are present.

    Whether good spatiality has been created to form a pleasantindoor environment is difficult to answer when spatial experiences are individual. On the other hand, the meansthat can be used to create good spatiality in an indoorenvironment have been identified, which creates goodconditions for achieving the purpose of the design of the squares.

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  • 25.
    Larsson, Louise
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    SKA-processen: Konkreta riktlinjer och mätbarhet som stöd i sociala konsekvensanalyser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 26.
    Lindberg, Jonathan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Brismo, Jacob
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Moderna skolmiljöer: god tillgång till dagsljus genom tidig integrering av statiska, dynamiska och kvalitativa mätindikatorer: Ett gestaltningsförslag med lärdomar ur undersökningar av studieobjekt och dagsljussimuleringar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently more housing is being built than in the past 60 years.

    There are many challenges accompanied with the volume of housing that needs to be built. Many of the dwellings that are going to be built are placed in new densely planned urban areas, which imposes requirements for infrastructure investments, for example in the form of new schools.

    According to forecasts, the number of students in primary school will increase by 250,000 by the year 2025. This implies a need for approximately 1000 new schools in ten years. The need for new schools are long term and therefore the learning environments need to be designed to be long term.

    Daylight and view have a major impact on our work environment, performance and are necessary for our health. Studies have shown that daylight-lit school environments enhance the performance of the students. The building legislation regulates the required levels using the daylight factor metric. Since the 50’s the requirements of daylight levels in schools have been approximately halved from 2 % to 1,0 %. Today the daylight requirements are the same for classrooms as for bedrooms in dwellings.

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine modern school environments in relation to today's regulatory requirements for access to daylight. Furthermore, the work aims to produce good examples of daylight solutions that can be used when designing modern school environments against the regulatory requirements. To assess the daylight access in modern schools, a selection of three nursery schools and two primary schools in the vicinity of Stockholm were chosen. Case studies were conducted using the 3D modelling software, Rhinoceros 3D and the daylight factor was then simulated using the Grasshopper and Honeybee plug-ins. The schools were modelled according to the acquired drawings and daylight were performed using the simulation engine Radiance.

    The result from the daylight factor simulation show that none of the schools examined fully meet the requirements. The reasons why the examined schools do not meet the requirements vary between or constitute a combination of; room depth, window size, window façade, obstruction angles, obstructing components and shading devices. The study shows that rooms such as: common areas and study hall often lack windows towards the outside and therefore only gets borrowed light from other areas. These kinds of rooms are common when using progressive pedagogical approaches. Depending on the intended future use of the rooms, they may be classified in such a way that they need to fulfil the regulations regarding daylight.

    From the literature review it is understood that early integration of daylight design in the design process is necessary to ensure good accesses to daylight in learnings environments. As a part of the thesis project, a design proposal has been developed using a daylight design process. During the design process, the access to daylight has been iteratively simulated to motivate selected design choices and ensure a good daylight level.  For comparison and site-specific results, climate-based simulation methods have been used. The use of the Optimal Day-lit Area (ODA) metric measures the usefulness of the available daylight illumination intensity over a year. At the same time, ODA takes the eventual over lit areas that may cause overheating and glare into account. The presented design proposal demonstrates the use of an integrated daylight design process and its results. 

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  • 27.
    Liu, Zhixin
    et al.
    School of Architecture, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.
    Cheng, Ka Yuen
    Institute of Future Cities, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.
    He, Yueyang
    Institute of Future Cities, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.
    Jim, C.Y.
    Department of Social Sciences, The Education University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.
    Brown, Robert D.
    Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77840, USA.
    Shi, Yuan
    Department of Geography & Planning, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    Lau, Kevin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ng, Edward
    School of Architecture, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China; Institute of Future Cities, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China; Institute of Environment, Energy and Sustainability, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.
    Microclimatic measurements in tropical cities: Systematic review and proposed guidelines2022In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 222, article id 109411Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To tackle urban overheating induced by the combined effect of global warming and intensive urbanization, researchers have recommended assimilating microclimate-related strategies into urban design practices. Field measurements, playing a central role in urban climatology, have been widely applied worldwide. Reviewing the last five years' field measurement studies and existing guidelines and standards from WMO (World Meteorological Organization) and ISO (International Organization for Standardization), this study identified a gap between available guidelines and researchers' practical needs to ascertain the collection of high caliber data. Therefore, dedicated guidelines are required to explain the crucial conceptual and application issues and refine systematic field measurement methods. This demand is particularly acute for microscale and urban environments. This study proposed and explained integrated and comprehensive guidelines for systematic microclimate field measurements. The suggested workflow included four main steps: formulating field measurement plan, preparing for field measurements, sustaining measurement quality, and curating data. The complex and heterogeneous environment in urban areas was carefully evaluated to hone the data acquisition campaign and ascertain data quality. Relevant concepts and practices learned from existing guidelines and standards, experiences from actual field studies, and professional recommendations were distilled and incorporated into the guidelines. The significance of a complete report with full metadata was emphasized. Detailed hints, precautions, recommendations, examples, and a metadata checklist were provided as a helpful and actionable package of research procedures.

  • 28.
    Ljungberg, Karolina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    En studie av åtgärder för att öka dagsljuspenetrationen i genomgående bostadslägenheter: Med dagsljusets inverkan på rumsupplevelsen i fokus2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Daylight affects human’s health as well as the experience of their home. This, coupled with the fact that much of our time is spent indoors, makes daylight an important parameter to consider when designing housing. However, how the daylight is taken in and experienced in the home is very little studied. Due to urban sealing and energy efficiency of buildings, daytime access is often underprioritized. In connection with increased use of environmental certification systems for buildings such as Miljöbyggnad, the problem of getting enough daylight has gained more attention. Miljöbyggnad is the most widely used system in Sweden and has three different certification levels, in which its intermediate level "Silver" is the starting point in this study. The requirement for the daylight parameter in Miljöbyggnad Silver is especially difficult to meet in deep building bodies, so the study focused on evaluating the experience of solutions to bring in larger quantities of daylight in continuous flats. The aim of the study is to present alternatives for daylight-emitting and evaluate whether they could meet the daylight requirement for Miljöbyggnad Silver in a continuous apartment of less than 55 square meters, and to investigate the disadvantages and benefits of implementing the respective alternatives with regards to the experience of the daylight in the home. The study includes a literature study in the field of architecture and daylight, an interview study with experts in lighting planning, daylight and/or architecture as well as an investigation of suggestions for measures for a planned apartment in Stockholm. The literature study formed the basis for finding solutions to increase daylight penetration while the interview study was used to gain a better understanding of what experts in the field of daylight and/or architecture regard as daylight quality and how the respective potential solutions can contribute to the spatial experience of the residence. Results from the literature study and interview study were then used to evaluate whether the identified solutions could contribute to reaching the requirements for the daylight parameter for Miljöbyggnad Silver in residential buildings below 55 square meters, as well as the advantages and disadvantages that can be seen with each solution. Finally, the different solutions are evaluated to increase daylight penetration in the selected apartment. Overall, the results indicate that shielding angles and architectural design play a decisive role in the ability to meet the criteria’s in Miljöbyggnad Silver, and that working with the solutions identified in the literature should be prioritized to increase daylight penetration. Out of the identified solutions - fiber optics, light shelves, increased reflectance factor in the ceiling, higher seated windows and angled niches – the respondents especially highlighted angled niches. Angled niches do not allow the daylight to go much further into the room, but the respondents mean that they help reduce the contrast between wall and windows, thus providing a nicer lighting ratio in the room. Fiber optics was considered by all respondents, apart from The Light Designer, to not provide a nice light condition and it was also considered expensive to implement. The respondents further argue that the reflection factor in ceilings are generally already high enough, so an increase would not make a noticeable difference. Lightning shelves, on the other hand, could increase daylight penetration, but the study suggests that there is little interest in using these in Sweden today as the light shelves function best in direct sunlight. High-seated windows reduce the shield angle and according to the respondents, they can be used to increase daylight penetration when sufficient ceiling heights are present, the space proportions are not too small relative to the window, and an outside view is still available. The interview study also showed that the experience of the light-character in the room is based on subjective values and preferences. Lastly, the interview study has highlighted the shortcomings of using simulations to evaluate light-conditions in the home, which indicates the need for further studies regarding the experience of different daylight levels in the built environment.

  • 29.
    Luciani, Andrea
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Living in a lost modern utopia.: The global village of Svappavaara.2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 30.
    Luciani, Andrea
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Poma, E.
    Accademia di architettura, Università della Svizzera italiana, Mendrisio, Switzerland.
    Sub-Arctic architecture in detail. Erskine’s disappearing architectural and constructional legacy in Kiruna2023In: Journal of Architectural Conservation, ISSN 1355-6207, E-ISSN 2326-6384, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 275-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is the critical comparative analysis of three projects by Ralph Erskine realised between the 1950s and early 1960s in the municipality of Kiruna. The analysed projects offer the possibility to understand and discuss the extent to which architectural technology and typology could be developed for adapting modern design and ideals to the sub-Arctic climate conditions. Purpose of the presented research is the argumentation of the heritage value and conservation state of the selected designs in relation to Erskine's architectural vision. Considering that in the near future only one fragment of one of the three buildings will be preserved, the research contributes to passing on their legacy to future generations. The issues emerged from the attempt to assess the heritage value of the design and construction processes behind the buildings, stimulate further debate about the multiple perspectives of the practice of architectural conservation.

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  • 31.
    Luciani, Andrea
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Norrbotten's Technological Megasystem as a heritage discourse: paradoxes and controversies2019In: / [ed] Maria Alessandra Segantini, London, 2019, Vol. 2, no 15, p. 292-300Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Mandal, Anindita
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Byrd, Hugh
    School of Architecture & Design, University of Lincoln, UK.
    Density, Energy and Metabolism of a proposed smart city2017In: Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (JCUA), ISSN 2475-6156, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 57-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a detailed analysis of the metabolism of the Island City of Mumbai should the Indian Government’s proposal for ‘smart’ cities be implemented. It focuses on the environmental impact of increased population density achieved by demolishing existing medium-rise (3-5 storey) housing and replacing it with the proposed high-rise (40-60 storey) towers. The resulting increase in density places a burden on the demand on such things as electricity and water and simultaneously increases the output flows of drainage, solid waste and greenhouse gas production.An extended urban metabolism analysis is carried out on a proposed development in Mumbai (Bhendi Bazaar) that has been put forward as an exemplar case study by the Government. The flows of energy, water and wastes are calculated based on precedents and from first principles. The results of the case study are then extrapolated across the City in order to identify the magnitude of increased demands and wastes should the ‘smart’ city proposals be fully realised.Mumbai is the densest city in the world. It already suffers from repeated blackouts, water rationing and inadequate waste and sewage treatment. The results of the study indicate, on a per capita basis, increasing density will have a significant further detrimental effect on the environment.

  • 33.
    Mandal, Anindita
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Lindelöw, David
    WSP, Fabrikstorget 1, SE-41250 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Exploring walking from the perspective of theory of planned behavior2023In: Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ISSN 2590-1982, Vol. 22, article id 100931Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theory of planned behavior (TPB) is a social cognition model that proposes that a persons' surroundings influences their behavior. Pedestrian studies based on TPB are few, and often, not only measure walking subjectively, but also have very generic measures of TPB constructs that do not account for built environment. Urban planners have, on the other hand, emphasized for decades the importance of built environment on walking and use of public spaces. This paper aims to develop a detailed understanding of the factors that affect an individual's walking that would assist planners in developing strategies to increase the modal share of walking. Thus, unlike most studies, it measures attitude towards and perceived control over the behavior (i.e., walking) and the built environment, in addition to measuring walking objectively (at both individual and trip levels).Data was collected in the autumn of 2019 in Umea, Sweden, using a smartphone app in the form of GPS-based travel data (i.e., distance, time, location, activity) and survey questions (i.e., demographics and psychological constructs of TPB). The results reinforced previous findings that attitude and perceived control correlate to walking and identified the key variables under each behavioral construct. The purpose, the reasons people like to walk and their attitude towards the built environment showed significant correlation to individuals' walking behavior. Perceived control over the behavior and built environment, was also found to have a significant correlation to walking. Thus, this paper makes important methodological contribution towards using TPB to analyze walking.

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  • 34.
    Milošević, Dragan
    et al.
    Climatology and Hydrology Research Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
    Middel, Ariane
    School of Arts, Media and Engineering, School of Computing and Augmented Intelligence, Arizona State University, 950 S. Forest Mall, Stauffer B258, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA.
    Savić, Stevan
    Climatology and Hydrology Research Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
    Dunjić, Jelena
    Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
    Lau, Kevin
    Institute of Future Cities, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Stojsavljević, Rastislav
    Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
    Mask wearing behavior in hot urban spaces of Novi Sad during the COVID-19 pandemic2022In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 815, article id 152782Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban overheating (due to climate change and urbanization) and COVID-19 are two converging crises that must be addressed in tandem. Fine-scale, place-based, people-centric biometeorological and behavioral data are needed to implement context-specific preventative measures such as mask-wearing. This study collected local biometeorological measurements in diverse urban spaces (square, urban park, river quay) in Novi Sad, Serbia on hot sunny summer days (27–30 August 2020) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Observations were supplemented by an online survey asking questions about thermal sensation, comfort, and concurrent protective behavior of the local population. Biometeorological measurements show that the main square in the city center was the most thermally uncomfortable area. According to the survey, it was also perceived as the least safe space to not contract the virus. The urban park was perceived as the most thermally comfortable area in the morning and during midday. It was also considered the safest urban space for outdoor activities. In the evening, the river quay was the most thermally comfortable area in the city. Intra-urban differences in Physiologically Equivalent Temperatures were highest during midday, while differences in air temperatures were highest in the evening. More than 70% of the respondents did not wear face masks when it was hot because of breathing issues and feeling warmer than without mask. Most people wearing a mask felt “slightly warm” in the morning and evening, while the majority of respondents felt “hot” during midday. Only 3% of the respondents felt comfortable while wearing a mask, while 97% experienced some degree of discomfort (from slight discomfort to very uncomfortable). Our study shows that fine scale temporal and spatial urban biometeorological data and population surveys should be included in decision-making processes during the pandemic to develop climate-sensitive health services that are place-based, people-centric, and facilitate planning towards green, resilient, and inclusive cities.

  • 35.
    Morata, Berta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The Northbothnian Technological Megasystem: Urbanization, territorial metabolism and political ecologies2018In: Urbanism & Urbanization: On Reproduction: Re-Imagining the Political Ecology of Urbanism / [ed] Michiel Dehaene, David Peleman, Ghent University, 2018, p. 87-102Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planetary Urbanization (Brenner, Shmid, 2011) opens up a radical shift in analysis from urban form to urbanization process, as suggested through the radical hypothesis of the complete urbanization of society, put forward by Henri Lefebvre four decades ago. This situation means, that even spaces that lie well beyond the traditional city cores and suburban peripheries, have become integral parts of the worldwide urban fabric. Political-economic spaces can no longer be treated as if they were composed of discrete, distinct, and universal “types” of settlement.

    Under such scope, in every region of the globe, erstwhile “wilderness” spaces are being transformed and degraded through the cumulative socio-ecological consequences of unfettered worldwide urbanization. In this way, the world’s oceans, alpine regions, the equatorial rainforests, major deserts, the arctic and polar zones, and even the earth’s atmosphere itself, are increasingly interconnected with the rhythms of planetary urbanization at every geographical scale, from the local to the global. These spaces become critical for urban development (and moreover, for urban political ecology debate). For that, Sweden is a paradigmatic case study where the urbanization of the southern part of the country is sustained upon an extremely intensive appropriation of natural resources from the North (Sörling 1988), (Tidholm 2014).

    Norrboten, the northernmost land of Sweden, is a paradigm for territorial metabolism where a complex combination system of mining industry urbanization shaped the area. Thus becoming the connecting concept of Norrbotten Technological Megasystem NTM (Hansson,  1990) [fig.1], it’s key actors: natural resources, mining, transport, H2O, energy, military infrastructure, mining communities, the indigenous Sami. Today the nature of industry remains the same, the social, political and economic leverage NTM exerts over the region is absolute; the economic profit, financial stability and wealth of the Swedish state take precedence over the environment. However, much of the industrial paradigm that underpinned its implementation is now under a severe change; as the global economy is facing an era of human development where resources, metals, minerals and energy will be more critical than ever, a renewed urban and territorial framework is urgently needed. The set of relations between environment and communities is currently under an unprecedented revision based on socio-environmental reflections.

    This short paper will pose for discussion how heavy territorial infrastructure respond to the changing metabolism that is following after the short-term appropriation of resources so characteristic of industrial development in northern Europe. By critical graphic comparative analysis and trans-scalar research by design (Barcelloni & Cavalieri, 2015), the thesis will empirically investigate these processes to be able to cope with the debate on infrastructural adaptation through political ecology perspective.

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    The Northbothnian Technological Megasystem: Urbanization, territorial metabolism and political ecologies.
  • 36.
    Morata, Berta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Cavalieri, Chiara
    Faculty of Architecture, Architectural Engineering and Urban Planning, UCLouvain, Belgium.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Luciani, Andrea
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Territories of Extraction: Mapping Palimpsests of Appropriation2020In: Urban Planning, E-ISSN 2183-7635, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 132-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This article—framed as a methodological contribution and at the intersection between the critical urban, urban political ecology and world-ecology disciplines—builds on Corboz’s metaphor of ‘territory as a palimpsest’ to explore the representation of the socio-economic and ecological processes underpinning uneven development under extractive capitalist urbanization. While the palimpsest approach has typically been used to map transformations of more traditional urban morphologies, this work focuses instead on remote extraction territories appropriated by the global economy and integral to planetary urbanization. The article suggests the central notion of ‘palimpsests of appropriation’ as a lens to map the extraction processes. It does so in its multi-scalar and temporal dimensions and on the basis of the three intertwined frames—i.e., the productive, distribution and mediation palimpsest—shortly exemplifying its use on the ground for the iron ore extraction territory in the Swedish-Norwegian Arctic. With this, the article contributes to the development of an expanded representational methodology and conception of territories of extraction—where social and natural production are brought together—illustrating how appropriation has been (re)shaping each of the frames throughout historical thresholds, but also how socio-natures are being (re)made in its image.

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  • 37.
    Nedlich, Kristin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics.
    Nykänen, Arne
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics.
    Hellström, Björn
    RISE – Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden.
    Spatio-sonic site survey using ambisonics recordings and VR rendering — designing soundscapes in the early planning process2023In: 2023 AES International Conference on Spatial and Immersive Audio, Audio Engineering Society, Inc., 2023, article id 39Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a part of the on-going city move in Malmberget, Gällivare, the inhabitants of Malmberget mining area need not only new housing but also increased communal services. To accommodate this, the municipality is building a new public building called the Multiactivitiy building. The building will house public services such as: library, sports centre, swimming pools and recreational spaces. The central lobby space creates a hub which connects the different parts of the building and serves as a communal meeting place. The proposed building site, and the site of this study, is in the centre of downtown Gällivare. The study focuses on how ambisonics recordings can be used as a part of the site survey in the early stages of the architectural design process. The spatio-sonic qualities of the existing site are integral to the architectural design process, not only as documentation and analysis of the site’s conditions, but as an integrated design parameter (on par with lighting, climatic, contextual, and other site-specific conditions). A Virtual Reality model of the site, auralized with ambisonics recordings, is the main artefactual outcome of this study. Additional documentation of the site survey includes spatio-sonic mapping of the site plan, written (autoethnographic) impressions from the main surveyor, photographs, ambisonics recordings and a summary and analysis of respondents’ answers to questionnaires in combination with soundwalks. The conclusion of the study is that it is feasible to produce simple, virtual, auralized models that can be used as a base for sketching with sound in architecture.

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  • 38.
    Olin, Johanna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Värden med miljöcertifieringar av byggnader: En fallstudie av samverkande byggaktörers erfarenheter från två husbyggnadsprojekt2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 39.
    Pettersson, Amanda
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Centrumavståndets betydelse för materialförbrukning: Dimensionering av mellanbjälklag i trä2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar är ett begrepp som de flesta förstår innebörden av. Jordens medeltemperatur har under de senaste åren ständigt ökat på grund av stora utsläpp av växthusgaser. Vi behöver ändra vårt sätt att leva för att kunna kontrollera detta. Från FN:s globala mål i ”Agenda 2030” finns mål om att halvera utsläppen. En ökad befolkningsmängd och bostadsbrist gör att byggsektorn står för 21% av de totala utsläppen. Att bygga i trä är en viktig del i omställningen mot ett mer hållbart samhälle och Sverige ligger i framkant. För att minska klimatpåverkan ytterligare, kanske kan vi optimera materialåtgången genom att frångå centrumavståndet på 600mm mellan träbjälkarna som är standard.

     

    Målet med arbetet är att, genom beräkningar framtagna centrumavstånd, redogöra för möjlig reducering av den volym trämaterial som krävs för att klara ställda krav gällande brott, funktionalitet och bekvämlighet. Detta utförs för bostäder med bjälkar av konstruktionsvirke och för samlingslokaler med bjälkar av limträ. Dimensioneringsberäkningar för bjälklaget utförs med krav, regler och formler enligt Eurokod 5. Samtliga utförs i Microsoft Excel som tillåter enkel justering av ingångsvärden och snabbt genererar nya resultat. En studie av statistiska mönster i en algoritm genomförs också för respektive kravställning för att visa på vilka kombinationer av värden på utvalda ingångsparametrar i förhållande till de ställda kraven som ger den största effekten på volymen trämaterial. Nyttjandegrad för moment- och tvärkraftskapacitet bedöms utifrån att 90% är det högsta tillåtna för att skapa en viss marginal, övriga kriterium bedöms enligt krav i Eurokod.

     

    Resultatet av algoritmen visar tydligt att utifrån de utvalda ingångsparametrarna är centrumavståndet den parametern som genererar de största effekterna på materialåtgången, antingen ensam eller i kombination med andra parametrar. Samma gäller för både bostäder och samlingslokaler. Genom att utgå ifrån ett antal utvalda lagerförda dimensioner på konstruktionsvirke och limträ, och beräkna längsta möjliga centrumavstånd kan materialåtgången bestämmas. Denna jämförs med den volym material som krävs vid standardavståndet på 600mm.

     

    Resultatet visar vidare att för bostäder med balkdimension 45x220 kan ett centrumavstånd på 696 mm tillåtas och genererar en reducering av material på 2,23 dm³/m², vilket motsvarar 13,8 %. För samlingslokaler mäter längsta centrumavståndet 636 mm, detta med balkdimensionen 66x315 i limträ, detta skulle medföra en reducering av material på 1,96 dm³/m² som motsvarar 5,66 %. Även spånskivan ovan bjälkarna kontrolleras för nedböjning på grund av ny spännvidd och godkänns enligt krav i båda fallen.

     

    Med en större tvärsnittsdimension kan längre centrumavstånd möjliggöras och därmed minskar också materialåtgången. Om centrumavståndet inte är styrande och tillåter variationer kan vi uppnå positiva effekter på materialanvändningen, men det krävs en särskild utredning för respektive projekt för att hitta en optimal kombination. 

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  • 40.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Shaping Resilient Urban Spaces: Transitioning from the resource-extraction to resource-integrated urban paradigm2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Natural resources (minerals, petrol, wind, solar, forest, etc.) are at the basis of our urban economies. However, under a market-led economic regime, resource-extraction urbanism is a waste-generating, primitive (although pervasive) model that evolves at the planetary scale. At the same time, trends such as decentralization and miniaturization of renewable resource generation and circular economies promise to disrupt the current resource-extraction paradigm. We think that cities need to transition from the primitive, resource-extraction paradigm to a more resilient, resource-integrate urban nexus. In my presentation, I will show some experiences in which, under the umbrella of resource-integrated urbanism, my group and I have dealt with the issues of exploring a new urban aesthetic and the regeneration of resource-extraction spaces. The first project, in the project Food on the Roof, we deploy big data analysis techniques and interdisciplinary thinking to capitalize on waste energy and available space to grow food in cities across seasons. In the second project, MIN-SPIRE, we tackle the issue of extractive spaces and “resource waste” by deploying design and planning as a catalyst for local development.

  • 41.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Towards resource-integrated urbanism: Rethinking cities through the resource-urbanization nexus (RUN)2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resources in their various forms are at the basis of our urban economies. The extraction, alongside with the distribution, processing and disposal, of resources, being them natural, energy, or human, is a main driver for planetary urbanization. However, under a market-led economic regime, which is characterized by boom and bust cycles, the space produced by the resource-extraction economic model is from time to time discarded with huge environmental and social losses world wide. While recent concerns about climate change and urban resilience have emphasized resource efficiency i.e. consume less and use better each unit of resource, we think that this target alone isn't sufficient to truly transform society towards a more resilient horizon. We need to rethink the resource-urbanization nexus (RUN) and the way it affects our lifestyle and cities. In this article, we suggest resources in its various forms (natural and human) be intimately integrated with humanity and its built environment. To articulate such a vision, we discuss our two latest research projects that deal respectively with energy districts and resource regions in northern Sweden. Methodologically, we deploy assemblage thinking, global production network of resources, and critical urban theory and political ecology as the main pillars of our framework.

  • 42.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Mandal, Anindita
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Predatory Urbanism: The Metabolism of Megaprojects in Asia2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Addressing the complex interrelationships between city making and the resources needed for its production, Predatory Urbanism explores the link between urbanization and resources in the global South. It particularly focuses on urban megaprojects, highlighting these planned developments and re-developments carried out by the state or state-linked agencies. 

  • 43.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Petruccioli, Attilio
    Department of Architecture and Design, University of Rome (La Sapienza), Roma, Italy.
    Khalifa versus Prometheus: Green ethics and the struggle for contemporary sustainable urbanism2023In: Digest of Middle East Studies (DOMES), ISSN 1060-4367, E-ISSN 1949-3606, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 102-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decades, contemporary urbanism in the global South has meant large urban transformations, tall architecture landmarks, and fierce city competition. However, cities and their planners are now confronting an ethical dilemma: how to grow and compete while caring for the disastrous impacts on Earth and human health caused by the mass extraction, processing, and consumption of resources linked to urbanization. In our article, we problematize the modern interpretation of technology, and in particular architecture and planning technologies, in society where sustainability is considered a product. By restudying the Quranic notion of the khalifa and the accidental, ecological formation of the oasis, we will argue for a postpromethean philosophy of inhabiting the Earth. We will exemplify this new ethical–technological shift by comparing planned and unplanned developments in Arabian Gulf cities. 

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  • 44.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sandberg, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Johansson, Tim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Food on the Roof: Developing an IT platform to visualize and identify suitable locations for roof farming in cold climates2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project was to explore the possibility to smartly integrate food production in cold urban environments. The main objective was to sketch an intelligent platform to guide a comprehensive, city-wide approach to urban farming in winter cities and assist city stakeholder.

    We have worked with large databases related to energy consumptions, performances, building stock and size, solar radiation, and so forth. The challenge for us was to integrate big data in a manner that is easy to understand and visualize for all audiences while matching the ambitions of local stakeholders for urban farming.

    Urban farming (UF) has social, economic, and environmental benefits: socially UF will bring people closer to nature and it can become a source of education for local schools and community; economically, UF targets the rapidly growing market of premium, fresh, biological food that is proudly produced locally and can be sold to local restaurants and other customers; environmentally, UF will decrease our reliance from far away and poorly controlled food chains, while decreasing environmental costs for transportation.

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  • 45.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Luciani, Andrea
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Smart(en)ing the Arctic city? The cases of Kiruna and Malmberget in Sweden2023In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we problematize the implementation of smart urban experiments in the resource-rich, Arctic periphery. Our case study is the so-called Norrbotten Technological Megasystem in Sweden, with a specific focus on the mining towns of Malmberget/Gällivare and Kiruna. Kiruna in particular is a well know case study as its urban centre is being relocated due to subsidence caused by underground mining. The new town centre is being developed as a testbed for smart urbanism. We argue that if we look at the nexus between resource extraction and urbanization in Kiruna and Malmberget, we find smart city thinking more aligned to the bottom line of the resource extraction industry rather than being an innovative project to make economic development compatible with broader climate and societal challenges. Methodologically, we use historic analysis and assemblage thinking to look at the territorialization and de-territorialization of resource-extraction in Norrbotten over the last 100 years.

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  • 46.
    Rylander, Sebastian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Påbyggnation för balans mellan bevarandeoch förtätning: En studie av kommuner och byggnadsantikvariers inflytande på gestaltning2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många av Sveriges städer växer både till ytan och invånarantal. På grund av denna tillväxt utvecklas många av dessa städer utåt och tar mycket jungfru- och lantbruksmark i anspråk för att möjliggöra utvecklingen av nya bostadskvarter. Boverket skriver i vision för Sverige 2025 att förtätning blir allt mer relevant i och med utglesning och de ökade persontransportbehoven. Ett möjligt förtätningsalternativ är påbyggnation av redan befintliga bostadshus. Detta innebär att existerande hus byggs ut vertikalt genom en addering av våningsplan. Denna metod kan medföra funktionsbeblandning, bättre nyttjande av befintlig samhällsservice och tekniska försörjningssystem. Adderingen av våningsplan till befintliga bostäder har även nyttjats av fastighetsägare för att finansiera renovationer av den befintliga fastigheten och där med bevara den befintliga byggnaden och förlänga dess livstid. Hur denna typ av bebyggelse ska adderas, gestaltas och höja befintliga stads- och gaturum är en ständig diskussion mellan privata och allmänna aktörer. Boverket menar att förtätning kan ske på ett lyckat sätt om både staden och regionen utformar tydliga stadsbyggnadsidéer, dessa idéer presenteras ofta i form av översiktsplanstillägg.

    Syftet med denna rapport är att få en bättre förståelse över hur och när gestaltningen av påbyggnader påverkas av kommunalt inflytande samt hur kommunerna beaktar kulturmiljövård och riksintressen inom påbyggnadsprojekt. 

    Denna studie är upplagd som en kvalitativ intervjustudie där ett antal kommunala handläggare och antikvarier intervjuas för att få en djupare insikt i hur de arbetar kring gestaltningsfrågor, kulturmiljö och riksintressen inom påbyggnadsprojekt. Intervjuerna transkriberades och en tematisk analys användes för att hitta relevanta teman som intervjupersonerna talade om under intervjuerna. Genom att identifiera dessa teman kan de analyseras och jämföras mellan de olika intervjupersonerna och de städer där de är verksamma. Intervjuerna skedde ansikte mot ansikte på samtliga intervjupersonernas arbetsplats. 

    Under plan- och bygglovsprocessen har handläggare och antikvarier stort inflytande över gestaltningen av påbyggnadsprojekt. Genom möten och diskussion med stadsbyggnadskontoren stäms gestaltningsarbetet, projektets utveckling av samt kommenteras av involverade parter under processen gång. Anpassningen av en påbyggnad till en redan befintlig byggnad är inte alltid helt enkel och det finns ingen generell metod som kan appliceras då alla projekt är unika och platsspecifika. Däremot finns det en del verktyg som kan vara lämpliga för arkitekter att använda sig av vid utformningen av påbyggnader. Genom att använda sig av antingen material, form, färg, fönstersättning, horisontella och vertikala axlar som någon typ av anknytning till värdbyggnaden eller områdets gestaltningsuttryck, kan påbyggnader berika den befintliga miljön och värdbyggnaden. Under intervjuerna nämnde samtliga intervjupersoner att det skall finnas en tydlig skiljelinje mellan vad som är nytt och vad som en gång varit. Detta innebär att det ska vara enkelt att urskilja var värdbyggnadens takfot en gång varit. Vid projekt som berör kulturhistoriskt känsliga miljöer och riksintressen bör alltid en KUL-certifierad person framföra en antikvariskutredning av byggnaden eller området samt vara delaktig under processen och senare nämnas i kontrollplanen för att verifiera att dessa värden bevarats. Ett råd till arkitekter är att nyttja denna kompetens och samarbeta med byggnadsantikvarier vid denna typ av projekt.

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  • 47.
    Schylander, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Building-Integrated Photovoltaics for a Habitat on Mars: A Design Proposal Based on the Optimal Location and Placement of Integrated Solar Cells2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ever-increasing challenges that we face with our consumption of resources on Earth are factors which have prompted researchers to show interest in studying the possibilities of human habitat on other celestial bodies. Mars is a stone planet and is at such distance from the sun that it could be feasible for future settlements with the right technology and solutions. Future missions to Mars rely on solar panels as their primary power system. Utilizing solar architecture is a solution that reduces both a building’s energy consumption and the extent of environmental damage fossil fuels are causing the Earth. This leads to extensive opportunities to explore how we can increase the use of renewable energy using new technologies developed for use on Earth but also for use in the space industry.

     

    This study used a qualitative method through literature studies and semi-structured interviews as well as a quantitative method through calculations. The literature study was meant to act as a theoretical base for this study and for the interviews by creating an understanding of the world’s usage of renewable and non-renewable energy sources and how solar power works by the means of photovoltaic cells. The interviews were held to identify the opportunities and obstacles regarding a solar power system on Mars as well as the usage of BIPV (building-integrated photovoltaics) in extreme environments. Mathematical calculations were based on the fundamental geometric shape of a cylinder where the walls were set to be the varying parameter. Six locations on Mars with different coordinates and underlying matters were selected to the study based on the knowledge collected from the literature study and the interviews.

     

    Aspects that needs to be considered for building-integrated photovoltaics placed on a building’s envelope on Mars are several. Some of the most crucial are: dust deposition and dust in the atmosphere, a climate with major temperature extremes, the habitats location on the planet and the amount of output energy provided by BIPV partly affected by the Mars-Sun distance. If the fundamental geometric shape of the building is a cylinder, the building’s shape would to form as a truncated cone with smaller wall slopes the closer the equator the habitat is located. If the habitat is placed far away from the equator the walls’ slope, the optimal tilt angle of the photovoltaic module, would be steeper and increase with the higher latitude. The maximized power by using BIPV on a building on Mars is provided as close to the equator as possible due to the big amount of sunlight reaching the surface. If BIPV could be used on the Martian surface is still a relatively extensive hypothesis. Studies about Mars and other planets tend to result in this kind of approach because of the many insecurities that cannot be proven before humans get to the planet or detailed tests have been accomplished and analyzed. A solar power system shows great opportunities for future human missions to Mars but BIPV is not considered an option in the near future without further research and development verifying the option.

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  • 48.
    Segerstedt, Eugenia
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Hidman, Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Producing space in Living Labs: Reflexive analysis in the contexts of Kiruna and GällivareIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living labs are popular in urban design research, but have been mostly used in contexts of big cities. Here we describe living labs conducted in mining, Kiruna and Gällivare, undergoing major urban transformations due to the mining activities causing ground deformations. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how space is produced in the discussions attractiveness and social sustainability in the Living labs in relation to the towns and the urban transformations. Discussions on attractiveness and social sustainability are analyzed in terms of Lefebvrian dimensions (physical, mental, and social space) in theory of productions of space. Results show how construction of place combines time and space, as production of space becomes production of shared identity.

  • 49.
    Shen, Jingchun
    et al.
    Department of Energy, Forest, and Built Environment, Högskolan Dalarna, Röda väg 3, 781 70 Borlänge, Sweden.
    Zhang, Xingxing
    Department of Energy, Forest, and Built Environment, Högskolan Dalarna, Röda väg 3, 781 70 Borlänge, Sweden.
    Mylly, Nina
    Division Safety and Transport - Measurement Science and Technology, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Box 857, SE-501 15 Borås, Sweden.
    Lin, Jing
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics. Division of Product Realization, Mälardalen University, 63220, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    A Critical Review of Lighting Design and Asset Management Strategies. Illuminating Practices and Lessons Learned for Swedish Public Libraries2023In: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 2654, no 1, p. 012139-012139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most lighting is only designed to meet the visual needs in most public library environments in Sweden. Although lighting-related impacts are relevant to six Unite Nations sustainability goals, some important lighting considerations, such as circadian phase disruption, mode and productivity impact, and energy-efficient operation, are missing in current lighting operating practices. Moreover, most of the current lighting asset management practice in public buildings remains "fix it if only it breaks". With respect to people-centric health factors, visual index, and lighting asset energy-efficient operation, this study sublimates lighting into a new perspective. Finally, the suggested comprehensive lighting operating strategies integrating digital twins can help designers and operators in defining the optimal design/control strategy in public-built environments, like public library. Digital twin-based decision-making is expected to be applied to lighting design and control in public spaces that improves visual acuity and comfort, positively impact mood and productivity, and provides recommendations on engagement principles under Environment Social Governance (ESG) framework to asset manager/operators.

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  • 50.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ett fotografi räcker inte alltid: Synen på Kirunas omstridda kulturarv2020In: Kiruna Forever / [ed] Golling, Daniel; Mínguez Carrasco, Carlos, Stockholm: Statens centrum för arkitektur och design (Arkdes); Arkitektur förlag , 2020, p. 191-200Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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