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  • 1.
    Alem, Yonas
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.
    Köhlin, Gunnar
    Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.
    Stage, Jesper
    Department of Business, Economics and Law, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
    The persistence of subjective poverty in urban Ethiopia2014Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 51-61Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data spanning 15 years, we study subjective and consumption poverty in urban Ethiopia. Despite rapid economic growth and declining consumption poverty, subjective poverty remains largely unchanged. We find that households with a history of poverty continue to perceive themselves as poor even if their material consumption improves. The relative economic position of households is a strong determinant of subjective poverty. Having some type of employment makes households less likely to perceive themselves as poor, even if they remain in objective poverty. We argue that any analysis to measure the impact of growth on welfare should also encompass subjective measures.

  • 2. Berglund, Christer
    et al.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Complementing empirical evidence on global recycling and trade of waste paper2003Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 743-754Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This comment provides a critical analysis of Van Beukering and Bouman’s [World Development 29 (2001) 1717] article on global paper recycling and trade. We first question their notion that developing countries specialize in waste paper utilization and developed countries in recovery activities primarily because of different patterns of waste paper trade. An increased focus on relative waste paper availability, we argue, provides us with a better understanding of global paper recycling. We also criticize some of the implicit assumptions made in their regression analysis of waste paper utilization rates. An alternative regression model is therefore derived and estimated. In contrast to the approach used by Van Beukering and Bouman our analysis (a) is consistent with basic microeconomic theory; (b) distinguishes clearly between short- and long-run impacts; and (c) produces results that support our initial conjecture that waste paper availability is the most important determinant of waste paper use.

  • 3.
    Chege, Christine C.K.
    et al.
    Georg-August-University of Goettingen.
    Andersson, Camilla
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Qaim, Matin
    Georg-August-University of Goettingen.
    Impacts of Supermarkets on Farm Household Nutrition in Kenya2015Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 72, s. 394-407Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many developing countries experience a food system transformation with a rapid growth of supermarkets. We analyze impacts of supermarkets on farm household nutrition with survey data from Kenya. Participation in supermarket channels is associated with significantly higher calorie, vitamin A, iron, and zinc consumption. We use simultaneous equation models to analyze impact pathways. Supermarket-supplying households have higher incomes, a higher share of land under vegetables, and a higher likelihood of male control of revenues. Furthermore, income and the share of land under vegetables have positive impacts, while male control of revenues has negative impacts on dietary quality. Policy and further research implications are discussed.

  • 4.
    Chegere, Martin J.
    et al.
    University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Economics, Tanzania.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Agricultural production diversity, dietary diversity and nutritional status: Panel data evidence from Tanzania2020Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 129, artikel-id 104856Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Household agricultural production for self-consumption is often highlighted by nutritionists as the main route to increasing household food security and nutritional status, especially for the poor in developing countries. At the same time, the income gains from specializing in fewer crops and selling the surplus product could be an alternate route to improved nutritional status. We use Tanzanian data to study linkages between the diversity and market orientation of a household's agricultural production, the quality and diversity of their diets, and the nutritional status of their children. We find that diversifying a household's agricultural production significantly increases diversity in that household's diet, but the positive nutritional effects are small. We also find that market orientation has no clear effect on dietary diversity. At the same time, however, the nutritional status of children is not found to be linked clearly to general dietary diversity. On the other hand, factors such as education and overall income have strong and significant effects on both household dietary diversity and child nutrition. Thus, policies for increasing the quality of children's diets, improving children's nutritional status and enhancing the overall dietary diversity of farm households should incorporate those factors.

  • 5.
    Kassie, Menale
    et al.
    CIMMYT, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
    Ndiritu, Simon Wagura
    CIMMYT, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Strathmore Business School.
    Stage, Jesper
    Department of Business, Economics and Law, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
    What determines gender inequality in household food security in Kenya?: Application of exogenous switching treatment regression2014Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 153-171Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the link between the gender of a household head and food security in rural Kenya. The results show that the food security gap between male-headed households (MHHs) and female-headed households (FHHs) is explained by their differences in observable and unobservable characteristics. FHHs’ food security status would have been higher than it is now if the returns (coefficients) on their observed characteristics had been the same as the returns on the MHHs’ characteristics. Even if that had been the case, however, results indicate that FHHs would still have been less food-secure than the MHHs due to unobservable characteristics.

  • 6. Kumar, Raj
    et al.
    Radetzki, Marian
    Alternative fiscal regimes for mining in developing countries1987Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 741-758Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Okumu, Boscow
    et al.
    University of Cape Town, School of Economics, Private Bag Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa. EfD-Kenya, School of Economics, University of Nairobi, Kenya. The National Treasury and Planning, Kenya.
    Muchapondwa, Edwin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. University of Cape Town, School of Economics, Private Bag Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Welfare and forest cover impacts of incentive based conservation: Evidence from Kenyan community forest associations2020Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 129, artikel-id 104890Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines whether offering landless forest-adjacent communities options to grow appropriate food crops inside forest reserves during early stages of reforestation programmes increases incomes of low-income households and conserve forests. We consider the forest cover and household welfare impacts of a unique incentive scheme in Kenya known as the Plantation Establishment and Livelihood Improvement Scheme (PELIS). PELIS seeks to deepen community participation in forestry, and improve the livelihoods of adjacent communities. Using cross sectional data collected from 22 Community Forest Associations and 406 households, we use propensity score matching methods to evaluate the mean impact of the scheme on forest cover and household welfare. We also assess the heterogeneous impacts of the scheme on household welfare using an endogenous quantile treatment effects model. The results show that on average, PELIS has a significant and positive impact on the welfare of participating households (estimated between 15.09% and 28.14%) and on forest cover (between 5.53% and 7.94%). However, the scheme cannot be defended on equity grounds as it has inequitable distributional impacts on household welfare. The scheme raises welfare of groups other than the poorest and marginalized sections of the community. Our observations from the field blame elite capture for this outcome.

  • 8. Radetzki, Marian
    Has political risk scared mineral investment away from the deposits in developing countries1982Ingår i: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 39-48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In reply to recent assertions of a sharp diversion of metal mineral exploration and mining investment from developing to industrialized countries, the author argues that these worries are misdirected because they concentrate entirely on foreign direct investment and fail to consider the changes in other forms of mineral investments in developing countries. This paper shows that despite the political and economic changes which have diminished the willingness of multinational mining firms to undertake new traditional direct investment commitments in the Thrid World, the share of developing countries in Western World metal mineral activity is rising.

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