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  • 1.
    López-Mesa, Belinda
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling. Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain.
    Bylund, Nicklas
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Produkt- och produktionsutveckling. Volvo Car Corporation, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A study of the use of concept selection methods from inside a company2011Inngår i: Research in Engineering Design, ISSN 0934-9839, E-ISSN 1435-6066, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 7-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Design methods have been studied by researchers for decades. Academia considers their impact on industry to be insufficient. The objective of this research is to understand the use and impact of design methods in the context of a specific company, Volvo Car Corporation (VCC), by describing the behaviour of engineers in relation to methods, to assist in the future development of design methods and tools. We mainly concentrate on concept selection methods because of their relevance in this company. The data presented is the result of qualitative research carried out during 4 years at VCC, where the authors were located as researchers. The research shows that many methods are employed besides those with an academic name, that some in-company methods used contain improvements to methods researched by academia, that some modifications to academic methods lead to unreliable results, and that there is a lack of objectivity in method modification. For these reasons, the authors suggest further research on understanding the principles of successful and unreliable modification of concept selection methods

  • 2.
    Martinec, Tomislav
    et al.
    Department of Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Škec, Stanko
    Department of Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia;Technical University of Denmark, DTU Management Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Horvat, Nikola
    Department of Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Štorga, Mario
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Department of Design, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    A state-transition model of team conceptual design activity2019Inngår i: Research in Engineering Design, ISSN 0934-9839, E-ISSN 1435-6066, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 103-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to model the micro-scale process patterns which can be identified during team conceptual design activities. A state-transition model has been developed and used to empirically investigate the patterns of design operations during two types of team conceptual design activities: ideation and concept review. The presented work builds on the perception of design problems as ill-defined and implies that conceptual design activities involve the simultaneous development of problems and solutions using three distinctive design operations—analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The three design operations have been defined as fine-grain design steps performed by design teams when exploring the content of both the problem and the solution dimensions of the design space. Moreover, design operations have been conceptualised as transitions between states of the explored design space, thus providing a basis for the state-transition model. The model’s ability to map and visualise proportions of design operation sequences emerging during ideation and concept review has facilitated the identification of both the activity-specific patterns and patterns that were likely to appear during both types of empirically investigated activities. The two activities exhibited similar patterns, such as alternation of solution synthesis and analysis, sequences of synthesis, analysis and evaluation within solution space, and the potential co-evolution episodes. Nevertheless, divergent traits have been identified for ideation, and convergent traits for concept review, based on the significant differences in proportions of design operations and their sequences.

  • 3.
    Petersson, Anna Malou
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Lundberg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Developing an ideation method to be used in cross-functional inter-organizational teams by means of action design research2018Inngår i: Research in Engineering Design, ISSN 0934-9839, E-ISSN 1435-6066, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 433-457Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using ideation methods in an optimal way has a great potential to increase the number of ideas which a team can contribute during the conceptual phase of product development in industry. Previous studies on ideation methods have been mainly statistical studies in a laboratory setting. In the present study, however, the aim was to develop tailor-made ideation methods in a specific context, among actors on a deregulated railway market, through close interaction between researchers and engineers in a real-world context. Considering previous relevant research on ideation methods, associative memory models and the findings from tests of established ideation methods performed in the same group, a number of preliminary design principles were formulated and implemented in an ideation method that combines individual phases of rotational and gallery viewing with phases of verbal group interaction. The method was tested and refined in a cross-functional inter-organizational group comprising participants from different actors in the railway sector. Besides its provision of qualitative and quantitative test results, the present study has considered the opinions of the participants in detail, which can give important insights into the factors determining whether such a method will be implemented in industry. The participants found the method to be more useful and to generate more ideas that could be used in practice compared to the established ideation methods which they had tried. The learning derived from the specific case was formalized into a number of design principles for ideation methods to be used in cross-functional inter-organizational groups.

  • 4.
    Petersson, Anna Malou
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Lundberg, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Rantatalo, Matti
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Ideation methods applied in a cross-functional inter-organizational group: an exploratory case study from the railway sector2017Inngår i: Research in Engineering Design, ISSN 0934-9839, E-ISSN 1435-6066, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 71-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The conceptual design phase is a critical step, since it influences the subsequent steps during product development with regard to cost, quality and performance. Previous research has focused on cross-functional teams within an organization. However, many product development projects benefit from the participation of members from different organizations, not least during the conceptual design phase of technical products, where it is essential to consider different aspects of the product-to-be. Therefore, we conducted an in-depth case study of a cross-functional inter-organizational group testing ideation methods in a real-life setting within a development project in the railway sector. The group comprised participants from an infrastructure manager, a supplier, a maintenance contractor and research bodies. The tested ideation methods were Method 635, the gallery method and the SIL method. The participants found working in a cross-functional inter-organizational group to be beneficial both during the group-analysis of the topics and during the generation of ideas on how to address the ideation topic. Applying the ideation methods to the ideation topics facilitated the sharing of information between participants, and the diversity of the group manifested itself in several ways during ideation. Overall, the gallery method was most popular, and the SIL method was least popular among the participants. 

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