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  • 1.
    Ljung, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Andersson, Robin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Andersson, Anders G.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Lundström, Staffan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Relitor Engineering AB.
    Modelling the Evaporation Rate in an Impingement Jet Dryer with Multiple Nozzles2017In: International Journal of Chemical Engineering, ISSN 1687-806X, E-ISSN 1687-8078, Vol. 2017, article id 5784627Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Impinging jets are often used in industry to dry, cool, or heat items. In this work, a two-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics model is created to model an impingement jet dryer with a total of 9 pairs of nozzles that dries sheets of metal. Different methods to model the evaporation rate are studied, as well as the influence of recirculating the outlet air. For the studied conditions, the simulations show that the difference in evaporation rate between single- and two-component treatment of moist air is only around 5%, hence indicating that drying can be predicted with a simplified model where vapor is included as a nonreacting scalar. Furthermore, the humidity of the inlet air, as determined from the degree of recirculating outlet air, has a strong effect on the water evaporation rate. Results show that the metal sheet is dry at the exit if 85% of the air is recirculated, while approximately only 60% of the water has evaporated at a recirculation of 92,5%

  • 2.
    Teng, Ziyan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Larsson, Sofia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Lundström, Staffan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
    Marjavaara, B. Daniel
    Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara AB, Kiruna SE-981 86, Sweden.
    The Effect of Reynolds Number on Jet in Asymmetric Co-Flows: A CFD Study2018In: International Journal of Chemical Engineering, ISSN 1687-806X, E-ISSN 1687-8078, article id 1572576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In rotary kilns in grate-kiln systems for iron ore pelletizing, a long and stable jet flame is needed to ensure a high quality of the pellets. The primary jet issuing from the nozzle interacts with two asymmetric co-flows creating a very complex flow. In order to better understand and eventually model this flow with quality and trust, simplified cases need to be studied. In this work, a simplified and virtual model is built based on a down-scaled kiln model established in a previous experimental work. The aim is to numerically study the jet development as a function of position and Reynolds number (Re). The numerical simulations are carried out with the standard k-ε model, and quite accurate velocity profiles are obtained while the centerline decays and spreading of the passive scalars are over predicted. The model is capable of predicting a Re dependency of the jet development. With increasing Re, the jet is longer while it generally decays and spreads faster resulting from the stronger shear between the jet and co-flows and the stronger entrainment from the recirculation zone. This recirculation found in the simulations restrain the momentum spreading in the spanwise direction, leading to a slower velocity spreading with higher Re. For further validation and understanding, more measurements in the shear layer and simulations with more advanced turbulence models are necessary

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