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  • 1.
    Khan, Inayat Ali
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Wang, Yong-Lei
    Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Shah, Faiz Ullah
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
    Effect of structural variation in biomass-derived nonfluorinated ionic liquids electrolytes on the performance of supercapacitors2022In: Journal of Energy Chemistry, ISSN 2095-4956, E-ISSN 2096-885X, Vol. 69, p. 174-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in sustainable and high performance supercapacitors (SCs) operating at elevated temperatures as they are highly demanded in heat-durable electronics. Here, we present a biomass-derived nonfluorinated ionic liquid (IL) [P4444][HFuA] and its structural analogue [P4444][TpA] as electrolytes for supercapacitors comprising multiwall carbon nanotubes and activated charcoal (MWCNTs/AC) mixed carbon composite electrodes. A detailed investigation of the effect of scan rate, temperature, potential window and orientation of ions on the electrodes surfaces is performed. The supercapacitors exhibited relatively lower specific capacitance for both [P4444][HFuA] and [P4444][TpA] ILs at room temperature. However, the specific capacitance has significantly increased with an increase in temperature and potential window. The equivalent serie resistances of the SCs is deceased with increasing temperatures, which is a result of improved ionic conductivities of the IL electrolytes. In CV cycling at 60 °C, the capacitor with [P4444][HFuA] IL-based electrolyte retained about 90% of its initial capacitance, while the capacitor with [P4444][TpA] IL-based electrolyte retained about 83% of its initial capacitance. Atomistic computations revealed that the aromatic [FuA]− and [TpA]− anions displayed perpendicular distribution that can effectively neutralize charges on the carbon surfaces. However, the [HFuA]− anion exhibited somewhat tilted configurations on the carbon electrode surfaces, contributing to their outstanding capacitive performance in electrochemical devices.

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