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  • 1.
    Abdollahpour, Nosrat
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Health Engineering and Ergonomics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Implementing Practical Ergonomics Knowledge Transfer Using Ergonomic Checkpoints to Support the Participatory Ergonomics Process in an Industrially Developing Country2022Ingår i: IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, ISSN 2472-5838, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 59-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Implementing ergonomics principles in workplaces requires good knowledge transfer with the participation of professionals, workers, and managers.

    Purpose: This study aimed to investigate practical ergonomics knowledge transfer to support the participatory ergonomics process that could lead problem identification and the implementation and development of feasible and low-cost solutions.

    Methods: This was action research on the type of intervention and conducted in four phases. Accordingly, 106 participants from different organizational levels of a manufacturing company, facilitated by an ergonomist by forming 14 action groups, were involved in practical ergonomics knowledge transfer to identify and solve problems of work divisions. Participant reflections were obtained through interviews and field notes.

    Results: The results contributed to the presentation of 145 solutions to improve working conditions by the action groups. Most solutions were low-cost and 57.5% were implemented. The interviews showed the development of a participation culture, learning and institutionalizing ergonomics principles in practice, and improving competence in identifying problems and implementing solutions.

    Conclusions: The key findings were achieved by the participatory ergonomics intervention approach through different tactics of participant engagement, including a pushing tactic for intentional learning and a pulling tactic for voluntary learning, which resulted in the improvement of working conditions and promotion of a participatory culture.

  • 2.
    Abdollahpour, Nosrat
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Rasoulzadeh, Yahya
    Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Iranian Traffic Injuries Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
    Hassankhani, Hadi
    Centre of Qualitative Studies, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
    Barriers and Challenges to Human Factors/Ergonomics Knowledge Transfer to Small Business Enterprises in an Industrially Developing Country2023Ingår i: IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, ISSN 2472-5838, Vol. 11, nr 1-2, s. 14-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OCCUPATIONAL APPLICATION

    We found that small business enterprises (SBEs) face intra- and extra-organizational barriers in different dimensions related to their work system to practically implement human factors/ergonomics (HFE) knowledge transfer and to achieve its benefits in an industrially developing country. Utilizing a three-zone lens, we evaluated the feasibility of overcoming the barriers identified by stakeholders, especially ergonomists. To overcome the identified barriers in practice, three types of macroergonomics interventions (top-down, middle-out, and bottom-up) were distinguished through macroergonomics theory. The bottom-up approach of macroergonomics, as a participatory HFE intervention, was considered as the entry point to overcome the perceived barriers in the first zone of the lens, which included such themes as lack of competence, lack of involvement and interaction, and inefficient training and learning approaches. This approach focused on improving emotional literacy as a care zone among the small business enterprise personnel.

    TECHNICAL ABSTRACT

    Background: The human factors/ergonomics (HFE) knowledge transfer process is one of the potential challenges for organizations in industrially developing countries (IDCs), especially in small business enterprises (SBEs).

    Purpose: We explored perceived barriers and challenges to the practical implementation of HFE knowledge transfer to SBEs in Iran, as an IDC, to improve their work systems.

    Methods: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted using a conventional content analysis. To identify perceived barriers, we conducted individual interviews (n = 38) and a focus-group discussion (n = 17) with the participation of the SBEs personnel and the officials of related organizations. Inductive content analysis was used for data analysis. We then categorized the identified perceived barriers (themes) to determine the feasibility of overcoming them.

    Results: Regarding perceived barriers, the following nine themes were extracted: lack of competence, resistance to change, technological infrastructure problems, lack of involvement and interaction, using an inappropriate mode of knowledge, lack of culture-building about HFE, inefficient training and learning approaches, lack of scientific management, and extra-organizational problems. Further, a three-zone lens was identified for the extracted themes to check the feasibility of overcoming them.

    Conclusions: We identified nine intra- and extra-organizational barriers in the HFE knowledge transfer process to SBEs. We further evaluated the ways of overcoming perceived barriers defined in the three-zone lens to adapt them for building creative workplace culture zones (care, creative, and improvement). We distinguished three types of macroergonomics interventions (top-down, middle-out, and bottom-up) and three supporting strategies, including, knowledge, management and employees, and participatory HFE.

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  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Digitalisation and Sustainable work: obstacles and pathways2021Ingår i: European Journal of Workplace Innovation, ISSN 2387-4570, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 187-197Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Work is a central part of our lives in many aspects. Half of our awake time is for most of us performed as paid work. At work, we create the values we need to live the life we desire. At work, we are socialized and shaped into the human beings we are. We are all concerned about how our work will be in the future; will we be able to handle the new technology or will we be replaced by a robot? Do we see the new technology as The wolf is coming or God's gift to mankind? This is an existential question and the future work is shaped here and now. This means that we need to get a picture of what is happening so we can act, but we also need a vision of where we want to go. Our mission as a researcher is to find the pathways to the Sustainable work, but in order to to find the way, we sometimes have to take on the role of the wolf and ask the uncomfortable questions.

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  • 4.
    Adom, Philip Kofi
    et al.
    School of Public Service and Governance, Department of Development Policy, Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA), Accra, Ghana; School of Economics and Finance (SEF), University of the WitWatersrand, Johanneshurg, South Africa; GIMPA - PURC Centre of Excellence in Public Utility Regulation (CEPUR), Accra - Ghana.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Environment for Development (EfD), University of Gothenburg, Box 645, SE 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Akorli, Charity Dzifa
    School of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Economics & Hospitality, Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Ghana.
    Energy efficiency as a sustainability concern in Africa and financial development: How much bias is involved?2023Ingår i: Energy Economics, ISSN 0140-9883, E-ISSN 1873-6181, Vol. 120, artikel-id 106577Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study contributes to the literature on whether financial development stimulates technical energy efficiency (TEE) or not, by addressing core biases that creep into the relationship and thereby reducing the ability to draw causal inferences from financial development to TEE. Our approach is based on the instrumental stochastic frontier technique, where biases in the frontier and inefficiency equations are dealt with using external instrumental variables. The legal system origin of the country and life expectancy at birth were used as instruments for financial development and income, respectively. The current study demonstrates substantial bias in income elasticity, the estimate of energy efficiency, and the effect of financial development on energy efficiency. Both income elasticity and energy efficiency estimate risk upward bias. Equally, the effect of financial system development and financial institution development on TEE risk downward bias. Other results show that all aspects of financial institution development stimulate TEE, but access to financial institutions is more important. These results raise caution about future studies' estimates of the effect of financial development on TEE. Though this study has demonstrated the potency of external instruments in dealing with the bias in the coefficient estimates, we consider this might prove to be a luxury solution in some cases due to data limitation, context differences, and theory. In those circumstances, reliance on internal instruments might prove to be the second-best option.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Elias
    et al.
    Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Organisational learning in gender mainstreaming: openings and barriers for implementation and change2022Ingår i: International Journal of Learning and Change, ISSN 1740-2875, E-ISSN 1740-2883, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 339-355Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between the concepts and practices of gender mainstreaming and organisational learning, and its prerequisite for change, is not well understood in either research or practice. Drawing on a participatory design process of a model for assessing the potential of gender equality interventions to change gendered organisations, this study explores the relation between gender mainstreaming and the concepts and practices of organisational learning and learning organisations to improve the capacity of organisations to undertake developmental and organisational change. The findings stress the effect of the organisational context and logics on the level of distinctness in the goals and processes of gender equality work and organisational learning. By highlighting the interrelation between organisational logics in relation to the processes of organisational change, learning and integration, the results thereby revealed how a more formal and technocratic approach creates both potential openings for and barriers to organisational change and learning.

  • 6.
    Berg Jansson, Anna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Svensson, Sven
    Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Wall, Erika
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Professional Position Positioned: The Interwoven Experience of Being a Young Adult and New at Work Analysed from a Relational Perspective of Age2024Ingår i: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 32, nr 2, s. 142-159Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To gain an in-depth understanding of the position of being a young adult and new at work simultaneously, this study examines the doing of age in relation to others in the lives of young adults, rather than focusing on age as a category and/or developmental phase. The study focuses on being a young adult from a critical and relational perspective of age. Based on focus group interviews with young adults, mostly women, working in retail, the aim is to analyse the position of being a young adult while new at work through age-marked relationships. The results reveal how this position can be understood both in terms of security and insecurity. Security arises in the sense of opportunities for learning and leaving responsibilities to older and more experienced colleagues. Insecurity arises in the sense of being exposed to insecure employment, the risk of being allocated less challenging tasks and being judged for failures.

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  • 7.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Ardström, Marie
    Kravmärkt Yrkesroll, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Eklund, Olivia
    Kravmärkt Yrkesroll, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Education and Prior Learning Assessment in the Swedish Health Care Sector2022Ingår i: PLA Inside Out, ISSN 2333-3588, nr 8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Certified Profession (Kravmärkt Yrkesroll) is a nonprofit association based in Sweden that has been developing methods and strategies for assessing and validating workplace learning within the health care sector since 2003. The association focuses on the work of assistant nurses and nurses’ aides, and on clarifying what kinds of knowledge and skills are needed to ensure that health and social care are performed with a high level of quality. The purpose of this essay is to describe the model and methods used by Certified Profession in assessing and developing experiences, knowledge, and skills among health care workers, particularly among those who work with the elderly. The paper also briefly discusses some general possibilities and challenges involved in this approach.

  • 8.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Samuelson, Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    A Post-Analysis of the Introduction of the EU Directive 92/57/EEC in the Swedish Construction Industry2022Ingår i: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 12, nr 10, artikel-id 1765Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU directive 92/57/EEC focuses on ensuring that health and safety-related matters are taken into consideration during every stage of construction-related work and has been introduced into the regulations of the member countries. In 2006, Sweden was tasked by the European Commission to clarify its implementation of the directive, including which management roles and responsibilities were to come into effect during both the planning and eventual execution of construction work—changes that ultimately were introduced into the national regulations in 2009. Focusing on the accident trends in the construction industry in the years immediately following these regulatory changes, we find that the new management roles and responsibilities had no apparent effect on the accident rates. Furthermore, we argue that there is a need to broaden the analysis regarding the implementation of the EU directive 92/57/EEC to also include nation-specific changes to health and safety management and policy. These qualitative studies should also include a dedicated focus on how changes to management structures and processes may affect the prevalence of occupational diseases specifically.

  • 9.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Byggindustrins säkerhetspark - ett program för säkerhetskultur: Delrapport 2: Säkerhetsinitiativ och säkerhetskultur i svensk byggindustri2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 10.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Byggindustrins säkerhetspark – ett program för säkerhetskultur: Resultat och rekommendationer2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska byggindustrin har gjort stora satsningar de senaste åren för att öka medvetenheten om vikten av att arbeta säkert. En del i denna satsning är att Byggföretagen (före detta Sveriges Byggindustrier) har byggt en säkerhetspark, dvs. en anläggning där de som arbetar inom industrin utbildas om säkerhet och får möjlighet att gemensamt reflektera över säkerhetsrelaterade frågor.

    Vår forskargrupp vid Luleå tekniska universitet, har följt parkens etablering med syfte att undersöka hur frågor rörande säkerhetskultur kan och har integrerats i säkerhetsparkens aktiviteter. Projektet finns redovisat i tre rapporter. Den första är en kartläggning av internationell forskning inom området säkerhetskultur, säkerhetsarbete och säkerhetsträning och finns redovisad i Delrapport 1: Säkerhetskulturforskning inom byggindustrin (Berglund et al, 2020). Den andra redovisar en kartläggning och karaktärisering av vilka säkerhetsinitiativ och säkerhetskulturer som finns hos Sveriges byggindustriers medlemsföretag. Den studien har presenterats i Delrapport 2: Säkerhetsinitiativ och säkerhetskultur i svensk byggindustri (Berglund et al, 2021). 

    I denna tredje rapport som vi kallar Resultat och rekommendationer, presenterar vi en samlad analys av parkens verksamhet och avslutar med ett antal förslag till hur säkerhetsparken kan utvecklas vidare. 

    I rapporten kan vi konstatera att säkerhetsparken finns på plats och har verkat i drygt tre år. Den består av ett stort antal stationer eller scenarion där ett antal arbetsområden, arbetssituationer och arbetsmoment speglas. Ett besök inleds inomhus med en introduktion där det besökande företaget eller skolan ges en inledande beskrivning av parkens innehåll och syfte och där ett flertal frågeställningar introduceras och diskuteras. Därefter fortsätter besöket utomhus genom att man besöker ett antal stationer som är utformade enligt den pedagogiska principen ”se, höra, göra och reflektera”. Valet av stationer som besöks görs i samråd med handledare och med det besökande företaget. Dagen avslutas på samma sätt som den inleddes, inomhus, med reflektioner om lärdomar att ta med sig hem till det egna företaget. Parken fungerar också som en display av aktuell utveckling inom branschen, inte minst när det gäller nya verktyg, utrustning, material, arbetsmoment och liknande, allt med ett fokus på förbättrad arbetsmiljö och säkerhet. Säkerhetsparken besöks idag främst av byggföretag och byggelever men även av andra representanter från andra branscher. Vi har intervjuat nyckelpersoner med anknytning till parken och omdömen om parken och besöket har i huvudsak varit goda. Vår rapport avslutas med elva utvecklingsområden som vi tror kan bidra till att göra en bra verksamhet vid säkerhetsparken ännu bättre.

    1. Problematisera rådande säkerhetskulturer på fler ställen, kanske stationer eller i fler moment i anläggningen.

    2. Den pedagogiska modellen är bra och kan utnyttjas på fler ställen i anläggningen.

    3. Alla besök bör ha en tydlig och specifik företagsprofilering.

    4. Alla besökare ska ha en arbetsuppgift när de återvänder till företaget.

    5. Stationerna måste vara aktuella och spegla realistiska situationer.

    6. Säkerhetsparken bör vara ett centrum för lärande, utveckling och innovation.

    7. Säkerhetsparken kan vara ett skyltfönster för ny teknik och bra utrustning.

    8. Jämställdhetsfrågor bör integreras i säkerhetsparkens arbete.

    9. Ledningens betydelse för säkerhetskultur bör betonas.

    10.Säkerhetsparken kan bli en resurs för utbildning av utländsk arbetskraft.

    11.Säkerhetsparken bör dokumentera sina erfarenheter.

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  • 11.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Exploring safety culture research in the construction industry2023Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 549-560Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite numerous regulatory initiatives to improve health and safety in the construction industry, it still ranks as one of the most accident-prone industries worldwide. A dedicated focus on safety culture has been suggested as a complement to laws, regulations and management systems.

    OBJECTIVE: This article explores safety culture research conducted in the construction industry, with the aim to provide insight into the specific themes that tend to be in focus as well as what theoretical and methodological approaches that tend to be favored.

    METHODS: Searches in scientific databases were conducted twice. In a first attempt, searches resulted in 54 hits but only two articles fit the scope of the study. A revision of the search phrase resulted in 124 hits. Ultimately, 17 articles fit the scope of the study and were included. The content of the articles was analyzed and sorted thematically.

    RESULTS: The results show that four themes are prevalent in the existing literature: 1) unique challenges entail a need for situated applications, 2) models developed to operationalize safety culture, 3) measuring safety culture, and 4) safety management and leadership as key factors.

    CONCLUSION:Although research focusing on the construction industry has come to favor certain study designs and definitions of safety culture, further research may be enriched by broadening the theoretical and methodological perspectives. Specifically, researchers should conduct more in-depth qualitative studies that take the complexity of the industry into account, including the interpersonal relations between the actors involved.

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  • 12.
    Berglund, Leif
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Nygren, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Stenberg, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Safety culture development in the construction industry: The case of a safety park in Sweden2023Ingår i: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 9, nr 9, artikel-id e18679Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of occupational accidents in the construction industry has necessitated a focus on proactive measures such as safety management programs. An example of this is safety parks, i.e. facilities where employees and managers from different construction companies can participate in site-specific activities and train in safety-related matters in a realistic context. Two specific focus areas are often present within these types of safety management programs: hands-on safety training and safety culture development as being within the purview of management. The purpose of this article is to investigate the developers’ intentions with the park in relation to safety culture development. Twenty interviews were conducted with experts in the area of health and safety. Results indicate that the safety park can contribute as a mirror for the companies own operations, with new information and knowledge of how work can be performed with safety being prioritized, to developing communication regarding safety-related matters, and finally the stations at the park may initiate a translation process as to how the lessons learned at the park can be applied to the participants’ own workplaces. All in all, the activities at the park can be said to be normative in nature, i.e. the developers seemingly have a desire to steer the safety culture development in a certain direction. There is a need for further research focusing on the concept of safety culture in these types of programs and, more broadly, in relation to its intended industry-wide effects.

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  • 13.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 80176 Gävle, Sweden.
    Hallman, David M.
    Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 80176 Gävle, Sweden.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 80176 Gävle, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 80176 Gävle, Sweden; Department of Occupational Health and Safety, LKAB, 98381 Gällivare, Sweden.
    Edvinsson, Johanna
    Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 80176 Gävle, Sweden.
    Jahncke, Helena
    Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, 80176 Gävle, Sweden.
    A participatory approach to identify key areas for sustainable work environment and health in employees with flexible work arrangements2021Ingår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 24, artikel-id 13593Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible work arrangements are common worldwide, but knowledge on how to achieve a sustainable work environment is sparse. The aim of this study was to use a participatory approach to identify concrete suggestions and key areas for improvement that were considered relevant, effective, and feasible for promoting good work environment and health at organizational, work group and individual level (O-G-I), among office employees with flexible work arrangements. Eight focus group interviews (including 45 employees) were conducted in a large Swedish government agency in 2017. By using a Tree diagram approach, employees made a total of 279 suggestions for improvements, which were sorted into O-G-I levels and mapped into 18 key areas. We found that 13 key areas addressed organizational level (e.g., improving leadership, policy, job demands, and work efficiency), two key areas addressed group level (create common rules of availability and activity-based working), and three key areas addressed individual level (e.g., individuals’ responsibility to clearly communicate their availability). The participatory process was effective in obtaining concrete suggestions and key areas in need of improvement, which may provide an action plan that can guide organizations in developing interventions to promote good work environment and health in flexible work.

  • 14.
    Bonnedahl, Karl Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    Umeå universitet.
    Lindberg, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Social innovation för hållbar utveckling2022 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Brännande samhällsutmaningar i form av bland annat segregation, ohälsa och ekologisk obalans skapar efterfrågan på nytänkande lösningar som inte bara följer en ekonomisk logik utan också är socialt och miljömässigt hållbara. I antologin presenteras aktuell svensk forskning om social innovation för hållbar utveckling, med koppling till Agenda 2030. Forskare från olika discipliner och lärosäten belyser detta i förhållande till exempelvis stadsutveckling, arbetslivsinkludering, naturbaserad rehabilitering och skola. Hybridorganisering, samverkan mellan olika aktörer och en ny samhällsekonomisk styrning tas också upp. Tillsammans ger antologins kapitel en bild av det växande forskningsfältet social innovation, med tillämpning mot hållbar utveckling. Därmed diskuteras potentialen i att sammanföra dessa perspektiv för att stärka bidragen till vetenskaplig och praktisk utveckling. 

    Social innovation för hållbar utveckling riktar sig till forskare, studenter och praktiker inom innovationsområdet, exempelvis innovatörer, innovationsfrämjare, politiker och tjänstepersoner, samt andra intresserade.Boken är framtagen i samarbete med Mötesplats Social Innovation.

  • 15.
    Bouyssou, Anne
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Baumler, Raphaël
    World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Complex Systems Design: Sustainability Challenges for Shipbuilding2023Ingår i: Proceedings of the Design Society, ICED 2023, Cambridge University Press , 2023, Vol. 3, s. 1027-1036Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ships are complex technical systems resulting from large scale and scope projects in which integration plays a key role, particularly because trade-offs have to be made between conflicting objectives. Merchant ships are usually built with a perspective of twenty-five years of service. Ship owners detail their requirements and ship specifications in line with their strategy to remain competitive on specific segments of the shipping markets. Ships serve and organize global trade flows. The rise in environmental regulations and technological changes generate unprecedented uncertainties for ship owners. Ships do not follow the usual systems engineering process, as there is no full-scale prototyping. Rules and standards deeply influence the design of ships and limit the possibilities to 'think outside the box'. The purpose of this paper is to present environmental drivers relating to the operation of the ship which have, or will have, an influence on the way it is designed.

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  • 16.
    Brodin, Staffan
    et al.
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Fernström, Tomas
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Jensen, Filip
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Andersson, Clas
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Dordlofva, Christo
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Status report prometheus L-PBF turbine program2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) 2019, International Astronautical Federation, IAF , 2019, artikel-id IAC-19_C4_10_2_x51896Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Carson, Richard T.
    et al.
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
    Hanemann, Michael
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    Köhlin, Gunnar
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Adamowicz, Wiktor
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
    Sterner, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Alpizar, Francisco
    Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Khossravi, Emily A.
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
    Jeuland, Marc
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bonilla, Jorge A.
    Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia.
    Tan-Soo, Jie-Sheng
    National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Nam, Pham Khanh
    University of Economics, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
    Ndiritu, Simon Wagura
    Strathmore University, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wadehra, Shivani
    Ashoka University, Noida, India.
    Chegere, Martin Julius
    University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Visser, Martine
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Chukwuone, Nnaemeka Andegbe
    University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nsukka, Nigeria.
    Whittington, Dale
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Perceptions of the seriousness of major public health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in seven middle-income countries2023Ingår i: Communications Medicine, E-ISSN 2730-664X, Vol. 3, artikel-id 193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Public perception of the seriousness of the COVID-19 pandemic compared to six other major public health problems (alcoholism and drug use, HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, lung cancer and respiratory diseases caused by air pollution and smoking, and water-borne diseases like diarrhea) is unclear. We designed a survey to examine this issue using YouGov’s internet panels in seven middle-income countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America in early 2022.

    Methods

    Respondents rank ordered the seriousness of the seven health problems using a repeated best-worst question format. Rank-ordered logit models allow comparisons within and across countries and assessment of covariates.

    Results

    In six of the seven countries, respondents perceived other respiratory illnesses to be a more serious problem than COVID-19. Only in Vietnam was COVID-19 ranked above other respiratory illnesses. Alcoholism and drug use was ranked the second most serious problem in the African countries. HIV/AIDS ranked relatively high in all countries. Covariates, particularly a COVID-19 knowledge scale, explained differences within countries; statistics about the pandemic were highly correlated with differences in COVID-19’s perceived seriousness.

    Conclusions

    People in the seven middle-income countries perceived COVID-19 to be serious (on par with HIV/AIDS) but not as serious as other respiratory illnesses. In the African countries, respondents perceived alcoholism and drug use as more serious than COVID-19. Our survey-based approach can be used to quickly understand how the threat of a newly emergent disease, like COVID-19, fits into the larger context of public perceptions of the seriousness of health problems.

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  • 18.
    Cascini, Gaetano
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
    Nagai, Yukari
    Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi, Japan.
    Georgiev, Georgi V.
    University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Zelaya, Jader
    Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi, Japan.
    Becattini, Niccolo
    Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
    Boujut, Jean François
    CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France.
    Casakin, Hernan Pablo
    Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.
    Crilly, Nathan
    Department of Engineering, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Dekoninck, Elies A.
    University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.
    Gero, John S.
    The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, United States.
    Goel, Ashok K.
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, United States.
    Goldschmidt, Gabriela
    Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
    Gonçalves, Milene
    Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands.
    Grace, Kazjon S.
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Hay, Laura
    Design, Manufacturing and Engineering Management, University of Strathclyde, Scotland.
    Le Masson, Pascal
    Mines ParisTech, Paris, France.
    Maher, Mary Lou
    The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, United States.
    Marjanović, Dorian
    University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Motte, Damien
    Division of Product Development, Department of Design Sciences LTH, Lund University, Sweden.
    Papalambros, Panos Y.
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, United States; University of Michigan, Livonia, United States.
    Sosa, Ricardo
    Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand; Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Srinivasan, Venkatamaran V.
    Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India.
    Štorga, Mario
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Tversky, Barbara
    Stanford University, Palo Alto, United States; Columbia University, New York, United States.
    Yannou, Bernard
    Laboratoire Génie Industriel, Chatenay-Malabry, France; CentraleSupélec - Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Universite Paris-Saclay, Saint-Aubin, France.
    Wodehouse, Andrew J.
    University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
    Perspectives on design creativity and innovation research: 10 years later2022Ingår i: International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, ISSN 2165-0349, E-ISSN 2165-0357, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 1-30Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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  • 19.
    Castro, Mikael Celiz
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Höglund, Jacob
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Norén, Johanna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Opinions and Attitudes on the Mining Industry: A Study Regarding Mining Workplaces2024Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 20.
    Clauss, Margot
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Rymdteknik.
    Cho, Mengu
    Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan.
    Bursachi, Noé
    Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France.
    Laufer, Rene
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Rymdteknik.
    Weiss, Bernd Michael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Reusability potential of spacecraft solar panels2023Ingår i: IAC 2023 Congress Proceedings, 74th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Baku, Azerbaijan, International Astronautical Federation, 2023, artikel-id 79932Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Clauss, Margot
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Rymdteknik.
    Weiss, Bernd
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Laufer, René
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Rymdteknik.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Circularity and Sustainability in Aerospace: The Case of Spacecraft Materials2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Clauss, Margot
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Rymdteknik.
    Weiss, Bernd Michael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Laufer, René
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Rymdteknik.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Losch, Andreas
    University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland and University of Zurich, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Creaternity Space: In Search of Circularity for Reuse of Spacecraft Materials2022Ingår i: IAC 2022 Congress Proceedings, 73rd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Paris, France, International Astronautical Federation, 2022, artikel-id 69410Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for material circularity and sustainability is not limited to human activities on Earth and in fact, has broad implications for the utilization of outer space. With the increased digitalization, global location and observation needs, and connectivity demands for Earth applications, an ever-growing number of spacecrafts being launched into an already “crowded” orbital space at the fast-growing risk of collisions. Sustainability, stewardship, and circularity have been identified as key concepts and enablers for the save and long-term utilization of outer space. However, as research projects related to space sustainability, recycling of spacecraft materials, and space debris mitigation gain traction, a mutual understanding of definitions and concepts is missing and the prospects and viability of circularity in space are unclear. This research attempts to fill this gap with an investigation into the possibilities to re-use spacecraft materials as an alternative to its complete disposal. A review of circularity and sustainability definitions is conducted, and this paper makes an initial effort to examine and map requirements for re-manufacturing, refurbishment, and the re-use of spacecraft materials. A literature review is conducted to identify fundamental concepts to enable circularity. This research reviews best practices and approaches in areas like aviation, electronics, and car manufacturing to thoroughly examine similarities and to create a mapping for the space sector. Following this cross-industry approach, the research surveys academic and industrial topics like spacecraft and satellite mission design, business models and product innovation, and entrepreneurship and space ecosystems to find common patterns within sectors and activities. The paper further presents findings and a preliminary roadmap and future research topics related to circularity in space.

  • 23.
    Compierchio, Angelo
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Drift, underhåll och akustik.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Illankoon, Prasanna
    University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka.
    A Neuroergonomics Mirror-Based Platform to Mitigate Cognitive Impairments in Fighter Pilots2024Ingår i: International Congress and Workshop on Industrial AI and eMaintenance 2023 / [ed] Uday Kumar; Ramin Karim; Diego Galar; Ravdeep Kour, Springer Nature, 2024, s. 31-43Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 24.
    Dahlkvist, Eva
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Bergsten, Eva L.
    Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden; Department of Occupational Health and Safety, LKAB, Gällivare, Sweden.
    Enmarker, Ingela
    Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    First-Line Managers’ Leadership Behavior Profiles and Use of Gardens in Residential Care Facilities: An Interview Study2023Ingår i: Journal of Aging and Environment, ISSN 2689-2618, E-ISSN 2689-2626, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 65-84Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored first-line managers’ leadership behavior profiles regarding their goals for utilizing the garden at residential care facilities for older people. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of first-line managers (n = 12) in Sweden. Data were analyzed using deductive content analysis theoretically guided by the Three-dimensional Leadership Model. The results showed that the main leadership behavior profiles were related to the dimensions structure, relation and change. The managers emphasized workplace regulations and goals. They allowed staff to make decisions and encouraged them to see problems and opportunities. 

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  • 25.
    Dou, Shiquan
    et al.
    School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, People's Republic of China.
    Zhu, Yongguang
    School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, People's Republic of China.
    Xu, Deyi
    School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, People's Republic of China.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Environment for Development Initiative, University of Gothenburg, Box 645, Gothenburg, SE, 405 30, Sweden.
    Ecological challenges in the economic recovery of resource-depleted cities in China2023Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 333, artikel-id 117406Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The depletion of resource reserves will cause stagnation of socio-economic development in resource-based cities. The formation of new sources of economic growth in resource-depleted cities can profoundly change the structure of human activities and affect the environment. The Chinese government has established a list of resource-depleted cities in three batches since 2008 to support these cities in finding new sources of economic growth. The article analyzes the impact of the regeneration process of resource-based cities on ecosystem quality. The paper constructs an inter-city panel dataset covering 281 cities from 2003 to 2018. The article valued the habitat quality of Chinese cities. Habitat quality index and normalized vegetation index were used to measure the long-term and short-term ecological impacts of economic recovery in resource-based cities. Using a difference-in-difference technique, the results show that the central government's economic support for resource-based cities significantly improves the condition of urban ecosystems. However, the long-term ecological effects are still smaller than the short-term changes in ecosystems. The transmission path of support policies affecting the ecological quality of cities depends on the shift in industrial structure and economic scale at the provincial level. In addition, urban-rural differences, regional distribution, and resource endowment also significantly affect the ecological effects of supportive policies.

  • 26.
    Edlund, Johanna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Hellström, Per
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    The future of maintenance work at a Swedish steel producer: Effective and attractive workplaces through Industry 4.02019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Industri 4.0 undersöks just nu över hela världen och det medför en hel arsenal av ny teknik. Det är under stora teknologiska förändringar som vi har möjligheten att ändra gamla mönster. SSAB har, genom det här projektet, aktivt valt att skapa ett diskussionsunderlag om framtidens underhållsarbete på SSAB. Det är genom kunskap om framtid och diskussion som SSAB och IF Metall kommer kunna styra den teknologiska utvecklingen i rätt riktning. En riktning som främjar hållbarhet ur både klimat och ekonomisk synvinkel, såväl som skapar en attraktiv arbetsplats.

    Projektet bestod av tre mål. Det första målet var att kartlägga nuläget för underhållsarbetet på SSAB. Det andra målet var att utveckla en framtidsvision inom ramarna för konceptet Industri 4.0,en framtidsvision som främjar attraktiva arbetsplatser. Det tredje och sista målet var att utvärderaden metod som används för att utveckla framtidsvisionen.

    Kartläggningen av nulägesbeskrivningen på SSAB är baserad på intervjuer och observationer. Vibeslöt oss för att avgränsa oss till skiftunderhåll då de besitter många kompetenser samt arbetaröver hela stålverket. Resultatet från nulägesbeskrivningen visade att arbetet karaktäriseras av varierande arbetsuppgifter, personlig utveckling och yrkesstolthet. Skiftunderhåll är mansdominerat och kännetecknas av gamla traditioner, tuff jargong samt macho-kultur. Vår slutsats är därför att arbetsplatsen generellt kan ses som attraktiv till de människor som tillhör den nuvarande homogena gruppen.

    Framtidsvisionen utvecklades med hjälp av personas och workshops. Tre personas skapades för att representera målgruppen. Syftet var att använda dem som diskussionsunderlag både för oss men även för deltagarna i de tre workshops som genomfördes under projektet. Målet med workshopsen var att generera en hög kvantitet av futuristiska och abstrakta idéer. Idéerna kombinerade därefter med teori kring Industri 4.0 och attraktiva arbetsplatser för att till slut forma framtidsvisionen. För att skapa ett attraktivt arbetsinnehåll fokuserar framtidsvisionen på att placera arbetaren i centrum av beslutsfattandet som en problemlösare. Det uppnåddes genom att använda ny teknologi för att förse arbetaren med information så att hen kan fatta ett välgrundat beslut: en digital assistent. För att effektivisera arbetarensinlärningsförmåga innehåller visionen en VR värld där arbetaren kan öva i olika scenarion. VR världen kan också användas i marknadsföringssyfte för att attrahera personer utanför företaget. Den futuristiska visionen presenterar även crowdsourcing av experter och handledare för att förbättra felsökningsprocessen samt förkorta inlärningsperioden. Arbetaren har möjlighet att, om ett uppstått fel är för komplicerat, ringa upp en expert och få deras vägledning genom AR glasögon. I början av en anställning har varje arbetare tillgång till en handledare som kan biståmed assistans under uppdragen. För att göra arbetsplatsen mer attraktiv och för att ändra den gamla bilden av stålindustrin presenterar visionen tre förbättringsområden. Det första områdetär rena och ljusa faciliteter som kommer attrahera ett bredare utbud av människor. Det andra området är centraliserat kontor där de anställda kan träffas, arbeta och umgås. Det tredje området är nya arbetsroller som fokuserar på felsökning och hållbara lösningar.

    Vår rekommendation är att utforska de andra underhållsavdelningarna på SSAB och även underhållsarbete i andra industrier. Syftet är att se om underhåll för akuta problem kan bli centraliserade över industrigränser. Vi rekommenderar också framtida projekt att använda deltagande av chefer och arbetstagare under hela processen för att skapa högre acceptans och förståelse för förändringen. Deltagande är också viktigt för att minska rädsla, motstånd och främja känslan av ägande gentemot förändringen.

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  • 27.
    Ek Styvén, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Näppä, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. Luleå tekniska universitet, Verksamhetsstöd, Studentservice. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Industriell ekonomi.
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Kompetent, kunnig och stolt: Vikten av kompetensutveckling i besöksnäringen2023Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 28.
    Ek Styvén, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Industriell ekonomi.
    Näppä, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Industriell ekonomi.
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Placing the place in employer branding: The case of the tourism and hospitality sector in Northern Sweden2023Ingår i: 31st Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research – Book of Abstracts / [ed] Anke Peters, Anna Hübner, Nataliia Godis, Parisa Setoodegan, Samudika Weliweriyage, Tatiana Chekalina, Östersund: ETOUR Research Centre, Mid Sweden University , 2023, s. 118-120Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 29.
    Elbe, Pia
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Marsh, John E.
    Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire.
    Sörman, Daniel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå University.
    Vega Mendoza, Mariana
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Körning-Ljungberg, Jessica
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Differential Impacts of Addition and Omission Deviants on the Working Memory Performance of Adults with and without Self-reported ADHDManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve work productivity and concentration when undertaking daily tasks, such as studying or engaging in mentally difficult activities, some individuals prefer to work in the presence of background auditory noise such as music, nature sounds, or even white noise. We investigated the impact of background white noise on short-term serial recall performance in adults with (n = 66) and without (n = 66) ADHD whereby variation in other traits that could potentially influence performance (anxiety and depression) was controlled. The potential decline of the impact of task-irrelevant sound across trials (e.g., habituation) and serial position effects were also explored. Participants completed the verbal working memory task in the presence of continuous white noise sequences that were occasionally interrupted by a period of quiet (omission deviant), and continuous quiet sequences that were occasionally interrupted by a period of white noise (addition deviant). Addition deviants were more disruptive for non-ADHD individuals than ADHD individuals, while omission deviants were more disruptive for ADHD individuals than non-ADHD individuals. A direct implication of this interaction is, in order to limit distractions, adults with ADHD should refrain from listening to continuous background white noise if there is a likelihood of a break in sound stimulation, whereas adults without ADHD should avoid quiet auditory backgrounds in which a rare or unexpected sound may occur. Further, exploratory findings show the absence of a serial position primacy effect for adults self-reporting ADHD compared to adults without ADHD.

  • 30.
    Elliott, Emily M.
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.
    Bell, Raoul
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Gorin, Simon
    Faculté de Psychologie et des Sciences de l’Éducation, Developmental Cognitive Psychology, Université de Genève, Genève, Switzerland; Faculty of Psychology, UniDistance Suisse, Brig, Switzerland.
    Robinson, Nick
    Nick Robinson Computing Limited, Wilpshire, Blackburn, Lancashire, UK.
    Marsh, John Everett
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. School of Psychology and Computer Science, University of Central Lancashire, Lancashire, UK.
    Auditory distraction can be studied online! A direct comparison between in-Person and online experimentation2022Ingår i: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 307-324Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Referring to the well-replicated finding that the presence of to-be-ignored sound disrupts short-term memory for serially-presented visual items, the irrelevant sound effect (ISE) is an important benchmark finding within cognitive psychology. The ISE has proven useful in evaluating the structure, function and development of short-term memory. This preregistered report focused on a methodological examination of the paradigm typically used to study the ISE and sought to determine whether the ISE can be reliably studied using the increasingly popular method of online testing. Comparing Psychology students tested online, in-person and participants from an online panel, results demonstrated successful reproduction of the key signature effects of auditory distraction (the changing-state effect and the steady-state effect), albeit smaller effects with the online panel. Our results confirmed the viability of online data collection for auditory distraction research and provided important insights for the accumulation and maintenance of high data quality in internet-based experimentation.

  • 31.
    Elnourani, Mohamed
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, 551 11 Jönköping, Sweden.
    Rönnbäck, Anna Öhrwall
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Enabling Factors for Circularity in the Metal Cutting Industry - With Focus on High-Value Circular Tools2024Ingår i: Sustainable Production through Advanced Manufacturing, Intelligent Automation and Work Integrated Learning: Proceedings of the 11th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS2024) / [ed] Joel Andersson; Shrikant Joshi; Lennart Malmskold; Fabian Hanning, IOS Press, 2024, s. 502-519Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal cutting industry, a key sector in manufacturing, is grappling with the transition to a "net-zero industry" to mitigate climate change and reach sustainable practices. Rare and exclusive materials make recycling and reusing cutting tools more pressing and necessitate efficient circular material flows. The purpose of this research is to explore how collaboration can facilitate circularity in the cutting tool industry. It examines the involvement of stakeholders and their roles in achieving a circular lifecycle for cutting tools. To investigate the interaction between metal cutting tools suppliers and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), this study used a mixed-methods approach that includes data from literature, interviews, and document study. Empirical data is gathered to investigate the factors driving circularity and to identify important participants in the lifecycle of cutting tools. The study revealed challenges to the current situation including underutilization of tools due to the absence of a standardization process and subjective operator judgment, as well as lack of traceability of the tools both internally at SMEs and between the stakeholders. Moreover, by mapping the current actors, the study found cutting tool traceability, undirected decision-making throughout tool lifecycles, and limited awareness of circularity dimensions are key challenges. To handle these challenges. 9Rs circular economy framework used to investigate the possible role of collaboration emerges as a vital enabler for circularity, with SMEs playing a significant role. Moreover, the involvement of machine operators, often overlooked actors, is found to be crucial in influencing circular outcomes. Digital solutions and collaborative strategies that involve CNC machine suppliers and intermittent refurbishing business are pivotal in overcoming the challenges identified, namely, traceability and human subjectivity in tool condition assessment. The study demonstrates that technology providers, intermediary refurbishing businesses, SMEs and other stakeholders operating in the metal cutting tools sector must be involved throughout their lifetime to avoid suboptimal results, exchange information, and inspire industrial actors to support the circular economy.

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  • 32.
    Eronen, Minna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Aesthetic atmospheres and their affordances in urban squares2023Ingår i: Journal of Place Management and Development, ISSN 1753-8335, E-ISSN 1753-8343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to explore aesthetic atmospheres and their affordances in urban squares to advance knowledge on the research and design of attractive living environments.

    Design/methodology/approach: Descriptions of pleasant and unpleasant experiences of urban squares were collected using qualitative questionnaires with open-ended questions. The theoretical framework and the lens of aesthetic affordances were applied to pinpoint and understand the connections between the place attributes and experiences.

    Findings: This study found four distinct aesthetic atmospheres formed by perceived synergies of both the material and immaterial aspects of the environment. It was also found that the atmospheres may shift. A model that shows the aesthetic atmospheres and their potential affordances as layered and emerging is presented.

    Research limitations/implications: Everyday aesthetics considered as affordances open new research perspectives for the understanding of what generates attractive living environments – or not.

    Practical implications: Aesthetics affordances may provide the design professionals and alike means on how to design places that engender specific aesthetic atmosphere.

    Social implications: Gathering and discussing commonplace aesthetic experiences in everyday life may enhance democratic participation in place development among people with different levels of design expertise.

    Originality/value: This study combines theories of place with a novel concept of aesthetic affordances to identify distinct aesthetic atmospheres. A holistic overview structure of how the various constituents of aesthetic atmospheres relate to each other provides new ways of studying and understanding urban aesthetic atmospheres.

  • 33.
    Eronen, Minna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Maps for The layered Gaps: Tools for affording situational awareness in human inclusive place design2024Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Eronen, Minna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Wikberg Nilsson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Dreamcatching: introducing a reflexive tool to facilitate situated complexity in urban co-design practices2023Ingår i: Journal of Urban Design, ISSN 1357-4809, E-ISSN 1469-9664, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 257-273Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The co-design of urban places and the role of professional urban designers entails facilitating multidimensional processes to capture people’s dreams of attractive and inclusive future living environments. Nevertheless, many urban designers tend to focus on the material factors rather than the social and cultural ones. Based on findings from a case study and conceptual analysis, a systemic reflexive tool is offered to help scholars and practitioners to comprise the complexities of urban design. The Dreamcatcher tool highlights four perspectives of situated complexity and the synergies between them: place and setting; people and participation; vision and scope; and tools and methods.

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  • 35.
    Eronen, Minna
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Inclusive design principles for public places, spaces and “things”2023Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36. From, Melinda
    et al.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Industriell ekonomi.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Jonasson Tolv, Julia
    Rikare krisstöd: Hållbarhet blir en ickefråga när integrering sker i stuprör2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 37.
    González Chávez, Clarissa A.
    et al.
    Department of Industrial and Material Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Brynolf, Selma
    Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Despeisse, Mélanie
    Department of Industrial and Material Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn
    Department of Industrial and Material Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnbäck, Anna Öhrwall
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Rösler, Jonathan
    Institute of Technology Management, University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Stahre, Johan
    Department of Industrial and Material Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Advancing sustainability through digital servitization: An exploratory study in the maritime shipping industry2024Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 436, artikel-id 140401Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Global businesses are transforming towards capturing more value from services, a business model transition called servitization. Digital servitization can help create and maintain a competitive advantage, as well as offering opportunities to tackle major challenges related to environmental pressures and rapidly changing market conditions. This study aims to bridge the gap between the theory of digital servitization and its implementation in the maritime shipping sector. This paper presents a multi-case study that explores the status, perceived challenges, and enablers for the adoption of digital servitization. Empirical data were collected from interviews with 13 companies and analyzed using the PESTEL and DPSIR frameworks. The results are presented across three categories based on the PESTEL framework: organizational context, global priorities, and sustainability. This study contributes to theory by providing empirical insights from the status of digital servitization in the maritime shipping industry. Also, it identifies challenges and needs that can support the transition towards digital servitization and the development of more sustainable solutions. Future research avenues are suggested to advance digital servitization in other industrial sectors.

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  • 38.
    Grafte, Lars
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Laurent, Elise
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    Tretten, Phillip
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Risberg, Anitha
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, lärande och teknik, Hälsa, medicin och rehabilitering.
    A literature review of recovery and cortisol among military personnel2023Ingår i: Military medicine, ISSN 0026-4075, E-ISSN 1930-613XArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Recovery is an essential factor in having a natural resistance to stress. When the body is exposed to a physiological or psychological stressor, a stress reaction occurs, and cortisol is released. This can affect the body in the short and long term. Militaries often practice in realistic scenarios to build resistance to stress and have the conditions to cope with actual events. During the exercises, the military is exposed to both physiological and psychological stress for long periods. After exercises, the body needs to recover to rebuild. Recovery is, therefore, an essential factor for the body. However, there is a research gap for long-term extreme exposure to stress in relation to recovery. The purpose of this study was to review the documentation on the relationship between cortisol levels, stress, and recovery for military personnel.

    Materials and Methods

    A general literature study with a descriptive approach was carried out. Cortisol measured from serum, blood plasma, and saliva was included. Only full-text, peer-reviewed papers found in databases from the last 25 years were used. Diagnoses, drug use, or other issues affecting cortisol secretion were excluded. Four databases were searched, and nine relevant quantitative articles were found. A quantitative content analysis was done, and a descriptive result was generated.

    Results 

    In the literature study, it became apparent that cortisol levels both increase and decrease in professionals in the military when they are exposed to extreme field exercises with insufficient recovery, causing cortisol levels not to return to their basal levels. The analysis of the included articles gave answers to three questions about the role of recovery in a military context. One study was found where cortisol levels and the recovery period differed between women and men. After field training and a 72-hour recovery period, the men's cortisol levels were back to basal levels, while the women's cortisol levels remained elevated for over two weeks. 

    The Conclusion 

    The literature review shows the lack of data on the impact of recovery for military personnel. A study containing both women and men in a group setting was found. Results show significantly longer recovery for women, making it an important research gap. As secrecy is often used in the military context, not all information is published. This affects the quality of the studies and the possibility for high transferability and validity. A longitudinal approach with a larger sample size and additional females should be considered in future studies for comparable results. In addition, more measurement points and a systematization would be desirable with cortisols natural deviations taken into account. 

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  • 39.
    Halim, Adrianus
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geoteknologi.
    Lööw, Joel
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Jan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Gustafsson, J.
    Epiroc AB, Örebro, Sweden.
    van Wageningen, A.
    Agnico Eagle Finland Oy, Kiistala, Finland.
    Kocsis, K.
    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.
    Improvement of Working Conditions and Opinions of Mine Workers When Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) Are Used Instead of Diesel Machines — Results of Field Trial at the Kittilä Mine, Finland2022Ingår i: Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, ISSN 2524-3462, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 203-219Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A major part of the European Union’s (EU) project Sustainable Intelligent Mining System (SIMS) is investigating the development of diesel-free/carbon-neutral underground mines in order to ensure sustainable underground mining in the future. Replacing diesel machines with electric vehicles in underground hard rock mines has been widely acknowledged by the mining industry worldwide as a critical step to improve working conditions by reducing diesel exhaust related contaminants, to reduce mine ventilation electrical power cost by reducing mine airflow quantity, and to reduce mine greenhouse gas emissions. All of these are major requirements to achieve sustainable future underground mining practices. A field trial of Epiroc’s 2nd generation of Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) at Agnico Eagle Finland’s Kittilä mine was conducted during 2019 – 2020. Vehicles tested were MT42 mine truck, ST14 Load-Haul-Dump (LHD), and Boomer E2 jumbo drill rig. This paper outlines the improvement of the working conditions observed in the field trial, and the opinions of the mine personnel at Kittilä mine on using BEVs instead of diesel machines. Measurements of atmospheric contaminants and air temperatures taken during the field trial clearly demonstrated a significant improvement of working conditions when BEVs were operating as opposed to diesel machines. This field observation was supported by the opinion of the majority of the Kittilä mine workers. However, some remaining concerns must be addressed before BEVs can replace diesel machines.

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  • 40.
    Halldórsson, Halldór Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Tacit: A research journey into the methods, processes and knowledge of graphic designers2022Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    By exploring the potential effects of digitisation on graphic design methods, this thesis aims to highlight some of the tacit knowledge possessed by graphic designers and to show that this knowledge can both be externalised and made communicable. Beginning with an interview study where professional designers’ views were gathered and analysed, the work continued through a participatory study where designers’ knowledge was highlighted in a documented design project. Finally, alternative ways of externalising knowledge were employed in an exhibition, displaying the creative outcomes of this thesis. The work shows that the hitherto largely hidden knowledge of graphic designers can be uncovered and made more communicable, strengthening designers’ professional identity and making the field more accessible to students. Furthermore, using versatile approaches in a design project can encourage conceptual development and even professional enjoyment, as well as increasing historical awareness.   

    The thesis uses an experimental approach to research method design and thus contributes to the development of graphic design research methodology. As such, in addition to expanding our understanding of graphic design knowledge, this work will enable a deeper exploration of methods, identity, and the definition of the profession’s taxonomy.

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  • 41.
    Halldórsson, Halldór Björn
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    The Tacit Exhibition: An Experimental Display of Graphic Design Knowledge2023Ingår i: Visible Language, ISSN 0022-2224, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 80-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Halldórsson, Halldór
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Warell, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    How did you do that? The value of externalising knowledge in graphic design2021Ingår i: Journal of Design Research, ISSN 1748-3050, E-ISSN 1569-1551, Vol. 19, nr 1/2/3, s. 31-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to study graphic designers' views on knowledge, considering the challenges faced by the field today. Expressing thoughts about what is needed for a graphic designer to build professional confidence, interview respondents mentioned topics like historical knowledge as well as feedback and presentation skills. To facilitate the navigation of the ever-changing graphic design landscape and to build a solid professional identity, externalising tacit knowledge is a key issue. The study finds that graphic designers mainly talk about their design work when presenting to clients, primarily with the aim of convincing them to accept new proposals. A case can therefore be made for the necessity of developing graphic designers' skills when it comes to explicating design processes with the aim of making it clear to non-designers what it actually is that a graphic designer knows and does, as well as building a stronger theoretical foundation for the profession.

  • 43.
    Hatab, Assem Abu
    et al.
    Nordic Africa Institute, PO Box 1703, SE-751, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7013, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Economics & Rural Development, Arish University, Al-Arish, 45516, Egypt.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Environment for Development, University of Gothenburg, Box 645, SE 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lagerkvist, Carl Johan
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7013, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Who moves and who gains from internal migration in Egypt?: Evidence from two waves of a labor market panel survey2022Ingår i: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, E-ISSN 1873-5428, Vol. 124, artikel-id 102573Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, Egypt has experienced rapid internal migration movements triggered by urbanization, socioeconomic development, and environmental changes. From a literature perspective, few scholarly studies have empirically examined the drivers and welfare impacts of internal migration in Egypt, despite the increasing recognition of its inextricably links to urban sustainability. The present study utilized data from two waves of an Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) conducted in 2012 and 2018 and consisting of 63,909 observations to examine factors that determine internal migration decisions and their subsequent welfare effects. The results of the two-stage Heckman selection model indicate that both the determinants of internal migration decisions and welfare outcomes differ appreciably depending on migration stream as well as the socioeconomic characteristics of the migrants. In particular, females were found to be more likely to migrate from rural to urban areas, lending support to the growing literature on the “feminization of migration” in developing countries. The OLS regression results, after correcting for self-selection, make a strong case for the positive welfare gains from internal migration in Egypt. Specially, we found that the welfare gains for older and female migrants are much higher than other age and gender groups. A comparison of the welfare effects between different migration streams shows that all migratory movements were associated with positive and statistically significant welfare gains, except for rural-to-urban migration that was surprisingly found to be associated with significant welfare loss for the migrants. Urban-to-urban migration was found to have the strongest welfare enhancing effects on all migrant groups. The empirical findings underline a number of research and policy implications for a sustainable management of internal migration in Egypt and other countries with similar internal migration trends.

  • 44.
    Hatab, Assem Abu
    et al.
    Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Krautscheid, Lena
    Department of Design Sciences, Faculty of Engineering LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden,.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. Environment for Development, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sweden.
    COVID-19 risk perception and public compliance with preventive measures: Evidence from a multi-wave household survey in the MENA region2023Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, nr 7, artikel-id e0283412Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the association between individuals’ concern about contracting COVID-19 and their compliance with recommended preventive and mitigation measures, namely wearing face masks, maintaining social distancing and handwashing, in the context of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The empirical analysis is based on a panel dataset from the Combined COVID-19 MENA Monitor Household Survey, which was carried out in Jordan, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia and Egypt. Applying a probit estimation technique, a positive and statistically significant association was found between the level of COVID-19 worries and individuals’ compliance with the mitigation measures. Notably, the results revealed that this association followed a “first-up-then-down” trend, showing that compliance with the three mitigation measures rose as individuals’ worries about contracting the virus increased, and then markedly decreased after they had been infected. Sociodemographic characteristics contributing to lower levels of compliance included being male, being over 60, having lower levels of education and having a lower household income. A cross-country analysis revealed remarkable differences between the five countries, with the strongest association between COVID-19 concerns and adherence to mitigation measures observed in Tunisia and Sudan, and the weakest association seen in Jordan and Morocco. Policy implications are outlined for effective risk communication and management during disease outbreaks and public health emergencies to encourage appropriate public health behaviours.

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  • 45.
    Hedman, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Kurdve, M
    Research Institutes of Sweden, Rise Ab, Sweden; Technology management and economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg Sweden .
    Larsson, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Operator Contributions to Innovation: Supporting Innovative Production Development in a Digital Learning Environment2022Ingår i: SPS 2022: Proceedings of the 10th Swedish Production Symposium / [ed] Amos H.C. Ng, Anna Syberfeldt, Dan Högberg, Magnus Holm, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2022, s. 580-591Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As all technologies come to pass, change by innovation is needed both ways, exploiting current knowledge to do better and exploring new knowledge to do differently. Due to years of continuous improvement (CI), exploitation of current knowledge in production development is rather well investigated, exploration is less. It could be argued that not utilizing the potential explorative operator contributions to production innovation is a lost opportunity to increase a company’s innovation capability. Simultaneously, operators are facing great changes when manufacturing is adopting to digitalization and sustainability challenges enhancing the need for production innovation. This study focused on a team of operators through a workshop series of five sessions about explorative activities in a format using structured and semi-structured interviews. The study provided a basis for constructing a model for positioning operators’ both digital and explorative maturity level. Through the empirical data and the model, the conclusion is illustrated as alternative pathways to reach a desired level of operator maturity. It was concluded that approaching digital and explorative maturity for operators should be done as a two-step process. Increasing both maturities simultaneously, as with the studied team, showed difficult due to the digital and explorative maturity being co-dependent. The suggested two-step process contributes to a better understanding of prerequisites and opportunities for operators to participate and contribute to production innovation in digitalized work environments, ultimately increasing the company’s innovation capability.

  • 46.
    Hedman, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Larsson, Lisa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Rönnbäck Öhrwall, Anna
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Opportunities for Managing Incremental and Radical Innovation in Production2021Ingår i: 54th CIRP CMS 2021 - Towards Digitalized Manufacturing 4.0 / [ed] Dimitris Mourtzis, Elsevier, 2021, Vol. 104, s. 756-761Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing companies constantly strive towards better quality and more cost-efficient production. This development is mainly managed through continuous improvement, somewhat limiting the organization to incremental changes. Meanwhile, existing literature emphasizes the need of managing both incremental and radical innovations to face dual market demands. This paper present proposals that can support an increased understanding of the context in which innovation management could be applied to further improve capabilities of a production organization, towards ambidexterity. Topics of proposals are 1) definitions of innovation in production, 2) innovation management with continuous improvement, and 3) alternative perspective on types of innovations.

  • 47.
    Heimann, Samuel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Gendered work in geoscience: Hard work in a masculine field2024Ingår i: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 16-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the meaning-making of women geoscientists in their descriptions of work and career experiences, this article explores the gendering of geoscience by analyzing women's hard work as a theoretical concept. Our findings show that the gendered requirements for women in geoscience involve “doing” various forms of hard work, including making one's work visible, asserting one's physical performance, and building social relations. Thus, hard work is found to be gendered in terms of being a perceived requirement shared by female geoscientists. It is a requirement that entails compensating for not being male in masculine organizations and simultaneously prevents women geoscientists from fully engaging in core geoscience work tasks. Hence, by gendering hard work and theoretically defining hard work as the work of the “other”, the study expands the theoretical understanding of the concept by suggesting that women's hard work is gendered and social rather than productive.

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  • 48.
    Heimann, Samuel
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Tosser Franklin, Wilhelm
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Gender in industrial mine work and organizations. A review of an expanding research field2023Ingår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 16, artikel-id 101371Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the expanding research field of gender in industrial mine work and organizations. The findings show that the literature provides nuanced insights into the prevalence of men and masculinities in industrial mine work as related to masculine mining ideals and patriarchal family structures, gendered practices and processes within mining organizations, the strategies of marginalized identities, and counterproductive attempts to increase equality and diversity in mining. Signs of potential change were also identified in the form of empowered women in mining and alternative mining masculinities. Articles focused on women and mining in specific organizations and national contexts dominate the field, with a more heterogeneous array of articles that empirically and theoretically expand on the earlier literature. Few studies elaborate on intersectionality, various forms of masculinity and the doing of gender within various professions and occupations in mining organizations. Future research should expand the theoretical framework of gender in mining organizations and broaden its empirical base through comparative approaches, quantitative and mixed methodologies, and a renewed focus on the dominant group in mining organizations, i.e., men.

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  • 49.
    Hjelte, Jan
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Eliasson, Benitha
    Association of Local Authorities Norrbotten, Luleå, Sweden.
    Berg, Elisabeth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.
    Changes in ideas on knowledge governance in the context of social services in Sweden2023Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 431-444Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past 20 years, the Swedish government and national authorities have organized a structure for knowledge governance in order to implement an evidence-based practice (EBP) for social services. Since the idea of a knowledge governance has not been implemented as expected, it was considered important to develop regional collaboration and support structures (RCSSs) as a link between national and local authorities. In this article, we discuss changes in ideas on knowledge governance at the national level, and also changes in expectations on RCSSs function in knowledge governance of the Swedish social service. Changes in governance also change the prerequisites for implementation of EBP. Therefore, it is important to further examine and analyse ideas on knowledge governance at the national level and whether they change over time. The empirical data consists of official documents and interviews with representatives of key actors at national level. A qualitative content analysis of the interviews was then performed and also an analysis of the official document was used to describe the changes on knowledge governance. This article shows that ideas on knowledge governance has changed over time, from an emphasis on top-down governance towards a more dialogue-based governance. This shift in governance ideals also appears to have had an impact on expectations regarding RCSSs, through an increased emphasis on their collaborative function in relation to both national and local levels. The knowledge governance and the function of the RCSSs appear to be fragile, as this collaboration is based on voluntary partnership and networks.

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  • 50.
    Holmgren, Mattias
    et al.
    Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems, and Sustainability Science, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Andersson, Hanna
    Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems, and Sustainability Science, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden. Department of Industrial Development, IT, and Land Management, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Ball, Linden J.
    School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Marsh, John Everett
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Can the negative footprint illusion be eliminated by summative priming?2021Ingår i: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 337-356Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    People’s belief that one or more environmentally friendly items that are added to a set of conventional items can reduce the total environmental impact of these items (the negative footprint illusion) could lead to unwanted environmental consequences. An averaging bias seems to underpin this illusion: people make their estimates based on the average of the environmental impact produced by the items rather than the accumulated sum. We report four studies that used various priming manipulations to explore whether people’s preoccupation to think in terms of an average can be eliminated by fostering a summative mindset. The results demonstrate that participants avoid succumbing to the negative footprint illusion when the critical judgment task is preceded by tasks that engender a summation judgment. Our evidence indicates that the negative footprint illusion can be tempered when a primed concept (summation) is used adaptively on subsequent judgments, thereby correcting for bias in environmental judgments.

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