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  • 1.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Normkritisk innovation för nya affärsmodeller: Mångfald i offentliga finansiärers kommunikations- och marknadskanaler2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapporten RIKA affärsmodeller presenterar ett ramverk för arbete med normkritisk innovation för nya affärsmodeller med inriktning mot kommunikations- och marknadskanaler. Rapporten baseras på resultat från VINNOVA-projektet RIKA 3.0. Offentliga finansiärer, näringslivsrådgivare, nuvarande och potentiella entreprenörer samt andra typer av finansiärer har inom ramen för en experimentell miljö, s.k. Livinglabb, tillsammans bidragit till att identifiera upplevda problem och möjligheter med finansiärernas kommunikation och marknadskanaler. I arbetet har en normkritisk analysmetodik använts för utveckling av en prototyp; ”MÖTA” för att hantera kommunikation med inriktning på affärsmodeller mot en mångfald av entreprenörer/företag samt ett dialogverktyg för normkritisk innovation i kommunikations- och marknadskanaler. Dialogverktyget har potential till att bidra till en mer medveten kommunikationsstrategi med möjlighet att möta en mångfald av företagare och därmed bidra till jämlik tillgång till offentlig finansiering. Dialogverktyget kan därmed synliggöra och riva strukturella hinder kring mångfald hos offentliga finansiärer, vilka idag mer eller mindre omedvetet hindrar mångfald av företag och deras möjlighet att ta del av det offentliga finansieringssystemet. Genom att sätta ”MÖTA” mot nuvarande affärsmodeller kan potentialen inom en bredare bas av företag, företag som ligger utanför den gängse normen av företagande tillvaratas även de som ofta mer eller mindre omedvetet exkluderas från finansieringssystemet

  • 2.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Projekt: RIKA 3.02014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    RIKA 3.0 avser att i living lab-miljö utveckla en prototyp till nya inkluderande affärsmodeller för offentlig finansiering, något som ska bidra till jämställd/jämlik tillgång till offentlig finansiering.

  • 3.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Gender signals of entrepreneurial orientationIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Econom.
    VC Stereotypes About Men and Women Aren’t Supported by Performance Data2018In: Harvard Business Review, ISSN 0017-8012, Vol. March 15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Malmström, Malin
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Halmstad University.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. School of Economics.
    When stereotypical gender notions see the light of day, will they burst?: Venture capitalists' gender constructions versus venturing performance facts2018In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 9, p. 32-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although often discussed, there has been limited effort to match venture capitalists’ construction of gender notions with specific facts about the entrepreneurs’ venturing activities. This study shows how stereotypical gender notions of both men and women entrepreneurs are embedded in venture capitalists’ assessments and analyses as well as explores whether or not these notions have substance based on actual performance. Drawing on interview data and statistical analysis of objective key performance information from accounting reports, we identify four myths in the evaluations of 126 venture capital applications for governmental capital that do not have any significant empirical substance. We discuss these findings’ implications for the study of myths in women's entrepreneurship.

  • 6.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Towards gender equal gender typing, or?: A study of Swedish governmental financers’ web communication through images2018In: 21st Uddevalla Symposium, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Voitkane, Aija
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Under the surface: Revealing how gender imbalance is created in governmental venture capitalists’ work processes2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Like other developed countries, Sweden has experienced gender ratio stagnation in entrepreneurship, where women entrepreneurs are underrepresented. According to a large body of literature, the ability to engage in entrepreneurial endeavors depends on entrepreneurs’ access to financial resources. However, research repeatedly shows that women often do not have the same access to funding as men and that male entrepreneurs are overrepresented in the financial support system for new ventures. In contrast with traditional lenders and investors (banks, venture capitalists, business angels, etc.), governmental venture capitalists (GVCs) have to adhere to national and EU regulations; thus, they must comply with gender equality requirements. However, national reports suggest that women and men entrepreneurs do not have the same access to governmental venture capital. Accordingly, to understand this imbalance in governmental finance distribution, the overall purpose of this thesis is to explore Swedish GVCs’ gender constructions in their external and internal communication, as well as in their cognition.

    To understand how gender differences may occur in GVCs’ social constructions, I draw upon gender role congruity theory, which provides insights into perceptions and beliefs about women’s and men’s expected roles in society. Accordingly, to explore GVCs social construction at the three levels (external and internal communication, and cognition) I employ a mixed-method approach. By doing so I use a variety of data and research analyses to provide both depth and width on the issue at hand.

    The empirical findings of the thesis reveal constant duality and dichotomies, and the construction of two distinct personas; they provide insights into the way the symbolism of entrepreneurship as a masculine endeavor is performed within GVCs’ work processes. The overall conclusion is that although GVCs are expected to be gender neutral in their work processes, an exploration of gender constructions in external and internal communication as well as cognitions confirms the existence of gender biases regarding both women and men entrepreneurs that undermine women and favor men. Considering the overall gender-neutral role GVCs are expected to play in providing gender equality in access of governmental venture capital, the thesis highlights the unconsciousness of gender bias as well as the difficulties of executing gender neutrality in practice.

  • 8.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Does birds of a feather flock together?: A relational gender theory approach in entrepreneurial finance2018In: 21st Uddevalla Symposium, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Gender in Crossroad: Queen Bees' and Alpha Males' hinder Access to Entrepreneurial Finance2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. CIEL - Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering. University of St. Gallen, Institute of Technology Management, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    How much does the “same-gender effect” matter in VCs' assessments of entrepreneurs?2019In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 12, article id e00133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study uses cognitive mapping techniques to take into account how the same/opposite gender influences the cognitive evaluations of venture capitalists (VCs). Contrary to what has often been discussed in previous entrepreneurship literature, our results report women VCs evaluate women entrepreneurs more critically, and men VCs evaluate men entrepreneurs more critically. However, overall, the VCs' vaguer processing and lower rating of women's venturing compared to men's indicate a general structure of subordinating women's venturing compared to men's venturing. Ultimately, this contributes with an alternative view to explain what we see on the VC scene: women entrepreneurs are more likely to be rejected. We discuss implications of these results as well as implications for future study.

  • 11.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design. Hanken School of Economics.
    How vague entrepreneurial identities of Swedish women entrepreneurs are performed by government financiers2018In: Women entrepreneurs and the myth of 'underperformance': a new look at women's entrepreneurship research / [ed] edited by Shumaila Yousafzai, Alain Fayolle, Adam Lindgreen, Colette Henry, Saadat Saeed, Shandana Sheikh, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 107-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Queen Bees and Alpha MalesArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Voitkane, Aija
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Malmström, Malin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Johansson, Jeaneth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Business Administration and Industrial Engineering.
    When gender notions in access to finance see light of day, will they burst?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 13 of 13
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  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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