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  • 1.
    Pålstam, Anton
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Digitala hjälpmedel för granskning och prövning av bygglovshandlingar2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Politically speaking, Sweden has an ambition to be at the forefront of digitization, meanwhile neighboring countries such as Norway and Denmark are ahead in the field. The goals of the digitization are to facilitate communication with interested parties and to increase both quality and efficiency in municipal work. However, there is no common guidance for how the digitalization should be done within the municipalities, which results in different municipalities making different choices.

    The common requirements that must be met for obtaining a building permit include BBR 3:1 and 3:2, as well as detailed plans and area regulations. Previous studies have focused on digital detailed plans and the possibility of testing BIM models against these requirements. The studies investigated the IFC file formats suitability for BIM-based building permit documents.

    In Luleå municipality, which uses the common application service Mittbygge.se, building permit documents are submitted in many different file formats and with varying quality. This can be a consequence of the fact that legally, there is a lack of clear guidelines for what building permit documents must contain and how they should be designed.

    The purpose of this thesis was to map, evaluate and compare the software that Sweden's municipalities use to review and test building permits. To fulfill the purpose, different software for viewing and testing digital building permits were examined in the context of design requirements for accessibility in BBR 3:1. Through interpretation and concretisation of legal text, the requirements that are examined in the building permit stage were simplified. An evaluation model was then created for the software based on the simplified laws and the analog tools commonly used. The template was used to evaluate and compare the software that the municipalities use. In addition, the software's interoperability with BIM were evaluated.

    Among Sweden's municipalities, at least 5 different software are being used for viewing and testing building permits, 2 of them lack at least one necessary function for testing a building permit act against BBR 3:1. According to the evaluation model, DWG TrueView and Bluebeam revu stood out as best suited for this purpose. These software have all the functions needed for viewing and testing building permits according to the evaluation model. Also, the software are compatible with building permits on various BIM-levels.

    With the Solibri Model Checker software, it is possible to test BIM models against legal requirements automatically to a certain extent. However, the software is dependent on advanced BIM models rather than regular building permit documents, something that would make the building permit application unreasonably difficult for citizens. Additionally, some of the requirements are based on soft values which makes them difficult to automate.

    The majority of Sweden’s municipalities have started their digitization process in regards to building permits. In some municipalities, the citizens and the companies have not yet been able to adapt to the municipality's digital building permit management. In other municipalities, they have just begun to receive digital building permits documents recently.

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