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  • 1.
    Bergström, Mattias
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Larsson, Madelene
    Nergård, Henrik
    Larsson, Tobias
    Renström, Boo
    Voxit.
    Needs as a basis for design rationale2008In: Design 2008: 10th International Design Conference, May 19-22, 2008, Dubrovnik, Croatia / [ed] Dorian Marjanovic; Mario Storga; Neven Pavkovic; Nenad Bojcetic, Zagreb: University of Zagreb , 2008, p. 281-288Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on data from a Swedish real-life industrial product development project for e-health care of elderly. The purpose in the paper is to discuss identification of user needs. Information about the elderly is transferred in recurrent meetings. Besides the perception that these meetings occupy time which could be spent giving care, the nurses find it problematic to convey such information to substitutes, as well as they have to rely on their memory. In this case, a Dictaphone device was a solution. Reports on practical activities of identifying user needs and how they affect decisions in product development are limited; one contribution of this paper is insights into such a case

  • 2. Boart, Patrik
    et al.
    Sandberg, Marcus
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Larsson, Tobias
    Multidisciplinary design tool for conceptual design and evaluation2005In: 15th International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 05: 15 - 28 August 2005 / [ed] Andrew Samuel; William Lewis, Barton: Institution of Engineers, Australia , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The actual product ownership often remains with the manufacturer as functional (total care) products emerge in aerospace business agreements. The business risk is then transferred to the manufacturer why downstream knowledge needs to be available in the concept phase to consider all product life cycle aspects. The aim of this work is to study how a multidisciplinary design tool can be used to embed downstream processes for conceptual design and evaluation allowing simulation of life cycle properties. A knowledge enabled engineering approach was used to capture the engineering activities for design and evaluation of jet engine component flanges. For every design change, cost of manufacturing operations, maintenance and performance aspects can be directly assessed. The design tool assures that the engineering activities are performed accordingly to company design specification which creates a better control over the process quality. It also creates a better understanding enabling the engineers to optimize the concept in real time from an overall product life cycle view. The new tool will be the base for optimize the total product system and will be used not only between companies but also between product development departments in large global companies.

  • 3. Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Bergström, Mattias
    Nergård, Henrik
    Larsson, Andreas
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Prompting innovation: dedicated places2008In: Proceedings: 2nd Conference on Nordic Innovation Research, December 3-4 2007; Luleå University of Technology / [ed] Håkan Ylinenpää, Luleå tekniska universitet, 2008, p. 161-173Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In our view, close collaboration in joint work meetings has gained limited attention from universities. Our vision for promoting innovative forms of academia-industry collaboration is to bridging meeting content, goal and physical domains to facilitate the meetings and everyday interactions of creative and innovative teams. This paper provides an outline of how an emerging approach for team innovation encourages a reorganization of research and development work, as well as provides a new rational for the design and use of collaborative work spaces. The opportunity to dedicate a room, i.e., a boiler room, for creative collaborative meetings occurred when our offices was going to be refurbished. The space, i.e., the physical constraints of the room, was given. Structurally, it is a typical squared room, nothing remarkable about that. However, by observing and talking about our own collaboration and meetings a set of needs was identified. For the boiler room these needs was captured in the words static and flexible. On the foundation of these words the boiler room has been furnish. A furniture FocIn-FocOut was designed to guide people into different modes. The rationale for the boiler room has been made visible and thereby, also the notion of place as a cultural phenomena.

  • 4.
    Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Manufacturing knowledge: going from production of things to designing value in use2015In: International Journal of Intelligent Decision Technologies, ISSN 1872-4981, E-ISSN 1875-8843, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 79-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new vision in manufacturing is to develop product-service integrated value solutions. Today, few firms have fully realized this vision because they are not able to support the reasoning in the early stages of design. The purpose of this paper is to discuss engineers' cognitive challenge when replacing the core product rationale with value logic. The paper problematizes engineering design by dividing knowledge into the categories technically constructed (explicit) and socially constructed (tacit). In doing so, this study contributes the assumed effects of a perspective shift that could guide the development of computational tools.

  • 5. Ericson, Åsa
    et al.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Larsson, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Knowledge exchange challenges within the extended enterprise2005In: 15th International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 05: 15 - 28 August 2005 / [ed] Andrew Samuel; William Lewis, barton: Institution of Engineers, Australia , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of functional products changes the existing relationship between manufacturing companies. The integration of hardware, software and services in functional products calls for close collaboration with companies having complementary skills. When employees from different companies are involved, strategic resources such as knowledge are shared. From an engineering design perspective, knowledge sharing supported by software systems are useful, though it seems like functional product development insists on integrating multifunctional skills and this is likely to affect the design of software systems. The objective in this paper is to explore knowledge sharing challenges between manufacturing companies, striving to create close functional product collaboration, and hence understand aspects in the design of software systems. In this paper the focus is on Knowledge Based Engineering (KBE) systems, these are considered to be internal engineering specific tools, while collaboration and need for knowledge sharing calls for coupled KBE systems between partners. In this context, knowledge sharing challenges within the extended enterprise are recognised to issues about who to trust and what and how to share. This affects how tightly coupled KBE systems can be. In general, this paper contributes to the ongoing discussion concerning collaboration issues in concurrent engineering design, but especially to the overall understanding of what new demands on KBE systems that are motivated by functional product collaboration.

  • 6.
    Håkansson, Anders
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Discussing the role of the physical model in intra-cognitive communication2012In: Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference of Cognitive Infocommunications: CogInfoCom 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, p. 505-509Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In industry today, many different tools and methods using 3D technology are used to create virtual prototypes or products. These tools are excellent for their purpose and offer great possibilities. However, even using these tools, some things are hard to transfer and examine within them. This paper gives you two examples of cases where organic objects are used as an original and then transferred into the digital world. Physical prototypes were used in both cases and the paper explains what they added in addition to the digital 3D-models.

  • 7.
    Håkansson, Anders
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Alm, Håkan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Communicating the realization process during technology implementation2015In: International Journal of Intelligent Decision Technologies, ISSN 1872-4981, E-ISSN 1875-8843, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 55-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New technology implies improved efficiency. This potential is not always realized. It has been observed that implementation of new technology within Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, (SMEs), is not as widely spread as it could be. There are several likely grounds for this, e.g. difficulties to keep up to date on the latest technology, financial grounds due to expensive technology and uncertainty regarding what gain one would get from the new technology. Looking at technology implementation, a major part of the failed implementation attempts are caused by non-technological reasons, such as organizational and human reasons. Visualizing the expected result and also the implementation process to the SME prior to the actual implementation, the communication is much more direct and the actions the SME has to perform before, during and after the implementation is made clear. When implementing new technology, the information process is crucial. This paper discusses the value of communicating the entire process and the results thereof when evaluating a technology for eventual implementation. The results is viewed in two ways, first the realization of the products whether they meet the needs of the companies or not, second the actual realization process is developed and analysed to suit each company.

  • 8. Larsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Bergström, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, External, LTU Business AB.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Larsson, Madelene
    Sverige.
    Project: NeedInn - Behovsdriven produktutveckling inom e-hälsa2006Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med NeedInn är att det påbörjar processen med att skapa en plattform för ett regionalt innovationssystem inom hälso- och sjukvården där näringslivet, forskningen samt samhället tillsammans och fokuserat skapar kritisk massa och förutsättningar för ekonomisk tillväxt.

  • 9. Larsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Bergström, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, External, LTU Business AB.
    Törlind, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Project: ProViking - Development of Functional Products in a Distributed Virtual Environment2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This research programme proposes to investigate the development of Functional Products, the development of integration between hardware, software and service. The research will be carried out in close collaboration with industry and in four work packages, all focused on the development of Functional Products but targeting different aspects of it.

  • 10. Larsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Isaksson, Ola
    Projekt: NFFP4 - Erfarenhetsåterkoppling2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nationella Flygtekniska Forskningsprogrammet NFFP Projekt: V4103 Erfarenhetsåterkoppling Generellt är det centralt att kunna utnyttja erfarenhet i en verksamhet för att vara konkurrenskraftig. Att företag väljer en specialisering beror till viss del av att man anser att konkurrenskraften ökar genom att man erbjuder produkter och tjänster inom ett definierat område. En förutsättning är att erfarenhet från verksamheten fångas upp och återanvänds på ett konkurrenskraftigt sätt. Tillämpningssituationen som är aktuell i innevarande projekt rör specifikt problemställningar som uppkommer vid fabrikation av flygmotorkomponenter. Detta ger en tydlig bild av vilka erfarenheter som behöver återkopplas, dels till ”uppströms” aktiviteter (läs Produktutveckling) och dels inför kommande produktion. Syftet med projektet är att utveckla förmåga att utveckla fabricerade motorkomponenter genom att använda metod och systemstöd för att återkoppla erfarenhet från tillverkningsprocessen till utvecklingsprocessen (produkt-, och processdefinition). Experimentell verifiering förväntas säkerställa framtagna metoders tillämpbarhet.

  • 11.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Knowledge enabled engineering systems in industrial product development: towards cross company collaboration2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry of today is experiencing an increased competitive environment due to the effects of market globalisation. To be able to stay competitive and provide excellent goods, Swedish industry and academia have foreseen the need for new business scenarios, models and methods. A concept called functional products has arisen, called functional sales or total offer on a business level. Taking an increased responsibility to provide the offered function during the product life cycle increases business possibilities, since the actual ownership of the physical artefact remains with the producer, even though the business risk taken also increases due to uncertainty in the product development process. Why is this uncertainty a risk? By moving from selling traditional hardware to providing a function (the use of hardware, software and service), the entire product after market and the function, including hardware, software and service, are now the responsibility of the supplier. If something fails, it is the supplier’s responsibility. The risk can be lowered if the product and process uncertainty are decreased, i.e. if you have control in the conceptual phase of the product development process the risk can decrease because design decisions are made in this phase. Modelling and simulation of the product in the conceptual design phase gives a better understanding of how early decisions affect the product during its life cycle. Here, the use of Knowledge Based Engineering (KBE) methods has proven useful to provide a formalized and automated approach to product development. However, a single company cannot be an expert in all areas of product development, meaning that external supplemental knowledge is needed where internal knowledge is lacking. This collaborative and knowledge sharing development process leads to questions regarding, what to share and what not to share, how to share it and with whom. These questions affect the product development process by leading to a need to find new methods and enabling technologies to support them. The purpose for this research is to examine how the design of Knowledge Enabled Engineering Systems is affected by the concept of Functional Product Development. Studies were performed at affiliated partners in the aerospace and machining/tooling industries to gain a more encompassing understanding of how functional product development processes may be supported with knowledge enabled engineering tools. Software demonstrators were used as both proactive teasers to visualise the possibilities and problems and virtual test beds to try out new thoughts, methods and approaches. This has given insights into the understanding of how functional product development in close business-to-business relationships may be supported by knowledge engineering tools and how it affects the internal and external product development processes.

  • 12.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Knowledge engineering models as experience carriers2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s manufacturing industry is experiencing an increased competitive environment due to the effects of market globalisation. To stay competitive there has been an increased interest in providing Total Offers, Integrated Product Service Offerings, Functional Products, commonly known as Product Service Systems. The development of Functional Products enhances the pressure on cross-disciplinary design work, concerned with integrating hardware and service development into the same development process, i.e. the Functional Product Development (FPD) process. In the FPD context of enhanced collaboration, engineering knowledge management has gained increased attention. Today, most of the experience is documented in plain text, such as white-papers and lessons learned. Text and design and decision support tools, such as those presented in the demonstrators, are built upon facts and explicit knowledge that support thinking-first, but can these tools also support seeing-first and doing-first? This means that the focus of creating tools to support the design process also includes aspects that support transfer of knowledge and experience, thus widening the purpose of the methods. The thesis examines how tools developed with the purpose to capture and formalize engineering design knowledge and thus support the design process can support experience feedback within product development organizations. The results present issues to consider when performing functional product development. Intellectual Property issues regarding what information to share and with whom become important in an extended enterprise setting. Design support tools intended for use between partners in the extended enterprise need to consider these questions to not loose core-knowledge to partners and competitors. Design support tools used in the early design phases, when developing total offers or conducting functional product development, need to consider knowledge from diverse disciplines to examine how life cycle aspects are affected through design decisions and vice versa. When creating total offers, i.e. Functional Products, there is a need to understand which state the product development process for the total offer is in. In an attempt to create a visual tool that shows the Total Offer Readiness Level (TORL) for the product development process a demonstrator has been developed. The use of agent-based modelling to create the activities that constitute the design process seems as a promising approach to realizing a dynamic TORL. Communicating knowledge and experience within an organization is not an easy task. It is discussed that approaches such as those described in the results section (KBE, Agent-based modelling and decisions support tools that visualize life cycle aspects (TORL)) could be used in experience feedback because to that they support thinking-, seeing- and doing-first, the three approaches to decision-making. However, most experience is presently hidden within formalized computer code, i.e. Knowledge Based Systems, making it difficult to interpret for persons other than the developer. If the goal is to reuse the design and decision support tool itself (in the way KBS are used) for experience feedback, nothing changes. However, if knowledge and experience implemented in the tool become more transparent (easier to see the connection between computer code and the rationale to how it became) to the user, the design and decisions support tools would increase the learning effect and parts of the knowledge implemented could be used in other projects. The thesis has contributed to an increased understanding of how KBE (Knowledge Based Engineering) can be used in design support tools that have been implemented with multi-disciplinary knowledge and information. Further KBE tools can be used to support cross-company collaboration between partners in the extended enterprise, since design and analysis processes have been automated and an interface for collaboration between partners has been accomplished. The use of agent-based modelling to create models that describe product development activities from a micro-level perspective and thus support the realization of a TORL has been investigated further. It is concluded that tools and methods as presented in this thesis and the papers can support knowledge and experience transfer if they are completed with aids that support thinking-first, seeing-first and doing-first effect.

  • 13. Nergård, Henrik
    Project: Digital Integrated Manufacturing2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Digital Integrated Manufacturing är ett gränsöverskridande projekt inom Interreg IV A Nord programmet och är delfinansierat av EU via Europeiska regionala utvecklingsfonden, Länsstyrelsen i Norrbotten, Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Lapin Liito, Innovasjon Norge, Troms fylkeskommune, Nordland Fylkeskommune. Projektpartners är Mellersta Österbottens yrkeshögskolas enhet för forskning, utveckling och fortbildning CENTRIA, Finland, som är Lead Partner, Høgskolen i Narvik, Norge och Lueå Tekniska Universitet, Sverige.Syftet med projektet är att inom programområdet öka kompetensen hos personalen i de tillverkande små och medelstora företagen för att förbättra deras konkurrenskraft samt att bygga upp gemensamma innovations- och utbildningsmiljöer som kan erbjuda programområdets näringsliv och andra offentliga aktörer spetskompetens inom produkt- och produktionsutveckling.Målet med detta projekt är att förbättra den globala konkurrenskraften hos små och medelstora tillver-kande företag inom Interreg lV A Nord området genom ibruktagande av modern informationsteknologi inom hela affärskedjan börjande från marknadsföring, försäljning, produktplanering/design, tillverkning ända till after sales.

  • 14. Nergård, Henrik
    Project: Sustainable Manufacturing and Engineering - SMaE2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Two year project partly financed by the European Union, via the Interreg IV A Nord programme.

  • 15. Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Andersson, Petter
    Johansson, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Concept automation and decision support in a functional product development perspective2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Functional product development is dedicated to, primarily, concept development, where the development of hardware components and services meet in a global, distributed business oriented process. The focus is set on knowledge based,information driven and simulation support in a life cycle perspective to enable the design of a total offer. This focus, in combination with the industries’ need to reduce cost by shorten product development lead time, results in a need for methods and tools for managing requirements from the whole products life cycle, including aftermarket parameters, for instance maintenance, recycling, operation etc. This paper aims to describe knowledge based methods and tools and how they can support functional product development.Knowledge Based Engineering (KBE) (Stokes, 2001) is an engineering method that enables creation of and changes to the product definition, tightly linked with the geometry model. Knowledge is captured trough various sources such as design specifications, standard documentation, optimization routines etc. The methodology is used in both small feature applications as well as larger models where sub-applications can be included to form a more complex generative model. Sandberg, et al.(2005) describes an application to design flanges that automatically executes rules based on thestandard specifications where parameters are adjusting the design for standard sizes to minimize the number of different standard components used in the design, this in order to satisfy customer aftermarket requirement for serviceability. Boart, et al. (2006) describes a method to automatically update a derived context model including the mesh that is based on engineering experience from earlier analysis on a component level. This enables CFD-, Weld-, and life cycle-, analysis and simulation for decision support in a functional product perspective. Knowledge based applications combined and implemented as subapplications form a more complex generic model, capable of topological changes and inheritance of "intelligence" from sub applications.In the Aero engine business the aftermarket can have time spans of up to 30 years, thus aftermarket parameters such as maintenance, recycling, operation, education, services etc. and the knowledge from their design processes need to be available in the early product development stage so that the designer can take aftermarket issues into account when designing the product or total offer. When feeding back downstream knowledge there is a bit of uncertainty inherent; how well known is it? Are all parameters known? Knowing where there is uncertainty and the magnitude of the uncertainty enables designers to take corrective action regarding the uncertainty and thus reduce risk. This is where the measurement of maturity can be used as a way to assess this knowledge. Maturity is about knowing with which certainty a parameter has a specific value.KBE, the methodology and applications support Functional Product Development in the sense that it brings awareness to the designer of downstream processes and also enables simulation and evaluation of design decision impact on the product life-cycle. Finding important aftermarket parameters that affect the total offer and incorporating them into the early stages of the design needs to be investigated to ensure maturity and consistency with the design.

  • 16.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Changes in present product design: opportunities for industrial oriented research2012In: Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications: CogInfoCom 2012, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, p. 499-503Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry applies approaches in early development stages, i.e. product design, that heavily relies on computer support. The concept of Knowledge Based Engineering systems could represent this approach. However an ongoing trend in manufacturing industry to increase the service contents in their offerings is commonly captured beneath the umbrella term Product-Service Systems (PSS). The paper discusses conceptual examples for changes in product design caused by this increased PSS focus. The examples given are brief descriptions of different demonstrators developed in research projects focusing on PSS and product development in early phases. Examples include a discussion how companies shift from single company to becoming inter-organizational partners, how intangible knowledge, and information in the design process can be made tangible and how companies and engineers shift focus from knowledge transfer to sharing experiences

  • 17.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Bergström, Mattias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Sandberg, Stefan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Törlind, Peter
    Functional product development: discussing knowledge enabling technologies2006In: Proceedings of Design 2006: 9th International Design Conference, May 15-18, 2006, Dubrovnik, Croatia, Zagreb: University of Zagreb , 2006, p. 587-593Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of functional products affects the business as a whole. The hardware will be offered to customers as one part incorporated in a total offer. The offer as a whole compromise services related to and/or designed into that hardware. The product development level will be affected, this emerging development process is called Functional Product Development (FPD). Computer tools to support decisions in engineering design are commonly used by design teams. Today, these tools are considered to be internal and support engineering specific knowledge. However, FPD insists on collaboration between companies to achieve additional knowledge. The purpose in this paper is to discuss new demands on computer tools to support decisions in FPD.

  • 18.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Product development in micro-sized firms: The case of ad hoc procedures2014In: 2013 IEEE 4rd International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2013): Budapest, Hungary, 2 - 5 December 2013, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014, p. 637-640Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three different cases are presented in this paper, they describe how product development are conducted in micro-sized companies. All companies have novel ideas that they strive to realize into an engineered product and in some cases they also provide an integrated service. Typically, product development literature emphasizes systematic development processes to sustain viable businesses. Often a phased process is suggested as the optimal model. We have found that viable micro-sized companies do not employ such processes, but rather what, seemingly, is an ad-hoc procedure for each type of solution. By doing so they face challenges to grow and to upscale the production. A key result from this study is the finding of a gap between current product development literature and the actual needs of micro-sized firms.

  • 19.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Wenngren, Johan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Solvang, Wei Deng
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    Solvang, Bjørn
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    Sziebig, Gabor
    Narvik University College, Industrial Engineering.
    Jansson, Lasse
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Pieskä, Sakari
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Rättyä, Jani
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Saviranta, Petri
    Centria University of Applied Sciences, Centria Research and Development.
    Sustainable Manufacturing and Engineering - SMaE: Final Project Report 2012-20142014Report (Other academic)
  • 20. Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Johansson, Christian
    Larsson, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Supporting decision making with agent-based modelling and simulation2008In: Design 2008: 10th International Design Conference, May 19-22, 2008, Dubrovnik, Croatia / [ed] Dorian Marjanovic; Mario Storga; Neven Pavkovic; Nenad Bojcetic, Zagreb: University of Zagreb , 2008, p. 1191-1198Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The presented paper discusses using an agent based modelling and simulation approach to create dynamic models of actual product development activities. The modelled activities are created with the purpose to realise a decision support tool used in a Functional Product Development scenario. The decision support tool is called a Total Offer Readiness Level (TORL) and is used to assess whether the product development process is mature enough to be used in the development of a Total Offer providing only the function to the end user. The area of application and an example implementation has been developed and is shown with the purpose to highlight opportunities.

  • 21.
    Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Johansson, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Solvang, Bjørn
    Narvik University College, 8505 Narvik, Norway.
    Solvang, Wei Deng
    Narvik University College, 8505 Narvik, Norway.
    Kärkkäinen, Jouko
    CENTRIA Research and Development, Central Ostrobothnia University of Applied Sciences.
    Pieskä, Sakari
    CENTRIA Research and Development, Central Ostrobothnia University of Applied Sciences.
    Rättyä, Jani
    CENTRIA Research and Development, Central Ostrobothnia University of Applied Sciences.
    Current status and upcoming needs in SME’s in Northern regions of Finland, Norway and Sweden: Technologies, personnel, market and ICT in the business process2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The results written in this document comes from a questionnaire that was sent out within the Interreg IV A Nord project Digital integrated Manufacturing. Partners in the project are CENTRIA Research and Development (Lead partner), Finland, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden and Narvik University College, Norway. The project is financed and supported by the European Commission via Europeiska regionala utvecklingsfonden, Länsstyrelsen Norrbotten, Luleå University of Technology, Lapin Liito, CENTRIA Research and Development, Innovasjon Norge, Troms fylkeskommune, Narvik University College and Nordland Fylkeskommune.The projects purpose is to increase the competence and skills of employees in manufacturing Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SME’s) so that they can improve their global competitiveness within their area of expertise. The project aims to approach this by demonstrating and using new technologies and methods throughout the entire business chain.The Projects primary target groups are the employees within the SME’s in the Interreg IV A Nord area which includes the following region in Norway, Finland and Sweden; Lapplands landskap, Mellersta Österbottens landskap, Norra Österbottens landskap, Norrbottens län, Västerbottens län (Skellefteå, Norsjö, Malå and Sorsele kommuner), Finnmark fylkeskommune, Troms fylkeskommune and Nordland fylkeskommuneThe project contained 4 work packages and this report contains the results from Work Package 1: Current status and upcoming DIM-needs amongst SME’s. One task within this work package was to conduct a questionnaire. The purpose with the questionnaire was to get fundamental knowledge and information from manufacturing companies within the Interreg IV A Nord region regarding the following topics:• General company information and current status• Products and Design and production process• Information and Communication Technologies• Business partner relationships• CompetitionSome conclusions from the questionnaire indicate that companies that answered the questionnaire want to maintain their business and make it grow. Regarding DIM technologies some companies have implemented certain methods, tools, machines to a larger extent than others. The companies state that they are more interested in employing personnel with technical skills (both professional and academic degrees) than personnel with economy skills. Robotics was seen as one area of improvement.

  • 22. Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Challenges for experience feedback in engineering design2010In: Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 2009: DETC 2009, New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2010, Vol. 2, Part A, p. 835-842Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper empirical finding from a study conducted at an aerospace company is compared to theory regarding Experience Feedback (EF), Lessons Learned (LL) and Decision Making (DM). The purpose with the study was to examine how EF within the organization was conducted and what problems and possibilities that was seen. A qualitative approach was taken and interviews and a workshop was conducted. The empirical findings show that EF exist on different levels within the organization but current feedback processes are currently leaning more towards archiving and storing than knowledge sharing and learning. Also passive dissemination approaches are mostly used whereas active dissemination within the correct context is needed The aim with this paper is to discuss issues and empirical findings that should be considered when creating work methods and systems that support learning by EF and LL dissemination.

  • 23. Nergård, Henrik
    et al.
    Sandberg, Marcus
    Larsson, Tobias
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Towards life-cycle awareness in decision support tools for engineering design2009In: Design has never been this cool: ICED 09, the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design ; 24 - 27 August 2009, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA ; proceedings volume / [ed] Margareta Norell Bergendahl, Glasgow: Design Research Society, 2009, p. 23-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a decision support tool with the focus on how to generate and visualize decision base coupled to the business agreement is outlined and discussed. Decision support tools for the early design phases are few and especially tools that visualize the readiness level of activities throughout the product life-cycle. Aiming for the sustainable society there is an indication that business-to-business manufacturers move toward providing a function rather than selling off the hardware and providing separate services. This increased responsibility for the function provider implies that early phase development needs intensified life-cycle awareness to minimize cost and maximize customer satisfaction. The main contributions from this paper are the outline of the decision support tool, the presented example scenario and aspects to consider when developing a multi-disciplinary decision support tool for the early design phases

  • 24.
    Wenngren, Johan
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Ericson, Åsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Nergård, Henrik
    Prototyping: cognition while doing2015In: 2014 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom 2014): Vietri sul Mare, 5-7 Nov. 2014, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, p. 511-514, article id 7020510Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Changed conditions in manufacturing industries' business strategies, i.e. intentions to earn more revenue from service provision, motivate the introduction of rough and sketchy prototypes as part of the learning and collaboration activities. This paper presents and compares changed conditions between traditional and novel in general, but particularly exemplifies the importance of prototyping in such a new setting. This is done, not only to inspire CogInfoCom research, but also to contribute to the use of prototyping and learning in modern product development. The paper's objective is to discuss how prototyping can benefit radical thinking and learning for innovation

1 - 24 of 24
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