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  • 1.
    Abedin, Md. Zainal
    et al.
    University of Science and Technology Chittagong.
    Chowdhury, Abu Sayeed
    University of Science and Technology Chittagong.
    Hossain, Mohammad Shahadat
    University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Karim, Razuan
    University of Science and Technology Chittagong.
    An Interoperable IP based WSN for Smart Irrigation Systems2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have been highly developed which can be used in agriculture to enable optimal irrigation scheduling. Since there is an absence of widely used available methods to support effective agriculture practice in different weather conditions, WSN technology can be used to optimise irrigation in the crop fields. This paper presents architecture of an irrigation system by incorporating interoperable IP based WSN, which uses the protocol stacks and standard of the Internet of Things paradigm. The performance of fundamental issues of this network is emulated in Tmote Sky for 6LoWPAN over IEEE 802.15.4 radio link using the Contiki OS and the Cooja simulator. The simulated results of the performance of the WSN architecture presents the Round Trip Time (RTT) as well as the packet loss of different packet size. In addition, the average power consumption and the radio duty cycle of the sensors are studied. This will facilitate the deployment of a scalable and interoperable multi hop WSN, positioning of border router and to manage power consumption of the sensors.

  • 2.
    Abedin, Md. Zainal
    et al.
    University of Science and Technology, Chittagong.
    Paul, Sukanta
    University of Science and Technology, Chittagong.
    Akhter, Sharmin
    University of Science and Technology, Chittagong.
    Siddiquee, Kazy Noor E Alam
    University of Science and Technology, Chittagong.
    Hossain, Mohammad Shahadat
    University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Selection of Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Irrigation Enabled by Wireless Sensor Networks2017In: Proceedings of 2017 IEEE 42nd Conference on Local Computer Networks Workshops, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 75-81Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are playing remarkable contribution in real time decision making by actuating the surroundings of environment. As a consequence, the contemporary agriculture is now using WSNs technology for better crop production, such as irrigation scheduling based on moisture level data sensed by the sensors. Since WSNs are deployed in constraints environments, the life time of sensors is very crucial for normal operation of the networks. In this regard routing protocol is a prime factor for the prolonged life time of sensors. This research focuses the performances analysis of some clustering based routing protocols to select the best routing protocol. Four algorithms are considered, namely Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), Threshold Sensitive Energy Efficient sensor Network (TEEN), Stable Election Protocol (SEP) and Energy Aware Multi Hop Multi Path (EAMMH). The simulation is carried out in Matlab framework by using the mathematical models of those algortihms in heterogeneous environment. The performance metrics which are considered are stability period, network lifetime, number of dead nodes per round, number of cluster heads (CH) per round, throughput and average residual energy of node. The experimental results illustrate that TEEN provides greater stable region and lifetime than the others while SEP ensures more througput.

  • 3.
    Akkaya, Kemal
    et al.
    Southern Illinois University.
    Aust, Stefan
    NEC Communication Systems, Ltd..
    Hollick, Matthias
    TU Darmstadt.
    Itaya, Satoko
    Smart Wireless Laboratory, NICT.
    Kantarci, Burak
    University of Ottawa.
    Pfeiffer, Tom
    TU Berlin.
    Senel, Fatih
    International Antalya University.
    Strayer, Tim
    BBN Technologies.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Message from the demonstrations chair2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is my pleasure to welcome you to the sixth Demonstration Session at the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN) 2014. We were looking for demonstrations for all topics covered by the main conference as well as all the workshops held in conjunction with the conference. The technical demonstrations were strongly encouraged to show innovative and original research. The main purpose of the demo session is to provide demonstrations that validate important research issues and/or show innovative prototypes.

  • 4.
    Alakärppä, Ismo
    et al.
    University of Lapland, Rovaniemi.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Hosio, Simo
    University of Oulu.
    Johansson, Dan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ojala, Timo
    University of Oulu.
    NIMO overall architecture and service enablers2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the architecture and service enablers developed in the NIMO project. Furthermore, it identifies future challenges and knowledge gaps in upcoming ICT service development for public sector units empowering citizens with enhanced tools for interaction and participation. We foresee crowdsourced applications where citizens contribute with dynamic, timely and geographically spread gathered information.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Workshop On User MObility and VEhicular Networks2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Editorial Board Member, Journal of Internet Services and Information Security (JISIS)2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Editorial Board Member, Journal of Wireless Mobile Networks, Ubiquitous Computing, and Dependable Applications (JoWUA)2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Expert Reviewer2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Assigned as expert reviewer in the national quality assessment of higher education in the area of Computer Science/ICT/Media technology.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: International Conference on Mobile Data Management2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Member of the board of the faculty of science and technology and its research strategy committe2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Board of the faculty of science and technology and its research strategy committe

  • 14.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Member of the election committee of postgraduate student's association2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Member of the election committee of postgraduate student's association

  • 15.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Opponent/External Reviewer2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Opponent/External Reviewer for Licentiate thesis. Tahir Nawaz Minhas: "Network Impact on Quality of Experience of Mobile Video". Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden on March 28, 2012

  • 16.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Vice chairman and member of the board of the postgraduate student's association2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Vice chairman and member of the board of the postgraduate student's association

  • 17.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Aktivitet: Workshop On User MObility and VEhicular Networks2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Always best served and managed: research challenges in future mobile multimedia application architectures2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Demands from users of future generation networks will include seamless access to services across multiple wireless access networks. Handsets and laptops will typically be equipped with several network interfaces and have enough computing power and battery capacity to connect to several access networks simultaneously within and over administrative domains in a multi-homed manner.Existing technologies and solutions solve parts of the problems raised in such a scenario. However, a remaining important research challenge that still needs to be solved is to find an optimal mobility management solution offering terminal mobility as well as session, service, and personal mobility. Furthermore, a uniform and scalable mechanism for quality of service provisioning needs to be defined and integrated in an overall architecture offering differentiated handling of real-time and non real-time flows. The architecture will be based on the Internet Protocol as its least common denominator, but there are still a lot of research questions to be answered.This article surveys existing solutions and outlines future work in the area of cross-layer designed mobility management solutions and integrated quality of service support using a cross-layer design and policy-based approach.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Finding NIMO2012In: International Innovation, ISSN 2041-4552, Vol. 3, p. 52-54Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Interworking techniques and architectures for heterogeneous wireless networks2012In: Journal of Internet Services and Information Security (JISIS), ISSN 2182-2069, E-ISSN 2182-2077, Vol. 2, no 1/2, p. 22-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fourth generation (4G) wireless systems targeting 100 Mb/s for highly mobile scenarios and 1 Gb/s for low mobility communication are soon to be deployed on a broad basis with LTE-Advanced and IEEE 802.16m as the two candidate systems. Traditional applications spanning everything from voice, video, and data to new machine-to-machine (M2M) applications with billions of connected devices transmitting sensor data will in a soon future use these networks. Still, interworking solutions integrating those new 4G networks with existing legacy wireless networks are important building blocks in order to achieve cost-efficient solutions, offer smooth migration paths from legacy systems, and to provide means for load balancing among different radio access technologies.This article categorizes and analyzes different interworking solutions for heterogeneous wireless networks and provides suggestions for further research.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    On access network selection models and mobility support in heterogeneous wireless networks2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to define a solution offering end-users seamless mobility in a multi-radio access technology environment. Today an increasing portion of cell phones and PDAs have more than one radio access technology and wireless access networks of various types are commonly available with overlapping coverage. This creates a heterogeneous network environment in which mobile devices can use several networks in parallel. In such environment the device needs to select the best network for each application to use available networks wisely. Selecting the best network for individual applications constitutes a major core problem.The thesis proposes a host-based solution for access network selection in heterogeneous wireless networking environments. Host-based solutions use only information available in mobile devices and are independent of information available in the networks to which these devices are attached. The host-based decision mechanism proposed in this thesis takes a number of constraints into account including network characteristics and mobility patterns in terms of movement speed of the user. The thesis also proposes a solution for network-based mobility management contrasting the other proposals using a host-based approach. Finally, this thesis proposes an architecture supporting mobility for roaming users in heterogeneous environments avoiding the need for scanning the medium when performing vertical handovers.Results include reduced handover latencies achieved by allowing hosts to use multihoming, bandwidth savings on the wireless interface by removing the tunneling overhead, and handover guidance through the usage of directory-based solutions instead of scanning the medium. User-perceived quality of voice calls measured on the MOS (Mean Opinion Score) scale shows no or very little impact from the mobility support procedures proposed in this thesis. Results also include simulation models, real-world prototypes, and testbeds that all could be used in future work. The proposed solutions in this thesis are mainly evaluated using simulations and experiments with prototypes in live testbeds. Analytical methods are used to complement some results from simulations and experiments

  • 22.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    On access network selection models in heterogeneous networking environments2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis proposes and evaluates architectures and algorithms for access network selection in heterogeneous networking environments. The ultimate goal is to select the best access network at any time taking a number of constraints into account including user requirements and network characteristics. The proposed architecture enables global roaming between access networks within an operator's domain, as well as across operators without any changes in the data and control plane of the access networks being required. Also, the proposed architecture includes an algorithm for measuring performance of access networks that can be used on a number of access technologies being wired or wireless. The proposed access network selection algorithm also has an end-to-end perspective giving a network performance indication of user traffic being communicated. The contributions of this thesis include an implementation of a simulation model in OPNET Modeler, a proposal of a metric at the network layer for heterogeneous access networks, an implementation of a real-world prototype, a study of multimedia applications on perceived quality of service, an access network selection algorithm for highly mobile users and vehicular networks, and an extension of the mentioned access network selection algorithm to support cross-layer decision making taking application layer and datalink layer metrics into account.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Cherkaoui, Soumaya
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Sherbrooke University, Sherbrooke University, Université de Sherbrooke.
    On-Move 20152015In: Proceedings of 40th Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks Conference Workshops (LCN Workshops 2015): LCN Workshops / [ed] Salil Kanhere; Jens Tölle; Soumaya Cherkaoui, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, article id 7365896Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Elkotob, Muslim
    Media-Broadcast GmbH.
    Rethinking IP mobility management2012In: Journal of Wireless Mobile Networks, Ubiquitous Computing, and Dependable Applications, ISSN 2093-5374, E-ISSN 2093-5382, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 41-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IP Mobility Management allowing for handover and location management to be handled by the network layer has been around for a couple of 20 years or so now. A number of protocols have been proposed including the GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP), Mobile IP, Proxy Mobile IP, and the Locator/Identifier Split Protocol (LISP) being the best known and most discussed in the research literature. This paper overviews existing solutions and suggests a new distributed and dynamic mobility management scheme and evaluates it against existing static approaches.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Elkotob, Muslim
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    A new MIP-SIP interworking scheme2008In: MUM'08 Proceedings: 7th ACM International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia, December 3 - 5, 2008, Umeå, Sweden, New York: ACM Digital Library, 2008, p. 117-120Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobility management is today handled at various layers in the network stack including the datalink layer, the network layer, the transport layer and the application layer. Also, cross-layer designed solutions exist and the most known example is the work performed by IEEE currently standardizing media-independent handover services under the name of IEEE 802.21.This paper proposes a new interworking scheme for Mobile IP and the Session Initiation Protocol being the most popular solutions for mobility management at the network and application layers respectively. The goal is to deliver seamless mobility for both TCP-based and UDP-based applications taking the best features from each mobility management scheme. In short, this paper proposes that TCP connections are handled through Mobile IP while UDP-based connection-less applications may use the Session Initiation Protocol for handling mobility. The two mobility management solutions are integrated into one common solution.

  • 26.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Forte, Andrea G
    Columbia University.
    Schulzrinne, Henning
    Columbia University.
    Enhanced mobility support for roaming users: extending the IEEE 802.21 information service2010In: Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 8th International Conference, WWIC 2010, Luleå, Sweden, June 1-3, 2010. Proceedings / [ed] Evgeny Osipov; Andreas Kassler; Thomas Michael Bohnert; Xavier Masip-Bruin, Berlin: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2010, p. 52-63Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many cell-phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) are equipped with multiple radio interfaces. Because of this, devices need to have ways of efficiently selecting the most suitable access network across multiple technologies based on the physical location of the device as well as user-defined parameters such as cost, bandwidth, and battery consumption. The IEEE has standardized the 802.21 framework for media-independent handovers where dynamic selection of network interfaces is an important feature. This paper describes and evaluates a novel architecture which extends the IEEE 802.21 information service. The architecture is based on a three-layer structure with Location-to-Service Translation (LoST) servers, service provider servers and independent evaluator servers. Evaluator servers are populated with information on coverage and quality of service as provided by trusted users. The proposed architecture allows for competition at all levels and scales well due to its distributed nature. A prototype has been developed and is presented in the paper.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Granlund, Daniel
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Elkotob, Muslim
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Bandwidth efficient mobility management for heterogeneous wireless networks2010In: 2010 7th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference: Las Vegas, Nevada, USA : 9-12 January, 2010, Piscataway, N.J: IEEE Communications Society, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An important feature of the upcoming fourth generation wireless networks is support for heterogeneous radio access technologies in combination with an all-IP type of overall architecture. Operators and users will benefit from a smooth technology transition leveraging existing investments and use a variety of access technologies simultaneously. This paper describes and evaluates an innovative mobility management scheme in such an environment. It does not require any changes to the IP stack in the mobile node and does not introduce any additional overhead to the payload traffic over air interfaces. Furthermore, it does not add any signaling overhead and outperforms existing mobility management schemes for heterogeneous environments in terms of bandwidth consumption. The architecture uses a make-before-break principle for vertical handovers and bidirectional tunneling using various tunneling mechanisms connecting mobile nodes through access networks to a home network. Also, it proposes a packet inspection routine for timely handover execution in the home network. The architecture is evaluated both through analytical calculations and experiments using a voice over IP traffic model.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Granlund, Daniel
    Åhlund, Christer
    M4: MultiMedia Mobility Manager: a seamless mobility management architecture supporting multimedia applications2007In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia: December 12 - 14, 2007, Oulu, Finland / [ed] Timo Ojala, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2007, p. 6-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a proof-of-concept and a software architecture, M4 (MultiMedia Mobility Manager), is presented. In short, M4 is offering seamless mobility management to multimedia appli­cations using a variety of wireless access networks. First, M4 is built on multihomed Mobile IP building on the principle of soft handovers. Second, network selection in M4 is based on a network layer metric combining round-trip times and jitter in round-trip times. Third, the end-user can enter its own preferences on network selection through a policy-based extension to the proposed network selection algorithm.The proposed architecture is evaluated in a live heterogeneous networking environment where handover performance is studied in detail. In addition, user-perceived quality of experience for Voice over IP using the M4 software architecture has been studied. Last, downloads of large amount of data using a combination of high and low capacity wireless networks in M4 were studied.Results indicate that the architecture as a whole and the proposed algorithms perform well. M4 can thus be seen as an imple­mentation of the "Always Best Connected" vision.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Hallberg, Josef
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Project: PERvasive Computing and COMmunications for sustainable development2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Hossain, Mohammad Shahadat
    University of Chittagong, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Chittagong.
    Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks for Flood Prediction Decision Support Systems2015In: 2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS): 6th IEEE INFOCOM International Workshop on Mobility Management in the Networks of the Future World, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, p. 133-137Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advancements in the fields of sensor equipment and wireless sensor networks have opened the window of opportunity for many innovative applications. In this paper, we propose a new architecture for building decision support systems using heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. The architecture is built around standard hardware and existing wireless sensor networks technology. We show the effectiveness of the proposed architecture by applying it to a flood prediction scenario.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Hossain, Mohammad Shahadat
    University of Chittagong, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Chittagong.
    Smart Risk Assessment Systems using Belief-rule-based DSS and WSN Technologies2014In: 2014 4th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Vehicular Technology, Information Theory and Aerospace and Electronic Systems, VITAE 2014: Co-located with Global Wireless Summit, Aalborg, Denmark 11-14 May 2014, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014, article id 6934397Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart risk assessment systems are becoming more and more important in the society. If the chances of reducing and managing certain risks are increased, the impacts can be controlled and reduced significantly. This article surveys different belief-rule-based decision support systems and various wireless sensor network technologies that can be used in collaboration to build interesting risk assessment applications. We propose a model for building such an environment and describe a potential application of our proposed model for assessing flood risks in a case study.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Hossain, Mohammad Shahadat
    University of Chittagong.
    Thapa, Devinder
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder.
    Zander, Pär-Ola
    Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg University.
    A Novel Framework of an Expert System by integrating Capability Approach and BRB to Evaluate E-Government Services2015In: Proceedings of eChallenges e-2015 Conference / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation Ltd , 2015, p. 1-12, article id 68Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Capability approach is hard to operationalize and capabilities are sometimes difficult to reduce into the individual level. We describe our approach to solve these problems paired with an adequate ICT infrastructure and believe that the impact of concrete eGovernment services will become more visible and available. Citizens can inspect it, professionals can target their re-engineering on failure cases, learn from best cases, and researchers can compare different types of eGovernment. The solving of operationalisation will also strengthen the capability approach, by extending its scope from macro theory towards more easy application on the institutional and organizational levels.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Johansson, Dan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Mobile e-services using HTML52012In: Proceedings of the 37th IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks Workshops (LCN Workshops): 6th IEEE Workshop On User MObility and VEhicular Networks / [ed] Tom Pfeifer; Anura Jayasumana; Damla Turgut, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Computer Society Press , 2012, p. 814-819Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New mobile networks and new devices like smartphones and tablets are rapidly changing opportunities for public sector units delivering smart, mobile e-services to their citizens. Moreover, the upcoming HTML5 standard allows for cross-device and cross-browser support making service development and deployment much more easier than before at lower costs. This paper analyzes the most important features of HTML5, CSS3, and WebGL and their applicability for mobile e-services in the public sector. Also, we present a novel architecture for mobile e-services using HTML5, mashups, and RESTful web APIs as important building blocks.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Kafle, Ved
    National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-kitamachi, Koganei.
    Disaster-resilient mobile network architecture2014In: Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 11th Annual Consumer Communications & Networking Conference, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014, p. 359-364Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conventional cellular networks are likely to get disturbed easily when a natural disaster (earthquake, tsunami, flooding, etc.) hits an area because of their centralized control and high-power requirements. To address this issue, we propose a new mobile network architecture having distributed controls and ad-hoc configurations. This architecture exploits the locally available resources such as frequency spectrum and lively nodes to reconfigure the network and provide emergency services. We present its design and use cases.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Lundahl, Carl-Gustav
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
    Lundmark, Martin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
    Nordvik, Enar
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
    Pantze, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
    Förslag till handlingsplan för utveckling av LTU Skellefteå: Att synas med stolthet2008Report (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Lövf, Eva
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
    Studenters upplevelser av distansundervisning: en fallstudie2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar resultat från en studie av studenters upplevelser vid införande av modern videokonferensteknik i undervisningen. Studien omfattar 40 studenter vid fyra kurser. Resultaten indikerar att universitet och högskolor, förutom kostnadsbesparingar, lätt kan engagera specialistkompetens i kurser, erbjuda undervisning utanför campus och underlätta studentens självstudier. I sin bästa form uppnås både rums- och tidsoberoende. Samtidigt indikerar resultaten att det finns utrymme för förbättringar vid undervisning via videokonferenssändningar, främst i interaktionen mellan student och lärare. Oavsett lärarens pedagogik, ämnets inriktning och studenternas vana vid modern teknik så föredrog 39 av de 40 studenterna i undersökningen att ha en lärare på plats. Till viss del kan detta förklaras av teknikproblem, som delvis åtgärdats under kursernas genomförande, men även av att lärarna inte anpassat sin pedagogik fullt ut. Vår bedömning är att om rätt pedagogik används kan både kommunikation och interaktion fungera mycket bra och vara en utmärkt undervisningsform även om lärare och student inte befinner sig på samma plats.Vi föreslår att lärarna som sänder föreläsningarna ges tillfälle att interagera mer med studenterna, både synkront och asynkront, vilket kräver att kurserna planeras på annat sätt än vid traditionell campus-undervisning. Vidare föreslår vi att studenter på annan ort regelbundet erbjuds separata tillfällen för att diskutera och ställa frågor till läraren och gärna träffas fysiskt. Avslutningsvis föreslår vi att en särskild ämneskunnig producent, s.k. e-moderator, engageras parallellt med lärarens undervisning, för att stöda studenterna som följer föreläsningarna genom att besvara deras frågor. Alternativt kan en e-moderator uppmärksamma läraren på relevanta frågor som dyker upp, så att en utökad interaktion uppnås.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Mostafa, Seraj Al Mahmud
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Islam, Raihan Ul
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Mobile VoIP user experience in LTE2011In: Proceedings of The 36th IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN): 5th IEEE Workshop On User MObility and VEhicular Networks, IEEE Computer Society Press , 2011, p. 789-792Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    3GPP Long-term Evolution (LTE) systems being deployed are fast gaining market shares. High data rates (approaching 100 Mbit/s in the downlink direction and 50 Mbit/s for uplink connections) and small delays are attractive features of LTE. Spectrum flexibility also makes deployment easy on various frequency bands in different parts of the world. However, as LTE offers packet switched services only, mobile broadband connectivity has become the dominant LTE application so far. This paper studies user-perceived quality of service for a mobile Voice over IP (VoIP) application in LTE. Results were achieved using the OPNET Modeler simulation environment.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Rondeau, Éric
    University of Lorraine.
    Kor, Ah-Lian
    School of Computing, Creative Technologies and Engineering, Leeds Beckett University.
    Johansson, Dan
    Umea University, Department of Informatics.
    Sustainable Mobile Computing and Communications2017In: Mobile Information Systems, ISSN 1574-017X, Vol. 2017, article id 1098264Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Sarker, ANM. Zaheduzzaman
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Multihomed mobile IPv6: OPNET simulation of network selection and handover timing in heterogeneous networking environments2007In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual OPNET Technology Conference: OPNETWORK 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Ul Islam, Raihan
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Hossain, Md. Shahadat
    Chittagong University, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    Project: A belief-rule-based DSS to assess flood risks by using wireless sensor networks2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    A mobility management scheme for heterogeneous environments supporting vehicular speeds using a policy-based approach2008In: Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop Conference on Performance Modelling and Evaluation of Heterogeneous Networks: (HET-NETs), 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, handsets and terminals are typically equipped with multiple radio interfaces. Meanwhile, various types of access networks using different radio technologies are being deployed all over the world. Also, there is a strong trend towards All-IP-Networks following the principle "Everything over IP", and "IP over everything". This development is leading researchers into the area of heterogeneous networking and overlay topologies.This paper focuses on mobility management issues related to such an environment supporting vehicular speeds of users using a policy-based approach and a network-layer metric for access network selection.A Mobile IP-based architecture is proposed where mobility bindings are sent periodically at a frequency depending on the speed of the user also taking variations in the network-layer metric into account and the overall signaling cost. The architecture is designed with a focus on minimizing packet losses and timely handling of vertical hand-overs.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    An architecture for seamless mobility management in various types of applications using a combination of MIP and SIP2006In: Proceedings of Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop 2006: sponsored by IEEE VT/COM Sweden : October 26-27, 2006, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2006, p. 33-36Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the future, mobile users will have the possibility to use a variety of wireless access networks simultaneously making the vision "Always best connected" come true. The Internet Protocol (IP) will most likely be the least common divisor allowing service providers to deploy services in a unified way regardless of access network type (being wired or wireless). The 3GPP-led development of the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a promising step towards the vision. However, there are a number of obstacles along this way forward. Various deployment difficulties related to already installed base of user and infrastructure equipment and service providers protecting their old investments are the most common obstacles. In addition to those reasons, somewhat conservative regulatory authorities, short-comings in digital rights management, multiple standardization bodies proposing non-aligned solutions, as well as non-uniformed and non-optimized use of radio spectrum do not improve the speed of change.Our research is performed within the area of seamless real-time multimedia distribution in heterogeneous wireless access networks with a user-centric and end-to-end system approach. Having proposed various extensions to Mobile IP (MIP) including multihoming and port-based handling of flows, as well as solutions for global connectivity in ad hoc networks we now present a combined architecture using both MIP and Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) for mobility management where MIP is used for TCP connections and SIP is used for UDP traffic carrying real-time multimedia streams of data.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Mobile mediator control function: an IEEE 802.21-based mobility management and access network selection model2009In: Proceedings of the 18th ICT-Mobile Summit / [ed] Paul Cunningham; Miriam Cunningham, IIMC International Information Management Corporation , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a combined network and application layer access network decision model for multimedia applications in heterogeneous networking environments. It builds on previous work of a network layer based metric used in combination with multihomed Mobile IP and introduces a mechanism for applications to interact with the mobility management system in the mobile node. This way, applications executing in the mobile node can decide either to take access network decisions on their own or to let the network layer handle mobility management tasks automatically based on default decision criterion decided by the end-user.An extended architecture based on previous work and the upcoming IEEE 802.21 standard for media-independent handover services is presented. The control plane, named "Mobile Mediator Control Function", offers a set of events and commands through an additional service access point. Results from a scenario with a Voice over IP application running in the proposed environment simulated in OPNET Modeler are presented.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Optimized access network selection in a combined WLAN/LTE environment2011In: Wireless personal communications, ISSN 0929-6212, E-ISSN 1572-834X, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 739-751Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multimode terminals equipped with multiple radio access technologies are becoming increasingly popular. At the same time, network operators and service providers seek opportunities to deliver seamless services cost effectively, leveraging a variety of radio access technologies using both licensed and unlicensed spectrum. In order to standardize the operations of such complex environments 3GPP is currently working on IP flow mobility and mobile data offload solutions. This article proposes and evaluates a new access network selection procedure in such a combined WLAN/LTE environment. The proposed solution takes not only parameters available in the mobile node and its current and candidate access networks into account, but performs an optimization on the heterogeneous wireless network level as well. An optimization model based on an approximate solution to the well-known bin packing problem is presented. Also, there is a signaling scheme for distribution handling presented. Results from simulations performed in OPNET Modeler show improvements compared to basing handover decisions on locally available information only.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Projekt: Hybrinet@Skellefteå2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Hybrinet@Skellefteå studerar effektiv multimediedistribution i heterogena nätverksmijöer

  • 46.
    Andersson, Karl
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Åhlund, Christer
    Gukhool, Balkrishna Sharma
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Sherbrooke University.
    Cherkaoui, Soumaya
    Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Sherbrooke University.
    Mobility management for highly mobile users and vehicular networks in heterogeneous environments2008In: 2008 IEEE 33rd Conference on Local Computer Networks: [LCN 2008] ; Montreal, AB, Canada, 14 - 17 October 2008, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2008, p. 593-599Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the recent developments in wireless networks, different radio access technologies are used in different places depending on capacity in terms of throughput, cell size, scalability etc. In this context, mobile users, and in particular highly mobile users and vehicular networks, will see an increasing number and variety of wireless access points enabling Internet connectivity. Such a heterogeneous networking environment needs, however, an efficient mobility management scheme offering the best connection continuously. In this paper, a mobility management architecture focusing on efficient network selection and timely handling of vertical and horizontal hand-overs is proposed. The solution is based on Mobile IP where hand-over decisions are taken based upon calculations of a metric combining delay and delay jitter. For efficiency reasons, the frequency of binding updates is dynamically controlled, depending on speed and variations in the metric. The dynamic frequency of binding updates helps the timely discovery of congested access points and cell edges so as to allow efficient hand-overs that minimize packet drops and hand-over delays.Results show that the overall signaling cost is decreased and changes in networking conditions are detected earlier compared to standard Mobile IP.

  • 47. Bengtsson, Johan
    et al.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Parnes, Peter
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Nyström, Jimmy
    Nyström, Nicklas
    Project: COnnected Media and Presence from European Institute of Technology2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Berhane, Welderufael Tesfay
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology.
    Aleksy, Markus
    ABB Corporate Research.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Distance- Spanning Technology.
    Lehtola, Marko
    ABB Corporate Research.
    Mobile computing application for industrial field service engineering: a case for ABB service engineers2013In: Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks Workshops (LCN Workshops): 7th IEEE Workshop On User MObility and VEhicular Networks / [ed] Damla Turgut; Nils Aschenbruck; Jens Tölle, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Computer Society Press , 2013, p. 188-193Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing digitalization of our daily lives is gaining a new momentum recently in what is called the post- desktop era of computing. This wide spread in digitalization is made possible by the introduction of handy devices specifically of mobile phones, laptop computers, smartphones, and tablets. This new trend in shaping up technological advancement presents new opportunities for mobile information presentation, processing, and synthesis in different spheres of application such as providing industrial field services engineering support. Industrial field service engineers execute sets of work orders on daily basis plans. These work order executions demand the availability of digital information anywhere anytime to process them faster. This paper presents a scenario where the newly emerging Smartphone features such as augmented reality, audio/video processing, and near field communication sensing can be used to develop a prototype that supports industrial field service engineers in the contemporary field service engineering taskforces. It employs real world use-cases and carrying out quantitative prototype usability test analysis.

  • 49.
    Booth, Todd
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Critical Infrastructure Network DDoS Defense, via Cognitive Learning2017In: / [ed] Pietro Manzoni, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain, Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some public and private services are called part of the Critical Infrastructure (CI), which are considered as the most important services to protect the functioning of a society and the economy.  Many CIs provide services via the Internet and thus cyber-attacks can be performed remotely.  It is now very simple and free to find and download software, which automates performing cyber-attacks.  A recent example is that two teenagers, with close to no security knowledge, created an on-line business. They would run cyber-attacks (online booter service called vDOS, as reported by Brian Krebs) for a small fee. They reportedly earned over 600,000 USD in a short period of time by conducting a large number of automated DDoS cyber-attacks. Then Krebs was retaliated against, and the highest DDoS attack bandwidth ever recorded, 620 Gbps, was launched against Krebs. In this paper we show how cognitive learning can be used to significantly mitigate any effects of DDoS network attacks, against the critical infrastructure.

  • 50.
    Booth, Todd
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science.
    DNS DDoS Mitigation, via DNS Timer Design Changes2017In: Future Network Systems and Security: Third International Conference, FNSS 2017, Gainesville, FL, USA, August 31 - September 2, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Robin Doss, Welwyn Piramuthu, Wei Zhou, Springer, 2017, p. 43-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    DDoS attacks have been a problem since 2000. In October 2016, there was a major DDoS attack against the service provider Dyn’s DNS service, which took the service down. This was one of the largest bandwidth DDoS attack ever documented, with attack bandwidth over 650 Gbps. By taking down just Dyn’s DNS service, clients could not obtain the IP addresses, of the organizations hosting their DNS with Dyn, such as Twitter. Our contribution is that we have found a way to mitigate the effect of DDoS attacks against DNS services. We only require some very small algorithm changes, in the DNS protocol. More specifically, we propose to add two additional timers. Even if the end DNS clients don’t support these timers, they will receive our new functionality via the DNS resolvers and recursive servers. In summary, our contributions give much more control to the organizations, as to under which specific conditions the DNS cache entries should be aged or used. This allows the organization to (1) much more quickly expire client DNS caches and (2) to mitigate the DDoS DNS attack effects. Our contributions are also helpful to organizations, even if there are no DDoS DNS attack.

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