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  • 1.
    Abdollahpour, N.
    et al.
    Department of Ergonomics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Hoseini, M.A.
    Department of Rehabilitation Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran.
    Ghomshe, F. Tabatabaei
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institute for Higher Education of Kar, Qhazvin.
    Ziarani, M. Hamzeiyan
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institute for Higher Education of Kar, Qhazvin.
    Peysepar, S.
    HSE Unit of MAPNA Turbine Blade Engineering and Manufacturing Company-PARTO, Karaj.
    An improving working condition system (health, safety and ergonomics) survey and analysis with macroergonomics approach in a manufacturing company from Iran Power Plant Industry in 20102013In: Iran Occupational Health, ISSN 1735-5133, E-ISSN 2228-7493, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 55-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: World experience has shown the positive effect of applying ergonomics in improving work conditions, of quality and quantity of production, reducing prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, saving costs and increase of productivity in the different contents. These are possible only with utilizing properly improving work condition system and Macroergonomics approach. The aim of the study was how determine situation and analyzing the working conditions using the macroergonomics approach in a Power Plant Industry. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. First, the program for improvement of work conditions were evaluated using three questionnaires including managers viewpoint (29 samples), health, safety and environment employees viewpoint (5 samples) and operating workers viewpoint (85 samples) and then three other instruments of macroergonomics were used. Results: According to the results of 1) questionnaires and corresponding tests, three of the program's goals of improving working conditions and promotion practices that have the same opinions, but in some cases had different opinions. 2) Future workshops and interviews, the lack of participatory leadership and lack of collaborative work systems for the company stated. 3) Apply ergonomics checklist of ILO, an appropriate interaction between the top and bottom surfaces revealed. Conclusion: Awakened needs of change in the middle and lower levels of organization to solve problems relate to improving working conditions of the system was created. To implement an Ergonomics Intervention Programme Technique Process requires the full support management and employees.

  • 2.
    Abdollahpour, Nosrat
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz.
    Dastranj, Farahnaz
    Occupational Health, International Campus of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences (IC-SSUMS) Yazd – Iran.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ziarani, M. Hamzeian
    Zeiaei, M.
    Stress Prevention at Work Checkpoints: Practical improvements for stress prevention the workplace2016 (ed. Free)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Abdollahpour, Nosrat
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Tabriz, Iran.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Implementing 'Awakened Need of Change' for Applying Ergonomics to Work System with Macroergonomics Approach in an Industrially Derveloping Country and its Meta-Reflection2016In: Journal of Ergonomics, ISSN 2165-7556, Vol. 6, no 6, article id 182Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Abdollahpour, Nosrat
    et al.
    Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ziaei, M
    Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz.
    Hamzeian, M
    Department of Ergonomics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran.
    Keikhamoghadam, AA
    Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz.
    Gholamnia, R
    Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Safety and environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran.
    Ghaffari, A
    HSE Unit of National Iranian Gas Company, Tehran, Iran.
    Assessment of risk factors and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders by QEC and Body Map operational units of the gas refinery in Iran and its Meta-Reflection2016In: Journal of Heath, ISSN 2382-9710, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 35-50, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the risk factors and the prevalence of WMSDs disorders using QEC and Body Map techniques in operational units took a gas refineries and its Meta-Reflection.Method and Material: This case study assessed 254 operators in three distinct phases. First, 72 workstation posture was evaluated by using of QEC. Secondly was intended for employees of WMSDs were assessed using by Body Map. After conducting interview with relevant directors, the effectiveness of such studies has been analyzed through Meta-Reflection.Results: Based on results came from QEC survey, the operators’ average scores was %53/8. Moreover, results of Body Map assessment showed that the highest organs of WMSDs were back and knee extrusions (47% and 46% respectively). Also, lack of ergonomics policy and plan within refinery has demonstrated by interviews. Meta-Reflection, on the other hand, showed that because of incomplete learning cycles in the mentioned surveys which only provide WMSDs’ status, workstations’ ergonomics condition, and introduce expert based solutions. Thus, such surveys not only have incomplete study plan, but also have less impact on improving overall health, safety and ergonomics within this organization.Conclusion: This research proves that non-ergonomic conditions result in awkward postures and subsequent physical disorders. Overall, this study has showed a gap from this kind of the work on the learning cycles at organizational levels, a trend should be considered to interactive research work on the workplaces with improved and promoted system ergonomics attitude.

  • 5.
    Dastranj, Farahnaz
    et al.
    Occupational Health, International Campus of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences (IC-SSUMS) Yazd – Iran.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Implementing "Job Enrichment" with using Ergonomic Checkpoints in an 'Appreciative Way' at a Manufacturing Company in an Industrially Developing Country and its Meta-reflection2016In: Journal of Ergonomics, ISSN 2165-7556, E-ISSN 2165-7556, Vol. 6, no 4, article id 172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to create ergonomics and human factors awareness and wakefulness in a Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Company with emphasis on understanding the importance of improving safety, health, and work condition. The study sought to develop and implement one kind of “Job enrichment” with the purpose of improving employees’ competence and also to motivate participation at the workplaces in an ‘appreciative way’. The survey approach was used. Data was collected from 60 selected individuals from different organizational levels using the participatory ergonomics process that entailed the use of an action checklist and ergonomic checkpoints, as well as the review of organizational documents. Eighty seven percent of these study participants were male while the remaining 13% were female. The participants had an average age of 38 years with the standard deviation of 9.74. They had 11.81 years of service in average with the standard deviation of 9.76. In the data collection procedure, technical sessions, based on action learning, whichlasted for 30, 25 h, or 1657 man h, was also held for the participants. In the data collection, the participants were made to study the action-checklist before and after completing the ergonomic checkpoints. This resulted in a 0.3 percent improvement in the technical capabilities of the participants and improved their social skills and their interest in participation in the company during this study. Based on the analysis of participants’ feedbacks on the implementation of different work evaluation approaches and their reflection from learning, key findings were made through intentional learning, based on a systemic pre-intervention ergonomics work process on how the participants could be empowered in technical and social skills.Keywords: Ergonomic Checkpoints; Job enrichment; Participatory ergonomics process; Appreciative inquiry and way; Industrially developing countries

  • 6.
    Falahi, H.
    et al.
    University of Mashhad.
    Abasspour-Fard, M.H.
    Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
    Azhari, A.
    Department of Medical, Mashhad University of medical sciences.
    Khojastehpour, M.
    Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
    Nikkhah, A.
    Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Exploring and regression analysis of forces applied on Gastrocnemius muscle of drivers during clutching of MF 285 and MF 399 tractors: Ergonomic design approach2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research the imposed force on Gastrocnemius muscle of the tractor driver during clutching has been studied. The number of sample people was assigned 30 and the research was conducted on MF285 and MF399 tractors. The clutching forces for these tractors were measured as 340 N and 290 N, respectively. The angle of knee location in these two tractors at 5 percent level was significantly different. The average decrease of pain threshold after 30 seconds and 60 seconds clutching and 60 seconds rest after clutching in MF285 tractor in Gastrocnemius muscle were more than MF399 tractor. The impact of BMI index Regression coefficient was found the highest among at all intervals during and after the clutching on both tractor drivers on decrease of pain threshold. It is suggested that in order to decrease the imposed force of clutching for MF285 tractor required modifications is performed. In this regard the force transfer joint between pedal and the disc in the mechanism of clutching can be made of cast iron.Keywords: ergonomic, tractor, operator, muscle, Gastrocnemius

  • 7.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Building Taxonomy Knowledge ‘Systemic Ergonomics Intervention Work’: a Product Joining up practice with theory in an Industrially Developing Country and its 'Meta-Reflection'2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on evidence accumulated during the author’s 19 years of ergonomics intervention experiences and investigations with the different challenges and roles, the ergonomics ‘know-how’ transfer explores and describes the models to success implementation of Ergonomics and Human Factors Management in an Industrially Developing Country. A systematic ergonomics ‘know-how’ transfer management at Micro and Macroergonomics-based levels for training and learning could be managed and led in an industrially developing country. This paper describes a model of systemic intervention work based on the finding “Building taxonomy knowledge ‘systemic ergonomics intervention work’ as a product joining up practice with theory when ‘Reflection learning’ (Learning of the reflection) is pitted against ‘action learning’ (Learning of the action). Practitioner Summary: Even though it is a popular activity-oriented approach for systemic ergonomics intervention work in Industrially Developing Countries (IDCs), little is known about the result of ‘Tips’ (i.e., to hit slowly) from an action pathway, the challenges the systemic ergonomics intervention work faces in taking action in an Industrially Developing Country while vision driven Ergonomics and Human Factors Management performance on the different understanding main purposes: “Know-Why” – “Know-How” – “Know-What” are significant for creative trust and then, the purpose Know-for-use that ‘How will we go further here?’ (i.e., leading through appreciative). The current study demonstrates that in the building systematic ergonomics intervention influences as a product joining up practice with theory. Aimed at industrial managers, staff responsible for workforce, improvement of health, safety, and ergonomics, productivity and organizational development those following Ergonomics and Human Factors knowledge transfer management as a professional.Keywords: Macroergonomics, Systematic Ergonomics Intervention Work, Meta-Reflection, Taxonomy Knowledge, Industrially Developing Countries

  • 8.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Developing an ergonomics intervention technique model to support the participatory ergonomics process for improving work systems in organizations in an industrially developing country and its ‘Meta-Reflection'2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ergonomics Intervention Programme (EIP) can be a means of guaranteeing the most efficient use of the labour force of an industrially developing country (IDC) by creating safe and appropriate working conditions. Many problems at work can be resolved with ergonomics intervention, but persist due to a lack of ergonomics awareness and ‘know-how', as well as poor social awareness in education. This thesis represents an attempt at investigating how the Ergonomics Intervention Programme (EIP) and Ergonomics Intervention Programme Techniques (EIPTs) can be implemented in an organization by using an Ergonomics Intervention Technique (EIT) process (i.e. EIP activities, EIP team, and EIP process). The objective was to develop an action-oriented intervention process for the improvement of health and safety, as well as trying to improve work systems in IDC industries. To respond to these purposes, two main questions and four different sub-questions were formulated in this study as follows: I. Why are the efforts of these industries to implement and internalise the EIP being constrained? a. What are the main causes of these constraints? b. Is it that the EIP is difficult to implement? II. How should the EIPTs be delivered to the Iranian Industries and possibly to other organizations in IDCs, so that they can easily learn how to use them successfully? c. How can EIPTs be successfully implemented and internalised by such organizations? d. What practical activities are required for the EIPTs' implementation? This thesis also describes the development and results of using various methods during the last 10 years and illustrates the challenges of introducing EIP to Iranian industries. In this thesis, two complementary strategies have been used to collect and analyze evidence. Empirical evidence has been collected through case studies from pre-intervention phase of the EIP in Iranian Industries (as archival analysis), and action research in the three subsidiary companies while theoretical evidence has been collected through a literature study. Put simply, the conception of action research that I used is one of ‘learning by doing; individually and collectively'. One popular action research model is ‘reflecting, planning, acting, and observing'. The main difference between action research and the case study approach is noted in this study. Furthermore, in this study I mention many kinds of action research described as ‘Action Research' (AR), ‘Participatory Action Research' (PAR), and ‘Participatory and Appreciative Action Research' (PAAR). The purpose was to distinguish between the different kinds of reflections in joining up practice with theory, or ‘knowing-in-action' (i.e. the context was the EIP), including: ‘reflection-in-action' (i.e. the EIP was by ETWs), ‘reflection-on-practice, (i.e. EIP was by EIPTs) and ‘Meta-reflection' (i.e. this is thinking again about our reflection-on- practice). Based on data analyses and outcomes, an understanding was derived about factors which impact on the implementation of the EIPT Process Model. The main EIP activities were: Awakening for changing (A), Vision (V), Method of the EIPT (M), Learning (L), and Integrating (I)). Furthermore, the EIPT method in Study H was formulated to include, Participatory Ergonomics (PE) and Ergonomics Awareness Building (EAB). EAB includes; Ergonomics Training (ET), Ergonomics Application (EA), and Evaluation (E). Research Activities (RA) and Network Building (NB). The EIP team includes: action groups (AGs), a Steering Committee (SC), and Facilitator (s) (FA). The EIP process includes; routine (pre-intervention) tasks, modified (EIP process) tasks, and new EIP (post-intervention) tasks. Two key research questions emerged in the process of reflecting on the EIP. They were: (1) ‘What is it we want more of here, and how can we amplify this?' and (2) ‘How does the future unfold from an appreciation of the positive present?' These new research questions are the other side of this study. The author has discussed trying to get the EIP conversations to ‘Tip' positively. This opened up the possibility of having new kinds of conversation through EIP studies and for further research. For example, firstly, focusing on the root cause of a ‘problem' and risk of managing it, is essentially a conversation about what we may want less of here. Secondly, if we use our appreciative intelligence (i.e. the ability to perceive the positive inherent generative potential within the present), we open up the possibility of trying to understand the root cause of success. These conversations are about what we may want more of here. The main knowledge contribution of this study was the development and evaluation of a generally-applicable EIP and a range of EITs based on macro- ergonomics theory. Thus, the focus was mainly on improving workplace action and using participatory ergonomics processes through, the use of the EIPTs. Implementing and sustaining change were made possible by commitment to continual learning and focus on new improvement in action. The major outcome was a ‘Proposed model for the ergonomics ‘know-how' transfer at individual, group, and organizational levels in an IDC (at Micro/Macro ergonomics levels)'. The outcomes of this study are also used to provide industrial managers with a set of principles and processes to practically deal with ergonomics ‘know-how' transfer. Furthermore, Participatory, and Appreciative Action Research (PAAR) can help to develop an understanding of different ways to apply (research) ergonomics intervention techniques in an IDC. It is therefore a positive outcome and further development of this study. Pursuing the general question of PAAR; ‘what is it we want more of here and how can we amplify this?' I use an acronym ‘C.R.E.A.T.I.V.E' to point out some interesting avenues for future research. I hope this will be the next part of the EIP journey in the IDC. It will involve ‘heart, head, and hands' and especially behaviours that are ‘Human centered, Participatory, and Appreciative'!

  • 9.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Ergonomics Intervention Programme Technique (EIPT) in IDC: case studies in Iranian industries2003Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, it has become clear that the workshop with active participation is the best method of conducting training, especially for training people in an Ergonomics Intervention Programme (EIP). A participative workshop with a holistic and multidisciplinary ergonomics- training program is an effective way for building competence among employees for designing and implementing improvement changes at work. The thesis presents the result of a macroergonomics survey, which contains workshops and intervention projects in some Iranian industries since March 1995 by the Center for Ergonomics of Developing Countries (CEDC) in Iran. The workshops were aimed to create ergonomics learning and implementation process at three levels, viz; 'Individual, group and organization' participants of Iranian industries (papers I to V). Ergonomics intervention programme technique (EIPT) in this study was defined as the activities performed by the facilitators (ergonomics expert and Ph.D. students) for the purpose of doing; 1)- Ergonomics Training (ET) building awareness (BA), Ergonomics Application (EA) and Evaluation (E), 2)- Research Activities (RA) and 3)-Network Building (NB) in industries in the Industrially Developing Countries (IDC), case - Iran. Employees and management participation in the ergonomics activities was a key issue and integrating factor in this EIPT. According to all the issues presented in this work-study, we can argue that the EIPT will bring about awareness and action, aiding in the introduction of necessary changes. The results of the exercises and studies have shown that, in the pre-intervention phase of EIP, the positive synergistic effect of a macroergonomic approach is significant and thus the EIPT model should be followed; by virtue of the fact that intervention as the basis of action research in IDC due to action research is concerned primarily with intervention and not observation. A key role for speeding up the process of transferring ergonomics know-how to IDC could be played by universities in industrialized world, both with regards to accepting students from IDC as well as conducting collaborative research, similar to the past activities of CEDC. Furthermore, international networks, and interested ergonomists from ICs and IDCs, as well as Ph.D. students from IDCs could contribute greatly in facililitating ergonomics know-how transfer to IDCs.

  • 10.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    How could you use the ergonomics 'knowhow' transfer management to enhance human working for sustainable improvements in industrially developing countries?2012In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, no Suppl. 1, p. 2730-2735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the different strategic understanding from getting ergonomics intervention programmes' conversations to 'Tip', including minimizing strategies; tipping point strategies; and maximizing strategies from building ergonomics intervention techniques. Those have indicated to different recognitions: 1) when amplification of the 'problem' is necessary; 2) when amplification of the 'tipping point' is necessary, and 3) when amplification of the 'success' is necessary. The practical applications and implications of the ergonomics intervention techniques are drawn from the findings of framing positive questions: 1) what is successful ergonomics intervention technique right now (Appreciative)? 2) What do we need to change for a better future (Imagine)? 3) How do we do this (Design)? 4) Who takes action and with what consequences (Act)? This requires re-framing of the ergonomics intervention techniques in an appreciative way, because of, the future action needs to be inspired by those things that participants feel are worth valuing, worth celebrating and sustaining.

  • 11.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    The Ergonomics 'Know-How' Transfer Models to IDC's Industries: Concept, Theory, Methodology, Method, Technique2009Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why ergonomics did not widely know and use in industrially developing countries (IDCs) could be primary because of our failure as a professional body to globalize the subject. The ergonomics know-how transfer explores and describes the models to success for ergonomics intervention technique (EIT) in organization. It addresses subjects could linking values with the idea of practical knowledge. -Concepts on macroergonomics and participatory ergonomics as a means to developing EIT. -Demonstrates how to link it with macroergonomics theory and theories of change. -Demonstrates how research questions to link with choice of the research approach and strategy and its methodology. -Explores how with reflection practices can be spread and sustained it in organizational level. -Draws on the case studies and action research.types intervention. -Aimed at industrial managers, staff responsible for workforce, improvements of health and safety, productivity and organizational development those following ergonomics transfer programme of study as a professional. -Written by an authority in Ergonomics/Human Factors as software technology, technique, know-how transfer to organizations

  • 12.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Using ergonomic checkpoints to support the participatory ergonomic intervention in an industrially developing country (IDC): a case study2009In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 325-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve ergonomics awareness in 3 subsidiary companies, an intervention team was formed. The aims of this study were to implement basic ergonomics through a participatory ergonomics intervention process that can support a continuous learning process and lead to an improvement in health and safety as well as in the work systems in the organization. The findings of this study (i.e., method, continuous learning and integration) were key to making the participatory ergonomics intervention successful. Furthermore, 4 issues of the ergonomics checkpoints (i.e., work schedules, work tasks, healthy work organization and learning) for assessing the work system were found suitable for both changing work schedules and for improving the work system. This paper describes the result of this project and also the experiences gained and the conclusions reached from using the International Labour Office's ergonomics checkpoints in the industries of industrially developing countries.

  • 13.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Abdollahpour, Nosrat
    How could you implement ‘awakened need of change’ for the applying ergonomics to work system in industrially developing countries?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the different getting learning understanding of systemic organization knowledge conversation of a Pre-Macro-ergonomics intervention process for ‘Awakened need of change’, based on implementing PDSA Cycles of learning and its ‘Meta-reflection’ as an interactive research work. The practical applications and implications of the process are drawn from the finding of the framing positive question toward knowing, relating, action, and organizing; 1) what is the successful of this kind of Pre-Macro-ergonomics Intervention right now? (Appreciative), 2) what do we need to change to make a better future? (Imagine), 3) who takes action and with what consequences? (Act)

  • 14.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Dastranj, Farahnaz
    Occupational Health, International Campus of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences (IC-SSUMS) Yazd – Iran.
    How could you use the ergonomic checkpoints for job enrichment in an ‘appreciative way’ in industrial of industrially developing countries?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes five steps for ‘Appreciative Inquiry’ to purpose understanding from getting to use “ergonomic checkpoints”, in an ‘appreciative way’ including;1)Definition of frame implementing a phase method for pre-systemic ergonomicsintervention work process; 2) Discovery; what are appreciative and activelearning, and how it has worked? (The research model) 3) Dream; howvision and voices of the future in industries of industrially developing countries? (The Learner at the Centre) 4) Design; how to give to values and ideals using power “participatory ergonomics process”? (The tactic of pulling) 5) Destiny; how make it happen? (Inspired action and improvisation)

  • 15.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Lönnroth, Emma-Christin
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Participatory ergonomics intervention in an industrially developing country: a case study2008In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 159-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In industrially developing countries, a few ergonomists have directed great efforts towards developing ergonomics awareness among managers and workers in organizations. There is little research on the degree of their success, though. Furthermore, access of organizations to ergonomics knowledge is usually very difficult, especially in industrially developing countries. Thus, building ergonomics awareness is certainly the first phase of the process. Three companies from one industry (44 people: 14 females and 30 males) participated in a project aimed at improving their work system. At the beginning, we needed to create a common goal and ensure participation with appropriate ergonomics tools. The findings of this study were the key issue for the ergonomics intervention (i.e., a shared vision, awakened need of change and learning). Further, to build ergonomics awareness and develop a continuous learning process in the company, it was necessary to use more ergonomics tools through workers' participation in different workplaces

  • 16.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Motamedzadeh, Majid
    Tarbiat Modares University, Theran, Department of Occupational Health.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Ergonomics intervention in Iran: Khadro Car company (IKCo)2003In: Ergonomics in the digital age: proceedings of the XVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and The 7th Joint Conference of Ergonomics Society of Korea/Japan Ergonomics Society , August 24-29, 2003, Seoul, Korea, Ergonomics Society of Korea , 2003, Vol. 7Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    A macroergonomics approach: a journey into system thinking ergonomics intervention programme (EIP) in industriall developing countries (IDC) : case Iran 1993-20032003In: Ergonomics in the digital age: proceedings of the XVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and The 7th Joint Conference of Ergonomics Society of Korea/Japan Ergonomics Society , August 24-29, 2003, Seoul, Korea, Ergonomics Society of Korea , 2003, Vol. 7Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    A model of implementing ergonomics intervention programme technique (EPIT) in industrially developing countries (IDCs): case Iran2003In: Human factors in organizational design and management - VII: re-designing work and macroergonomics - future perspectives and challenges : proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management held in Aachen, Germany, October 1-2, 2003 / [ed] Holger Luczak; Klaus J. Zink, Mainz: Wissenschaftsverlag Mainz , 2003, p. 811-816Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19. Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Adopting macroergonomic approach for identification of workplace problems and development of low-cost/no-cost solutions in industrially developing countries: case study: Glucosan - Iran1998In: Human factors in organizational design and management - VI: proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management held in The Hague, The Netherlands, August 19-22, 1998 / [ed] Peter Vink; Ernest Koningsveld; Steven Shondt, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1998, p. 585-590Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Assessment of implementing ergonomic training workshops (EWTs) at three levels, the success of individual, group and organization during years 1995 to 2002 in Iranian industries2003In: Human factors in organizational design and management - VII: re-designing work and macroergonomics - future perspectives and challenges : proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management held in Aachen, Germany, October 1-2, 2003 / [ed] Holger Luczak; Klaus J. Zink, Mainz: Wissenschaftsverlag Mainz , 2003, p. 831-836Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21. Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ergonomic intervention in industries of the industrially developing countries: case study: Glucosan - Iran1996In: Human factors in organizational design and management - V: proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management held in Breckenridge, Co., U.S.A., July 31-August 3, 1996 / [ed] Ogden Brown Jr.; Hal W. Hendrick, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1996, p. 141-146Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Ergonomics intervention in industries of the industrially developing countries: case study - Iran, Khodro (car) company - Iran2002In: Third international cyberspace conference on ergonomics: CybErg 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Ergonomics intervention in industries of the industrially developing countries: case study - Iran Khodro (CAR) Company-Iran2003In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 28-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the process of introducing ergonomics to Iran and the objective of the Center for Ergonomics of Developing Countries (CEDC), the management of PTW (Prevention, Treatment and Welfare) of Iran Khodro Car Company in Iran (IKCo) has decided to apply ergonomics to improve IKCo's workstations. This was a cooperative project between PTW and the CEDC. The first phase of the project was planned to last for 18 months, during which 32 engineers, occupational health specialists and safety engineers from IKCo have been trained in ergonomics theories and practice at various workshops. The emphasis of the project was on employees' participation and on taking advantage of local skills and resources. A special organization was designed for this project. Proposed ergonomics activities were divided into three categories: 1) ergonomics training, ergonomics application and evaluation, 2) research and activities, and 3) network building. Thanks to phase 1 of the ergonomics intervention project at IKCo, the management is now in a much better position to deal with and make best use of human resources.

  • 24. Helali, Faramarz
    et al.
    Shahnavaz, Houshang
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Experimental model of ergonomics intervention in industries of the industrially developing countries: case study: Iran1998In: Global ergonomics: proceedings of the Ergonomics Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 9-11 September 1998 / [ed] Pat A. Scott; R.S. Bridger; Jack Charteris, Elsevier, 1998, p. 51-56Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25. Shahnavaz, Houshang
    et al.
    Helali, Faramarz
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
    Emami, K.H.
    Tekniska högskolan i Luleå, CEDC.
    Macroergonomics in industrially developing countries: case study Iran2000In: Ergonomics for the New Millenium: proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics society, July 29 through August 4, 2000, San Diego, California USA, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2000, Vol. Vol. 2, p. 177-180Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case study on macroergonomics in industrially developing countries (IDC) is presented. The experiences from industrialized countries (IC) show that consideration of macroergonomics is a significant contributing factor for creating the appropriate working environment. Ergonomics concern in IDC is slowly growing among progressive industrial managers, in line with rapid technological changes that are taking place in most IDC. The case studies provides a general ergonomics awareness to the employees and basic micro and macro-ergonomics knowledge and ergonomics intervention skill to the top and middle managers.

  • 26.
    Dastranj, Farahnaz (Translator)
    Occupational Health, International Campus of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences (IC-SSUMS) Yazd – Iran.
    Helali, Faramarz (Translator)
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Ergonomic Checkpoints: practical and easy-to-implement solutions for improving safety, health and working conditions , 2nd edition, 2010; Including the Paper Conference of ODAM-NES 2014: “How could you use the ergonomic checkpoints for job enrichment in an ‘Appreciative way’ in Industrially Developing Countries?”2015 (ed. Free)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1 - 26 of 26
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