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  • 1.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Establishing Cooperative Relationships and Joint Risk Management in Construction Projects: Agency Theory Perspective2015In: Journal of Management in Engineering, ISSN 0742-597X, E-ISSN 1943-5479, Vol. 31, no 6, article id 5014026Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through construction contracts, clients and contractors are involved in principal-agent relationships. These relationships are argued to be adversarial and characterised by two main features of contracting parties, as follows: (1) different goals, and (2) different attitudes to risk. Agency-related problems contribute to the project participants concentrating on risks associated with their own parts of projects instead of joint risk management (JRM). Fewer studies have discussed JRM, although risk-sharing is a key issue in principal-agent relationships and agency-related problems must be effectively addressed to establish strong collaboration. Thus, the aim of this paper is to investigate how project participants address problems associated with principal-agent relationships and thereby enhance cooperative relationships (and JRM). The empirical findings are based on two longitudinal case studies and show that strong collaboration is a multidimensional activity that is crucial for JRM. Effective JRM is highly dependent on strategies for fostering relationships and collaboration (such as cooperative procurement, establishment of common goals, and open communication), and should be implemented together with these strategies.

  • 2.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    On enhancing joint risk management throughout a project's lifecycle: Empirical studies of Swedish construction projects2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to their complexity, construction projects involve significant risks thatmust be managed in order to meet the main project objectives in terms of cost,time and quality. While some risks can be foreseen at the beginning of aproject and allocated among the project actors, other risks are difficult topredict. Moreover, even identified risks may change in scope and requiredifferent types of response. In order to manage such risks successfully,collaborative efforts among project actors are needed. This thesis focuses oncollaborative management of risks in construction projects – joint riskmanagement (JRM) – which is claimed to provide several advantages incomparison to separate risk management by each project actor. An overall aimis to increase the understanding of how JRM can be enhanced throughout aproject’s lifecycle.The underlying studies this thesis is based upon constitute a multiple case studyof nine construction projects, a questionnaire survey and a longitudinal casestudy of three construction projects. Empirical data were collected throughinterviews, observations of JRM workshops and document studies. Theempirical findings show that cooperative procurement procedures, organicmanagement systems and appropriate strategies for addressing agency-relatedproblems enhance JRM in construction projects. Thus they require thoroughconsideration when organizations intend to implement JRM.This thesis provides several contributions to risk management theory. Firstly,the author extends the definition of JRM by including its core componentstogether with associated activities and underlying factors. The extendeddefinition better reflects, and increases understanding of, the nature of JRM.Secondly, the research contributes to discussion of serious drawbacks related to traditional procurement practices by identifying and studying procurementvariables (project delivery method, form of payment and use of collaborationor partnering arrangements) that have a major influence on risk management.In addition, the results of questionnaire survey suggest that cooperativeprocurement procedures in general and collaborative activities in particular arepositively related to the use of JRM. Finally, by framing the empirical resultsin an organizational theory context this research identifies two sets of factorsthat strongly influence the implementation and effectiveness of JRM, related tomanagement system (organic vs. mechanistic), and strategy for responding toagency-related problems. By applying theory on mechanistic and organicorganization to RM, the study pinpoints the importance of managing tensionsbetween control and flexibility when implementing JRM. The author suggeststhat JRM requires a combination of formal tools (aimed at controllingidentified risks) and flexible strategies (aimed at responding to unforeseenevents). By investigating how strategies to handle agency-related problems canfoster collaborative relationships and JRM, this research contributes to RMliterature where few studies have discussed JRM from the perspective of theprincipal – agent relationships.

  • 3.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Risk management in construction projects: a comparative study of the different procurement options in Sweden2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Risks have a significant impact on a construction project's performance in terms of cost, time and quality. As the size and complexity of the projects have increased, an ability to manage risks throughout the construction process has become a central element preventing unwanted consequences. How risks are shared among the project actors is to a large extent governed by the procurement option and the content of the related contract documents. Therefore, selecting an appropriate project procurement option is a key issue for project actors. The overall aim of this research is to increase the understanding of risk management in the different procurement options: design-bid-build contracts, design-build contracts and collaborative form of partnering. Deeper understanding is expected to contribute to a more effective risk management and, therefore, a better project output and better value for both clients and contractors. The study involves nine construction projects recently performed in Sweden and comprises a questionnaire survey and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in these construction projects. The findings show a lack of an iterative approach to risk management, which is a weakness in current procurement practices. This aspect must be addressed if the risk management process is to serve projects and, thus, their clients. The absence of systematic risk management is especially noted in the programme phase, where it arguably has the greatest potential impact. The production phase is where most interest and activity are to be found. As a matter of practice, the communication of risks among the actors simply does not work to the extent that it must if projects are to be delivered with certainty, irrespective of the form of procurement. A clear connection between the procurement option and risk management in construction projects has been found. Traditional design-bid-build contracts do not create opportunities for open discussion of project risks and joint risk management. Design-build projects offer cooperative work by the architects and contractors in early phases and, therefore, more thorough risk management. Partnering helps to establish cooperative relationships because the actors work together throughout the project and each actor participates in joint risk management. A number of drivers of and obstacles to effective risk management have been explored in the study. Every actor's involvement in dialogue, effective communication and information exchange, open attitudes and trustful relationship are the factors that support open discussion of project risks and, therefore, contribute to successful risk management. Based on the findings, a number of recommendations facilitating more effective risk management have been developed for the industry practitioners.

  • 4.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Risk management in the different phases of a construction project: a study of actors' involvement2007In: Proceedings of 4th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation: Development Processes in Construction Management / [ed] Brian Atkin; Jan Borgbrant, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2007, p. 307-319Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The results from a questionnaire survey of risk management in the different phases of a construction project are presented. The participants of the study were clients, contractors and consultants working in Sweden. We analysed the involvement of these actors in the project phases, their roles in the risk management process in particular and their influence on risk management. We show that the planning and production phases of a construction project are the most important for risk management, wherein risk identification, assessment and response take place. Moreover, collaboration in terms of risk management between the actors is most intensive in these phases. Contractors participate more actively in the risk management process in comparison with other actors and have the largest influence on project risk management. Despite the recognised importance of the early phases in the project, our study shows a very low degree of risk management activity in the programme phase.

  • 5.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    The impact of contractual and collaboration forms on risk management in Swedish construction projects2007In: World of Construction Project Management: WCPM 2007, second international conference : October 24-26, 2007 Delft, The Netherlands. / [ed] H.A.J. Ridder; J.W.F. Wamelink, Delft: TU Delft , 2007, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to be able to carry out a construction project with the expected final result, professional risk management as well as a conscious risk sharing among the actors in the project are required. A question of a particular interest for the actors in Swedish construction industry is the way in which project risk management needs to be further developed, based more on openness, trust and collaboration rather than on sharp contract formulations. The objective of the study is to investigate the impact of the chosen form of contract and collaboration on risk management in construction projects. We analyse three major forms used in Sweden: performance-based contracts, design-build contracts and collaboration through partnering. A questionnaire survey and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in three construction projects were conducted. In the performance-based project no collaboration in risk management process existed between the actors. Both identified and unforeseen risks occurred in the project and had a large economic effect for the contractor. The design-build project showed very good project performance and successful collaboration in risk management. From the contractor's perspective, risk management is more effective in design-build projects as it gives the contractor the possibility to influence the project during the early phases. In contrast with first two projects, the partnering project showed that all actors had the same degree of influence on risk management. Despite the fact that the identified risks occurred during the project implementation, all actors acknowledged very good collaboration in risk management. Moreover, the partnering project was completed with a better economic result for both the client and the contractor. The results show a clear connection between the form of contract and collaboration and risk management in the chosen construction projects. Those forms that support early involvement of the actors and create opportunities for open dialogue and collaboration result in a more efficient risk management process.

  • 6.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    The impact of procurement options on risk management in Swedish construction projects2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to be able to carry out a construction project with the expected final result, professional risk management as well as conscious risk sharing among the actors in the project are required. A question of a particular interest for the actors in the Swedish construction industry is the way in which project risk management needs to be further developed, based more on openness, trust and collaboration rather than on sharp contract formulations. The objective of the study is to investigate the impact of the chosen form of contract and collaboration on risk management in construction projects. We analyse three major forms currently used in Sweden: design-bid-build contracts, design-build contracts and collaboration through partnering. A questionnaire survey and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in nine construction projects were conducted. The major finding of the study is that there is a clear connection between the form of contract and collaboration and risk management in the construction projects. The forms that support early involvement of the actors in the whole project life cycle and create opportunities for open dialogue and collaboration result in a more effective risk management process

  • 7.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Apleberger, Lennart
    Risk management in different forms of contract and collaboration: case of Sweden2007In: Proceedings of CIB World Building Congress 2007 "Construction for Development" / [ed] Th. Haupt; R. Milford, ArCiBel Editores, 2007, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk management in construction projects depends on the choice of contractual and collaboration form. In this paper we analyse three major forms used in Sweden: performance-based contracts, design-build contracts and collaboration form partnering. From the perspective of dealing with risks in construction projects we highlight strengths and weaknesses of each form. We show that the design-build contracts are attractive for the client due to their single responsibility and more risk allocated to the contractor. The performance-based contracts give the client more flexibility in terms of the design but imply more risk allocated to the client. Recently the collaboration form partnering show promising performance in Sweden and may be successfully used when a trust relationship exists between project actors. We conclude that additional research is needed in how the risk management process can be further developed, based more on openness and trust rather than on sharp contract formulations.

  • 8.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Atkin, Brian
    Competitive Building Programme, Department of Building Physics, Lund University.
    From project-oriented to process-oriented risk management in construction2008In: Conference Proceedings BEAR 2008: Building Resilience / [ed] Dilanthi Amaratunga; Richard Haigh, University of Salford, U.K. , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper sets out the results of a questionnaire survey and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in nine construction projects recently undertaken in Sweden. Despite the fact that risk management was a part of each project, many projects suffered from variations in cost affecting one or more actors. Risk management was not carried out systematically in those projects. Both identified and unforeseen risks often occurred in the projects and generally had a significant effect on the project cost. The purpose of the paper is to examine project risk management in practice and to understand how managing project risks from a process-oriented perspective could improve the situation. In particular, the involvement of the actors in risk management in individual projects is examined. Risk transfer and communication of risks between the project phases are explored. Finally, the factors that determine whether or not the actors consider an open discussion on risk management and risk sharing as beneficial are analysed. The main conclusion is that a shift from project-oriented to process-oriented risk management is required.

  • 9.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Professional Support. EXTfinansiering.
    Borgbrant, Jan
    Apleberger, Lennart
    Projekt: Riskhantering vid olika entreprenad- och samverkansformer2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Riskhantering i ett byggprojekt har stor inverkan på tid, kostnad och kvalitet på utfallet. I och med ökad storlek och komplexitet på byggprojekten har förmågan att hantera risker således blivit en central faktor för att förebygga oönskade konsekvenser i projekten. På vilket sätt olika risker fördelas mellan aktörerna i byggprocessen påverkas av hur projektet är upphandlat. Valet av lämplig entreprenad- och samverkansform är därför viktigt för att stödja riskhantering i ett byggprojekt. Det övergripande syftet med den här studien är att öka förståelsen av riskhanteringen inom de olika entreprenadformerna generalentreprenad, totaltentreprenad och projekt med samverkansformen partnering. Fördjupade kunskaper om riskhantering förväntas bidra till bättre slutresultat för både beställare och entreprenör. Studien omfattar nio byggprojekt som nyligen genomförts i Sverige. Datainsamlingen har skett via både intervjuer och enkäter till beställarna, entreprenörer och konsulter som deltagit i projekten. Resultaten visar att nuvarande genomförandeformer saknar en fungerande process för riskhantering. Det är viktigt att aktörerna i större utsträckning fokuserar mer på processen för att riskhanteringen skall bidra till projektet. Frånvaron av systematisk riskhantering var speciellt tydlig i det tidiga skedet av byggprocessen, programfasen, där en systematisk hantering av risker dock ger det bästa utfallet. I produktionsfasen var intresset och användningen av en systematisk riskhantering större. Resultatet av studien visar att kommunikationen av risker mellan aktörerna inte fungerar i den utsträckning den borde, oavsett vilken genomförandeform som användes, för att projektsäkerheten skulle säkerställas. Vidare visar studien på ett tydligt samband mellan genomförandeformen och riskhanteringen. Generalentreprenadformen skapar inte rätt förutsättningar för en öppen diskussion om projektrisker och gemensam riskhantering. Totalentreprenaden ger en större möjlighet till diskussion av projektrisker mellan konsulter och entreprenörer i ett tidigt skede av byggprocessen. Samverkansformen partnering stöder en tidig samverkan mellan aktörerna och medför att alla aktörer deltar tidigt i riskhanteringen. Studien visar också på att det finns en del drivkrafter och hinder för en effektiv riskhantering. Rapporten avslutas med ett antal rekommendationer till aktörerna i byggprocessen för en mer effektiv riskhantering.

  • 10.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Balancing control and flexibility in joint risk management: Lessons learned from two construction projects2013In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 391-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Joint risk management (JRM) is an approach that highlights the importance of collaboration between the project actors in managing risk that cannot be identified at the outset of the project. Despite the recognition of the concept in the literature, the use of JRM in practice seems to be rare. Based on contingency theory, we investigate how mechanistic (control-oriented) and organic (flexibility-oriented) management systems influence the implementation of JRM in two construction projects. In the first project, the actors managed to achieve a balance between control and flexibility, which paved the way for successful JRM. The extensive use of control in the second project hampered flexibility and constrained the use of JRM. We conclude that JRM requires both control for managing risk that has been identified and flexibility for dealing with unforeseen events. When a mechanistic approach is dominant, risk management remains a formal process carried out individually rather than collaboratively.

  • 11.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    How procurement options influence risk management in construction projects2011In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 29, no 11, p. 1149-1158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Before proceeding with a project, a client has to choose an appropriate procurement option that facilitates an effective project organization in general and a thorough risk management process in particular. By identifying three procurement variables that have a major influence on risk management: project delivery method, form of payment, and use of collaboration or partnering arrangements, the effect of each variable is studied. An exploratory study and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in 11 Swedish construction projects, were performed in order to examine how risk management was carried out in each project. Irrespective of the procurement option, many projects suffered from variations in cost affecting one or more actors. Risk management was not carried out systematically throughout project phases. However, in the projects with early involvement of the actors, their participation throughout the project, and opportunities for open dialogue and collaboration, a more thorough risk management process was found. While project delivery methods define formal risk allocation, the use of incentives and collaboration or partnering arrangements help to establish a collaborative approach to risk management.

  • 12.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Joint risk management as a driver of project performance improvement2009In: Proceedings of 5th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation, Reykjavik: University of Reykjavik , 2009, Vol. 2, p. 109-116Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents a concept of joint risk management (JRM) that is about working together on managing project risks. Despite the fact that JRM is argued to be the best option when it comes to unforeseen and changing risks, the use of JRM is still uncommon in Sweden. The limited usage of collaborative tools in general and JRM in particular is obviously a weakness in current practice that negatively affects project performance improvements. Traditional construction culture and the lack of competence among the project actors are identified as the main obstacles towards effective collaboration and JRM. In order to overcome these obstacles, a number of factors must be successfully incorporated in the project. Two groups of factors, procurement-related and relationship-related, are described in detail. The main conclusion is that there is room for improvements regarding overall collaboration in projects and JRM in particular. However, the Swedish construction industry is not efficient enough to expect rapid progress.

  • 13.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Managing risk together2011In: International Innovation, ISSN 2041-4552, Vol. 2, p. 62-64Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Samarbete ger färre risker i byggande2014In: Samhällsbyggaren, ISSN 2000-2408, no 5, p. 38-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I ett byggprojekt finns många risker som kan innebära oväntade kostnader i slutskedet. Men om samtliga aktörer samarbetar på ett genomtänkt sätt så kan man undvika obehagliga överraskningar. Vår studie visar att samverkansinriktad upphandling, balans mellan kontroll och flexibilitet samt fokus på relationer främjar gemensam riskhantering.

  • 15.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The effects of cooperative procurement procedures on joint risk management in Swedish construction projects2011In: International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, ISSN 1740-2891, E-ISSN 1740-2905, Vol. 3, no 3/4, p. 209-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reports the results of a questionnaire survey and a case study about the effects of cooperative procurement procedures on joint risk management (JRM). The purpose is to investigate how common the use of JRM is in Sweden and how the occurrence is affected by the utilised procurement procedures. The results show a limited use of JRM in Sweden, but clients that work on a national/international level use JRM to a greater extent than those on local/regional markets. The use of JRM is positively affected by cooperative procurement procedures. In particular, the most significant relationship has been found between collaborative tools and JRM – the higher the use of collaborative tools, the higher the use of JRM. The case project is used as an illustrative example where the project management team tried to overcome the traditional construction culture by using a cooperative procurement approach and creating a collaborative environment that supports JRM.

  • 16.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The effects of procurement procedures on joint risk management2009In: Twenty-Fifth Annual Conference, 2009, September 7-9, Albert Hall, Nottingham / [ed] Andrew Dainty, Reading: Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2009, p. 1305-1314Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, researchers and practitioners have recognised that the relationships between the client and the contractor play a significant role for successful project implementation. The interest in joint risk management (JRM) has increased as it strengthens collaboration between project actors and contributes to a more effective risk management process.  The lack of an iterative and cooperative approach to risk management is a weakness in current procurement practice; although several empirical studies show that the project actors are positive about implementation of JRM. The purpose of this research is to investigate how common the use of JRM is in Sweden and if the occurrence is affected by the chosen procurement procedures. Empirical data was collected through a questionnaire survey of 106 members of the Swedish Construction Clients Forum. The results show limited use of JRM in construction projects. Clients that work on a national/international level use JRM to a greater extent than those on the local/regional market. The analysis also indicates that the use of JRM is positively affected by cooperative procurement procedures. In particular, the most significant relationship is found between collaborative tools and JRM - the higher the use of collaborative tools, the higher the use of JRM.

  • 17.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    The impact of procurement options on risk management2008In: Transformation through Construction: Joint 2008 CIB WO65/WO55 Symposium / [ed] Kate Carter; Stephen Ogunlana; Ammar Kaka, Heriot-Watt University, School of the Built Environment , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve an expected final result of construction activities, professional risk management as well as conscious risk allocation among the project actors are required. Various procurement options imply different risk allocation and different degree of actors' involvement in risk management. This paper investigates the impact of the chosen procurement option on risk management in construction projects. Three major options currently used in Sweden are analysed: design-bid-build contracts, design-build contracts and collaboration through partnering. A questionnaire survey and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in nine construction projects were conducted. The major finding of the study is that there is a clear connection between the procurement option and risk management. The options that support early involvement of the actors, their participation throughout the project and opportunities for open dialogue and collaboration result in a more effective risk management process and a better final result.

  • 18.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Professional Support. EXTfinansiering.
    Eriksson, Per-Erik
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Projekt: Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta forskningsprojekt avser att utveckla och testa en modell för systematisk gemensam riskhantering som kan ge vägledning om hur riskhantering bör utformas vid olika typer av projekt för att främja projektframgång. De flesta byggprojekt påverkas i hög grad av osäkerhet. Snabbare förändringar i en globaliserad värld, nya material och tillverkningsmetoder samt ökad tidspress är exempel på faktorer som gör att osäkerheten har ökat och spås fortsätta öka. Dessa osäkerheter leder i sin tur till ökad risk som ofta orsakar mer eller mindre allvarliga problem i byggprojekt. Byggbranschens aktörer har fått kritik för otillfredsställande projektresultat, som till exempel bristande kvalitet och kundtillfredsställelse, förseningar och kostnadsökningar. Dessa problem härstammar från ökad risk och bristande hantering av dessa risker. Med ökad osäkerhet har därför riskhantering blivit allt viktigare i dagens byggbransch. Riskhantering baseras oftast på erfarenhet och subjektiva bedömningar. Detta är olämpligt och har visat sig leda till dåliga resultat ur ett riskhanteringsperspektiv. För att minska risken för tids- och kostnadsöverskridanden bör projektaktörerna istället använda sig av systematiska och analytiska kalkylmodeller där aktörerna gemensamt identifierar och hanterar risker.

  • 19.
    Osipova, Ekaterina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Simu, Kajsa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Differences in the application of risk management2010In: Performance Improvement in Construction Management, London: Spon press, 2010, p. 259-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
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