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  • 1.
    Abarkan, Abdellah
    et al.
    Blekinge tekniska högskola.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Berggård, Glenn
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Svane, Örjan
    Kungliga tekniska högskolan.
    Lyssna på forskningen: Den visar på avregleringens problem2019In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 10/21/2019Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Berglund, Lotta
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Tossavainen, Mia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Health on thin ice: methods of giving voice to Swedish citizens in urban planning and design to promote health in a cold climate2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the northern, sub-arctic, regions of the world the climate is cold a substantial part of the year which affecting people's health as low temperatures and darkness stress the body. At the same time the cold climate offers opportunities that can be utilized in an innovative manner, both technically and aesthetically, to develop the winter environment to be attractive and health promoting in outdoor activities.The aim of the study was to develop a methodology for giving voice to citizens to be used in the process of urban planning and design for good health in a cold climate. The qualitative investigations of citizen’s experiences of health promoting aspects included two workshops focused on the following questions; What are your experiences of health and well-being in a cold climate? How can this city be planned to promote health during the winter season? The 53 participants came from two cities in the northern part of Sweden. At Workshop 1 small groups of citizens (5-8) were asked to make a collective collage cutting and pasting images from magazines without talking to each other while soft music was playing in the background.When finished the silence was broken and the participants presented their contributions. At Workshop 2 small groups of citizens (5-8) were given maps of the city with different paths for walking tours aimed to pinpoint areas for improvement. After the walk the group presented their ideas for each other and a number of innovative ideas surfaced.Including citizens in the process of urban planning is not only a good source of ideas and information useful in the planning process but may be an opportunity to strengthen health literacy and healthy behavior. This study may serve as an example of an empowerment - based method including citizens in the process of urban planning and design.

  • 3.
    Cettner, Annicka
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Ashley, Richard
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Viklander, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Stormwater management and urban planning: lessons from 40 years of innovation2013In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 786-801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban planning is widely advocated as an important way to encourage the more sustainable management of urban stormwater using alternatives to piped systems. This paper explores the way in which Swedish water professionals have opportunities to influence stormwater planning and the barriers that limit their participation in this process. Empirical evidence has been obtained from in-depth semi-structured interviews with urban water professionals from nine Swedish municipalities. The paper shows that there is a perception of the legal requirements related to the provision of drainage services that inhibits the utilisation of non-piped solutions. There are also reservations about a dichotomy that inhibits actions - is stormwater an issue for the planning department or for the water department? It is concluded that water professionals have unique opportunities to integrate stormwater management approaches within wider urban planning practice and hence are able to encourage the use of alternative systems that are more sustainable than using traditional pipes or sewers.

  • 4.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 10, article id 1820Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores connectivity for soft mobility in the winter season. Working with residents from the sub-arctic city of Luleå, Sweden, the research examines how the interaction between the built environment and winter season affects people’s use of the outdoor environment. The research questions for this study are, 1) how do residents perceive the effects of winter on an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways? and 2) what enablers and barriers impact resident soft mobility choices and use of the public realm in winter? Methods used were mental mapping and photo elicitation exercises. These were used to gain a better understanding of people’s perception of soft mobility in winter. The results were analysed to identify how soft mobility is influenced by the winter season. The discussion highlights that at the neighbourhood scale, residents perceive that the winter alters an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways. It was also seen to reduce ease of understanding of the public realm and townscape. In conclusion, it is argued that new and re-tooled town planning strategies, such as extending blue/ green infrastructure planning to include white space could help better enable all year outdoor activity in winter cities.

  • 5.
    Chapman, David
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Climatic barriers to soft-mobility in winter: Lulea, Sweden as case study2017In: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 35, p. 574-580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban form can moderate the effects of weather on human movement. As such, the interrelationship between built environment, weather and human movement is a critical component of urban design. This paper explores the impacts of weather on non-motorised human movement (soft-mobility). Throughout we look at soft-mobility from the citizen’s perspective and highlight the barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

    The aim of this study was to test the traditional pallet of winter city urban design considerations. Those of solar-access, wind and snow management and explore other weather and terrain conditions that act as barriers to soft-mobility in winter. This study is based on survey responses from 344 citizens in the sub-arctic area of Sweden. Outcomes from the research highlight that rain, icy surfaces and darkness are today’s most significant barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

    Results from this study link changing barriers to soft-mobility in winter with climate change. The paper concludes that future urban design and planning for winter cities needs to consider a wider pallet of weather conditions, especially rain.

  • 6.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rizzo, Agatino
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate2018In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in climate-sensitive urban design has grown in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are various difficulties associated with such an approach. One of these is the lack of simple comfort assessment tools. This paper presents a method for microclimate assessment that is composed of a wind comfort analysis and a microclimate assessment based on measuring a combination of solar access and wind velocity. The study includes analysis of a proposed urban project situated in Kiruna, a Swedish town located in the subarctic region of the country. The results from the simulations were then overlaid to produce combined microclimate maps for three specific dates: winter solstice, spring equinox and summer solstice. The maps illustrate relative microclimate differences between areas in the proposed project based on combinations of wind/lee and sun/shadow conditions. The outcomes showed that only a small proportion of the area studied had favourable microclimate conditions at the winter solstice and spring equinox. The thermal comfort Index OUT_SET* was calculated for the summer solstice in the study area. Comparisons between the spatial distribution of OUT_SET* values and the microclimate assessment map showed a large degree of correlation. The method is intended to be a simple and representative evaluation of microclimate

  • 7.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Winter climate and non motorised travel modes – a case study in Kiruna Sweden: Results from a travel survey in North of Sweden2011In: Resilience in urban design: conference proceedings : 4th International Urban Design Conference 21st to 23rd September 2011, Nerang: AST Management , 2011, p. 259-265Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Ebrahimabadi, Saeed
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The problems of addressing microclimate factors in urban planning of the subarctic regions2015In: Environment and Planning, B: Planning and Design, ISSN 0265-8135, E-ISSN 1472-3417, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 415-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban life in the towns of the subarctic regions is affected by the severity of the local climate, which must be taken into account in urban planning. Previous studies show that the use of climate knowledge in urban planning is hindered by different constraints. In this study we focus specifically on the problems of incorporating microclimate factors into the urban planning practices in northern Sweden. We rely on a literature study and focus on interviews as our study methods. Some of the major problems identified are the lack of design knowledge relevant to a cold climate, lack of user-friendly tools to analyze microclimate, overlooking the potential uses of local climate, and lack of support from politicians. The problems related to knowledge development and the lack of tools for microclimate analysis are discussed further. In terms of knowledge issues, the planners’ awareness of climate objectives achievable at different planning scales needs to be improved. There should be further research into the effect of urban form on the use of snow and on snow-removal activities. Tools for microclimate analysis should become more user friendly for planners. More importantly, planners need methods that combine different microclimate analyses and offer a complete assessment of a given design scheme.

  • 9.
    Jonsson, Oskar
    et al.
    TFK.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Sterte, Eva
    Uppsala kommun.
    Strategisk hantering av varudistribution i tätort: exempel på och effekter av innovativa åtgärder2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Innerstaden är våra städers vardagsrum där många människor vistas, som boende, arbetande, handlande, kulturkonsumerande eller bara besökande. Detta innebär att många funktioner måste samsas inom stadskärnans utrymme, vilket kräver organisering av verksamheterna för att fungera. Varutransporter i tätorter har sedan lång tid tillbaka varit ett problem relaterat till logistik, transport och trafik. Framkomligheten för distributionsbilar i tätortskärnorna är ofta dålig och problem med platser för lastning och lossning innebär uppställningar som minskar framkomligheten för övrig trafik. Konsekvenserna för samhället är ökad miljöbelastning och minskad trafiksäkerhet och attraktivitet i stadskärnan - områden inom vilka det ställs alltmer ökande krav på förbättringar från allmänhet och myndigheter. Syftet med detta projekt är att identifiera, kategorisera och analysera åtgärder (innovativa lösningar) som på såväl kort som lång sikt kan effektivisera transportsystemet i stadskärnan och samtidigt främja stadsmiljöns attraktivitet. Denna studie tar sin utgångspunkt i en genomgång av aktuell forskning och utvecklingsprojekt relaterat till området. Utifrån denna har olika åtgärder för att effektivisera varudistribution i tätorter testats på ett antal olika typer av aktörer inom distributionsområdet i Uppsala. Detta har fungerat som underlag för ett antal scenerier vilka kan stödja kommunala planerare att skapa förutsättningar för att öka tillgängligheten för distributionsfunktionen i tätorter.I den kunskapsinhämtning som genomförts inom ramen för detta projekt har vikten av helhetsperspektiv framkommit. De städer som lyckats relativt bra med sina åtgärder har ofta arbetat på bred front med flera parallella och sammankopplade moment. En annan framgångsfaktor som identifierats är samarbete och dialog mellan samliga berörda parter. En form av partnerskap där problem kan identifieras, åtgärder kan föreslås och diskuteras utifrån samliga parters perspektiv och därigenom modifieras innan ett försök inleds. Genom att kommunen initierar s.k. samverkansforum ökar möjligheten att skapa en förståelse för andra aktörers verksamhet. Den metodik som har använts i denna studie, att samla olika aktörer till ett seminarium där olika åtgärder presenteras och där samtliga får värdera och ta ställning till dessa utifrån såväl sitt eget som andras perspektiv, kan vara ett sätt att starta igång ett sådant arbete. Att som Uppsala kommun även genomföra en godsutredning där viktiga intressenter, godsflöden och problem identifieras, är också en viktig utgångspunkt för att åstadkomma en mer effektiv varudistribution. Förutom samverkan är organisationsfrågan och incitament viktiga framgångsfaktorer. När det gäller organisation är det viktigt att kommunen är drivande i frågorna men att man inte behöver ha en ägande roll. De flesta av de undersökta exemplen i kartläggningen har initierats från offentligt håll, oftast i form av berörd kommun, men idéer har i vissa fall även kommit från transportföretag eller transportköpare. Många exempel har också startats upp som projekt finansierade av EU men har sedan permanentats. Incitament handlar om att stimulera en önskad utveckling genom att locka med någon form av förmån. Att arbeta med incitament handlar i detta fall om andra morötter än rent ekonomiska. Exempelvis genom att erbjuda transportörer ökad framkomlighet vilket sedan indirekt ska påverka transportörernas ekonomi. Detta är också något som kan öka transportörers och godsmottagares accepteringsgrad av olika åtgärder. I och med att det till stor del saknas enkla verktyg för uppföljning av transporternas effektivitet avseende fyllnadsgrader, förbrukning etc. är det också svårt att göra den återkoppling som krävs för att kunna erbjuda ett direkt finansiellt incitament. De förslag på förbättringar av varudistribution som presenterats i denna rapport kräver åtgärder från flera parter och på olika nivåer i samhället för att bli verkningsfulla. För att stärka förutsättningarna för fungerande varutransportssystem bör transportaspekterna belysas och hanteras inom alla berörda parters verksamheter. Traditionella lösningar kan regelbundet behöva omprövas och nya lösningar sökas, analyseras implementeras och utvärderas. För att åstadkomma långsiktigt hållbara och genomförbara lösningar krävs i de allra flesta fall gemensamma ansträngningar och samordning av olika mindre åtgärder. Godsmottagare har intresse av att varorna levereras säkert, i tid och till ett lågt pris. De har i många fall möjlighet att ställa krav på hur ofta och vid vilken tidpunkt varorna levereras. Då godsmottagarna i stor utsträckning utgörs av butiker ligger det också i deras intresse att värna om en trivsam handelsmiljö, där tranportarbetet stör kunderna så lite som möjligt. Genom samordning av varubeställningar, dels inom den egna verksamheten, dels genom samordning av beställningar med andra verksamheter inom samma område kan transportarbetet också effektiviseras. Godstransportörer har stora möjligheter att organisera sin egen verksamhet genom att samordna leveranser till samma adress eller område. De större företagen har dessutom möjlighet att välja det fordon som bäst svarar mot det aktuella transportbehovet, som storlek och krav på lastningsteknik etc., men också efter specifika lokala förutsättningar. Transportörerna har även möjlighet att samordna sig med andra företag för gemensam samlastningscentral eller att organisera samlastning utifrån de existerande lagren. Kommuner har ett övergripande ansvar för hur tätorternas olika funktioner samverkar d.v.s. att skapa goda förutsättningarna för ett väl fungerande samhälle. Det bör då ligga i kommunernas intresse att initiera nya åtgärder genom att vara sammankallande för inledande utredningar och seminarier i enlighet med förslagen i denna rapport. Genom det kommunala planmonopolet kan kommunen ställa krav på att privata fastighetsägare löser varutransporthanteringen på ett tillfredställande sätt för den enskilda fastigheten men även i förhållande till intilliggande fastigheter. I anslutning till detaljplaneringen kan också gemensamhetsanläggningar anordnas för t.ex. varutransporter och sophantering. Inom allmänna ytor, som gator och torg, har kommunen ansvar för att utrymme och funktioner finns för anslutande handels- och kontorsfastigheters tillgänglighet och transporter. Vid projektering av nybyggnad eller ombyggnad bestäms läge och utformning av inlastning till byggnaden. Det är då av stor vikt att dessa delar behandlas på ett medvetet sätt både för den aktuella byggnaden och dess förhållande till närliggande fastigheter och allmänna områden. I bygglovhanteringen har kommunen ansvar för att bevaka allmänna intressen och se till att lösningar för in- och uttransporter till byggnaderna har lösts på ett tillfredsställande sätt.

  • 10.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Berglund, Lotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Tossavainen, Mia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Health on thin ice: a pilot study of giving voice to youth, adults and elderly in urban planning to promote health2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Berglund, Lotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Chapman, David
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Project: Health on thin ice - urban planning for good helth in cold climates2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Stadsplaneringen i kallt klimat och dess betydelse för god hälsa diskuterades när forskare från Sverige, Norge och Finland träffades på Wibergsgården, Luleå tekniska universitet (LTU), i slutet av februari. -Vi har en het idé om god hälsa i kallt klimat, säger Catrine Kostenius, biträdande professor i hälsovetenskap vid Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.Tillsammans med Kristina Nilsson, professor i arkitektur, LTU, var hon värd för evenemanget tillsammans med projektledare Mia Tossavianen.Den tvärvetenskapliga forskargruppen har deltagare från LTU, Trondheim Norwegian University of Science och Oulu University i Finland.Samarbetet mellan forskargrupperna i Hälsopromotionsgruppen och Arkitektur har gjort ett pilotprojekt med innevånare och yrkesverksamma inom stadsplanering och hälsovård i Luleå och Pajala kommuner.De har nu gått samman med forskarkollegor från Finland, Norge och Sverige, och nästa steg är att använda delade kunskaper och erfarenheter från att utveckla en metod för att planera stadsmiljön för god hälsa i kallt klimat.- Det känns väldigt spännande att samarbeta med våra grannländer för utbyta goda erfarenheter och med förenade krafter utveckla användbara metoder som kombinerar hälsa och stadsplanering, säger Kristina Nilsson.

  • 12.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Berglund, Lotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Tossavainen, MIa
    Projekt: Hälsa på hal is - Stadsplanering för god hälsa i kallt klimat2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett forskarteam från Luleå tekniska universitet har fått regionala medel för att undersöka hur kyla, is, mörker och snö kan användas som en resurs för god hälsa. Förundersökningen Hälsa på hal is ska ge ett förbättrat underlag för planering av attraktiva utemiljöer som lockar till fysisk aktivitet i kallt klimat.– Samarbetet i projektet mellan forskare från Hälsopromotionsgruppen och forskargruppen i Arkitektur är nytt. Här kopplas två kompetensområden ihop och vi får en mer komplett syn och utveckling inom människors hälsa, som båda grupperna jobbar med. Mötet mellan människor med olika kunskap och erfarenheter gör att barriärer bryts och något nytt kan skapas, säger projektledare Mia Tossavainen. Förundersökningen innehåller två workshops och nu har den första workshopen hållits i Luleå med de fyra forskarna och de 25 experterna som på olika sätt jobbar med människor. Pensionärer, studenter och kommunanställda var några av de olika expertgrupperna som deltog. De ska tillsammans ta reda på hur man ska gå tillväga för att få reda på vad som lockar människor att röra sig utomhus på vintern. Nästa workshop hålls i Pajala och då ligger fokus på hur utemiljöerna kan planeras och byggas. Då deltar experter i planering och projektering från Pajala- och Luleå kommun samt bland annat Trafikverket, BDX och Lulebo. Miljöerna ska byggas i Luleå och Pajala och ska stimulera till bättre folkhälsa, bosättningar och etablering av nya företag. Metodiken baseras på människors upplevelser om vad som är attraktivt och hälsofrämjande. De regionala medlen kommer från Norrbottens läns landsting och länsstyrelsen Norrbotten. Institutionen för Hälsovetenskap, LTU, är sökande och projektledare Mia Tossavainen kommer att leda och organisera arbetet. Ett nära samarbete hålls med de vetenskapliga ledarna som är Catrine Kostenius (Hälsovetenskap), och Kristina L Nilsson (Arkitektur), samt medfinansiärerna Tyréns AB, Northland Resources, Luleå kommun (stadsbyggnadskontoret) och Pajala kommun. Lotta Berglund (Hälsovetenskap) ingår också i projektgruppen

  • 13.
    Luciani, Andrea
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Lidelöw, Sofia
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Industrilized and sustainable construction.
    Bhattacharjee, Shimantika
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
    Örn, Tomas
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Improving the energy efficiency of built heritage in cold regions: Issues and opportunities2018In: Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018. / [ed] Tor Broström, Lisa Nilsen and Susanna Carlsten, 2018, p. 182-190Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Löfgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Landskap inom miljöbedömning för långsiktig infrastrukturplanering: En analys av miljöbedömningen för regionala infrastrukturplaner 2014-20252016Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Löfgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Considering landscape in strategic transport planning2018In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 65, p. 396-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of transport infrastructure plans often has significant impacts on landscapes, especially where new roads and railroads are built. Key decisions regarding the building of new transport infrastructures are often made on a strategic level, where the long-term development of a region is determined, and before the infrastructure project actually begins. In this paper we build on previous advances in Strategic Environmental Assessment theory by linking the process-related issues of the integration of these assessments in general to landscape issues in particular; we use a multiple case study of Swedish transport planning.

    Results of this study indicate that the particular planning processes we looked at failed to carry out strategic landscape assessments and integrate landscape assessments in the planning process. We conclude that this can be explained by the flawed procedure of assessing landscape, the unhelpful structuring of SEA reports and by process-related issues. The idea of applying a holistic understanding of landscape, in line with the ELC, was notably absent from the studied cases. The lack of consideration of landscape as a whole can be attributed to poor use of dissipated and fragmented knowledge about landscapes as well as weaknesses in the assessment procedure. Our results indicate that the traditions of EIA are still prevalent in the practice of SEA, despite the fact that SEA theory has moved away from EIA-based methodology to become a tool for integrating environmental concerns into decision-making and for paying close attention to strategic decision processes.

  • 16. Mannberg, Mariann
    et al.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Building a one stop shop for crisis response in a local community: the purpose, the process and the problems2009In: New Perspectives on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response: 2nd International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, Atlantis press , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In building up the new emergency management system in Sweden, the government has decided that an enhanced co-ordination and interaction shall be allocated priority. Furthermore, co-operation is alleged to take place on a voluntary basis. On a local scale, municipalities are responsible for realizing this governmental vision. A major crisis requires quick coordination of information, actors and resources often wide spread geographically. Crisis management, on a local scale, faces an increasingly complex task with a multitude of interdependent actors involved in many vital every-day functions in society. This paper presents results from an ongoing action-research process in Kalix municipality in Northern Sweden aiming at building a "one stop shop" for crisis response. The purpose is twofold. Firstly, it aims to create a platform for local actors in order to reassure a well functioning flow of information and resources, between actors but also towards the public. Secondly, it aims to develop networks of local actors in order to build trust in a common system in order to increase the likelihood of best possible co-operation in the event of a major crisis. The building of networks in the local society includes social capital as a major force for mobilization and as a resource in itself, turning the process into a cumulative force, enhancing the over-all societal resilience.However, two major issues pose a threat to the project. Firstly, in our globalized society, many local actors are disembedded from the local territory as they organizationally are located elsewhere. Secondly, involvement of private actors might raise questions concerning competitive advantages, which might oppose the building of trust between network actors. Hence, the governmental utopia of voluntary co-operation of private actors might be very hard to achieve. The paper concludes by discussing ways forward, dealing with this "glocalized" problem of risk management.

  • 17.
    Mäntysalo, Raine
    et al.
    Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, Aalto University.
    Jarenko, Karolina
    Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics, Aalto University.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Saglie, Inger-Lise
    Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, University of Life Sciences, Ås.
    Legitimacy of Informal Strategic Urban Planning: Observations from Finland, Sweden and Norway2015In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 349-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Finnish, Swedish and Norwegian cities and urban regions, strategic approaches in urban planning have been developed by introducing different kinds of informal strategic plans. The means of improving the strategic quality of urban and regional planning have thus been searched from outside the statutory land use planning system, determined by the national planning laws. Similar development has also taken place elsewhere. When strategic plans are prepared outside the statutory planning system, these processes also lack the legal guarantee for openness, fairness and accountability. This is a serious legitimacy problem. In this article, the problem is examined theoretically and conceptually by combining democracy- and governance-theoretical perspectives. With this framework, four different approaches to legitimacy are derived: accountability, inclusiveness, liberty and fairness. The article concludes that strategic urban planning must find a balance between the four approaches to legitimacy. Concerning political processes, this requires agonistic acknowledgement of different democracy models, excluding neither deliberative nor liberalist arguments. Concerning administrative processes, it requires acknowledgement of the interdependence of statutory and informal planning instruments and the necessity of developing planning methods for their mutual complementarity—thus avoiding the detachment of informal strategic planning into a parallel planning “system”.

  • 18.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
    Hälsa på hal is: Gränsöverskridande byggd miljö för god​ hälsa i kallt klimat2016In: Plan: tidskrift för planering av landsbygd och tätorter, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 18-23Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19. Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Charrette som verktyg för kreativ samverkan i väg- och stadsutvecklingsprojekt: utvärdering av charretter i Kiruna, Ludvika och Söderköping2006Report (Other academic)
  • 20. Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Complexity in spatial planning practice and theory2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning practice has today a situation of numerous tasks and requirements. The situation is caused of both global and local changes together with requirements of a more sustainable de-velopment and higher involvement of inhabitants. This interconnected and multi-dimensional context is not only complicated but also complex which gives a complex context to contem-porary planning. The complexity refers to unpredictable outcomes when different natural, technical and social conditions are integrated with values from various actors and stake-holders - a great number and variety of elements and interactions in the society and planning elements. Planning administrations and planners have as actors to manage and improve meth-ods to handle the growing complexity in planning practice. The paper concerns the actors' perspectives of the complexity and how it is managed in planning practice. It is a critical and reflective scrutiny of the dichotomy; on one hand manag-ing the manifold and complexity and at the other hand limit the context to be able to manage local planning practice as in a mixed-scanning perspective. Power relations, governance and regime coalitions between the actors are studied. The relation of complexity and theories of planning and decision making is discussed in the paper. The empirical findings are collected from a case study of a northern local authority with a multi-complexity situation. The small town is located in harsh climate conditions because of an ore mine as the main industry in parallel with space technology and tourism. There is an on-going process of comprehensive planning based on the plans to move or rebuild one third of the built environment. This plan is caused by an interest from the mining company to mine iron ore under the existing town. This scenario is in turn based on the global price of the iron. The local authority spatial planning is dependent on the prognoses from the mining company of future requirement of employees in the mine together with development of space technol-ogy and regional tourism. The existing town is surrounded of natural environmental interests, national infrastructure of road, railway and airport as well as fields for nomad people's rein-deers. The planning process is expected to improve a sustainable development and an open process for all actors and stakeholders in a deliberative way. Altogether these conditions give an extreme complex context for the spatial planning situation. The results presented are expected to give new knowledge valuable for planning practice as well as for educating planning students. The result will hopefully give a contribution to the planning theory discussion. Key data sources are found from documents and plans, available statistics, together with semi structured interviews as well as participative observations. The findings are interpreted in an abductive and retroductive perspective

  • 21.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Complexity in spatial planning practice and theory: the case of Kiruna mining town2010In: A Planner's Encounter with Complexity, Farnham UK: Ashgate Publishing , 2010, p. 63-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22. Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Environmental discourses as object of empirical research2005In: Human - environment encounter: December 14-16, 2005, Apaja Auditorium, Department of Architecture, University of Oulu (Aleksanterinkatu 6) : proceedings / EnviroNet Top Ten Seminar / [ed] Kirsi Latola; Tuija Siira, University of Oulu, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23. Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Friluftsliv och fysisk planering2005In: Biodiverse, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    From environmental concern and sustainable development to climate change adaptation2013In: Planning and sustainable urban development in Sweden, Stockholm: Föreningen för samhällsplanering , 2013, p. 181-191Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25. Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Gruvlig expansion flyttar Kiruna2005In: Miljöforskning : Formas tidning : för ett uthålligt samhälle, ISSN 1650-4925, no 2, p. 38-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
    Malmberget disappearing in a w(hole)?2011In: Communities in Rural Environments. How to get them involved?: COST Action C27 Sustainable Development Policies for Minor Deprived Urban Communities, McGraw-Hill Companies , 2011, p. 121-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Malmberget is a small urban settlement in Sweden with 5000 inhabitants located north of the Arctic Circle. It is together with the double town Gällivare the main urban settlements in the local authority territory of Gällivare. The distance between the centres of Malmberget and Gällivare is only 5 km. The towns are surrounded by woodland and one distinct mountain with a ski slope. Malmberget is established because of an iron ore mine. Because of the mining activities underneath the existing town, some of the built up areas have been turned down successively during 40 years and more have to be moved or pulled down due to the mining extension. The case study concerns the implementation of sustainability policies when Malmberget has to be relocated or totally turned down. It deals with participation in the context of a minor deprived urban community‖. The deprivation comprises of threats and uncertainties caused by relocation or demolition of peoples homes and local environment as well as information deficit of the development. The current study is a part of a larger multi-level analysis of sustainable visions on local, regional and national spatial planning levels related to EU policies. The study is facing the public participation in the local authority comprehensive plan of Gällivare including Malmberget. It is focused on the part of Malmberget town and its population. It is about how the local authority strives to involve the inhabitants in the planning efforts. A participation of the population in Malmberget would be a way to encourage social sustainability in the way the inhabitants should be involved in the development of the future Malmberget. The main research questions are: Can sustainable visions stay in a planning pressure of uncertainties? If and how the actors involved in the planning processes can find a cohesive vision and develop institutional capacity to develop a new sustainable development despite uncertainties?

  • 27.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Place reinvention by real change image: the case of Kiruna's spectacular make-over2009In: Place reinvention: Northern Perspectives, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing , 2009, 1, p. 33-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The physical relocation of the iron ore mining town Kiruna in the very north of Sweden is the point of departure in this chapter. In the 1970-ties the town was depressed of declining mining activities and decreases in number of inhabitants. Today, the high global prise of iron forces the mining company to extend the mine underneath the existing town. This in turn will cause ground deformation and necessitate a relocation of a third part of the town, including the city centre, during the next thirty years. Since the idea was launched in 2004 Kiruna has had a encompassing media attention and authorities, professionals and tourists visit Kiruna to hear what is going to happen and also be part of this event. One question is if all this not already has made a reinvention of Kiruna? When Kiruna was established 100 years ago it was designed and achieved as a model town. The current planning process is based on a political vision of a future model town, as a conception of a sustainable city. The various functions in the town are expected to be integrated to reach good living conditions in an ecological, social and economical fashion for all its inhabitants (Kiruna 2006). The main question in this chapter is to explore the town image of Kiruna. The relocation and the reinvention are seen in the theoretical perspective of institutionalism and urban regimes. Are the various stakeholders able to pool resources, build institutions and eventually a regime that has the capacity to produce a common vision of the future town - a reinvented Kiruna?Empirical evidence for the chapter is based on activities concerned with the relocation of the town of Kiruna together with earlier documents presenting Kiruna and its development. The analysis forms a part of a larger research project which concerns managing of planning problems with sustainability visions and different stakeholders cooperating in the process. The investigation is carried out as a single-case study (Yin 1994) and in an intensive methodological way (Danemark et al. 1997:237). This intensive method combines interviews, together with an analysis of documents, records, plans and available statistics. Kiruna provides an extreme case. However, the type of great changes filled with uncertainties for both planners and the local community, exists in most urban planning situations. The Kiruna example provides a particularly obvious case that makes it interesting to illustrate the re-invention of a town caused by great physical changes - an extreme make-over. The next paragraph gives the framework for the analysis with regime and institutional theories. The third part presents the case study focusing the issues in this paper - images of Kiruna town. Fourthly, the reinvention of Kiruna is analysed and lastly the governance of the process is discussed.

  • 28. Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Planning in a sustainable direction: the art of conscious choices2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Society, academy and business cooperation: a complex sustainable urban development2009In: 23rd AESOP Congress: why can't the future be more like the past - Liverpool, 15-18 July 2009, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    The Göteborg spirit of planning: society, business and academy cooperation2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Holdar, Catarina
    Tyréns AB.
    Samverkansmetoder: Samråd och dialog vid trafikplanering2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trafikverket och andra offentliga aktörer har behov av att vidareutveckla metoder, som ger dem, övriga intressenter samt allmänheten större möjligheter att delta i processer där infrastrukturprojekt ska planeras och byggas både på landsbygd och integrerat med stadsutveckling. Inom Trafikverket finns krav på effektivisering och produktivitet. God samverkan, genom bättre dialog mellan aktörer och berörda och bättre kunskapsunderlag, är ett medel att effektivisera processen och förebygga överklaganden. Vid projekt där man kan förvänta sig motsättningar mellan olika gruppers värderingar eller motstånd till projektet är det extra viktigt att det genomförs utvidgad samverkan och dialoger för att förtydliga och öka kommunikationen mellan parterna. Syftet med denna rapport är att ge exempel på metoder på samverkan mellan aktörer och intressenter samt i vilka sammanhang de är lämpliga. Samverkansmetoderna beskrivs med syfte, lämplighet och hur de kan utföras. Erfarenheter ges från nyligen genomförda samverkansprojekt i trafiksammanhang. Rapporten vänder sig främst till Trafikverkets personal på olika nivåer som är praktiskt involverade av planering och genomförande av trafikprojekt. Trafikanläggningarnas tidiga skeden, lokalisering och planering i förhållande till övriga fysiska förutsättningar kallas här på samma sätt som i Transportinfrastrukturkommittéens utredning som en fysisk planeringsprocess. De metoder som presenteras i denna rapport har ofta prövats i processer för annan fysisk planering och bör därför kunna användas i planeringsprocesser för trafikanläggningar. Rapporten bygger på litteraturstudier av nationell och internationell litteratur och rapporter samt på intervjuer av personer på Trafikverket och andra parter, med stor erfarenhet av både traditionella samråd och utvidgade former av samverkansprocesser. Rapporten innehåller även exempel på metoder från andra typer av planeringsverksamhet, som jämförelse och inspiration för infrastrukturprojekt. Samverkansmetoder har analyserats för val av vilka som är lämpliga för olika skeden i trafikplanering och projekt. Metodernas möjligheter och svårigheter diskuteras och exempel från genomförda processer presenteras. Rapporten ger förslag på i vilka sammanhang de olika metoderna kan vara lämpliga. Dessutom föreslås vidareutveckling av vissa metoder. För att en samverkansprocess ska fungera måste man bemöta allmänheten med respekt, lyssna och föra en dubbelriktad kommunikation. I utredningen om ”acceptansprocessen” framhålls att kvalitet är ”att uppfylla förväntningar”. För att kommunikationen skall fungera mellan aktörerna i en planeringsprocess är det alltså avgörande att alla berörda parter förmår, kan och får uttrycka sin önskan och sina förväntningar. Motparterna måste också bekräfta att de har förstått den enskilde aktörens förväntningar. Det ger bästa förutsättningen för konstruktivt successivt framåtskridande i processen och ömsesidig acceptans i slutfasen.

  • 32.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Iversen, Emil
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Hållbar utveckling i fysisk planering och PBL-processer: Del 2: Exempel på kommuners processer, metoder och verktyg2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Brundtlandsrapportens presentation av hållbar utveckling i rapporten Vår gemensamma framtid är också den svenska officiella definitionen En hållbar utveckling tillfredsställer dagens behov utan att äventyra kommande generationers möjligheter att tillfredsställa sina behov (Brundtland 1988). Den tolkas enligt Rio-deklarationen från 1992 (UNEP, 2014) i tre integrerade dimensioner: ekologiska, sociala och ekonomiska hållbarhet. Vikten av hållbarhet betonas i portalparagraferna i den svenska Plan- och bygglagen, Miljöbalken samt flera andra nationella policydokument. Planering enligt Plan- och bygglagen (PBL) ska ”främja en samhällsutveckling med jämlika och goda sociala levnadsförhållanden och en god och långsiktigt hållbar livsmiljö för människorna i dagens samhälle och för kommande generationer” (SFS 2010:900). Nu 2014 finns det ca 25 års erfarenhet av hur hållbarhetsarbetet hanterats i kommunal och annan planering. Mycket forskning har gjorts om och för planering för hållbar utveckling, då detta är ett komplext arbete, som kan göras på många olika sätt. Trots detta ingår sällan något djupare resone-mang om, eller konkreta ställningstaganden och konsekvensanalyser rörande hållbarhet i svenska kommuners översiktsplaner (Persson, 2013; SWECO, 2014). Kortsiktig ekonomisk tillväxt tenderar också fortfarande att väga tyngst (Hrelja et al. 2012; Persson 2013). Detta tyder på behov av vidare-utveckling av metoder och verktyg för hållbarhetsarbete både med sakfrågor och på strategisk nivå. Syftet med hela denna studie har varit att söka, identifiera, analysera och reflektera över olika pro-cesser, metoder, och verktyg för integrering av hållbar utveckling i PBL-processer och annan fysisk planering på kommunal nivå. I delstudie 1 (LTU, 2014) sammanställdes kunskap om hållbar planering i svenska kommuner insamlad från forskning, utredningar och intervjuer med kunniga nyckelperso-ner. I delstudie 2 presenteras, analyseras och reflekteras över intressanta exempel på innovativ planering för olika delar av hållbar utveckling för att realisera ett mer hållbart samhälle. Avsikten med sam-manställningen är att visa på aktuella lärorika exempel från kommuner som utvecklat ny metodik och verktyg, vidareutvecklat sådana eller tillämpat känd metodik och verktyg på ett verkningsfullt sätt.

  • 33.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Lindberg, Johanna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and theater.
    Planering för klimatanpassning i sub-arktiska fjällområden2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Planering för klimatanpassning i sub-arktiska fjällområden är en rapport om en delstudie inom forskningsprojektet Klimatförändringar, klimatpåverkan och anpassning i Sub-Arktis, en fallstudie från norra Sveriges fjälltrakter, Climate change, impacts and adap-tation in the sub Arctic - A case study from the Northern Swedish mountains. De uppskattade framtida klimatförändringarna kommer att förändra inte bara vädret utan också landskapet i sub-arktiska områden. Detta kommer i sin tur att påverka markan-vändning och hur människor kan få sin utkomst i fjällområden. De viktigaste användarna, aktörerna och intressenterna av marken i dessa områden är samer, turistidkare, jägare, fiskare, naturvårdare m.fl. Dessutom används fjällområdena för friluftsliv, samt nationell och internationell turism. Denna rapport presenterar en delstudie inom det ämnesövergripande projektet, vilken fo-kuserar på markanvändningen successivt förändras och hur den kan anpassas till framtida klimatförändringar. Övriga delstudier i projektet har utvecklat modeller för detaljerade, nedskalade bedömningar av lokala data för klimat, vegetation, snöfördelning, biologisk mångfald och naturresurser. Dessa data ligger till grund för klimatanpassning av markan-vändningen. De samlade resultaten syftar till att användas för utveckling av lokala och regionala planeringsstrategier för olika nivåer av fysisk planering av markanvändning i sub-arktiska fjällområden. Det forskningsövergripande projektet, hade inledningsvis sin bas i Abisko naturve-tenskapliga station. Denna delstudie har genomförts på Luleå tekniska universitet av forskare inom arkitekturgruppen vid Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser. Det hanterar frågor om markanvändning och fysisk planering och omsätter undersök-ningsresultat från flera av de övriga delprojekten till faktorer att fungera som underlags-material eller aspekter att hantera i praktiskt tillämpade planeringssituationer.

  • 34.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Markstedt, Anders
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad.
    Ericsson, Lars O
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad.
    Norrman, Jenny
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
    Volchko, Yevheniya
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
    Öberg, Maria
    Trafikverket.
    Undermarken måste utnyttjas mer effektivt: Planering på djupet2019In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no Augusti, fredag 2, p. 5-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University.
    Spatial planning and management2012In: Rural Development and Land Use, Uppsala: The Baltic University Programme, Uppsala University , 2012, p. 205-227Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Malmfältens kulturmiljöprocesser2011Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Varför är det så ont om Q?2019In: Hållbar renovering ur ett helhetsperspektiv: En antologi från forskarmiljön SIRen / [ed] Olander, Stefan; Mjörnell, Kristina; Femenias, Paula; Helsing, Elisabeth; Wallentén, Petter, SIRen , 2019, p. 115-119Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Volchko, Yevheniya
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Norrman, Jenny
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Lars O.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Markstedt, Anders
    WSP, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Mossmark, Fredrik
    Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU), Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bobylev, Nikolai
    Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Earth Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
    Tengborg, Per
    Rock Engineering Research Foundation (BeFo), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Subsurface planning: Towards a common understanding of the subsurface as a multifunctional resource2020In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 90, article id 104316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to powerful trends in technology, resource and land supply and demand, socioeconomics and geopolitics, cities are likely to increase use of the subsurface in the near future. Indeed, the subsurface and its appropriate use have been put forward as being of crucial importance if we are to achieve resilient and sustainable cities. In recent years, quite apart from being seen primarily as a construction basis to provide physical space for infrastructure and to create a better surface living environment, the subsurface has been recognised as a multifunctional natural resource, one which provides physical space, water, energy, materials, habitats for ecosystems, support for surface life, and a repository for cultural heritage and geological archives. Currently, the subsurface is often utilised according to the “first-come-first-served” principle, which hinders possibilities to take strategic decisions on prioritisation and optimisation of competing subsurface uses, as well as fair inter- and intragenerational distribution of limited natural resources. Taking a broad international perspective, this paper investigates the subsurface as a multifunctional resource from five focal points: (1) what professionals with different backgrounds mean when using different terms related to the subsurface; (2) how professionals describe the subsurface and its multiple resources, functions and services; (3) how planning of subsurface use is supported in policy and regulations; (4) how the subsurface is included in the planning process; and (5) frameworks that can support decision-making on responsible use of the subsurface. The study reveals that the subsurface must be recognised (not only by scientists but also by decision- and policy-makers and other stakeholders) as a precious and multifunctional resource requiring careful planning and sensitive management in accordance with its potential and its value to society. Utilisation of the different subsurface functions to yield services requires careful planning and a framework to support decision-makers in achieving a balance between utilisation and preservation, and between the subsurface functions themselves in the case of outright utilisation. Further, to facilitate the necessary change towards transdisciplinary work settings in the planning process and form a platform for knowledge exchange and capacity building, there is an urgent need for a common language, i.e. mutually understandable terminology, and a common understanding, i.e. an all-inclusive view on the subsurface as a complex multifunctional resource.

  • 39.
    Wikberg-Nilsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Blomqvist, Kajsa
    RISE.
    Jahnke, Marcus
    RISE.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    RISE.
    Öhrling, Therese
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human and technology.
    Tillgänglighetsdesign för stadens utveckling2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det offentliga rummet: stadens gator, parker, byggnader och torg likväl som den kultur och sociala kontext som en viss stad har, skulle kunna utformas för att vara tillgängligt, användbart, inkluderande, attraktivt och välgörande för människan i betydligt större utsträckning än vad som görs idag. 

    Troligtvis är det inte medveten diskriminering som ligger bakom mindre god design av det offentliga rummet, utan snarare okunskap om vad som kan och behöver göras. Fram tills dess människor befinner sig i en situation där de på något sätt själva är hindrade från att delta på lika villkor är det svårt att inse hur mycket det offentliga rummet påverkar oss. Det kan vara mindre hinder i form av ojämnt underlag som gör det svårt att ta sig fram för vissa, medan det omöjliggör framfart för andra. Det kan vara miljöer som vissa upplever som “vanliga” medan andra upplever sig djupt otrygga eller utestängda från desamma. Med andra ord är det offentliga rummets utrymmen där vi lever, jobbar och leker knutna till vart vi går och vad vi gör eller vart vi inte går eller gör. 

    Av den anledningen anser vi att det finns behov av att utveckla konkreta metoder och handgripliga råd för att arbeta med mer medveten utformning av fysisk miljö: tillgänglighetsdesign. Tillgänglighetsdesign används här genomgående som ett brett begrepp för design av lösningar som upplevs trygga, användbara, inkluderande, attraktiva och välgörande. Vi utgår från en designpraktik som stödjer tanken att miljön måste vara tillgänglig för alla grupper i samhället. I det förstudieprojekt som beskrivs i kommande kapitel har av den anledningen en kartläggning skett med utgångspunkt i ett helhetsgrepp på tillgänglighetsdesign, det vill säga att motverka diskriminering och främja lika rättighter och möjligheter oavsett kön, könsöverskridande identitet eller uttryck, etnisk tillhörighet, religion eller annan trosuppfattning, funktionsnedsättning, sexuell läggning eller ålder. 

    Förstudien har omfattat kartläggning av normkritiska perspektiv, lagar och riktlinjer kring fysisk tillgänglighet, social hållbarhet och tillgänglighet, universell och inkluderande design, samt inhämtning av inspiration från arkitektur, form och designområdet. Det har även omfattat identifiering av goda exempel från runt om i landet på vad tillgänglighetsdesign i bred bemärkelse kan omfatta och intervjuer med personer som arbetat med detta. Vi vill rikta ett stort tack till er som bidragit till arbetet. 

    Vår avsikt är att de principer som utformats i förstudien för tillgänglighetsdesign ska diskuteras, användas och uppdateras vid all stadsutveckling. På så sätt kan vi åstadkomma ett helhetsgrepp på tillgänglighetsdesign och åstadkomma socialt hållbara, attraktiva och tillgängliga platser och miljöer runt om i landet. 

  • 40.
    Öberg, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta ()
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    By Maria Öberg, Senior research engineer/PhD-student, Kristina L. Nilsson, Professor, and Charlotta Johansson, Assistant Professor Luleå University of Technology2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Governance of Major Transport Corridors Involving Stakeholders2016In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 14, p. 860-868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper governance for developing main transport corridors in the European Union was examined by means of document- and literature studies. European Union transport policy documents were studied as well as legislation regarding development of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). One of the most strategic parts of the TEN-T, the Scandinavian – Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, was particularly studied with documents concerning the implementation of ScanMed. Qualitative content analyses have been conducted and three themes consisting of “governance organisation”, “actors” and “governance in practical implementation process” were studied.It was concluded that a broad range of stakeholders have to contribute in order to accomplish a well-functioning transport system. Accordingly the studied policy, legislative and implementation documents all concern governance matters in various ways. Depending on the actual transport initiative, and its objectives, stakeholder involvement can vary. A framework for governance arrangements for the most strategic parts of TEN-T, the Core network corridors is set in a regulation. A European coordinator was appointed for each Core network corridor and has an important role in facilitating the implementation. Such governance structure was already foreseen in earlier policy documents. Corridor forum is a new tool aiming to bring key stakeholders together for consultative purposes and in addition working groups can be connected to the Corridor forums. The policy and legislative documents have a focus on the responsibilities and activities for the European Commission and the concerned Member states. The importance of other stakeholders such as cities, ports, regional authorities, private actors is mentioned, but their activities are not explicitly stated in these formal European documents. However, participation of various stakeholders in the ScanMed Core network corridor implementation process is tangible, especially when concrete projects are discussed. Further, in the ScanMed Core network corridor implementation process the Corridor forum is explored as a new tool for bringing stakeholders together, progressively reaching an increasing number of stakeholders, including users of infrastructure in future stages. Encompassing eight countries and several modes of transport a large number of stakeholders are indicated. The idea of future ideas laboratories acting as meeting spots for development of the transport corridor on specific topics, and bringing a variety of stakeholders together, is interesting.A key challenge for future implementation of the ScanMed Core network corridor is the large number of stakeholders concerned by a transnational and multimodal transport system. Governance design to strengthen involvement of stakeholders in European transports initiatives such as the TEN-T should be encouraged. Suitable forums for cooperation and collaboration for inclusiveness for various actors need to be elaborated, where common overarching objectives need to be agreed upon. These forums have to be developed together with concerned stakeholders so that choice of forum is suitable due to its expected function. Key stakeholders which can actively contribute to progress and new ideas need to be connected to the process. And developed working groups, ideas laboratories and similar, on a geographical basis for parts of the corridor or for a specific topic, need to be adequately bridged to a European level.

  • 43.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta M.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors2018In: Cogent Business & Management, E-ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1423870Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, stakeholders’ expected benefits and concerns are presented regarding the development of Core Network Corridors (CNCs) within the European transport initiative, the Trans-European Network for Transports. An interview study was conducted with 23 stakeholders from different parts of the society in the Baltic Sea area. The results show that stakeholders have a range of expectations, both positive and negative, for the development of the CNC. Stakeholders’ views were sorted into three categories based on the gathered data: matters that are already regulated; unregulated matters that often include vaguely defined responsibilities and require diverse stakeholder engagement for improvement; and matters for which there are concerns about negative outcomes. The results indicate (a) a need for cost-effective complementary governance, here described as additional governance measures to those regulated in the initial framework, (b) that a wider group of stakeholders than is currently involved is needed in the on-going implementation process. Additional regional and local level stakeholders, within and outside of the CNC, and private businesses, would enhance the benefits and/or mitigate negative implications of the developed CNCs, (c) an openness for complementary governance in the on-going CNC implementation process. This openness needs to be considered when developing models for policy packaging.

  • 44.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a transnational transport corridor management: structural and procedural public and private cooperation2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors2018In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 674-682Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When implementing major European transport corridors, such as the Core network corridors (CNC) which is a part of the European Trans-European Network for Transports (TEN-T), the number of stakeholders affected is huge. A governance framework for the CNC’s implementation was introduced in EU Regulation No. 1315/2013, and is now being enacted. Sustainable development and stakeholder involvement are crucial areas in the implementation. This interview study investigated the need for complementary governance, here meaning governance in addition to the governance framework set in the regulation. The interviews involved 23 individuals from the Baltic Sea Region, who are affiliated to the four categories public authority, infrastructure organisation/company, private company and other organisation. The results confirm the importance of an inclusive approach. Further, the results showed a need to ensure that all three social, economic and ecological dimensions of sustainability are considered. Summarising the interview results, four areas for attention in the further CNC implementation process were identified: more and directed information, extended involvement of private sector transport stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, and involvement of stakeholders located geographically outside the immediate corridor. Complementary governance can be a tool to address these areas, as governance structures and processes can involve stakeholders and steer towards desired outcomes. The interviewees own ideas for complementary governance are presented in this paper.

    The CNC implementation is currently an on-going process and these results will be further utilised in the process, as a basis for stakeholder discussions of changes in practice.

  • 46.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a management structure for transport corridors2016In: Towards Innovative Freight and Logistics: Research for Innovative Transports Set / [ed] Corinne Blanquart; Uwe Clausen; Bernard Jacob, John Wiley & Sons, 2016, Vol. 2, p. 231-241Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    How to create a management structure for transport corridors2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents2016In: Transportation research procedia, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper results are presented from document- and literature studies examining how the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development (economical, ecological and social) are used in the process of developing main transport corridors in the European Union.  Particular focus has been placed on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, a strategic part of the trans-European network for transports (TEN-T). European Union transport policy documents were studied along with the legislation for TEN-T and documents regarding implementation of the ScanMed corridor.

    The paper highlights that the concept of sustainable development is used in a multifaceted way, sometimes indicating the overarching goal of sustainability, sometimes indicating certain dimensions, and sometimes referring to conducting efforts in a sustainable way. This implies that stakeholders are led to perceive the concept in various ways, influencing how measures are implemented and how the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainability are integrated. Reinforcing a holistic perspective of sustainability and sustainable development as integrating economic, ecological and social benefits for a desired development would avoid the perception of sustainability as merely addressing a specific dimension, like environmental concerns. In part this could be strengthened by clearly framing the particular dimensions of sustainability being addressed in different parts of major transport corridor documents, for example; “economic sustainability” or “social sustainability”.

  • 49.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Johansson, Charlotta
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents2017In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 25, p. 3698-3706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper results are presented from document- and literature studies examining how the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development (economical, ecological and social) are used in the process of developing main transport corridors in the European Union.  Particular focus has been placed on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, a strategic part of the trans-European network for transports (TEN-T). European Union transport policy documents were studied along with the legislation for TEN-T and documents regarding implementation of the ScanMed corridor.

    The paper highlights that the concept of sustainable development is used in a multifaceted way, sometimes indicating the overarching goal of sustainability, sometimes indicating certain dimensions, and sometimes referring to conducting efforts in a sustainable way. This implies that stakeholders are led to perceive the concept in various ways, influencing how measures are implemented and how the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainability are integrated. Reinforcing a holistic perspective of sustainability and sustainable development as integrating economic, ecological and social benefits for a desired development would avoid the perception of sustainability as merely addressing a specific dimension, like environmental concerns. In part this could be strengthened by clearly framing the particular dimensions of sustainability being addressed in different parts of major transport corridor documents, for example; “economic sustainability” or “social sustainability”.

  • 50.
    Örn, Tomas
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Nilsson, Kristina L.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
    Identifying Cultural Building Values: Methodology Review for Energy Efficiency Alterations2013In: Cultural Heritage Preservation, EWCHP 2013: Proceedings of the 3rd European Workshop on Cultural Heritage Preservation Bozen/Bolzano, Italy 16th - 18th September 2013 / [ed] Alexandra Troi; Elena Lucchi, Milano: Felix Verlag editrice, Milano , 2013, p. 219-225Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 50 of 50
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