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  • 1.
    Ek, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Goytia, Susana
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Nysten-Haarala, Soili
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Pettersson, Maria
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Söderasp, Johanna
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights2017In: Research Ideas and Outcomes, E-ISSN 2367-7163, Vol. 3, article id e21305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two systems working in parallel have contributed to implementation difficulties in Swedish water governance. While the old system is designed to be predictable and stable over time, the new system is intended to be transparent and holistic, guided by the principles of Integrated Water Resource Management. The paper disentangles the challenges in Swedish water governance and proposes a blueprint for future research. The proposed research project is unique in the sense that it explores the imbalances between the new and the old water governance systems from a multi-disciplinary perspective, elaborating upon the clashes between the traditional, nationally based regulatory system and the new holistic water governance system from legal, political and economic perspectives.

  • 2.
    Laikre, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Department of Zoology, Division of Population Genetics, Stockholm University.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Jansson, Eeva
    Stockholm University, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen.
    Wennerström, Lovisa
    Stockholm University.
    Edman, Mari
    Stockholm University, Department of Zoology, Division of Population Genetics, Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lack of recognition of genetic biodiversity: international policy and its implementation in Baltic Sea marine protected areas2016In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 661-680Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Genetic diversity is needed for species’ adaptation to changing selective pressures and is particularly important in regions with rapid environmental change such as the Baltic Sea. Conservation measures should consider maintaining large gene pools to maximize species’ adaptive potential for long-term survival. In this study, we explored concerns regarding genetic variation in international and national policies that governs biodiversity and evaluated if and how such policy is put into practice in management plans governing Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Sweden, Finland, Estonia, and Germany. We performed qualitative and quantitative textual analysis of 240 documents and found that agreed international and national policies on genetic biodiversity are not reflected in management plans for Baltic Sea MPAs. Management plans in all countries are largely void of goals and strategies for genetic biodiversity, which can partly be explained by a general lack of conservation genetics in policies directed toward aquatic environments.

  • 3.
    Laikre, Linda
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Safeguarding adaptive potential of Baltic Sea marine biodiversity: ways forward to address identified shortcomings in MPA governance2017In: Book of abstracts: BONUS SYMPOSIUM: Sciencedelivery for sustainable use of theBaltic Sea living resources, Tallinn, Estonia, 17-19. October 2017, 2017, p. 54-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Lundberg, Angela
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Erixon, Peter
    Fell, Astrid
    Ingri, Johan
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Maurice, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Rönnbäck, Brit
    Teaching community in sustainable development: aim, realization and evaluation. Final report from project "Teaching communities" (självförbättrande lärartem)2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A model for the educational development of university teachers (a type of teaching community) has been tested. University staff from different faculties worked and reflected together over the teaching and learning practice in a couple of courses. The community was supervised by an educational developer with a doctoral degree in psychology, and they worked in close collaboration with both undergraduate students and PhD students. The teaching staff that participated improved their teaching skills, extended their repertoire of learning tools, and experienced increased self-reliance. Their motivation and enthusiasm for teaching increased, and today they act as "missionaries" for good teaching and learning practices at the University. It was not obvious, however, that this educational development promoted their academic careers. New project ideas emerged from the teaching community.

  • 5.
    Lundberg, Angela
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Maurice, Christian
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Erixon, Peter
    Arena Global Resources: Experiences from the first Study Semester2003In: Proceedings 2003 Utvecklingskonferensen 26 - 28 november i Gävle / [ed] Ingrid Järnefelt, Rådet för högre utbildning , 2003, p. 20-40Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Luleå University of Technology is implementing a new type of open programs called Arenas. An Arena is more interdisciplinary than a traditional program and allows a wider entrance and a wider exit. Key words that characterise the arena concept are: Knowledge construction, research connection, collaboration with the surrounding society and individual choice. During the first semester in the Arena global resources the student learning during is focused on a) the development of essential academic skills required for successful studies such as improving personal responsibility and selfassessment skills b) basic knowledge about global resources (scientific, technical, economic, political and legal aspects) c) orientation about available courses, university research and professions within the field of global resources in order for the students to design an individual curriculum. Examples of activities are: a three-day study trip, team-work activities, process writing with student reflection on their learning process. Many teachers are involved in the work with the first study semester and one of the aims with this project is that these teachers should work with an action research approach to improve the student learning. Experiences from the first semester showed that we were successful in creating a good study atmosphere - students that had other first hand choices stayed at the arena, good study results (95% passed the exams). We were less successful with providing the information the students needed to design their individual curriculum.

  • 6.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Book review: John Barry & Marcel Wissenburg (eds): Sustaining liberal democracy: ecological challenges and opportunities2002In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of John Barry & Marcel Wissenburg (eds): Sustaining liberal democracy: ecological challenges and opportunities. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001. ISBN: 0-333-91981-5

  • 7. Lundmark, Carina
    Eco-democracy: a green challenge to democratic theory and practice1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecocentrism, or green ideology, offers a perspective on the relationships between human beings and nature that is radically different from the human-centred outlook within which democratic decision-making procedures have developed. Green ideology does not accept humans' innate right to dominate other life-forms. Rather, human beings are considered part of nature and the various parts are seen as having value in their own right, irrespective of their perceived usefulness for human beings. In this study, I seek to formulate a "green" democratic theory or, at least, identify the "seeds" of one using ecocentrism as my point of departure. In so doing, I focus on three basic democratic values - liberty, equality and participation. Although these values are presumed essential to all democratic theories, I argue that the interpretations are somewhat "elastic" in character. Thus, the boundary between democratic norms of process and content is placed somewhat differently in different versions of democratic theory. The green contribution to democratic thought introduces human environmental rights and rights of the non-human biota, which in turn call for democratic representa-tion. Furthermore, eco-democracy proposes an "environmental citizenship" that not only embraces environmental rights, but also citizen obligations towards the natural environment. I show that these eco-democratic norms have no exact equivalent within more traditional democratic theorising (which is represented in this study by a representative and a more participatory variant of democratic theory). This study also points to a rather propitious "breeding-ground" for the eco-democratic ideas among Swedish political actors at the beginning of the 1990s. Ecocentric interpretations of democratic core values have a position on the political parties' agendas, there is an active environmental movement that propagates for these ideas, and there is relatively widespread recognition of eco-democratic norms within the Swedish public. Thus, the elasticity of democratic core values is not "only" a theoretical construction, but also an aspect of contemporary Swedish democratic culture.

  • 8.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Feminist political orientations1995In: The Impact of Values, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, 1, p. 250-274Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Svenska riksdagspartiers syn på naturen2002In: Människor, hälsa, miljö: Föredrag hållna på filosofiska fakultetens dag, 6 oktober 2001, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2002, p. 27-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecocentrism offers a perspective on the relationships between human beings and nature that is radically different from the predominant human-centred outlook. Green ideology does not accept humans' innate right to dominate other life forms. Rather, human beings are considered part of nature and the various parts are seen as having value in their own right, irrespective of their perceived usefulness for human beings. In this study, ecocentrism is the point of departure when analyzing how political parties in the Swedish Parliament perceive environmental rights and obligations. Do human environmental rights and rights of the non-human biota have a position on the political parties' agendas? If so, what are the implications in terms of citizen obligations? The findings suggest a propitious "breeding-ground" for green interpretations of rights and duties among Swedish political parties at the beginning of the 1990s, while "the green challenge" to democratic decision-making has become less tangible in recent years.

  • 10.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    The new ecological paradigm revisited: anchoring the NEP scale in environmental ethics2007In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 329-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The New Environmental or Ecological Paradigm (NEP) is widely acknowledged as a reliable multiple-item scale to capture environmental attitudes or beliefs. It has been used in statistical analyses for almost 30 years, primarily by psychologists, but also by political scientists, sociologists and geographers. The scale's theoretical foundation is, however, seldom discussed and not comprehensively specified. This article explores the environmental ethics that underlies the scale, analysing which ethical positions on human - nature relations the scale seem to match. The study shows that pronounced forms of anthropocentrism are well captured by the scale, while the environmental position is 'shallow' rather than 'deep green' and misses crucial elements of the contemporary environmental ethics debate

  • 11.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    The politics of recycling: a liberal democratic dilemma?2003In: European Environment, ISSN 0961-0405, E-ISSN 1099-0976, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 120-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of environmental sustainability, such as waste recycling policies, commonly requires people's active involvement. These ideas substantially challenge both established theoretical conceptions and people's daily habits. In this study, political recycling objectives are explored from two branches of political philosophy with different ideas about the proper relationships between individuals and the state - liberalism and communitarianism. Both perspectives are portrayed in traditional and green versions, while Sweden provides empirical illustrations, as a liberal democracy with significant communitarian features. Analyses show that increased freedom in other areas (e.g. in the economic field) is used to justify the restrictions in individual freedom that recycling entails. However, the conflict between environmental responsibilities and individual freedom of action crucial to the theoretical debate has little correspondence as Swedish recycling policy is presently being implemented. One set of environmental norms prevails in official documents at national and local levels, and people are anticipated to behave accordingly.

  • 12. Lundmark, Carina
    Towards a green democratic theory1995Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Klas
    Department of Education and Special EducationUniversity of Gothenburg.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Laikre, Linda
    Department of ZoologyStockholm University.
    Effectiveness of short-term knowledge communication on Baltic Sea marine genetic biodiversity to public managers2017In: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 841-849Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to assess the impact of two forms of short-term knowledge communication – lectures and group deliberations – on public managers’ policy beliefs regarding genetic biodiversity in the Baltic Sea. Genetic biodiversity is a key component of biological variation, but despite scientific knowledge and far-reaching political goals, genetic biodiversity remains neglected in marine management. Previous research highlights lack of knowledge as one explanation to the implementation deficit. This multidisciplinary study builds on the identified need for an improved knowledge-transfer between science and on-going management. A basic knowledge package on genetic biodiversity in the Baltic Sea was presented as either a lecture or a deliberative group discussion to two separate samples of public managers who are involved in Baltic Sea and other biodiversity management at the regional level in Sweden. The empirical findings show that the communicated information has an impact on the public managers’ beliefs on genetic biodiversity of the Baltic Sea. Lectures seem more efficient to transfer knowledge on this theme. Those who received information through a lecture strengthen their confidence in area protection as a management tool to conserve genetic diversity. They were also more convinced of the obligation of authorities at national and regional level to take on larger responsibility for genetic conservation than those managers who participated in deliberative discussion.

  • 14.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Dahlén, Lisa
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
    Fokusgrupper för förbättrat samarbetsklimat mellan landstingets politiker och tjänstemän: en pilotstudie i Västernorrlands, Västerbottens och Norrbottens läns landsting2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under hösten 2009 genomfördes en pilotstudie, där tjänstemän och förtroendevalda från Norrbottens och Västerbottens läns landsting samt Landstinget Västernorrland fick diskutera rollfördelning och samarbetsklimat i fokusgrupper, under ledning av två forskare från Luleå tekniska universitet. Syftet var att inventera deltagarnas erfarenheter och bidra till bättre förståelse för respektive parts arbetssituation och problembild. I rapporten redovisas de olika upplevelser och tolkningar som framkommit under diskussionerna, med särskild betoning på de förslag som deltagarna själva lyft fram som möjliga strategier att göra rollerna tydligare och förbättra samarbetsklimatet. Fokusgruppsdeltagarna var överens om att det behövs fler tillfällen att diskutera rollerna. Förståelsen för rollerna behöver fördjupas i en ständigt pågående process. Det är viktigt för både politiker och tjänstemän att förstå sin egen roll och att ha respekt för varandras roller. Det behövs också en medvetenhet om det gränsland som alltid kommer att finnas, där politik och förvaltning överlappar. Studien visar att heltids- och fritidspolitiker har helt olika förutsättningar att arbeta politiskt. Heltidspolitiker är med och sätter dagordningen, har täta kontakter med tjänstemännen och får god inblick i de ärenden som är på väg upp till beslut. Fritidspolitiker, särskilt de som enbart sitter i fullmäktige, kan uppleva beslutsförslagen som både svåra att förstå och svåra att påverka. Fokusgruppsdiskussionerna visade att fritidpolitiker i allmänhet och oppositionen i synnerhet behöver bättre förutsättningar för att kunna arbeta politiskt på ett meningsfullt sätt, till exempel föreslogs att överväga organisationsförändringar (Oppositionen med i beredningar? Tjänstemannatid reserverad för oppositionen? Politiska sekreterare?). Förbättrad måluppföljning lyftes fram som en förutsättning för att politiker ska kunna arbeta med mål på ett meningsfullt sätt. De förtroendevalda önskade också mer nyanserade beslutsunderlag samt tydligt medborgarperspektiv i beslutsunderlagens konsekvensanalyser. Tjänstemännen önskade en större politisk tydlighet och målinriktning hos de förtroendevalda. Fokusgruppsmetoden har fungerat bra, både för att inventera erfarenheter av relationen och för att förbättra deltagarnas förståelse för den andra gruppens situation.

  • 15.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Gunnar
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Lärande av goda exempel inom Uthållig kommun2013Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Gunnar
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Education, Language, and Teaching.
    Prospects for learning in river management: Exploring the initial implementation of the Water Framework Directive in a Swedish river basin2014In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 161-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study explores the initial implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) in the Lule River basin, Sweden, examining how and to what extent administrative procedures enable learning through dialogue and stakeholder collaboration. Theorising on adaptive co-management and social learning is used to structure what is to be learnt, how and by whom. Qualitative content analyses of policy documents, responses from consultation procedures and interviews show that there are opportunities for stakeholder involvement and dialogue in organizational settings of various kinds, but as the number of affected interest is large and difficult to demarcate many interests lack a formal channel for influence. It is primarily through poorly attended Water Council meetings and during the consultation process prior to decisions on management plans that all affected interests can voice their opinions. Consultation processes represent one-way communication rather than dialogue and the ones examined are strongly focused on scientific rather than experience based knowledge. If language is to be used productively to assist the constitution of relevant knowledge in the implementation of the WFD, it is important to find ways of communication that can serve as a platform for common meaning making among a large number of diverse societal actors.

  • 17.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Matti, Simon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Exploring the prospects for deliberative practices as a conflict-reducing and legitimacy-enhancing tool: the case of Swedish carnivore management.2015In: Wildlife Biology, ISSN 0909-6396, E-ISSN 1903-220X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 147-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new structure for decision-making in relation to management of large carnivores is presently being implemented in Sweden through a system of regional Wildlife Management Delegations (WMD). The governing idea is that strengthened regional influence will increase the legitimacy of both the management system and its outcomes. We use this institutional change as a backdrop for analyzing the possibilities to apply deliberative practices to reduce conflict and enhance legitimacy in the management of natural resources. We argue that structures alone do not determine the prospects of deliberative arrangements; the political context (i.e. the characteristics and relationships among participating actors) is equally important. An analytical framework is proposed that merges structural prospects for deliberation in co-management with stakeholder features, capturing the interests and beliefs of the actors involved. We illustrate the application of this framework by analysing original data from three Wildlife Management Delegations. Our findings show that there are significant differences in the beliefs among the actors within the system. Based on similarities in their beliefs, they can potentially form a relatively strong anti-carnivore/pro-WMD-coalition, opposing the pro-carnivore/anti-WMD-beliefs of the nature conservation interest. Furthermore, the structure is designed to meet vital deliberative criteria, yet we point at substantial differences between statutory and effective representation that, as it coincides with diverging beliefs, can affect decision-making. One qualitative criterion for successful deliberation stands out in our study - reasoned debate. The prospects for deliberation in WMDs to reduce conflict levels among opposing interests seem to depend on the capacity for ensuring exchange of reasonable and informed arguments

  • 18.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Matti, Simon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Michanek, Gabriel
    Uppsala universitet.
    The Swedish environmental norm: balancing environmental obligations and the pursuit of individual lifestyles2010In: Environmental Policy and Household Behaviour: Sustainability and Everyday Life, London: Earthscan / James & James, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Matti, Simon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Rova, Carl
    Rönnbäck, Peder
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Structuring social complexities in natural resource governance: exploring a new model for adaptive co-management2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Matti, Simon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Adaptive co-management: How social networks, deliberation and learning affect legitimacy in carnivore management2014In: European Journal of Wildlife Research, ISSN 1612-4642, E-ISSN 1439-0574, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 637-644Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptive co-management (ACM) is a key concept in science and an increasingly adopted policy response in conservation, associated with a number of positive outcomes. However, the effects and mechanisms of co-management arrangements, including the conditions under which ACM gives rise to higher levels of internal and external legitimacy, are yet to be explored. This endeavor, in turn, requires theoretically driven models providing assumptions and outlining testable hypotheses. Considering the social challenges of ACM and using an institutional change within the Swedish carnivore management system aimed at achieving legitimacy through co-management as an illustrative example, this article develops a conceptual model that encompasses conditions and possible explanations to ACM outcomes. More specifically, drawing on lessons from social theory, we model the impact of three key factors-social networks, deliberation and learning-on the external and internal legitimacy resulting from ACM arrangements. Based on the model proposed, the popular assumptions of ACM outcomes can thus be empirically scrutinized and the conditions for increased legitimacy through ACM arrangements better comprehended.

  • 21.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Matti, Simon
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    The transforming capacity of collaborative institutions: belief change and coalition reformation in conflicted wildlife management2018In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 226, p. 226-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the transformative capacity of top-down imposed collaborative institutions on participants’ beliefs and coordination patterns. First, do collaborative arenas enhance learning in terms of belief change and belief convergence among participating actors? Second, what types of beliefs are changed and, third, how are changes in beliefs reflected in the formation of coalitions? To answer these questions, a longitudinal study encompassing three collaborative decision-making arenas in the highly adversarial system for wildlife management in Sweden is performed. The empirical analysis indicates both stability and change within the new management system that confirms, as well as challenges, the theoretical assumptions guiding the analysis. While beliefs overall are rather stable, we note, surprisingly, how some participants’ more normatively oriented policy core beliefs have been slightly modified over time. A more expected result was that these adjustments in normative policy core beliefs were accompanied by a reformed coalition structure within the studied decision-making arenas. The study contributes to our understandings of policy beliefs and coalitions in conflicted policy areas; it underlines the mixed results of collaborative institutions found in previous research; yet, lends a modest support in favor of the transformative capacity of collaborative institutions.

  • 22.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Klas
    Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg.
    Laikre, Linda
    Department of Zoology, Division of Population Genetics, Stockholm University.
    Monitoring the effects of knowledge communication on conservation managers' perception of genetic biodiversity: a case study from the Baltic Sea2019In: Marine policy, ISSN 0308-597X, Vol. 99, p. 223-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the attention given to genetic biodiversity in international agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Strategic Plan and the Aichi Targets, previous research points at a “conservation genetics gap,” indicating that scientific insights into genetic biodiversity are poorly integrated into practical management. Both researchers and managers call for platforms for knowledge exchange between science and practice. However, few scientific studies on the potential effects of such knowledge transfer have been conducted. The present study is a follow-up to Lundmark et al. (2017), which identified significant effects of two forms of knowledge communication on conservation managers’ concerns and beliefs in regard to Baltic Sea genetic biodiversity. This study departs from Lundmark et al. (2017) and explores (a) whether the identified alterations in knowledge and beliefs persist over time, and (b) whether potential stability differs between different types of policy beliefs as well as between two types of knowledge communication (lecture and group deliberation). The results of this follow-up study show that the positive impacts on managers’ self-assessed knowledge remained, while the effects on policy beliefs largely had vanished a few months after the knowledge communication. Thus, changes in beliefs seem perishable, suggesting that continuity is more important than the form of educational efforts.

  • 23.
    Lundmark, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ödberg, Christer
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lagen som normbildare?: en studie av nedskräpningsproblemet vid landets återvinningsstationer2007In: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, no 3, p. 215-244Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Matti, Simon
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Ek, Kristina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Managing Participation: prospects for learning and legitimacy-creation in Swedish water management2017In: Water Policy, ISSN 1366-7017, E-ISSN 1996-9759, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 99-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article evaluates whether the participatory arrangements in Swedish water management following from the European Union's Water Framework Directive contribute to legitimacy by increased learning and knowledge-generation. In contrast to most evaluations of collaborative arrangements, we use a three-tiered approach analyzing actors, processes and structures jointly, which allows us to more fully consider the merits and challenges facing this new management system. Based on original data collected from the Water councils in one of five Swedish Water Districts, we conclude that the prospects for learning and legitimacy-creation in Swedish water management are favorable. Despite the absence of decision-making power, a majority of the participants find the management system overall positive and meaningful, as new knowledge is collected and distributed through the Water councils. Thus, the management processes seem to work in favor of reaching the overarching goal of internal legitimacy, i.e. among the participating stakeholders. The main challenge, following our data, is for the new management system to serve as an arena for broad public involvement. As long as only a small number of stakeholders partake in the Water councils, the potential for creating external legitimacy for this new governance system is limited.

  • 25.
    Sandström, Annica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Genetic biodiversity in Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas: a study of policy, implementation and platforms for knowledge transfer2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Sandström, Annica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Network structure and perceived legitimacy in wildlife collaborative management2016In: Review of Policy Research, ISSN 1541-132X, E-ISSN 1541-1338, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 442-462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The widespread supposition that collaborative management designs enhance legitimacy must be examined empirically, and the rich diversity of different collaborative arrangements should be better acknowledged in this endeavor. This study adopts a social network perspective and examines three state-initiated and interest-based collaborative management arenas in Swedish wildlife management: wildlife conservation committees (WCCs). Is there a link between social network structures in collaborative management arenas and the perceived legitimacy of output by policy stakeholders? This puzzle is addressed through social network analysis combined with survey data and interviews. The empirical results confirm the notion that collaborative arenas consisting of high network closure with many bridging ties across organizational boundaries enjoy a higher level of support among stakeholders directly involved in management, as members of the committees, than networks with a more sparse structure do. This type of well-integrated network structure seemingly increases stakeholders’ understanding of other actors’ perspectives through deliberation. Contrary to what was expected, though, the empirical analysis did not verify the effect of linking, or outreaching ties between the committee members and the organizations that they represent, on the organizations’ support of WCC decisions. Given the rapid rise of collaborative designs in public administrations, the topic elaborated in this paper is urgent and further research is encouraged.

  • 27.
    Sandström, Annica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Klas
    Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johannesson, Kerstin
    Department of Marine Sciences, Tjärnö Marine Laboratory, University of Gothenburg, Strömstad, Sweden.
    Laikre, Linda
    Division of Population Genetics, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Understanding and bridging the conservation-genetics gap in marine management2019In: Conservation Biology, ISSN 0888-8892, E-ISSN 1523-1739, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 725-728Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Sandström, Annica
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
    Jansson, Eeva
    Stockholm University, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen.
    Edman, Mari
    Stockholm University, Department of Zoology, Division of Population Genetics, Stockholm University.
    Laikre, Linda
    Stockholm University, Department of Zoology, Division of Population Genetics, Stockholm University.
    Assessment of management practices regarding genetic biodiversity in Baltic Sea marine protected areas2016In: Biodiversity and Conservation, ISSN 0960-3115, E-ISSN 1572-9710, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 1187-1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine, and tentatively explain, how genetic bio- diversity is handled in the management of Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Genetic biodiversity is critical for species’ adaptation to changing environmental condi- tions and is protected by international agreements. Nevertheless, recent research indicates that genetic biodiversity is neglected in marine environments and in the management of MPAs. This study focuses on Sweden and Finland, which together govern a substantial part of Baltic Sea MPAs, and builds on in-depth interviews with regional conservation man- agers that are responsible for establishing and managing these areas. The empirical findings confirm that genetic biodiversity is absent, or plays a minor role, in contemporary MPA management. The findings also provide several possible explanations to this situation: unclear understandings of formal policy, lack of resources, deficient knowledge base, and the managers’ own policy beliefs. Policy makers and high-level managers need to consider these aspects in their efforts to protect biodiversity.

1 - 28 of 28
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